october 1987


★ ·.·´¯`·.·★ [ Ashley Graham] ★·.·´¯`·.·★

✴ Weight: 91 kg or 201 pounds
✴ Height: 5 ft 9 in or 175 cm
✴ Hair Colour: Dark Brown
✴ Eye Colour: Dark Brown
✴ Birth Place: Lincoln, Nebraska, United States
✴ Date Of Birth: October 30, 1987
✴ Occupation: Model

The Goiânia accident

The Goiânia accident was a radioactive contamination accident that occurred on September 13, 1987, at Goiânia, in the Brazilian state of Goiás, after an old radiotherapy source was stolen from an abandoned hospital site in the city. It was subsequently handled by many people, resulting in four deaths. About 112,000 people were examined for radioactive contamination and 249 were found to have significant levels of radioactive material in or on their bodies.

In the cleanup operation, topsoil had to be removed from several sites, and several houses were demolished. All the objects from within those houses were removed and examined. Time magazine has identified the accident as one of the world’s “worst nuclear disasters” and the International Atomic Energy Agency called it “one of the world’s worst radiological incidents”.

What follows in a incredible series of events motivated purely out of ignorance, childish wonder and greed, and the dire consequences this brought to the people involved and the city as a whole:

The accident began when two thieves, Roberto dos Santos Alves and Wagner Mota Pereira, broke into the abandoned and partially demolished Instituto Goiano de Radioterapia (IGR), where they came across a caesium-137-based teletherapy unit.

 They partially disassembled the unit, and placed the source assembly – which they thought might have some scrap value – in a wheelbarrow, taking it to Alves’s home, and once there, they began dismantling the equipment. That same evening, they both began to vomit. Nevertheless, they continued in their efforts. The following day, Pereira began to experience diarrhea and dizziness and his left hand began to swell. He soon developed a burn on this hand in the same size and shape as the aperture – he eventually had partial amputation of several fingers. 

On September 15, Pereira visited a local clinic where his symptoms were diagnosed as the result of something he had eaten, and he was told to return home and rest. Alves, however, continued with his efforts to dismantle the equipment. In the course of this effort, he eventually freed the caesium capsule from its protective rotating head. His prolonged exposure to the radioactive material led to his right forearm becoming ulcerated, requiring amputation.

On September 16, Alves succeeded in puncturing the capsule’s aperture window with a screwdriver, allowing him to see a deep blue light coming from the tiny opening he had created. He inserted the screwdriver and successfully scooped out some of the glowing substance. Thinking it was perhaps a type of gunpowder, he tried to light it, but the powder would not ignite.

On September 18, Alves sold the items to a nearby scrapyard. That night, Devair Alves Ferreira, the owner of the scrapyard, noticed the blue glow from the punctured capsule. Thinking the capsule’s contents were valuable or even supernatural, he immediately brought it into his house. Over the next three days, he invited friends and family to view the strange glowing substance.

On September 21 at the scrapyard, one of Ferreira’s friends succeeded in freeing several rice-sized grains of the glowing material from the capsule using a screwdriver; Alves Ferreira began to share some of them with various friends and family members. That same day, his wife, 37-year-old Gabriela Maria Ferreira, began to fall ill. On September 25, 1987, Devair Alves Ferreira sold the scrap metal to a second scrapyard.

The day before the sale to the second scrapyard, on September 24, Ivo, Devair’s brother, successfully scraped some additional dust out of the source and took it to his house a short distance away. There he spread some of it on the cement floor. His six-year-old daughter, Leide das Neves Ferreira, later ate a sandwich while sitting on this floor. She was also fascinated by the blue glow of the powder, applying it to her body and showing it off to her mother. Dust from the powder fell on the sandwich she was consuming; she eventually absorbed 1.0 GBq, total dose 6.0 Gy, more than a fatal dose even with treatment.

Gabriela Maria Ferreira had been the first to notice that many people around her had become severely ill at the same time.

On September 28, 1987 — 15 days after the item was found — she reclaimed the materials from the rival scrapyard and transported them to a hospital. Because the remains of the source were kept in a plastic bag, the level of contamination at the hospital was low.

