20 Behind-The-Scenes Facts About Pirates Of The Caribbean.
1. During the filming of On Stranger Tides, Johnny Depp spent over $60,000 out of his own pocket to buy waterproof jackets for 500 crew members to protect them from the cold, wet weather.
2. While filming in London in October 2010, Johnny Depp received a letter from a local 9-year old schoolgirl, telling him her classmates needed help to ‘mutiny’ against her teachers. He turned up with almost no warning at the school in full Sparrow outfit, but advised against mutiny.
3. In Curse Of The Black Pearl, Johnny Depp improvised many of his lines, including the notorious, “Bring me that horizon,” and Jack Sparrow’s catch phrase, “Savvy?"
4. Depp and Verbinski have a funny way of describing Jack running
away from danger. They both compared it to a “lizard running on water.” Looking
back at pirates of the caribbean, we can totally see where they’re coming from.
5. The cast and crew walked away from filming with tons of
“treasure.” When production wrapped, many of the people who worked on the film (including Johnny Depp) picked props out from the treasure cave to take home. According to Verbinski, not a single one of the cursed coins was left behind.
6. Geoffrey Rush was afraid that people wouldn’t notice him on screen when he and Keira Knightley were in the same scene. He came up with a solution, however. He thought that viewers watched films the same way they read books - from left to right - and thus, tried to be on the left side of the shot as much as possible so that people would notice him before they noticed Keira.
7. Robert De Niro was originally offered the role of Captain Jack Sparrow. However, he turned down the role because he thought that the film would do poorly in box offices.
8. Keira Knightley was only 17 years old when they started shooting the first Pirates Of The Caribbean. Because she was a minor, her mother had to accompany her to all of the shooting locations.
9. Johnny Depp’s character, Captain Jack, is portrayed as having gold teeth in the film. The gold teeth were actually Depp’s idea, but he predicted that executives would want fewer gold teeth than he wanted. So Depp told his dentist to implant extra gold teeth as a bargaining tool. After negotiations with the film executives, Sparrow’s final number of gold teeth in the film was what Depp had envisioned all along.
10. If you pay attention throughout The Curse Of The Black Pearl, there is a scab on Jack Sparrow’s chin that gradually gets bigger and bigger. Many thought that it was a mistake, but Depp revealed later that his was a prank he and his makeup artist had thought of together.
11. Clothing and smears of charcoal were used to conceal Johnny Depp’s numerous tattoos. The "Jack Sparrow” tattoo on his arm in the movie is a fake, but he actually got a real replica after finishing the film, in honor of his son Jack.
12. Originally, Johnny Depp wanted Jack Sparrow to have no nose and be afraid of silly things like pepper and the common cold. Disney rejected the idea.
13. Jack Sparrow is known for his outrageous face makeup, but he didn’t start with that look. While filming in a cave, excessive makeup was added to all of the characters so they wouldn’t looked washed out on film. When the crew realised how cool the makeup looked on Johnny Depp, they continued to use it on him for the rest of the movie.
14. The moment when Elizabeth kissed Jack Sparrow in Dead Man’s Chest was purposefully cut out of Orlando Bloom’s script so that the cameras could get a genuine, shocked reaction from him.
15. The fourth installation, On Stranger Tides, was the most expensive film ever made at the time, not adjusted for inflation. The budget ran to $300,000,000. That’s more than the budget of all three Lord Of The Rings films combined.
16. Johnny Depp based his performance on Keith Richards because he thought that pirates were just 18th century versions of rockstars.
17. The names of the three main characters are all related to birds: Jack Sparrow, Elizabeth Swann, and William Turner, who was a famous ornithologist.
18. The scene where Orlando Bloom impersonates Johnny Depp’s performance was devised by Bloom who asked producer Jerry Bruckheimer if he could put it into the movie.
19. According to the screenwriters’ commentary on the DVD, Will Turner is actually the best swordsman in the film, Barbossa and Commodore Norrington are evenly matched, and Jack Sparrow is the worst.
20. During filming of On Stranger Tides in London a 'Jack Sparrow’ impersonator just walked onto the set. The guards did not think to ask for any ID as he looked so much like the character.
