We Just Identified More Than 200 New (Potential) Planets
The Kepler space telescope is our first mission capable of identifying Earth-size planets around other stars. On Monday, June 19, 2017, scientists from many countries gathered at our Ames Research Center to talk about the latest results from the spacecraft, which include the identification of more than 200 potential new worlds! Here’s what you need to know:
We found 219 new planet candidates.
All of these worlds were found in a patch of sky near the Cygnus constellation in our Milky Way galaxy. Between 2009 and 2013, Kepler searched more than 200,000 stars in the region for orbiting planets. The 219 new planet candidates are part of the more than 4,000 planet candidates and 2,300 confirmed planets Kepler has identified to date.
Ten of these worlds are like our own.
Out of the 219 new planet candidates, 10 are possibly rocky, terrestrial worlds and orbit their star in the habitable zone – the range of distances from a star where liquid water could pool on the surface of a rocky planet.
Small planets come in two sizes.
Kepler has opened up our eyes to the existence of many small worlds. It turns out a lot of these planets are either approximately 1.5 times the size of Earth or just smaller than Neptune. The cool names given to planets of these sizes? Super Earths and mini-Neptunes.
Some of the new planets could be habitable.
Water is a key ingredient to life as we know it. Many of the new planet candidates are likely to have small rocky cores enveloped by a thick atmosphere of hydrogen and helium, and some are thought to be ocean worlds. That doesn’t necessarily mean the oceans of these planets are full of water, but we can dream, can’t we?
Other Earths are out there.
Kepler’s survey has made it possible for us to measure the number of Earth-size habitable zone planets in our galaxy. Determining how many planets like our own that exist is the big question we’ll explore next.
I have a sneaking suspicion that we’re going to get a whole arc about the “off colour” Gems this season. I’m not sure why - Steven Universe just seems like the sort of story where a fifth-act viewpoint shift to a completely different planet where we follow a new group of characters we’ve never seen before and have no reason to care about, yet who will inexplicably become more popular with the fandom than the ostensible core cast is the sort of thing that happens.
You're impossibly fast. And strong. Your skin is... impenetrable. Your eyes change color... and sometimes you speak like - like you're from a different planet. You eat or drink everything; you stay in the sunlight.
Animals, especially mammals, need oxygen to keep their bodies and brains humming along.
But leave it to the African naked mole-rat to buck that trend. The rodents are bizarre in just about every way. They’re hairless, ground-dwelling and cold-blooded despite being mammals. Now, scientists report in the journal Science that the animals are capable of surviving oxygen deprivation.
“They have evolved under such a different environment that it’s like studying an animal from another planet,” says Thomas Park, a neuroscientist at the University of Illinois at Chicago.
Something I haven’t seen yet with the “humans are weird/space orcs” thing is differences in gravity
Like imagine humans going to planets or moons and having to have an alien escort to hold them down.
Humans stuck to their alien friends with those little backpacks with leashes that parents put on their kids or pets!!
Or humans going to a planet with such high gravity that the aliens feel like they’re being crushed to death and ppl are just “ah yes, the comfortable pressure of home world”
I was thinking about how Earth is probably one of the rare planets with seasonal climates, due to its wonky tilted axis. So Earth has a crazy variety of climates and weather patterns, and humans have just learned how to deal, much to the confusion of everybody else.
This was turning into a headcanon about how humans are bizarrely prepared for anything, and then I had a thought- Space Cruises.
