occupy banks

zebra-s  asked:

Ummm Spider-Man Drabble where peter says 'my stomachs killing me' (you don't have to of course it's okay )

“Why are we doing this again?” Peter asks as he struggles to keep in step beside Tony while the older man swiftly walks down aisles with bare shelves in an abandoned ware house. 

It’s not that Peter doesn’t want to be here; he’s thrilled to be asked to attend a mission with Tony, but he hasn’t been feeling his best over the last couple of days. It seems that each morning he wakes with a new, heightened symptom, all leading toward something that’s bound to have him laid up in bed at some point.

It started with a small yet manageable headache, a mere dull thump against his temples, but the following day, he woke to his limbs feeling heavy and the headache from before had moved to push uncomfortably behind his eyes. And, this morning, simply getting out of bed had been a struggle, and the second he was on his feet, his stomach flipped against a wave of nausea that had him eyeing the bathroom nervously. 

He’s made it this far into the day without throwing up or passing out, but now, he’s not so sure. His stomach hurts, with a piercing cramp flaring across his abdomen to the point that he’s tensing his stomach in a poor attempt to ease the pain. And, he’s hot, stifling hot, yet his hands are shaking. 

“We got an anonymous tip that the group of bank robbers we’ve been pursuing meet up here.” 

Frowning, Peter absently wraps one hand around his stomach. “I thought we don’t take anonymous tips.” 

“We don’t, but in this case, we are.” 

Tony’s voice is clipped, distracted, and Peter arches one brow with a slight tilt of the head. “Meaning we’re desperate.” 

“Could you maybe, I don’t know, shut up?” 

A huff of a laugh slips past Peter’s lips, but he bites back on any further talking and starts helping Tony look for any clue of the bank robbers. 

The two search for another twenty minutes before they stumble upon a small, open area with a few men sitting at tables and talking in hushed voices. Peter and Tony duck behind a shelf, somehow going unseen, and strain their ears to listen. 

Tony’s focused and staring with narrow eyes at the men, but Peter’s slipping a thumb under his mask and sliding it off in one, shaking movement because he’s boiling, and breathing against the fabric is leaving his stomach rolling unsteadily. 

“What are you doing?” Tony whispers sharply. 

“Sorry,” Peter mutters as the hand holding his mask moves to press against his abdomen. “My stomach’s killing me.” 

“Put your mask-”

Tony’s hushed words come to a screeching halt when Peter gags loudly, and the younger boy has just enough time to turn away from Tony before he’s doubling over and heaving onto the floor, body finally losing against the rampant nausea. 

The sounds of chairs scraping against the floor bleed into shouting, and Tony curses at Peter’s side before he’s running to take down the men now charging toward them. 

Peter manages one shaky glance up and shoots a web over the feet of one of the men before his stomach is cramping hot once more, leaving him turning back to heave onto the floor for a second time. 

His body is trembling under the force of the nausea, and his heart is thumping loudly in his ears, making the sounds of the fight appear faint, distant. His knees are buckling the second this particular wave of nausea passes, and he’s falling forward before his mind can supply the mental actions to keep himself upright. 

But, a sudden arm wrapping around his waist keeps him from hitting the floor, and he’s being ushered into one of the chairs previously occupied by the bank robbers just as quickly. 

His eyelids fall and rise slowly, as if the world is moving too fast for his hazy mind, but a bare hand pressing against his cheek pulls him back to regular time, and he frowns at Tony before shifting a slow gaze around to see all of the bank robbers unconscious. 

“Throwing up and a fever,” Tony starts, voice sharp and borderline angry. “When were you planning on telling me that you’re sick?” 

“Never?” Peter says with a one-shoulder shrug that has Tony scoffing and turning away with his phone in his hand. 

“I can’t take you anywhere,” Tony spits out, yet Peter notices that the heat previously coating Tony’s voice has been replaced by a tinge of concern that carries over toward whoever Tony is talking to on the phone. 

