Jerez is a Denominación de Origen in southwestern Spain. It has a Mediterranean climate with wet, mild winters and dry, hot summers. Sherry - an Anglicized word for ‘Jerez’ - is the most famous fortified wine from this region, made mostly from the Palomino grape. Pedro Ximénez (PX) accounts for about 10% of the Sherry made. After fermentation, a mixture called 'mitad y mitad’ is added, which is a mix of high proof alcohol and old wine. This mixture varies from house to house. There are two major types of Sherry made: Fino and Oloroso.
Sherry has been a popular wine in England since the Tudor era.