In the morning of September 29, 1987 a visiting medical physicist used a scintillation counter to confirm the presence of radioactivity and persuaded the authorities to take immediate action. The city, state, and national governments were all aware of the incident by the end of the day.

News of the radiation incident was broadcast on local, national, and international media. Within days, nearly 130,000 people swarmed local hospitals concerned that they might have been exposed. Of those, 250 were indeed found to be contaminated— some with radioactive residue still on their skin— through the use of Geiger counters. Eventually, 20 people showed signs of radiation sickness and required treatment.

Ages in years are given, with dosages listed in grays (Gy).


  • Leide das Neves Ferreira, age 6 (6.0 Gy), was the daughter of Ivo Ferreira. When an international team arrived to treat her, she was discovered confined to an isolated room in the hospital because the hospital staff were afraid to go near her. She gradually experienced swelling in the upper body, hair loss, kidney and lung damage, and internal bleeding. She died on October 23, 1987, of “septicemia and generalized infection” at the Marcilio Dias Navy Hospital, in Rio de Janeiro. She was buried in a common cemetery in Goiânia, in a special fiberglass coffin lined with lead to prevent the spread of radiation. Despite these measures, news of her impending burial caused a riot of more than 2,000 people in the cemetery on the day of her burial, all fearing that her corpse would poison the surrounding land. Rioters tried to prevent her burial by using stones and bricks to block the cemetery roadway. She was buried despite this interference.
  • Gabriela Maria Ferreira, aged 37 (5.7 Gy), wife of junkyard owner Devair Ferreira, became sick about three days after coming into contact with the substance. Her condition worsened, and she developed internal bleeding, especially in the limbs, eyes, and digestive tract, and suffered from hair loss. She died October 23, 1987, about a month after exposure.
  • Israel Baptista dos Santos, aged 22 (4.5 Gy), was an employee of Devair Ferreira who worked on the radioactive source primarily to extract the lead. He developed serious respiratory and lymphatic complications, was eventually admitted to hospital, and died six days later on October 27, 1987.
  • Admilson Alves de Souza, aged 18 (5.3 Gy), was also an employee of Devair Ferreira who worked on the radioactive source. He developed lung damage, internal bleeding, and heart damage, and died October 18, 1987.

Devair Ferreira himself survived despite receiving 7 Gy of radiation. He died in 1994 of cirrhosis aggravated by depression and binge drinking.



AFGHANISTAN. Kunar Province. August 1985 & October 1987. Mujahideen in Shultan valley on the Pakistan border, around 3,200 metres above sea level. The snow-covered Shigal mountains can sometimes be spotted. The third picture shows Commander Ajab Khan (Yunus Khalis group) with some of his men. Some kids also play with a “Zikuyak” Soviet-designed 14.5-mm anti-aircraft gun.

Photographs: Erwin Franzen via Flickr

George and Dhani Harrison, 1987, photographed by Terry O'Neill (source: National Portrait Gallery)

“‘He’s lovely,’ says Harrison. 'He’s good fun, good company. He can play When We Was Fab on the piano.’ Asked for further description, Harrison laughs. 'Well, I mean, he’s only a little schoolboy. It’s not as though he’s hosting The Tonight Show.’” - People, 19 October 1987 [x]

* * *

“Dhani, the son of whom he [George] was so proud.” - Sir George Martin [x]

* * *

“My dad was my hero, my best friend.” - Dhani Harrison, 2012 [x]

Lessons from Mrs Heteronormativity, Part III

Hi everybody,
’Mary’ here - again! You do remember me, your new storyteller, don’t you? (link)
My dear colleague Jim - Mr Homophobia - asked me to add a couple of things to my last lesson about him (link) – just to highlight some stuff he’s particularly proud of…

Jim has made some important achievements regarding homophobia. Last time I told you about how he managed to give LGBTQ people a negative representation and how his influence made a lesbian pretend to fall in love with a man. I also showed you how the two of us managed to leave a forceful imprint on Sherlock, enough for him to question his own sanity, his self worth and even his right to live. Great job, wasn’t it?