“We once did a Ouija board thing when we were kids, it was just me, George… and John, I think… So we weren’t really into all that, but somebody just said, ‘Let’s do it.’
“So we’re touching the glass, you know, saying 'OK, nobody push it, OK?’ So then, suddenly… whoa, it’s moving! Now, my mum had died a couple of years before and it says, 'Congratulations… son…’ And we’re going, 'NO!’ 'Congratulations… son… number one… In NME!’ And so we were all, 'Oh, f**k off! There’s no way she would know what NME was’. And there’s George, you know (laughing). He’d been pushing it all the time! Bad boy!”
Celebrating 17 Years of NASA’s ‘Little Earth Satellite That Could’
was little— the size of a small refrigerator; it was only supposed to last one
year and constructed and operated on a shoestring budget — yet it persisted.
After 17 years
of operation, more than 1,500 research papers generated and 180,000 images
captured, one of NASA’s pathfinder Earth satellites for testing new satellite
technologies and concepts comes to an end on March 30, 2017. The Earth
Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite will be powered off on that date but will not
enter Earth’s atmosphere until 2056.
Observing-1 satellite is like The Little
Engine That Could,” said Betsy Middleton, project scientist for the
satellite at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.
the mission, we’re highlighting some of EO-1’s notable contributions to scientific research, spaceflight
advancements and society.
Scientists Learn More About
Earth in Fine Detail
This animation shifts
between an image showing flooding that occurred at the Arkansas and Mississippi
rivers on January 12, 2016, captured by ALI and the rivers at normal levels on
February 14, 2015 taken by the Operational Land Imager on Landsat 8. Credit:
NASA’s Earth Observatory
the Advanced Land Imager that improved observations of forest cover, crops,
coastal waters and small particles in the air known as aerosols. These
improvements allowed researchers to identify smaller features on a local scale
such as floods and landslides, which were especially useful for disaster
On the night of Sept. 6, 2014, EO-1’s Hyperion observed the ongoing eruption at Holuhraun, Iceland as shown in the above image. Partially covered by clouds, this scene shows the extent of the lava flows that had been erupting.
other key instrument Hyperion provided an even greater level of detail in
measuring the chemical constituents of Earth’s surface— akin to going from a black and white television
of the 1940s to the high-definition color televisions of today. Hyperion’s level of sophistication
doesn’t just show that plants are present, but can actually differentiate
between corn, sorghum and many other species and ecosystems. Scientists and
forest managers used these data, for instance, to explore remote terrain or to
take stock of smoke and other chemical constituents during volcanic eruptions,
and how they change through time.
Images of Disasters
EO-1 was one of
the first satellites to capture the scene after the World Trade Center attacks (pictured
above) and the flooding in New Orleans after Hurricane Katrina. EO-1 also
observed the toxic sludge in western Hungary in October 2010 and a large methane leak in southern
in October 2015. All
of these scenes, which EO-1 provided quick, high-quality satellite imagery of
the event, were covered in major news outlets. All of these scenes were also
captured because of user requests. EO-1 had the capability of being
user-driven, meaning the public could submit a request to the team for where
they wanted the satellite to gather data along its fixed orbits.
shows toxic sludge (red-orange streak) running west from an aluminum oxide
plant in western Hungary after a wall broke allowing the sludge to spill from
the factory on October 4, 2010. This image was taken by EO-1’s Advanced Land
Imager on October 9, 2010. Credit: NASA’s Earth Observatory
Enables More Efficient Satellite Collaboration
This image of volcanic activity
on Antarctica’s Mount Erebus on May 7, 2004 was taken by EO-1’s Advanced Land
Imager after sensing thermal emissions from the volcano. The satellite gave
itself new orders to take another image several hours later. Credit: Earth Observatory
EO-1 was among the
first satellites to be programmed with a form of artificial intelligence
software, allowing the satellite to make decisions based on the data it
collects. For instance, if a scientist
commanded EO-1 to take a picture of an erupting volcano, the software could
decide to automatically take a follow-up image the next time it passed
overhead. The Autonomous Sciencecraft Experiment software was developed by
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, and was uploaded to
EO-1 three years after it launched.