For a few moments, Peter listens to Tony’s conversation, but holding his head up is becoming a challenge. He’s properly exhausted now, and his stomach is sore. He drops his head against the table, relishing in the cool surface that does wonders for his heated forehead, and he only lifts it once more when a hand falls against his back. 

“Let’s go, kid. We’re done here, not that you did much.” 

Peter is slow to get to his feet, and he drags another slow glance toward the unconscious men, eyes stopping on the webs covering one’s feet. “Hey, I helped,” he says with a pout, pointing toward the webs as Tony’s hand finds the small of his back. 

“Yeah,” Tony says with a small laugh. “Okay, kid.” 


Originally posted by dophoria

Request: Vampire!Wonwoo AU???
A/N: Hello anon! This is really long so I hope it was worth the wait~ -Admin Madi

  • Ok so Vampire!Wonwoo would have insanely pale skin
  • His everyday eyes were a deep chocolate brown but when he began to feed?
  • A deep crimson
  • His lips would be a faint red that seemed bold against his porcelain skin
  • Unlike what most people think, Wonwoo wouldn’t have the patience to do his hair every morning so he would just let his bangs grow out until he was forced to cut them
  • Wonwoo would wear all black, all the time
  • It didn’t matter if it was 1000 degrees out bc it never affected him
  • His black sweaters would be baggy and he would subconsciously pull the sleeves over his hands and knead at the fabric whenever in close proximity to a stranger
  • Even though he was supposed to be the scary vampire, Wonwoo never did well in crowds
  • What did Wonwoo do to complete his full black outfits you ask?
  • Eyeliner.
  • He would put just a teensy but on his lower waterline and smudge it out for a better effect
  • This made him feel more confident  how precious
  • To draw any attention away from his dark attire, Won likes to wear his round glasses every so often
  • Vampire!Wonwoo only feeds at night when he has privacy
  • He stalks his prey when the sun is out to make sure he knows what he’s getting himself into
  • Enjoys coffee when he’s not drinking blood
  • When he gets bored of following people, he goes to his favorite cafe and orders something new every time
  • This adds some excitement into his very non-exciting life
  • Wonwoo is essentially a shadow
  • He sits in corners and hides behind people so that he can’t be seen most of the time
  • He saw you in a bookstore window one day and knew you were his next victim
  • Wonwoo followed you around all day and realized that you two had similar interests
  • He would smile when he sees you struggling to reach for a book on the top shelf or trip over your own feet
  • Won eventually sees that you’re reading the same book as him and would strike up a convo
  • This is very out of character for Wonwoo, but literature is his weakness
  • He loves the way your eyes come to life when talking about your favorite books and  characters
  • You two became friends after that
  • You would meet up at the bookstore every day and just sit and talk about everything under the sun
  • Eventually, he decides to not kill you
  • How nice of him :)
  • It takes a lot of willpower for him to not bite you

Keep reading

the BBC’s coverage of what’s going on in jerusalem right now is absolutely sickening with how biased it is, anyone who can possibly put israel at fault for installing metal detectors in response to a terrorist attack is simply looking for ways to hate israel. this measure is to keep everyone safe?? there are metal detectors to get to the kotel??? 

anyway as an angry jew with an english degree i’m just going to dissect a part of one of their horrifyingly written articles from this weekend (the bullet points are the lines from the article exactly as they are written, in order. i have added the bold.):

  • “Three Israeli civilians have been stabbed to death in a settlement near Ramallah in the occupied West Bank.”

 - stabbed to death??? how about murdered in their home while celebrating shabbat?? the structure of this sentence with the emphasis being on the location of the settlement makes it seem like this was justified. this was an act of terrorism. they were murdered because they were jews living somewhere palestinians don’t want them. 

  • “Another Israeli was wounded in the attack in Halamish.The Israeli army says the attacker was shot and caught.” 

but this line is later followed by the much more detailed explanation later in the article:

  • “On Friday, four Israeli civilians were stabbed in Halamish (also known as Neve Tsuf) after “an assailant infiltrated a private home”, the Israeli army saidIsraeli media reported the victims were a man in his sixties and his son and daughter, both in their forties. Another woman in her sixties is being treated in hospital for injuries sustained in the incident.”

