This day in history - September 2, 1945 - Formal Japanese surrender ceremony on board the MISSOURI in Tokyo Bay as 1,000 carrier-based planes fly overhead; President Truman declares VJ Day
The surrender of the Empire of Japan was announced by Imperial Japan on August 15 and formally signed on September 2, 1945, bringing the hostilities of World War II to a close. By the end of July 1945, the Imperial Japanese Navy was incapable of conducting major operations and an Allied invasion of Japan was imminent. While publicly stating their intent to fight on to the bitter end, Japan’s leaders (the Supreme Council for the Direction of the War, also known as the “Big Six”) were privately making entreaties to the (technically, though temporarily) neutral Soviet Union to mediate peace on terms more favorable to the Japanese. Meanwhile, the Soviets were preparing to attack Japanese forces in Manchuria and Korea (in addition to southern Sakhalin and the Kurile Islands) in fulfillment of promises they had secretly made to the United States and the United Kingdom at the Tehran and Yalta Conferences.
On August 28, the occupation of Japan by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers began. The surrender ceremony was held on September 2, aboard the United States Navy battleship USS Missouri (BB-63), at which officials from the Japanese government signed the Japanese Instrument of Surrender, thereby ending the hostilities. Allied civilians and military personnel alike celebrated V-J Day, the end of the war; however, some isolated soldiers and personnel from Imperial Japan’s far-flung forces throughout Asia and the Pacific islands refused to surrender for months and years afterwards, some even refusing into the 1970s (Onoda and others). The role of the atomic bombings in Japan’s surrender, and the ethics of the two attacks, is still debated. The state of war formally ended when the Treaty of San Francisco came into force on April 28, 1952.
Four more years passed before Japan and the Soviet Union signed the Soviet–Japanese Joint Declaration of 1956, which formally brought an end to their state of war.
A proposed 4-way partition of Japan following World War 2.
Apparently, there were plans for Japan to be partitioned among victorious Allies after WW2, much as Germany was. However, once the US dropped the nukes, the decision was made that the US would occupy Japan exclusively. However, the Soviet Union had already moved in to take the southern half of Sakhalin Island and the Kuril Islands.
A US Marine chooses a souvenir from a pile of surrendered Japanese officer’s swords.
Countless thousands of katanas, many family heirlooms, were surrendered to the allies by the Japanese. Although plans were set to return the swords to their owners, when MacArthur left Japan for the Korean war, these plans completely fell through. Many were stolen by American servicemen and taken home as souvenirs.
So here are all the teacups (+creamer) The only one not for sale is the one in the back on the last picture.
1st- Unknown. Only mark is 124 on the bottom. 2nd- From Occupied Japan. Most of the gold leaf is worn off. 3rd- Wedgwood of etruria & barlaston approx. early 1950’s 4th - J R Bavaria “Cacilie” creamer 5th- Wedgewood unknown year
A woman puts the finishing touches of makeup on an activist dressed as colonial-era Japanese soldiers prior to a re-enactment of a 1919 crackdown in which hundreds of protesters were killed during demonstrations calling for independence from Japan, which occupied the Korean peninsula from 1910 to 1945, in Seoul on March 1, 2014. As South Korea was marking the 95th anniversary of the Independence Movement, President Park Geun-Hye warned Japan would face “isolation” if it pushed ahead with a move to revisit an apology over wartime sex slavery.
A decorated U.S. Navy Petty Officer 1st Class (Ship’s Cook First Class) and his Japanese wife in a studio portrait taken in Occupied Japan, 1946.
Ironically, African American occupation soldiers, whose major mission in Japan was to democratize the defeated nation and disseminate the values of freedom and equality among the Japanese population, served in a segregated U.S. military.
Despite several assurances to the otherwise, the Japanese quickly realized that the racial equality they had been told they could expect from Americans did not extend to all U.S. citizens.
By the end of 1945, over 40,000 African American members of the U.S. military were serving on occupation duty in Japan. Many married Japanese women and had children. These veterans, like the sailor shown above, were instrumental in confronting the institutional, organizational and ideological barriers to interracial relationships that existed in Japan and the United States.