This image of
Nassau Bahamas was taken by EO-1’s Advanced Land Imager on Oct 8, 2016, shortly
after Hurricane Matthew hit. European, Japanese, Canadian, and Italian Space
Agency members of the international coalition Committee on Earth Observation
Satellites used their respective satellites to take images over the Caribbean
islands and the U.S. Southeast coastline during Hurricane Matthew. Images were
used to make flood maps in response to requests from disaster management
agencies in Haiti, Dominican Republic, St. Martin, Bahamas, and the U.S.
Federal Emergency Management Agency.
The artificial intelligence software also allows a group of
satellites and ground sensors to communicate and coordinate with one another
with no manual prompting. Called a “sensor web”,
if a satellite viewed an interesting scene, it could alert
other satellites on the network to collect data
during their passes over the same area. Together, they more quickly observe and
downlink data from the scene than waiting for human orders. NASA’s SensorWeb software reduces the wait time for data
from weeks to days or hours, which is especially helpful for emergency
Laying the Foundation for
shows the Rodeo-Chediski fire on July 7, 2002, that were taken one minute apart
by Landsat 7 (burned areas in red) and EO-1 (burned areas in purple). This
precision formation flying allowed EO-1 to directly compare the data and
performance from its land imager and the Landsat 7 ETM+. EO-1’s most important
technology goal was to test ALI for future Landsat satellites, which was
accomplished on Landsat 8. Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
EO-1 was a pioneer in precision “formation flying” that kept it orbiting Earth exactly one minute behind the Landsat 7 satellite, already in orbit. Before EO-1, no satellite had flown that close to another satellite in the same orbit. EO-1 used formation flying to do a side-by-side comparison of its onboard ALI with Landsat 7’s operational imager to compare the products from the two imagers. Today, many satellites that measure different characteristics of Earth, including the five satellites in NASA’s A Train, are positioned within seconds to minutes of one another to make observations on the surface near-simultaneously.
What’s the origin of the phrase “Larry Stylinson”?
We all know Harry tweeted this on 22 November 2010:
So I wondered when the first mention of the phrase on Twitter really was, and the results surprised me.
There’s only 1 previous mention on Twitter and it was nearly a month before this tweet on 28 October 2010:
The phrase “Larry Stylinson” was a Tumblr term, not a Twitter creation. In fact, when Harry tweeted his tweet mentioning the phrase, most of the replies were asking what it was or saying how cute the name it was. Many people hadn’t heard it on Twitter until that day.
The @Larry_Stylinson twitter wasn’t even created until a day after Harry’s tweet on 23 November 2010:
The link in the first tweet on Twitter leads you to a tumblr that is no longer in the 1D fandom, but was active in the early days of X Factor. They are noteworthy because they reblogged a lot of gifs and pictures of Harry and Louis from X Factor. At the time, many tumblr blogs focused on the group as a whole or on Harry or Liam. The emphasis on the early concept of “Larry” is noticeable.
The twitter post itself leads to this picture posted on 28 October 2010 (taken 4 October 2010 in Week 1):
With this caption:
So the first Tumblr to use the phrase appears to be the “fuckyeahharrystyles” tumblr, nearly a month before Harry & Gemma’s phone conversation. This is funny to me, because that’s the tumblr I linked to the 3 of the 5 pictures Harry posted to his yfrog on 19 November 2010 but never tweeted.
I’m not sure, but I have a theory. So in a 3-hour window, someone uploaded 4 Harry pictures (some of them edits to include just Harry in the picture, and 1 edited picture of Harry and Louis). 3/5 pictures came from fuckmeharrystyles.tumblr.com, and one of the pictures included that watermark. I think it’s possible Louis did it as a bit of a flirty prank on Harry. He knew he would see it when he logged back into yfrog. Otherwise, Harry was trolling tumblr sites about himself uploading pictures of himself and never tweeted them. That seems a bit odd to me. I think, given the context of their time and relationship and age, that it’s possible this was one more way Louis was flirting with Harry.
So what does this all mean about the phrase “Larry Stylinson”? A couple of things.