- why were they minimising the details of this attack in the opening paragraph? almost like they know to put the information they are pushing at the beginning, leaving less important details to the middle of the article. almost like a family of four being seriously attacked with three of them dead, again an attack on a jewish family on shabbat, is not an important fact. again, no mention of terrorism. 

- whats with the quotation marks man

- three times in this short space do we have ‘israel said’, delegitimizing the attacks by making it seem like these are not facts, but opinions of ‘’‘big bad israel’’’“

  • The attack came near the end of a day of clashes between Palestinians and Israeli forces over new security measures at a Jerusalem holy site.” 

- the terrorist attack. on shabbat. 

- it’s not a vague site, its the most important site in judaism, where jews are forbidden to enter because they could be murdered. its also one of the most important sites in islam. muslims are free to go there, and now they have to go through a metal detector…. just like pretty much anyone in israel has to do to get just about anywhere. every time i go to the kotel (western wall), i go through a metal detector. what’s the difference here? why is it so important to palestinians to bring metal to their holy site??

  • Three Palestinians were killed and hundreds were hurt in East Jerusalem and the West Bank.” 

- contrast this statement with the description of the israeli jews that were killed - “Three Israeli civilians have been stabbed to death” - the narrative the bbc are presenting is absolutely blatant here. ‘have been’ is much more passive than ‘were’, making it seem like the israelis ‘just happened to have been’ killed.

tl;dr beeb are disgusting. the situation in jerusalem right now is much more complex than is reported here. i strongly urge people to get their news elsewhere.


111 Westminster Street, officially known as the Industrial National Bank Building, and commonly referred to as the Superman Building is the tallest building in the city of Providence, Rhode Island, the tallest in the state of Rhode Island. The striking 26-story Deco building dates to 1928, was last occupied by Bank of America and has been tidally vacant for the past 5 years. I’ve seen estimated for a rehab (chiefly to convert electric, communications and water away from single tenant) is as high as >$100 million. I hope it can hang in there and get saved!

Study Reveals Most American Pastors Silent on Current Issues Despite Biblical Beliefs

Most pastors believe that the Bible addresses the current issues of the day, but few speak about them from behind the pulpit, according to a recent study from a prominent research organization.

George Barna was a guest on the American Family Radio program “Today’s Issues” on Thursday, where he explained a research project that he has been working on for the past two years. In his study, Barna’s organization asked pastors across the country about their beliefs regarding the relevancy of Scripture to societal, moral and political issues, and the content of their sermons in light of their beliefs.

“‘What we’re finding is that when we ask them about all the key issues of the day, [90 percent of them are] telling us, ‘Yes, the Bible speaks to every one of these issues,” he explained. “Then we ask them: ‘Well, are you teaching your people what the Bible says about those issues?’ and the numbers drop…to less than 10 percent of pastors who say they will speak to it.”

Barna’s group also polled pastors about what factors they use to gauge whether or not a church is successful.

“There are five factors that the vast majority of pastors turn to,” he outlined. “Attendance, giving, number of programs, number of staff, and square footage.”

“What I’m suggesting is [those pastors] won’t probably get involved in politics because it’s very controversial. Controversy keeps people from being in the seats, controversy keeps people from giving money, from attending programs,” Barna said.

Pastor Chuck Baldwin, a radio broadcaster and former presidential candidate, commented on the study in an article published on Friday entitled Odds Are that Your Pastor is Keeping the Truth from You Instead of Preaching It. He opined that Barna’s research shows that most pastors deliberately choose not to speak on the issues of the day despite knowing that the Bible speaks to them.

“That 90% of America’s pastors are not addressing any of the salient issues affecting Christian people’s political or societal lives should surprise no one,” he wrote. “It has been decades since even a sizable minority of pastors have bothered to educate and inform their congregations as to the Biblical principles relating to America’s political, cultural and societal lives.”