But if you look at the whole picture there are more things to boast about, on a society level, and I’ll try to go through them in chronological order:

1. In TRF Mr Homophobia managed to (at least symbolically) take over the rule of the country:

But – come to think of it – something similar actually seems to have happened before:

”Children who need to be taught to respect traditional moral values are being taught that they have an inalienable right to be gay. —- All of those children are being cheated of a sound start in life - yes cheated.”
(quote from Margaret Thatcher’s speech to Conservative Party Conference October 9, 1987)

Oh, what a remarkable woman! Such a pity we couldn’t stop Sherlock from smashing that beautiful bust of her in TST:

But at least Maggie managed to make an imprint on him:

2. In TRF Mr Homophobia also sees to it that Sherlock is put behind bars…

…while the real criminals are getting away:

Ah, Pentonville Prison! Just like the case of some other Wilde person I seem to recall from long ago… I mean, how many hate crimes are never solved? But fortunately Mr Homophobia makes sure the detectives are imprisoned… Atta boy!

3. Thanks to Mr Homophobia’s influence on media, in TRF we see them speculate about people’s sexual orientation in a rather meddlesome way:

And of course my dear husband would panic, wouldn’t he?

4. One of the most long-lasting achievements in TRF, I believe, was Mr Homophobia’s capacity to kidnap and poison children:

If they survived it, at least Jim made sure they would be scared the next time they saw an LGBTQ person:

And the best thing is, Jim also made sure this person was blamed for it all (see Maggie’s quote above for additional reference):

5. The final outcome - the icing on the cake – was when Jim pushed this someone to simply disappear, preferably by suicide:

And I believe you know the rest of the story; that’s where I was able to take over.
So, I hope I’ve made my point quite clear here: Mr Homophobia is a valuable asset to our society, and together we rule this show right now – even though we’re supposed to be dead!

[Sorry, I just can’t stop doing this; I hope it doesn’t offend anyone. Because the thing is, the more I try to look at BBC Sherlock metaphorically and look for an alternative meaning of it rather than taking Series 4 at face value, the more sense it actually makes to me. The only thing I feel convinced about right now is that the villains have taken over the spirit of the show. And these villains do seem to represent something.]

Happy Birthday Ruby Dandridge! (March 3, 1900 – October 17, 1987) 

Born Ruby Jean Butler, she was an American actress from the early 1900s to the 1950s. She is best known for her radio work in her early days of acting. Dandridge is known for her role on the radio show Amos ‘n Andy, in which she played Sadie Blake and Harriet Crawford, and on radio’s Judy Canova Show, in which she played “Geranium”. She is recognized for her role in the 1959 movie A Hole in the Head as “Sally”. (Wikipedia)

  • Courtesy of the E. Azalia Hackley Collection of African Americans in the Performing Arts, Detroit Public Library

Keith Haring, Untitled (1982)

This piece was inspired by his trips to Brazil and experiences in Candomblé. It is a tribute to the orixá Iemanjá (Yemoja/Yemaya).

“I go to Brazil every year,” says artist Keith Haring, “and there I found out about Candomblé.” One of Haring’s major icons–the mermaid with wings–was adapted from the image of the goddess Yemoja, Orisha of motherhood and the ocean. “I have a lot of friends who are into Santería,” says Haring. “I’m not a formal initiate, but I don’t think you have to be to feel it and understand it.” (NYT, October 12th, 1987)

Mike Minerva testimony at Ted’s competency hearing in October 1987.

About Ted’s behavior during the Chi Omega trial :

Mike Minerva : Disruptive, in a word. Disruptive to the court. There were occasions during that time when I was there that Mr. Bundy refused to come out of his cell; he made demands on the defense team. He came into court sometimes dressed in a sweatshirt. Gave press interviews, badgered the defense team, calling them all hours of they day and night, making them do thing that were distracting from their participation in the case. He refused, or was unable to, or didn’t - I guess, was unable to - really focus on a theory of the case.

