I’m updating this post for M1GS. Due to the anticipated participation of less-experienced protesters, I’ve decided to assemble a quick “How To” guide for safe protesting.
Please remember that these are, as always, all my own opinions and suggestions, and they are therefore not representative of any organization, group, or committee associated with Occupy, the Red Cross, or anything else imaginable.
What to Wear:
Layers: Protecting your skin from sun is important, of course, but using layers instead of oil-based sunblock fulfills multiple purposes. One, not using oil-based sunblock reduces the chances of chemicals like tear gas and/or pepper spray adhering to your skin. Additionally, as temperatures are prone to change, being able to take off or put on more clothing is always beneficial. Finally, layering gives you the ability to completely change your outfit in a jam. Taking off or putting on a sweatshirt/jacket, baseball cap, etc. can help alter your appearance if you’re in a sticky situation.
Glasses: If your vision is impaired and requires correction, it is best to wear glasses, ideally with lenses that will not shatter. In the event of police action involving chemical deterrents, contact lenses can exacerbate the situation by trapping the chemicals against your cornea. This can potentially cause lasting damage, so it is best to just leave the contacts at home. Additionally, glasses can always be removed to alter your appearance as well.
Comfortable shoes: Since protesting can involve lots of walking and standing, and there is always the potential need for a speedy getaway, it is very important to wear shoes that provide adequate support and cushioning for walking, standing, and running. For safety purposes, it is also best to wear a shoe that covers your entire foot.
Hats, sunglasses, etc.: Similar to layers, these can be taken off and/or put on to change your look, should you find yourself in need of making an expedient and unnoticed escape from a potentially gnarly situation.
Synthetic materials: Lightweight synthetics keep you warm, keep you cool, AND do not absorb chemicals like pepper spray and tear gas. NOTE: It is important to remember that if you anticipate being exposed to any very hot surfaces, most synthetics will melt. Clothing choices should be made with this in mind.
What to Bring:
Water: approximately 1L of water to get you through the day and prevent dehydration. Alternately, it may be a good idea to bring a bottle of water AND a bottle of Gatorade (or other electrolyte beverage) to replace electrolytes you may be sweating out.
Cliff Bars, Powerbars, etc.: It is always a good idea to bring compact snacks along to keep you sustained. Cliff bars and Powerbars are great because they contain sugars and proteins, and are compact enough to be tossed into a purse, backpack, fanny pack, or even back pocket. Alternatively, dried fruit and nuts can provide similar benefits.
Your local NLG phone number: It’s always a good idea to write your NLG chapter’s phone number on your arm IN SHARPIE, so that if you are arrested, the information is readily available.
Your cell phone: There are various arguments for and against this. *I* believe that it is a good idea to have an emergency means of communication, and *I* believe that it’s important to have phone numbers of your affinity group members (the people you protest with) in it. HOWEVER, if you intend to take more “militant” actions, it may be a good idea to forgo the phones, in favor of establishing meet-up locations in the event of a separation.
Your ID: Again, there are various arguments for and against this. I bring an ID because I know that if I am arrested, an ID will get me out of jail more quickly. HOWEVER, again, if you plan on engaging in something on the shady side, you may want to carefully weigh the pros and cons of carrying your identification with you.
A map: You should always know where you are, where you’re going, and where to go if something crazy happens. Establish meetup points with your affinity group, and make sure you’re carrying a map if you’re not intimately familiar with the locale of the protest
A basic first aid kit: Even if you are not a trained medic, it’s always a good idea to carry band-aids, gauze, water and/or saline solution, and tape for cleaning and bandaging minor wounds.
A gas mask or respirator and goggles: While it is entirely probable that you will never need them, it is always a good idea to carry these items just in case. Make sure whatever you’re using seals properly, and practice putting them on so you can do so quickly if needed.
Prescription medication: If you need to take prescription medication, it is best to carry it with you, IN ITS ORIGINAL, LABELED CONTAINER! If possible, carry a signed doctor’s note along with it. It is recommended to carry approximately 3-4 days worth of your medications, and a couple copies of your doctor’s note, if possible.