“Please understand this: America’s malaise is directly due to the deliberate disobedience of America’s pastors—and the willingness of the Christians in the pews to tolerate the disobedience of their pastor. Nothing more! Nothing less!” Baldwin continued. “When Paul wrote his own epitaph, it read, ‘I have fought a good fight, I have finished my course, I have kept the faith.’ (II Timothy 4:7) He didn’t say, ‘I had a large congregation, we had big offerings, we had a lot of programs, I had a large staff, and we had large facilities.’”

“It is time for Christians to acknowledge that these ministers are not pastors; they are CEOs. They are not Bible teachers; they are performers. They are not shepherds; they are hirelings,” he said. “It is also time for Christians to be honest with themselves: do they want a pastor who desires to be faithful to the Scriptures, or do they want a pastor who is simply trying to be ‘successful?’”

I had previously posted an article which showed that 83% of Americans claim to be Christians but only 9% of adults and less than 1% of teens/young adults have a true biblical worldview, and now after reading this new article I can see how that’s even possible.

How is it a surprise that there’s so very few true Christians around when only 1 in every 10 religious leaders aren’t willing to talk about the hard topics? How can people get their fill of the Word of God if the church they are going to is leaving them hungry?

All these 90% of our religious leaders only preach about a loving God. A God who will shower them with great life, well-being and prosperity. No one dares to say they will be hated for being a Christian. No one dares to say they will be persecuted and killed for being a Christian. No one dares say their own family will be against them and that they will have to choose between their family/friends or Christ. It’s like the passages which talk about all of the hardships that come with being a Christian just don’t exist.

Most religious leaders these days will only talk about a loving and caring God. We all know God loved us so much that Jesus died for us, but isn’t there more to the story? Will anyone ever talk about a God that will send people to hell if they choose to live life as they see fit? Basically the whole Old Testament and certain passages of the New Testament just don’t exist to these religious leaders because people don’t care to hear anything other than “God is love.”

I can only imagine the vast majority of today’s preachers reacting to some passages of the Bible:

1 Samuel 15:2-3
This is what the Lord Almighty says: ‘I will punish the Amalekites for what they did to Israel when they waylaid them as they came up from Egypt. Now go, attack the Amalekites and totally destroy all that belongs to them. Do not spare them; put to death men and women, children and infants, cattle and sheep, camels and donkeys.’”

  • “A God that commands Israel to the killing of men, women, children and even animals? Israel having the right to defend itself, and even kill, anyone else occupying the land which was given by God to Israel? Nope, not in my church! There’s way too many passages in the Old Testament where Israel is commanded to kill men, women and children so they can have the land given by God. I’m not touching Deuteronomy, Joshua, Isaiah or any of the Old Testament for that matter because no one likes to hear about how God fights for Israel, even commands the death of people at the hands of the nation of Israel. I can’t talk about Joshua 10 which showed God actually killing most of Israel’s enemies, Himself. God shouldn’t get to decide who lives or dies. I’m sorry, but the truth is that if we don’t support Gaza and the so-called Palestinians we lose money. I can’t tell the congregation that God has promised Israel a land which is currently being occupied by Gaza, West Bank, about a fifth of Egypt, a third of Saudi Arabia, half of Iraq, over half of Syria, a third of Kuwait, all of Jordan, all of Lebanon and a small part of Turkey. We can’t tell Christians to support God in such a way. We can only support God so much.”

Malachi 2:16
“For I hate divorce!” says the Lord, the God of Israel. “To divorce your wife is to overwhelm her with cruelty,” says the Lord of Heaven’s Armies. “So guard your heart; do not be unfaithful to your wife.”

  • “I can’t say anything against divorce, half of the people here have remarried several times. People these days marry and get divorced too often to talk about that topic. If I condemn divorce I’ll annoy way too many people.”

Luke 12:51
Do you suppose that I came to give peace on earth? I tell you, not at all, but rather division.

  • “I can’t talk about a Jesus that doesn’t bring peace and unity to all mankind. I only preach about how God is love and how we’ll all be united in love and that we will all coexist in peace with everyone else regardless of their beliefs.”

1 Corinthians 5:12
For what have I to do with judging outsiders? Is it not those inside the church whom you are to judge?