There was the constant interplay between Mr. Bundy and various counsel as to who would do what, and changing of mind as to what the strategy would be.

Jim Coleman : Now, did you have an opinion about whether Mr. Bundy was doing this solely to disrupt or whether this was something that was beyond his control?

MM : My opinion was that he was doing it because it was beyond his control, and I base that in part on what Dr. Tanay’s report had said, and the behavior of Mr. Bundy fit the predictions of Dr. Tanay.

JC : Do you believe that Mr. Bundy’s behavior at the trial affected the outcome of his case?

MM : Yes, sir.

JC : Did Mr. Bundy ever express to you a rational understanding of the evidence that the state had against him?

MM : No, sir.

JC : Did he ever appeared to appreciate the evidence, the significance of the evidence that the state had against him?

MM : Never.

As Mike Minerva testified, it was clear that it still bothered him after all these years that he hadn’t been able to save Ted from himself and prevent his death sentence. Sitting next to me at the defense table, Ted had tears in his eyes; it was evident to him as well.

George Harrison attending a anti-nuclear rally, Trafalgar Square, London, 19 June 1986. Photo: Janet Macoska.

In April 1981, George became a paid-up member of the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND).

In activism related news, on 4 June 1985, George’s song “Save The World” was featured on the U.K. release of the Greenpeace album.

“George [Harrison] talks at length about the planet, his concern about destruction. Last year [19 June 1986] he participated in an anti-nuclear rally in Trafalgar Square, and he’s a member of the ecological organisation Greenpeace. ‘I love those people because they go out and actually do it. I mean, if it wasn’t me that’s the kind of thing I’d like to be, out there on a ship getting harpooned by Russians and Japanese.’” - The Sunday Tribune, 18 October 1987 [x]

Tokusatsu Series with Anime Adaptations (Part 2)

In the first part of this look at anime versions of tokusatsu series, we looked at three fairly well known in the West series that have all either been released here or adapted for release here. In this installment, I would like to take a step back and look at three lesser known series and their anime equivalents. Let’s start with a show going back all the way to 1958:

Moonlight Mask

Moonlight Mask a.k.a. Gekko Kamen (月光仮面) was the first TV tokusatsu hero, debuting in 1958. Moonlight Mask was a mysterious hero who rode a motorcycle and carried two revolvers, a whip, shuriken and moon-shaped boomerangs in his war against crime and those who would take advantage of the innocent.  Though his identity was never out and out revealed in the course of the series (he is only ever credited as ? in the opening credits) it was clear to the audience at home that he was most likely a detective name Juro who would vanish mere moments before the hero would roar in to save the day.

Moonlight Mask was aired as a series of serialized episodes, much like the movie serials popular in US Cinemas in the 40s and 50s.  His 131 episodes were divided into 5 stories entitled: Skull Mask, The Secret of the Paradai Kingdom, Mammoth Kong, The Ghost Party Strikes Back and Don’t Turn Your Hand to Revenge. The show was also the basis for several theatrical pictures, which were the first live-action superhero work of Toei Studio. 

Sadly, the series came to an end because children began to emulate Moonlight Mask’s stunts and fights.  Some became hurt in the process including the death of young boy imitating one of his jumps. The series was cancelled in 1959 from television and the last movie was released in August of that year. Sadly, a lot of the TV episodes are missing or too damaged to ever be shown again, leaving the latter day DVD release with some big holes.

However, it returned as an anime in 1972, entitled The One Who Loves Justice: Moonlight Mask (正義を愛する者 - 月光仮面). It was produced by Knack Productions (now ICHI Corporation) and aired on Nippon Television with a total of 39 episodes. The hero’s costume changed a bit as the turban became an open-faced helmet and his cape now had a clasp but the general style of his adventures remained the same. This series was also divided into three serialized stories: The Claw of Satan, a remake of the Mammoth Kong story and The Dragon’s Fang.