Star Wars never really explores the cool time-keeping situations that you can end up with in a society that spans multiple planets:
planets with no moon that don’t
have a time increment between days and years
planets with a dozen moons where
understanding their cycles involves university courses
multi-planet star systems where the position of the other planet features prominently in calendar systems
tidally locked planets with no days
(or years, really, because even though they’re orbiting a star they wouldn’t have significant changes in seasons)
and not only do they not have days or years, they have no cultural concept of those things and are bewildered by the rest of the galaxy’s obsession with measuring time
planets with years so long that
they’re useless as a way of measuring age, so people give their age
in months instead
planets with like 6 hour days where people are used to sleeping frequently for only a couple hours at a time
the space equivalent of jetlag involves adjusting to a new day length, not just a new time zone
when two planets have slightly different day lengths, the days shift relative to each other, so if you travel frequently between two such planets, sometimes the days line up perfectly and sometimes you have to deal with 12 hours of “jet”lag
And there are tons of interesting cultural implications that go along with using Coruscant time as a standard throughout the galaxy:
standard Coruscant dates have basically no correlation to seasons on planets with different year lengths, so to even guess at the weather during a historical date given in standard time you need to do calculations
everyone has a different age in
local years and standard years, and a different birthday
some planets have days much longer or shorter than standard days, so your standard birthday might be spread over a few local days or vice versa
stuff like being old enough to
drive – it tends to go in round numbers of local years, so even on
planets where the rule is “about 18 standard”, you have some
planets where it’s actually 17.36 standard years, or 19.1, or
whatever works out nicely in local years
planets that follow Coruscant standard time and totally ignore natural phenomena on their own planets
up to and including days – they force themselves into sleep cycles with nothing to do with the sun rising and setting
planets that refuse to use standard time even in official settings, and pilots hate having to travel there because the space port is always chaotic because no one knows what time it is
the Separatists try to switch to another time system than Coruscant standard and it’s a total mess but it would be embarrassing to switch back
the Rebellion learns their lesson from this and doesn’t try to change the standard time system even though the New Republic government is no longer based on Coruscant
people pay less and less attention to standard time as you get farther from the core
planets with similar natural time
cycles to Coruscant have more prosperous economies and produce more
prominent and successful people, although the effect is subtle
enough that it goes unnoticed until someone randomly decides to
check for correlation
Why is it that one of the biggest arguments against Wonder Woman is the fact that there was a romance subplot? Like honestly? It was barely even a subplot. First and foremost, Steve and Diana were friends. He helped her navigate a world she didn’t understand, but her motivations were always entirely hers. And secondly, literally almost every other action movie on this goddamn planet has a romance subplot, except the difference is they had male leads and female love interests, who are almost always damsels in distress. Diana’s romance with Steve never once made her out as someone Steve had to save, or even vice versa. They were friends and colleagues with the utmost respect for each other. No one makes this big of a fuss in male-led action movies with a romance subplot. People just take it as it is because it’s the ‘status quo’ but in order for a female-led action movie to have any merit, the woman shouldn’t have a love interest because that diminishes her strength as a woman. Well, sirs and madames, kindly fuck off. Just because Hollywood has conditioned you to believe that a woman in love is weak and submissive doesn’t actually mean it’s true. Love has always been the driving force of Diana’s moral fiber and strength. If you think her falling in love is somehow an inherent weakness of hers then you clearly don’t understand Wonder Woman to begin with.
You should write some mute lance, whether its him having been mute in the past, being a selective mute, being injured and becoming mute, or straight up not talking anymore, i think you'd write it well
I kinda went on my own here, Whoops
On contrary to belief Lance didn’t like to talk. Well scratch that, he loved talking but he didn’t like to be talked over. Everytime he was talked over he immediately clamped up and he felt a lump form in his throat. Being the youngest in his family only lead to Lance being talked over constantly.
It wasn’t uncommon for Lance to stop telling a story because everyone started a different conversation. It wasn’t uncommon for Lance to never finish a thought because someone would constantly interrupt him.
Lance wasn’t a fighter so when this happened he would just clamp his mouth shut and listen to what the other person had to say, because it was obviously more important.
Lance found himself talking less and less around his parents, siblings, and classmates. Nobody ever commented on Lance’s new quietness so Lance had no reason to start talking again. Lance would go days without saying anything to anyone. He communicated through shrugs and nods.
Why should I talk, everyone is happier when I don’t.
Fast forward to the Garrison when Lance met his roommate Hunk. Hunk wasn’t loud but he wasn’t quiet either. Sometimes Lance didn’t even hear him enter the room while other days Lance would hear him hallways away. He liked Hunk, Hunk never pressured him to talk, Hunk just kept him company throughout their days.
Hunk would ramble about projects he was working on and homework and Lance would listen quietly. It didn’t even dawn on Lance that he had never said anything to Hunk before in his life.
They were both in their room, Lance on his bed reading a book while Hunk was laying on the floor building something.
“Dang it, these wires all look the same, I can never tell them apart.” Hunk ran his hands through his hair in annoyance.
Lance looked at his distressed roommate and looked down at his book. “Why don’t you put colored tape around the different wires.” Lance’s voice slightly cracked due to the lack of use and Hunk screamed. Not like a small scream but like ‘help someone is getting stabbed scream.’
Lance jumped causing is book to fly across his bed and he stared at Hunk who was staring at Lance his hands over his mouth.