  • “Whoa there, judging fellow Christians is a slippery slope, we all sin. If I rebuke a brother to try to open his eye then he might do the same to me and I don’t want to change. I can’t say that we are actually commanded to rebuke those brothers and sisters that sin so they may stop following their own hearts. The world is set on the ‘Don’t judge others because they sin differently than you' mentality, so it’s best to let this one slide and allow people to keep sinning.”

John 14:6
Jesus told him, “I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one can come to the Father except through Me.

  • “I rather not talk too much about this. So many religions out there. I rather tell people that God is love and not be talking that unless people believe in Jesus, they will go to Hell. It’s best to do like Pope Francis and tell Atheist they can go to Heaven when they die, even if they never believe in Jesus, as long as they are good people in this life. Saying people will be going to Hell isn’t something that’s well received. It’s best to not go against the Muslims, Buddhists, Hindus, Catholics, Mormons and all other religions that don’t believe in the Lord or even some Christian religions that don’t believe that He and His Word alone are enough for us. I rather to just preach that we should all coexist, after all God is love and I’m sure He won’t mind if people aren’t following His Word.”

1 Corinthians 6:9-10
Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived! The sexually immoral, idolaters, adulterers, passive homosexual partners, practicing homosexuals, thieves, the greedy, drunkards, the verbally abusive, and swindlers will not inherit the kingdom of God.

  • “A God that will keep people from entering Heaven based on actions so many people think it’s perfectly acceptable in today’s society? Are you crazy?! I might as well close down my church! Too many people cheat on their spouses, drink beer, sext, use cuss words and have homosexual relationships these days. I can’t go around talking about these topics or else too many people in my church will just go to a Joel Osteen church to have their ears tickled.”

Time and time again Jesus turned down potential disciples because He would rather have quality rather than quantity. We live in an age that quantity speaks volume for the church, after all the more people contributing and tithing, the more money that church is cashing in and it’s all about the money for most of today’s preachers. We have religious leaders that care about money and enjoy their celebrity status too much to be risking telling any kind of truth that might upset the people listening to them.

The internet and television are wonderful tools to spread the Gospel, but these are just another source of revenue for these preachers to prey upon. So many of these weak and greedy religious leaders use these tools to spread a diluted Gospel of acceptance to all that is wrong only to cash in and get more followers, after all “God is love”. Just as we are told in Luke 11:43, these preachers remind me of the Pharisees as they “love to sit in the seats of honor in the synagogues and receive respectful greetings as [they] walk in the marketplaces.”

How can it possibly be a surprise that less than 1% of all teens/young adults and 9% of adults in America, as reported in a previous research, don’t believe in all of the Bible if their spiritual leaders are too weak and/or too greedy to tell them the truth? It’s not surprising at all, that’s the truth. I can only hope that in their hunger for the Word the people attending these churches start to read His Word by themselves and abide to It, and subsequently find a good church that will talk about the hard topics rather than stay in a church that will just tickle their ears. Stop hiding behind the “God is love” flag and actually learn His Word and follow His commandments.

We can’t always be walking on eggshells when interacting with people regarding the truth of the Gospel. There’s times where we must be humble, and there’s times to be firm and rebuke, always in a loving and caring manner whenever needed, as Paul showed:

2 Corinthians 10:1-6
I plead with you—yes, I, Paul—and I plead gently, as Christ himself would do. Yet some of you are saying, “Paul’s letters are bold enough when he is far away, but when he gets here he will be afraid to raise his voice!”

I hope I won’t need to show you when I come how harsh and rough I can be. I don’t want to carry out my present plans against some of you who seem to think my deeds and words are merely those of an ordinary man. It is true that I am an ordinary, weak human being, but I don’t use human plans and methods to win my battles. I use God’s mighty weapons, not those made by men, to knock down the devil’s strongholds. These weapons can break down every proud argument against God and every wall that can be built to keep men from finding him. With these weapons I can capture rebels and bring them back to God and change them into men whose hearts’ desire is obedience to Christ. I will use these weapons against every rebel who remains after I have first used them on you yourselves and you surrender to Christ.