Harry’s tweet did, in fact, light the “Larry Stylinson” engines on Twitter, ground zero of the fan base at the time. This happened in week 7 of the show, and everyone around it at the time was genuinely in love with the flirty relationship being played out on the cameras.
However, the origin of the term was tumblr, meaning Gemma most likely was around tumblr at the time, and told Harry about the term and the way fans there had noticed the special connection between Harry & Louis.
It’s clear that the early phrase and concept didn’t bother anyone in or around the group (and, in fact, didn’t until @Louis_Tomlinson called it “bullshit” almost 2 full years later). They knew about the context of the phrase being used on blogs posting pictures of Harry & Louis they found on facebook, cropping group photos to just Harry & Louis photos that Harry (or Louis) posted to Harry’s own yfrog, and posting gifs and edits like this:
There were certainly less “believers” back in the early days. The fandom, in its infancy, was much less rigid and divided. But on tumblr, especially, there were several blogs that noticed the less platonic and more romantic behavior of Harry & Louis at the time, and these blogs were the creators of the “Larry Stylinson” phrase.
To argue Gemma, who didn’t hear about the “Larry Stylinson” phenomenon on Twitter, didn’t understand the context around the phrase is unlikely.
Zahra Baker was born on the 16th of November, 1999, to Emily Dietrich and Adam Baker. The young family lived in Wagga Wagga, Australia. Unfortunately, following the arrival of their baby girl, Emily fell into postpartum depression. Unable to cope, Emily and Adam split up and Emily granted full custody to Adam. When Zahra was just 6-years-old, she was diagnosed with bone cancer which meant she had to get her leg amputated. The cancer then spread to her lungs and eventually led to hearing issues. As a result, she had to wear hearing aids. Nevertheless, she was a lively and happy little kid that never let her ailments deter her or put her down.
Adam and Zahra moved to Queensland and Adam struck up an online relationship with Elisa Fairchild. Elisa had already been married 6 times but desperately wanted to marry Adam. He packed up his belongings and moved himself and Zahra to North Carolina in 2008 after the couple travelled back and forth to see one another. Initially, Zahra was enrolled at a public school in Hickory where the couple lived. However, she was soon taken out of school and reportedly homeschooled. Nobody knows for sure how genuine this homeschooling was. Zahra was constantly seen with bruising, lacerations, and black eyes. As it later transpired, Elisa had been investigated by child services on multiple occasions regarding her own biological children from previous marriages. Child services visited the home several times but never once thought to investigate any further. Before being taken out of school, several teachers had reported the evident abuse of Zahra. Soon, it would be too late.
On the 9th of October, 2010, Elisa called 911 to report a fire at the back of the residence. When firefighters arrived, they discovered it was Adam’s car that was on fire. Later on in the same afternoon, Adam called 911 once again to report Zahra missing. He told the dispatcher that inside his burnt out car, he found a ransom note demanding $1 million. The couple were suspicious from the onset. A cadaver dog gave positive alerts to the smell of human remains in both Elisa and Adam’s cars. In addition, police discovered blood inside the cars. Elisa’s aunt told authorities that Elisa told her Zahra had been sick for 2 weeks and then died from the sickness. She confessed that she and Adam then dismembered Zahra and hid the remains. Elisa later told police that it was just Adam who dismembered his daughter.
With her ever-changing story, Elisa finally agreed to direct police to where they could find Zahra’s remains. In separate locations in Catawba County and Caldwell County, police found the scattered remains. In a dumpster behind an apartment block, they found her prosthetic leg. Her skull was eventually recovered in 2012. An investigation revealed that Elisa’s cell phone had pinged to cell phone towers along the location that Zahra’s remains were found. However, Adam’s phone had pinged to cell phone towers miles away at the same time, leading police to believe his claims that he was not involved. Elisa pleaded guilty to murder and was sentenced to 18 years in prison.
Taylor Swift is that rarest of pop phenomena: a superstar who managed to completely cross over from country to the mainstream.
