Let’s talk about the absolute basics in deduction. Seems like there’s a lot of people that misunderstand them, even other deductionists. This post is made to correct some of these misunderstandings.
What do we deductionists do? We gather information and make conclusions about that information. The premise is simple. Is it simple to get to the same level as Sherlock? No. Do I know of someone that is on the same level as Sherlock? No, and I know quite a few deductionists. But here’s the big reason why I don’t know of anyone at the same level as Sherlock, it’s not that Sherlock is fictional, it’s because of perfect situations that Sherlock is in. These happen, but not as often as Sherlock finds himself in them.
The way with OCC:
First of all, you should try and remember OCC. This the order in which you as a deductionist should operate.
Observation – Here you observe the place or person you are deducing. There are things to look for if you have the knowledge, some says you should observe everything, and sure, you should do that in a perfect world but you won’t be able to use everything you observe so that will only waste your time when you get into higher ranks of deduction. And if you want to know what to observe than all you need to do is practice.
Conclusion – The second step is to come to a conclusion from what you have observed. This is the deduction, we will talk more about this later on in this text. This will require both logic and knowledge. If you lack in one of these then you’ll need to train that.
Confirmation – Now this is something most deductionist don’t do because they are scared of failing. If you don’t confirm if you are right you’ll hinder your own progress extremely. If you can confirm, always try to.
Now, most break down deduction into two parts, logic and knowledge. I think that the knowledge part needs to be split into two parts. Absolute knowledge and statistical knowledge. This is important, I’ll try and explain why but first you need to know about the three kinds of deduction.
This reasoning is used when you have one or more statements that you combine to reach a logical conclusion.
The reasoning is that if the statements are true and clear the conclusion must be true.
An example of deductive reasoning:
Pink is not a natural hair colour.
Emily has pink hair.
Someone/something has dyed Emily’s hair pink.
This is deduction in which you use absolute knowledge to make a deduction. And if you truly use absolute knowledge then the conclusion will be correct.
In inductive reasoning, you come to a conclusion that’s probable. The statements are viewed as strong evidence for your conclusion.
An example of inductive reasoning:
There are marbles in this bag.
All 8 out of 10 marbles I have seen from this bag are black.
All marbles from this bag are black.
This doesn’t tell you if the conclusion is true or not but thanks to the strong evidence of the statements you’re presented with, it’s probable that the conclusion is true. This is statistical knowledge and will be true most of the time.
In abductive reasoning, you have the statements and from that, you make an educated guess about what the conclusion might be. This reasoning is looking for the best explanation.
An example of abductive reasoning:
The grass is wet.
The grass is usually dry.
It has rained.
This is something we deductionists often do. We always look for the best explanation based on the evidence we are provided. This, if done correctly, will also most often be true. This will often be your own conducted statistical knowledge.
The reason why “knowledge” should be split into “absolute knowledge” and “statistical knowledge” is that if you have the logic you’ll never be wrong with absolute knowledge, but with statistical knowledge, you can still be wrong. Some tell you that logic is more important than knowledge and vice versa. This couldn’t be more wrong. Logic and knowledge are equally important. Those who don’t agree probably don’t know that much about the category they are dismissing. Logic and knowledge should work together alongside each other.
But if you want the “WOW effect” one of these triumphs over the other. If you do a deduction via logic people can see your train of thought quite easily, especially if you explain it. If you do deduction via knowledge then people won’t be able to follow your train of thought without that specific knowledge. And more people have a good logical mind than specific knowledge about everything. Something magicians have as a catchphrase nowadays are “People aren’t stupid” and that is true. If you, the reader of this thinks that most people are stupid then you need to come out of that bubble of yours.
Some other things.
So can you yourself measure how good you are at deduction? No, not really. You’ll always be biased towards yourself. So if you like yourself, you’ll probably think that you are better at deduction than you really are. If you think the worst of yourself then you’ll probably think you are worse than you really are. Then we have the “Dunning–Kruger effect”, most of you will probably, in the beginning, think that you are better at deduction than you really are, because of the Dunning-Kruger effect. It predicts that beginners rate themselves to be better than they really are while experts rate themselves to be worse than they really are. So no you can’t measure your skill level yourself.