Jesus was not afraid to lay it on people that deserved it either, as we see in Luke 11:37-52. I love how Jesus got invited for a meal by a Pharisee and I can only picture everyone’s faces as Jesus was just laying the hard truth on them. Then at one point a scribe (experts in the interpretation of the Mosaic law who worked closely with the Pharisees) goes “you have insulted us, too, in what you just said” and then the Lord starts rebuking, or “insulting”, the scribes too. It puts a smile in my face every time I read that one, just imagining that scribe’s face and his regret for trying to rebuke Jesus for His rebuke of the Pharisees. The Lord was dishing it out the hard truth, which those religious leaders saw as “insults” because the truth always looks like hate to those who hate the truth.

People nowadays are so politically correct. We live in a world where we might be “intolerant” or “hateful” if we dare to speak the truth. The command to tell us to correct a brother gets buried so deep beneath the “don’t judge someone because they sin differently than you” mentality that we end up never correcting a brother in need, even though we are commanded to correct them and in some cases even avoid them completely (Matthew 7:15-16, 1 Corinthians 5:12-13, John 7:24, Romans 16:17-18, etc).

Revelation 3:19
As for me, I rebuke and discipline everyone I love; so exert yourselves, and turn from your sins!

Telling the truth and rebuking those in need doesn’t mean we get to be rude or crass about it. What did Jesus tell His disciples when He sent them out to the world? Matthew 10:16 tells us exactly what the Lord said, “Behold, I send you out as sheep in the midst of wolves. Therefore be wise as serpents and harmless as doves.” We are to be cunning/wise/bold as the lost people in this world BUT as harmless as doves. We correct, we rebuke and we instruct in love, after all Jesus told us the second greatest commandment is to “love your neighbor as yourself.” How true can our love really be towards another person if we embrace and encourage someone’s sinful lifestyle which ultimately will lead them to Hell? We are always to be kind and respectful but bold in truth regarding the Gospel.

The world has nearly lost all of its moral compass as more and more people drift away from the Lord. How then can a person be saved? Being sinless perhaps? There is NO such thing as a sinless human being. The only sinless human to have ever walked on Earth was Jesus Christ. Paul perfectly described our sinful human nature in Romans 7, “I don’t understand myself at all, for I really want to do what is right, but I can’t. I do what I don’t want to—what I hate. I know perfectly well that what I am doing is wrong, and my bad conscience proves that I agree with these laws I am breaking. But I can’t help myself because I’m no longer doing it. It is sin inside me that is stronger than I am that makes me do these evil things.” How then can you fight against your own nature? Prayer, continuing obedience and repentance. Yeah, you will always sin but you can’t ever be okay with sinning and thinking you don’t need to ask God for forgiveness. Obey Him always, regardless of how much it goes against your very nature. Acknowledge your sins and pray for strength to do what is right in His eyes rather than to follow your sinful nature.

Acts 3:19
Now repent of your sins and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped away.

Being a good person doesn’t mean absolutely anything if it’s without faith. Not a single one of us are “good”. Every single one of us deserve to suffer in Hell for all of eternity for the sins we’ve committed against our Creator, after all our bodies do not belong to us but to Him, yet God so love us despite all of our sins and imperfections that He sacrificed His only Son so we can be saved if we choose Him over ourselves. He offered us a way out of Hell if we are willing to accept it. Let there be less of you and more of Him in your lives. Accept the Lord, obey the Lord, repent of your sins and be a new creation. As Paul said, “The old life is gone; a new life has begun!

This is a sad age we live in. So many preachers lie, mislead and are afraid to speak the truth because they know the truth will cause the world to hate them. Yet, already predicted by Paul:

2 Timothy 4:3
For a time is coming when people will no longer listen to sound and wholesome teaching. They will follow their own desires and will look for teachers who will tell them whatever their itching ears want to hear.