What to Do Before You Arrive:
Prepare your pets: If you are going to a protest, there is no guarantee of when you will be home next. If you have pets at home, make sure to make contingency plans for them in case you’re detained. It may be a good idea to leave enough food and water to sustain them for 3-4 days, and if you have a spare set of keys that can be left with a friend, that’s a good idea too! Even if you do get arrested and released immediately, property and prisoners do not always go to the same facility, and it is not always possible to get your property back right away.
Use the bathroom!: You never know how long it might be before you find a usable bathroom. Best do so while you have the chance!
Clean your house: If for some reason you have drawn up a diabolical scheme, it might be best not to leave your plans lying about at home, alongside the emergency phone tree master sheet for all of your minions. Just sayin’.
Make sure YOU are clean: This means you should make sure you’re not carrying anything that could be considered incriminating, including weapons, drugs, or propaganda. Also make sure you’re not carrying anything irreplaceable. A protest is not the place to wear your Grandmother’s heirloom cameo necklace, or carry your child’s favorite teddy bear for luck. If you are arrested, there is no guarantee you’ll get everything back; don’t carry anything you can’t stand to lose!
A Few Things to Remember:
Protesting is about raising awareness: Tell anyone who will listen WHY you are protesting. Be rational and friendly about it, and try to dispassionately explain to outsiders what the protest is about. It may not win anyone over, but it’s more likely to bring in new converts than screaming like a crazy person is.
Keep your wits about you: Protest safety is entirely about situational awareness. Don’t get so caught up in chanting and sexy activism that you become out of touch with your surroundings. Protests draw troublemakers, and keeping your eyes and ears open can prevent you from being drawn into their bullshit. While I don’t advise trying to police the people around you, it can definitely be beneficial to observe and disassociate yourself from individuals whose tactics may be more aggressive than your own.
There is ALWAYS a possibility of arrest or bodily harm: Let’s face it. Protests (especially those involving tents!) often piss off the government on every level from local to federal, and sometimes your fellow citizens too! This means that there is ALWAYS the potential of police involvement and/or civilian aggression, and if you’re able to keep these things in mind, you’re both more likely to be able to AVOID these things, and to behave rationally in a tough situation.
There is NO SHAME in not wanting to be hurt or arrested: Continue to assess your personal feelings on your situation as the action progresses. If at any point you feel that your risk level is greater than the potential rewards for staying, it is time to leave. There is no shame in wanting to protect yourself, whether from harm or arrest, and keeping yourself out of danger means you can come back to protest again if needed.
DON’T PANIC: Riot cops are scary. In a perfect world, there won’t be any at your protest, but if there are, remain calm! You are easier to hurt or arrest if you panic. Maintaining understanding that they are intending to frighten you, and that you are safer with the group is the best way to avoid doing something that could get you into trouble, or escalate the danger of your situation.
DON’T RUN: Police will often charge at you, and your fellow protesters, in an effort to scare you into running away. If you feel you need to leave, it is important to do so calmly and carefully, so as not to trample any fellow protesters. Running also makes you more likely to hurt yourself by stepping in a pothole, tripping over a tree root, etc., and worst of all, running can sometimes make you look like a “target” to the police whose instinct will then be to catch you.
Hopefully this has been helpful. I look forward to seeing all kinds of new faces on May Day!
As always, this blog is centered around my own opinions and techniques, and are not representative of the entire Street Medic community.
I personally feel that it is important to be recognizable, and for people to be able to see your face. It engenders trust from the community of protesters around you, and I am unconcerned with the potential ramifications of being identifiable.
I do recommend dressing in synthetics, as they do not absorb chemicals, and suggest wearing close-fitting clothing, to help prevent being grabbed, tripped, or otherwise encumbered by loose clothes. The nice thing about underarmor-type garments is that they keep you warm AND cool. It is also important to make sure that anything you wear on an action does not impair your ease of movement. While this post is titled “Street Medic Fashion,” it is to be emphasized that when getting dressed to medic, functional IS fashionable.