Other singers performed similar moves – notably, Dolly Parton and Willie Nelson both became enduring mainstream icons based on their ‘70s work – but Swift shed her country roots like they were a second skin; it was a necessary molting to reveal she was perhaps the sharpest, savviest populist singer/songwriter of her generation, one who could harness the Zeitgeist and turn it personal and, just as impressively, perform the reverse. These skills were evident on her earliest hits, especially the neo-tribute “Tim McGraw,” but her second album, 2008’s Fearless, showcased a songwriter discovering who she was and, in the process, finding a mass audience. Fearless wound up having considerable legs not only in the U.S., where it racked up six platinum singles on the strength of the Top Ten hits “Love Story” and “You Belong with Me,” but throughout the world, performing particularly well in the U.K., Canada, and Australia. Speak Now, delivered almost two years later in the autumn of 2010, consolidated that success and Swift moved into the stratosphere of superstardom, with her popularity only increasing on 2012’s Red and 2014’s 1989, a pair of records that found her moving assuredly from country into a pop realm where she already belonged.
This sense of confidence had been apparent in Taylor Swift since the beginning. The daughter of two bankers – her father, Scott Kingsley Swift, worked at Merrill Lynch; her mother Andrea spent time as a mutual fund marketing executive – Swift was born in Reading, Pennsylvania and raised in suburban Wyomissing. She began to show interest in music at the age of nine, and Shania Twainwound up as her biggest formative influence. Swift started to work regularly at local talent contests, eventually winning a chance to open for Charlie Daniels. Soon, she learned how to play guitar and began writing songs, signing a music management deal with Dan Dymtrow; her family relocated to Nashville with the intent of furthering her music career. She was just 14 years old but on the radar of the music industry, signing a development deal with RCA Records in 2004. Swift sharpened her skills with a variety of professional songwriters, forming the strongest connections with Liz Rose. Taylor’s original songs earned her a deal with Sony/ATV Music Publishing, but not long after that 2004 deal she parted ways with Dymtrow and RCA, all with the intent of launching her recording career now, not later.
Things started moving swiftly once Swift came to the attention of Scott Borchetta, a former DreamWorks Records exec about to launchBig Machine Records. Borchetta saw Swift perform at a songwriters showcase at the Bluebird Cafe and he signed her to Big Machine in 2005; shortly afterward, she started work on her debut with producer Nathan Chapman, who’d previously helmed demos for Taylor. Boasting original song credits on every one of the record’s 11 songs (she penned three on her own), Taylor Swift appeared in October 2006 to strong reviews and Swift made sure to work the album hard, appearing at every radio or television event offered and marshaling a burgeoning fan base through use of MySpace. “Tim McGraw,” the first song from the album, did well but “Teardrops on My Guitar” and “Our Song” did better on both the pop and country charts, where she racked up five consecutive Top Ten singles. Other successes followed in the wake of the debut – a Grammy nomination for Best New Artist (she lost to Amy Winehouse), stopgap EPs of Christmas songs – but Swift concentrated on delivering her sophomore set, Fearless.
Appearing in November 2008, Fearless was certified gold by the RIAA in its first week of release, and the record gained momentum throughout 2009, earning several platinum certifications as “Love Story,” “White Horse,” “You Belong with Me,” “Fifteen,” and “Fearless” all scaled the upper reaches of the country charts while “You Belong with Me” nearly topped Billboard’s Top 100. Along with the success came some headlines, first in the form of an infamous appearance at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards where her acceptance speech was interrupted by Kanye West, who burst on-stage to declare that Swift’s rival Beyoncé deserved the award more, but her romances also started gaining attention, notably a liaison with Twilight star Taylor Lautner, who appeared with the singer in the 2009 film Valentine’s Day.
Her flirtation with the silver screen proved brief, as she then poured herself into her third album, Speak Now. Released in October 2010, Speak Now was another massive first-week smash that refused to lose momentum. Hit singles like “Mine” and “Mean,” which won two Grammys, played a big factor in its success not just on the country charts but on pop radio as well. Following a 2011 live album called World Tour Live: Speak Now, Swift turned toward following a pop path on her fourth album, hiring such mainstream musicians as Dan Wilson, Butch Walker, and Britney Spears producer Max Martin. This mainstream pulse was evident on “We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together,” the first single from Red. Upon its October 2012 release, Red shattered expectations by selling over a million copies in its first week, a notable achievement that was doubly impressive in an era of declining sales. Once again, Swift’s album had legs: it was certified platinum four times in the U.S. and its international sales outstripped those of Speak Now. She supported Red with an international tour in 2013 and more hits came, including “I Knew You Were Trouble” and “22.”