Bacharach in Rheinland-Pfalz, Southwestern Germany. Its original name Baccaracus points to Celtic origins. Above the town looms Burg Stahleck, the local castle which now is a youth hostel. The town was first mentioned in the early 11th century. In 1344, building work began on the town wall. In 1545, it became Protestant under Friedrich II. The castle and the town wall could not stop Bacharach from undergoing 8 changes in military occupation in the Thirty Years’ War. Further destruction was wrought by several fires. In 1689, French troops fighting in the Nine Years’ War blew up the castle and 4 of the wall towers. In 1794, French troops occupied the Rhein’s left bank and in 1802, it became temporarily French, later it was part of Prussia. Today Bacharach thrives on tourism and winegrowing. Local events include the Kulinarische Sommernacht every 4th weekend in August, Tal to Tal - a car-free adventure day, Upper Rhine Gorge (last Sunday in June), and the Vierthälermarkt – a mediaeval market.

The Warsaw Uprising (Polish: Powstanie Warszawskie) was a major World War II operation by the Polish resistance Home Army (Polish: Armia Krajowa) to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germany. The rebellion was timed to coincide with the Soviet Union’s Red Army approaching the eastern suburbs of the city and the retreat of German forces. However, the Soviet advance stopped short, enabling the Germans to regroup and demolish the city while defeating the Polish resistance, which fought for 63 days with little outside support. The Uprising was the largest single military effort taken by any European resistance movement during World War II.

The uprising began on 1 August 1944, as part of a nationwide plan, Operation Tempest, when the Soviet Army approached Warsaw. The main Polish objectives were to drive the German occupiers from the city and help with the larger fight against Germany and the Axis powers. Secondary political objectives were to liberate Warsaw before the Soviets, to underscore Polish sovereignty by empowering the Polish Underground State before the Soviet-backed Polish Committee of National Liberation could assume control. Also, short-term causes included the threat of a German round-up of able-bodied Poles, and Moscow radio calling for the Uprising to begin.

Initially, the Poles established control over most of central Warsaw, but the Soviets ignored Polish attempts to establish radio contact and did not advance beyond the city limits. Intense street fighting between the Germans and Poles continued. By 14 September, Polish forces under Soviet high command occupied the east bank of the Vistula river opposite the insurgents’ positions; but only 1,200 men made it across to the west bank, and they were not reinforced by the bulk of the Red Army. This, and the lack of Soviet air support from a base 5 minutes flying time away, led to allegations that Joseph Stalin tactically halted his forces to let the operation fail and allow the Polish insurrectionists to be crushed. Arthur Koestler called the Soviet attitude “one of the major infamies of this war which will rank for the future historian on the same ethical level with Lidice.”

Winston Churchill pleaded with Stalin and Franklin D. Roosevelt to help Britain’s Polish allies, to no avail. Then, without Soviet air clearance, Churchill sent over 200 low-level supply drops by the Royal Air Force, the South African Air Force and the Polish Air Force under British High Command. Later, after gaining Soviet air clearance, the US Army Air Force sent one high-level mass airdrop as part of Operation Frantic. The Soviet Union refused to allow American bombers from Western Europe to land on Soviet airfields after dropping supplies to the Poles.

Although the exact number of casualties remains unknown, it is estimated that about 16,000 members of the Polish resistance were killed and about 6,000 badly wounded. In addition, between 150,000 and 200,000 Polish civilians died, mostly from mass executions. Jews being harboured by Poles were exposed by German house-to-house clearances and mass evictions of entire neighbourhoods. German casualties totalled over 8,000 soldiers killed and missing, and 9,000 wounded. During the urban combat approximately 25% of Warsaw’s buildings were destroyed. Following the surrender of Polish forces, German troops systematically leveled another 35% of the city block by block. Together with earlier damage suffered in the 1939 invasion of Poland and the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising in 1943, over 85% of the city was destroyed by January 1945, when the course of the events in the Eastern Front forced the Germans to abandon the city. (x)

A Palestinian protester uses a sling to hurl stones towards Israeli troops during clashes near the Israeli settlement of Bet El, near the occupied West Bank city of Ramallah, by Mohamad Torokman.