In the first picture, you’ll notice that both my teammate and I are clearly marked with red crosses, and have our faces uncovered. In a crowd of largely unmasked people, wearing a mask is a good way to set yourself apart from the group, and actually makes people take note of you rather than contributing to your anonymity.
That being said, I have a personal objection to mainstream media, and choose to cover my face (as shown in the second photo) when major network news cameras around. Personally, I avoid covering my face unless MSM is around, or my gas mask (shown in picture three) becomes necessary.
Speaking of gas masks, let’s talk about what kind to use. If possible, it is best to get one with shatter-proof lenses. It is also important to choose one that has 40mm threading (“NATO”) for its canisters, which makes it easy to replace them when needed. It IS important to test your gas mask before you need it, and make sure it seals to your face correctly. One way this can be done is by putting it on at home, and then exposing yourself to something with a strong odor. Excellent examples are incense, or burning sage. If you happen to have facial hair, it should be noted that gas masks seal much better on clean-shaven faces than they do on scruff. If you are heading out to an action where you think you might need a gas mask, it’s a good idea to shave beforehand. If you wear glasses and cannot wear a gas mask, another possible solution is to pair a respirator with some sort of goggles. Snowboarding goggles seem to work well for my teammate.
Finally, I know I mentioned it earlier, but it bears reiteration: the most important aspect of medic fashion is function. It doesn’t matter how sexy you look, if you can’t move in it. Wear comfortable clothing and reasonable shoes, and practice moving around in your gear before wearing it to actions. Make sure it doesn’t restrict movement; acclimate yourself to the vision impairments and breathing differences that come from wearing a gas mask; practice putting your mask on and adjusting it in the dark so you develop muscle memory for that process. The better acclimated to your entire outfit you are, the more functional it will be.
This is a big deal. Dan Siegel, legal adviser to Oakland, Calif. Mayor Jean Quan, resigned over the brutalization of Occupy Oakland protesters and says he now supports the Occupy Wall Street movement. Approximately an hour ago, he wrote on Twitter, “No longer Mayor Quan’s legal advisor. Resigned at 2 am. Support Occupy Oakland, not the 1% and its government facilitators.”
This came after he encouraged people to mobilize to Occupy Oakland late last night, where another raid resulted in upwards of 32 arrests, according to Occupy Oakland leaders. Police declared the park a crime scene Monday and forced media to leave.
If more high-ranking municipal officials have an attack of conscience and do the right thing, what then? It appears city and state governments are already a titch frightened of the Occupy movement. If their own people refuse to obey or resign in protest, perhaps it will be time to take this a little more seriously. Change from the bottom on up, folks.
The UN vigorously condemns the dramatic escalation of violence in Oakland, and demands the deployment of independent international observers in order to ensure the safety of the American people. US authorities continue to cruelly and violently repress their people and flatly refuse to fulfil their legitimate aspirations. It is in the best interests of the United States of America and the unity of its people that these repressions stop immediately.
I’m feeling a lot better, with a long road in front of me. After my freedom of speech was quite literally taken from me, my speech is coming back but I’ve got a lot of work to do with rehab. Thank you for all your support, it has meant the world to me. You’ll be hearing more from me in the near future and soon enough we’ll see you in our streets!
Yesterday, Occupy Oakland moved to convert a vacant building into a community center to provide education, medical, and housing services for the 99%. Police responded with tear gas, rubber bullets, beanbag rounds and mass arrests. The state has compounded its policy of callous indifference with a ruthless display of violent repression. The Occupy movement will respond, as we have always reponded: with an overwhelming show of collective resistance. Today, we take to the streets. Across the country, we will demonstrate our resolve to overcome repression and continue to build a better world grounded in love and solidarity for one another. All eyes on all Occupies.
SOLIDARITY SUNDAY, 7pm EST, Sunday, January 29. Check your local Occupation for convergence points.