Lance swallowed around a small lump that was forming at the base of his throat. He inhaled “Sorry I didn’t mean to…scare you?” Lance wasn’t sure what he did wrong exactly.
Hunk blinked a few times and slowly removed his hands from his mouth. His breathing started to slow down as he continued to stare at Lance.
Lance started to shift where he sat. Why he is just staring at me? Lance was about to bolt out of the room but Hunk regained his bearings before he moved.
“I’m sorry for screaming! You just have never talked before and I thought you were mute or something. Then you just spoke and I got scared. Like I wasn’t expecting that at all.” Hunk inhaled until his lungs ached “Sorry I’m rambling.”
Lance smiled at his roommate “Hunk you ramble all the time, I’m used to it.”
Hunk started to laugh and before Lance knew it he was laughing with Hunk. They only stopped when they heard a knock on their door.
“Officer Davis, opened the door. We have a complaint of a noise disturbance.”
Hunk and Lance shared a look and started laughing and Hunk went to open the door.
Hunk and Lance became best friends within a week. They had shared everything with each other, and Hunk didn’t interrupt Lance once when he was talking. If he accidently did he would apologize immediately and beg Lance to continue what he was saying.
Lance started to love talking again.
The only time Lance would have trouble talking would be when he came back from a break. When Lance was around his family long enough he would clamp up again, but slowly Hunk would bring him back out of his shell.
Hunk could only do so much and sometimes it wasn’t enough. They had just saved a planet from the Galra and they were all meeting up with the leader.
Now Lance didn’t usually talk during diplomatic missions but he felt obligated to speak up when it concerned him. The leader was discussing how helpful the blue lion was and how it help save the planet.
“You must tell me Blue paladin, how does the ice work?” The leader placed his (hand?) tentacle on Lance’s shoulder.
“Well you see, Blue and I ha-”
“That’s interesting but like was it just the lion acting on their own?”
“Kinda, you see I have to put my bay-”
“So are you not needed to fly Blue? If she does all the work what do you do?”
“Well I have to fly he-”
“But they are magic lions, surely they can fly on their own.”
Lance opened his mouth to respond but slammed it shut before any words were formed. Then Lance did what he did best, he shrugged. That was all he did.
The leader looked at him a bit skeptical before nodding “So how does the ice get formed?”
Lance shrugged again. He kept his eyes directly on the leader and his lips sealed. Lance was nudged by Shiro, he didn’t care he wasn’t going to talk. He looked at the leader one more time before walking towards Blue and flew back to the castle.
Lance didn’t bounce back like Hunk prayed he would. It had been about 2 weeks since the last time he said anything. He just shrugged and nodded. Never even opening his mouth except to eat. The castle was quieter than any of them wanted it to be. Mealtimes were filled with force conversation and Lance scarfing down his food in order to leave.
Even during missions Lance wouldn’t say anything, Blue would send the other lions messages so everyone knew that things were going well but Lance never talked.
When they met new species Lance would stand in the background silently, just watching everyone.
Hunk tried his hardest. He would talk about things he knew Lance liked, but Lance would just smile and pat him on the back and walk away.
The team couldn’t get Lance to talk, and they tried. They did everything they could but Lance would just sit in silence. He didn’t even talk to Coran, and that broke the older man heart.
The paladins were hosting a party in the castle with about 7 species from different planets. They all worked together and received a huge win.
Everyone was talking and enjoying the party and Lance was standing by the wall sipping his drink. He watched a boy, around his age, walk towards him.
His arms and neck were covered in tattoos and he has pointy ears with piercing all over his body. His skin was a soft blue and his hair was a bright red. He smiled at Lance and stood by him.
The boy thanked Lance for saving his planet, and of course Lance caught onto his flirting techniques.
Lance laughed, like a real laugh. The first laugh in weeks maybe months. It echoed through the room and every paladin heard it. They attempted not to make it obvious but they were all listening to see if Lance would do anything more.
Lance, who was completely oblivious to what his teammates were doing, stuck his hand out to the boy. “The names Lance.”
concept: the new album is called Saturn. it’s based off of Josh’s fears and anxieties and childhood. the theme is blue/green. the live shows have beautiful visuals of planets/stars/space/spaceships. Josh raps. Josh dyes his hair a bluey-green. The era has an aesthetic of space exploration, and each song is represented by a different moon or planet. Very mysterious era.