Recently graduated American WAACs (Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps, converted to full status as Women’s Army Corps, or WACs, on 1 July 1943) of a racially segregated unit leave the Fort Des Moines Provisional Army Officer Training School in Des Moines, Iowa aboard a transport for duty in Fort Clark, Texas. The WAAC were originally trained in three major specialties. The brightest and nimblest were trained as switchboard operators. Next came the mechanics, who had to have a high degree of mechanical aptitude and problem solving ability. The final group were the bakers and cooks. This was later expanded to dozens of specialties like postal clerk, driver, stenographer, and clerk-typist. The physical training manual begins by naming the responsibility of the women recruits: “Your Job: To Replace Men. Be Ready To Take Over.” Des Moines, Iowa, U.S.A. June 1943.


At SS-Junkerschule Bad Tölz officer training centre, where some of the finest men from Europe were trained by the staff and personalities of the Waffen-SS who made history.