As Swift geared up for the release of her fifth album in 2014, she made it clear that 1989 was designed as her first “documented, official” pop album and that there would be no country marketing push for the record. “Shake It Off,” an ebullient dance-pop throwback, hit number one upon its August 2014 release. When 1989 appeared in late October 2014, it once again shot to number one and became her third straight to sell one million copies in its first week (a new record for any artist).
Swift gathered many awards during the subsequent year, including Billboard’s Woman of the Year, the Award for Excellence at the American Music Awards, and a special 50th Anniversary Milestone Award from the CMAs. Her 1989 World Tour crossed Asia, North America, and Europe during the last half of 2015, and she won three Grammy Awards at the 2016 ceremonies, including Album of the Year, Best Pop Vocal Album, and Best Music Video for “Bad Blood.” At the end of 2016, she released “I Don’t Wanna Live Forever,” a duet with ZAYN from the soundtrack for Fifty Shades Darker. The single reached the Top Five across the world. ~ Stephen Thomas Erlewine, Rovi
In October 2010, the body of 15 year old schoolgirl Rebecca Aylward was found face down in the woods near Bridgend in Wales. She had initially been strangled, but the ultimate cause of death was due to horrific head trauma sustained after a large rock had been used to bludgeon her skull. Rebecca’s on-off 16 year old boyfriend Joshua Davies, who was in the same classes as her at school, was arrested and convicted for the killing.
Although Davies had accumulated a collection of antique knives and guns over a number of years during his childhood, he was considered a normal and well liked teenage boy amongst his peers, and was even welcomed into Rebecca’s home by her family on multiple occasions. Joshua even made efforts to reassure Rebecca’s mother that her daughter would always be safe with him and that he’d look after her. However, this teenage relationship soured very suddenly after Davies dumped Rebecca with no warning, suddenly proclaiming his hatred for her to all of his friends. Subsequently, whilst Rebecca continued with her life heartbroken and confused, Joshua had began to plot her murder. After confiding in a small group of friends about his vile plans, one boy even willed him to do it by promising Davies a free cooked breakfast if he carried out the murder. Within minutes of committing the killing, Joshua sent a text message to this friend which read “don’t say anything but you may just owe me a breakfast.” He had arranged a meeting with Rebecca, which she eagerly accepted under the impression that they could potentially give their relationship another try. Her mother spoke of how she had seemed very happy that morning, even getting up at 6am to do her make-up and decide on an outfit. Sadly, what was anticipated to be a romantic walk through the woods was entirely a ploy by Davies to lure his victim into rural surroundings. He also later recollected that the most memorable part of the murder was feeling Rebecca’s skull finally cave in under the weight of the multiple blows.
After appearing completely unaffected and disassociated during court proceedings, Joshua Davies was found guilty and sentenced to serve at least 14 years in prison. Rebecca’s mother Sonia Oatley has openly spoken about her hatred for Davies, even making efforts to encourage the reinstatement of the death penalty within Great Britain. She has since written a book about the ordeal and her experiences as a grieving mother titled “Bye Mam, I Love you” in homage to the last words that her daughter said to her before she died.
George Harrison, 1987. Photos: Clive Arrowsmith (?).
“As the sun floats in through a crack in the curtains, [Barry] Gibb comes on like a serene guru, clad all in black, yoga beads looped around his wrist, likening himself to one especially well-known student of the Maharishi.
‘George Harrison seemed to be the happiest of all of them, the most comfy about life,’ says Gibb, ‘and I feel I’m in my comfort zone, where I won’t have negativity. I will not have it. I won’t have issues with you. I’m perfectly happy. There are a lot of people that fight. There’s no time for it. They don’t understand that.’” - Billboard, 6 October 2016