This point I’ll make now is kind of connected to the previous one. Don’t assume you are right. That would be really stupid. If you assume you are right, you’ll fall for confirmation bias. This is when you look for things that would prove what you believe to be true, and miss things that disprove your theory. One more reason this is bad, I know of deductionists that don’t want to accept that they’re wrong, even if it’s confirmed. They think the one that tells them they’re wrong are lying. Extremely bad.
Your knowledge about deduction will improve. In the beginning, before you start deduction you’ll probably not know about it at all, you’ll have an unconscious ignorance towards it. When you start reading about it, you’ll probably understand that you don’t know much about it. So you’ll have a conscious ignorance towards it. After trying it out and really learning you’ll start noticing that you can deduce some things, you’ll have and conscious knowledge towards deduction. When you’ve become an expert to master you’ll make deductions without thinking that much, you’ll have an unconscious knowledge about deduction.
So, how do you get better in deduction? Practice, it might sound cliché but it’s true. But however, you can shorten the time quite much, if you confirm your deductions. The second C in OCC is extremely important. If you don’t know what you are doing wrong then you can’t improve. You won’t get better just from reading this. So go out there and make deductions and most importantly confirm your deductions.
If you want me to write a post about confirming your deductions about people without the fear to fail (because if you fail they won’t know that you’ve failed) then write to me about that. A lot of people seem to be afraid of saying their deductions out loud.
#marantamonday - there are those of us who would like a day to show off their Marantas. Here’s my Maranta leuconeura doing her thing (13 hours in 8 seconds)
#timelapse #houseplants #houseplantjournal #observe #plants #boredpanda #video #cool #science #botany #horticulture #urbanjunglebloggers #houseplantclub #plantas #växter #gardentherapy #pflanzen #gardening #buzzfeed #buzzfeedvideo #植物 #식물 #botanical #greenthumb #nature #naturegram #scientific
Observe constantly that all things take place by change, and accustom thyself to consider that the nature of the universe loves nothing so much as to change things which are and to make new things like them. For everything that exists is in a manner the seed of that which will be.
Pothos ‘marble queen’ - when a pothos becomes floppy, it is crying out “I’m VERY thirsty!” and should be watered immediately. As you become more familiar with the plant, you can get to watering before getting yelled at. The time between watering is mostly dependent on the amount of light the plant receives. There’s so much more to light than just “the sun”. I could write a whole chapter just on indirect light - actually, I will! FAQ: planter/stand comes from @ivymuse_melb - thank you!
#pothos #plantcare #timelapse #houseplants #houseplantjournal #observe #plants #boredpanda #homedecor #science #botany #horticulture #urbanjunglebloggers #houseplantclub #plantas #växter #pflanzen #gardening #buzzfeed #buzzfeedvideo #植物 #식물 #botanical #greenthumb #nature #naturegram #scientific #igerstoronto #torontoblogger
“My kind of pity is a feeling which I find no name adequate. I sense it especially at the idea of the lot of mankind, as when I observe with anguish and contempt the politics of present-day Europe, which is, under all circumstances, also working at the web of the future of all men.”
—F. Nietzsche, The Will to Power, §367 (edited excerpt).
Pour the magic of passion and attention into everything you do. Don’t think of anything and just be here now while doing every single little action you do. Talking, writing, art, poetry, sex, dreams, love, world, yourself — everything. If you are listening to a song, listen to the high notes, the low notes, the variation the singer took while singing, listen to the instruments playing in the background, make a picture of the song in your mind by listening to it or if you are bathing do it mindfully, feel each drop of water touching your body or if you are breathing, observe it, feel the sensation and observe how air comes into your body and exhaled out. This is true meditation — to do things with full attention and passion.