Black Elk Speaks, the story of the Oglala Lakota visionary and healer Nicholas Black Elk (1863–1950) and his people during momentous twilight years of the nineteenth century, offers readers much more than a precious glimpse of a vanished time. Black Elk’s searing visions of the unity of humanity and Earth, conveyed by John G. Neihardt, have made this book a classic that crosses multiple genres. Whether appreciated as the poignant tale of a Lakota life, as a history of a Native nation, or as an enduring spiritual testament, Black Elk Speaks is unforgettable.

Black Elk met the distinguished poet, writer, and critic John G. Neihardt in 1930 on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota and asked Neihardt to share his story with the world. Neihardt understood and conveyed Black Elk’s experiences in this powerful and inspirational message for all humankind.

Read it in our sangha library here.

Listen to the audiobook here

DOWNLOAD: Alex Wilson – “In the Morning”

18 year old Alex Wilson from the Oglala Sioux Lakota tribe may be young, but he finds his musical inspiration in such established artists as Kate Bush and Peter Gabriel. His melodic pop/rock is backed by sub-bass organs, gospel choirs and waves of drums while his vocals carry a raw strength above the layered accompaniment. And these are just his demos! Alex sent us this track to check out and we’re excited to see what else this young artist continues to create.

Francis La Flesche (Zhogaxe, 1857-1932), Estados Unidos de América

Zhogaxe = El que trabaja la madera

Antropología de la A a la Z.

Did you know that there are more than 100+ different names for Bigfoot around the world? Well you do now!

See below for a compiled list of names of your favorite Crypto-Ape


  • Abominable Snowman
  • Albatwitche, the manlike apple stealers (Susquehannock Native)
  • Almas/ Almasty
  • American Ape
  • Anisau
  • Ape-Man


  • The Bad Smelling Tree Men (USA, Coeur d'Alene, and WA, Spokane)
  • Bad luck or disaster
  • Barmanu (Pakistan)
  • B'gwas (Canada, BC)
  • Biabin-Guli
  • Big Hairy Figure With Eyes Sunk Deep In The Head (USA, Wakashan, Kwakiutl Tribe)
  • Big Elder Brother
  • Big God
  • Big hairy man, the messenger (USA, Hopi Tribe)
  • Big Hairy Monster
  • The Big Man (USA, Lakota)
  • Big Ones
  • Blacki
  • Boggy Boon
  • Boggy Bill
  • The Booger/ Booger Man
  • Boogie Man
  • Boogy Monster
  • Boqs (Canada, Bella Coola Tribe)
  • Boss of the Woods
  • Brenin Llwyd
  • Brother Who Comes Back Before The Next Very Big Winter (USA, Ogala, Lakota)
  • Bush Man
  • Bukit Timah Monkey Man (Singapore)


  • Caddo Critter
  • The Cannibal Giant
  • Cave Monster/ Spirit / Yeller
  • Chi-Chi
  • Chimiset
  • Chinese Wild man
  • Chiye-tanka (USA, Lakota)
  • Chuchunya (Siberia)
  • Ci-e
  • Crying Beast


  • Dangerous Being
  • Devils
  • Devil Monkey
  • Destroyer Who Breaks Up Houses (USA, Na-Dene)
  • Doolagahi/Doolagahl/Doolagarl  (Aboriginal Australia)


  • Ebu Gogo (Indonesia)
  • El Peludo “The Hairy One” (Mexico)
  • Engeco
  • Evil God of the Woods
  • Evil Seeker


  • Fetid Beast (Brazil)
  • Forest Devil
  • Forest Giants
  • Fouke Monster
  • The Frightener


  • The Game Keeper
  • Grendel (Scandinavia)
  • The Giant
  • Giganto
  • Gigantopithecines blacki
  • Gin-sung
  • Grass man
  • The Grey King
  • Gooligah (Aboriginal Australia)
  • Gugu (Sumatra)


  • Hairy Bill
  • Hairy Giants
  • Hairy Man, Hairy Woman, or Hairy People
  • Hairy Ones
  • Hairy Savage
  • The Hairy Man (men) who appear(s) as a symptom of disruption (USA, Lakota)
  • The Hairy People
  • The Hairy Stinka Boo
  • Harry
  • Ha’yacatsi
  • Hibagon
  • Hill Monkeys
  • Hokou
  • Holla Yella
  • Holayela
  • Honka
  • Hoodoo
  • Hoohoo
  • Honey Island Monster


