KINTPUASH (kint-posh) - Strikes the water brashly, better known as Captain Jack. In 1864, the Modoc originated near Tule Lake, presently occupied by the California-Oregon border. Colonial forced relocation programs pushed the tribe onto established Klamath Reservation in southwestern Oregon, home of their traditional rivals. As the Klamath outnumbered the newcomers, and the reservation was on traditional Klamath land, the Modoc were poorly treated.
In 1865, Kintpuash, a Modoc leader better known as Captain Jack, led the Modoc people from the reservation back to their home. In 1869, the Modoc were imprisoned by the United States Army and returned to the Klamath Reservation, but conditions had not improved, and Captain Jack led a band of about 180 Modoc to the Tule Lake area in April, 1870.
The Modoc warriors had plotted before the meeting to kill General Canby and the other commissioners, as they believed peace was not possible. He shot Canby twice in the head and cut his throat. The Modoc also killed Reverend Eleazar Thomas, a peace commissioner, and wounded others in the party. Canby was the only general to be killed during the Indian Wars.
Over the next several months, various groups of Modoc continued to fight the army, while others began to surrender. Captain Jack successfully avoided the Army until a number of Modoc agreed to hunt him down. Captain Jack surrendered, ceremonially laying down his rifle. He was taken to Fort Klamath, Hanged on October 3, 1873