In 1999, there was also a comedic version of the hero made into an anime entitled We Know You, Moonlight Mask (ごぞんじ!月光仮面くん). It lasted a total of 25 episodes and treated the subject manner as a spoof including a super deformed main hero.

Masked Ninja Akakage

Masked Ninja Akakage (仮面の忍者 赤影) was Toei’s very first color tokusatsu TV series as well as the first live-action Ninja series in color on Japanese television. The series was created by Mitsuteru Yokoyama who also created Giant Robo which premiered later that year (for more on Giant Robo see the first installment). The series revolves around the adventures of superhero ninja Akakage (Red Shadow) and his two sidekicks, AoKage (Blue Shadow) and ShiroKage (White Shadow) as they use their Ninja skills and a collection of oddly high-tech gadgets to battle evil warlords and giant monsters.

The series is set in the 16th Century, during the Sengoku Period of Japanese History when rival Daimyo were battling each other for the right to rule all of Japan. The three heroic Ninja work towards bringing Peace and battling those who would use the chaos of civil war to advance their own power at the expense of others. 

Each of the heroes has a different skill set that aids them in battle. Akakage is the best at swordplay and stealth, able to disguise himself to gain access to enemy fortifications.  He also has a beam that fires from the crystal in his mask for finishing off hard opponents. Aokage is an explosives expert and proficient with the use of the chain to bind and hold his does.  Lastly, Shirokage use a long pole arm in combat as well as using a huge kite to fly.

The series ended in 1968 but an anime version premiered on Nippon Television in October of 1987.  It followed much the same plot as the original tokusatsu version though with the freedom of animation, the plots could get a bit more wild without worrying about budgets. This was actually the version I saw first as a friend of mine had a collection of tapes recorded off of Japanese TV in the 1980s including the first 12 episodes of the Akakage anime.

This is the OP to the anime version:

Golden Bat

I have mentioned Golden Bat a.k.a. Ogon Bat (黄金 バット) on this blog before. He predates all other Japanese superheroes and even the rise of the superhero in the US coming debuting in 1931, seven years before Superman would see his first adventure in the pages of Action Comics #1. However, the tokusatsu version would have a very different origin and story from the paper theater original.

The character appeared in three live action films, the first of which debuted in 1950 under the title Ogon Bat: Matenrou no Kaijin.  There was also a comedic biopic of the hero in 1972 titled  Ogon Batto ga Yattekuru.  However, the tokusatsu version I would like to focus on is the 1966 film Ogon Bat a.k.a Golden Bat produced by Toei which featured legendary martial arts actor Sonny Chiba as a scientist. 

In this film, our hero is a remnant of Atlantis put into a form of suspended animation for the day when his skills will be needed again. All that is needed to bring him back is water and the tears of a young woman who’s Father has been taken do the trick.  Now, she can call upon Golden Bat when she is in danger and he will come to her aid.  

Unlike a lot of superheroes, Golden Bat is rather vicious in the way he deals with his foes and isn’t above casually killing hordes of goons to get to their boss. He is also apparently immortal and invulnerable to bullets.  He can also fly and is an expert at hand to hand combat. 

After the success of the movie, a TV anime was commissioned and debuted on April 1, 1967.  The series ran for 52 episodes on both Yomiuri TV an Nippon TV (who had produced the series) and was successful enough to get several overseas releases. The series is known as Fantaman in Italy, Fantasmagórico in Mexico and Fantomas in Brazil (not to be confused with the criminal genius created by French author Marcel Allain). It never saw an official English release. 

I will venture to say that the look of the character may be why he was popular in Italy and other countries that shared the tradition of masked criminals and outlaw heroes.  Anti-heroes like Diabolik (who had been inspired by the previously mentioned French Fantomas) were all the rage to the point where even Spider-Man was turned into a villain for a Turkish take on the genre thanks to his masked look. A character with a skull mask and flamboyant clothes would fit in perfectly with those cads, even if he was a hero.

Strangely, this brings us right back to Moonlight Mask as one of his first villains had a very similar look to the original, pre-tokusatsu Ogon Bat, that being Skull Mask from the very first series of episodes!