  • N/A


  • Jacko
  • Jimbra (Aboriginal Australia)
  • Jingera (Aboriginal Australia)
  • Jinka
  • The Jungle Man (India)


  • Kakundak (Africa)
  • Kaptat
  • Kecleh-Kudleh
  • Kentish Apeman
  • Kikomba
  • Kushtaka


  • L’Homme Sauvage
  • Living Neanderthal
  • Lofa
  • Long eared Ape
  • Lurch


  • Matlose (Canada, Nootkas Tribe)
  • The Man-Beast
  • Mande Burung (India)
  • Man-Monkey
  • Manimal
  • Mapinguari
  • Minnesota Iceman
  • Mirka
  • Mirygdy
  • Monkey-Man
  • Momo
  • Mount St. Helens Gorilla
  • Mulen


  • Nant'ina
  • Narcoonah
  • Nibagon
  • Night People
  • Ngoloko
  • Nguoi rung (Asia)
  • Ngui Rung (Vietnamese)
  • No Necks
  • Nolem or “Dog Eaters” (USA, Nadene)
  • Noocoonah (Aboriginal Australia)
  • Nuk-Luk
  • Nu'numic (Aztec)
  • Nun Yunu Wi (WI USA, Cherokee)
  • Nyalmo (Asia)


  • Ohmah
  • Old Hairy Bill
  • Old Yellow Top
  • Old Ones Who Cry
  • Old Ones Who Run At Night
  • One who runs and hides
  • Opie
  • Orang Dalam
  • Orang Pendek
  • Ot-ne-yar-hed, the giants (NY USA, Iroquoian)


  • Pongo


  • Quinken (Aboriginal Australia)


  • Red Eyes (Aboriginal Australia)
  • Ren Xiong
  • Rock Ape
  • Rugaru (ND USA, Ojibway)


  • Sasquatch
  • Seatco, the Wicked Giant (USA, Nusqually)
  • S-Man, or Men (USA, WV)
  • Shampe
  • Skookum/ Skukum
  • Skunk Ape
  • Skunk Demon
  • Skunky Bill
  • Spirit hidden by woods
  • Stick Indians
  • Stinkaboo
  • Stink Man
  • St'Iyahama (USA, OR, Umatilla)
  • Stsomu'lamux (USA, Na Dene)
  • Stonecoat
  • Stone Giant
  • Swamp Ape


  • Tall Burnt Hair
  • Tall Man
  • Tah-tah-kle’-ah or Owl-Woman Monster (USA, Yakama and Shasta Indians)
  • Tained Keitre
  • Taku he (USA, Lakota )
  • Tano Giant (Ghana)
  • Tch-lma
  • Teh-Ima (Asia)
  • Tjandara (Aboriginal Australia)
  • Timber Giants
  • Tha-tha Kla-yah-ma (USA, Yakama)
  • Thoolagal (Aboriginal Australia)
  • Tomy Knocker
  • Tobi Juan In The Wood
  • Tree Men (USA, ID, Coeur d'Alene, and WA, Spokane)
  • Tsawane'it Emux (USA, Nadene)
  • Tsek Etinu’s (USA, Na-Dene)
  • Tse'nahaha (USA, Paiute)
  • Tsiatko Giants
  • Tso'apittse
  • Tunica


  • The Unknown
  • Urayuli
  • Ucumar (Latin America)


  • N/A


  • Weendego (USA, Ojibwa)
  • Wendigo (Algonquian, USA)
  • Who-Who
  • Wicken Cannibal
  • Windego
  • Wihalaid, the Cannibal Beast (USA, Na-Dene)
  • Wild Indians
  • Windago
  • Windikouk
  • The Wigidokowok People(USA, Native)
  • Wild Man
  • Wild Woman
  • Wild Man Of Borneo
  • Wild Man of the Woods
  • Witiko
  • Wood Man
  • Woods Child
  • Woods Booger
  • Woods Devil
  • Woolly Booger


  • N/A


  • Yahoo (Australia)
  • Yakaka
  • Yaroma (Aboriginal Australia)
  • Yeahoh (OH USA, Algonkian)
  • Yellers
  • Yellow Top
  • Yeren (Chinese)
  • Yeti
  • Yowie (Australia)
  • Yuuri


  • N/A

*If you know of any other names for Bigfoot, please message me so I can add them to this list!*

-The Pine Barrens Institute