objective marker

Making Fabric Poppets

I want to teach you all how I make my fabric poppets, and how you can make your own too. Here is my post detailing all of what I do to make my adorable plush fabric poppets.

I also sell them if making them yourself is too much fuss for any reason. Here are details.


- Fabric of your choice- My fabric of choice is fleece. The fabric should be a color you can match with your intent, personality, etc.

- Person-shaped pattern to trace- You can use a gingerbread man cookie cutter to make your paper pattern, free hand, or if you like you can use mine which I will gladly sell you a copy of- message me for details.

- Needle and thread- You can use different thread colors for different intentions.

- Stuffing and any extras- herbs, objects, etc.

- A marker of a similar but darker color than the fabric

- Scissors

-Step 1-

Lay out your fabric. Lay down the poppet pattern on the fabric. I prefer to weight them down with rocks so they don’t shift. (You can of course choose rocks that match your intent.)

-Step 1.5-

I then trace the patter with a maker that is of a similar color to the fabric, but off enough that I can see it. Don’t worry about being super clean with your lines because they will be hidden in the inside seams.

-Step 2-

Next, to sew the pieces together. Place them together so that the side with the marker line faces out.

Then, grab your needle and thread. Thread your needle.

Be sure to have a piece of thread to work with that is about as long as your arm. This should be enough for the whole poppet, but make sure to have more on hand just in case.

-Step 3-

Start your sewing in the place where the opening will end later. I typically choose the “armpit” of the poppet because then the opening gives me great access to all of its insides for later.

I use a kind of slip stitch for sewing. Really any stitch will do, but I will show you mine. I put the needle all the way through both pieces of fabric to make a loop, and before tightening I stick the needle through the loop, then tighten. This makes a kind of knot that is durable and nice looking. Here’s a picture:

Aside- Why I hand sew- I find the process of hand sewing to be not only relaxing but also more magical. I can focus on my intentions while I sew, and with each stitch I’m fastening my energy into it. This is by no means the only way you can sew them together, but it is my personal preferred way.

 Continue sewing around to join the two pieces of fabric. **Remember to leave a 1.5in opening! Also leave your thread attached!** This is the only way to turn it inside out and hide the seams.

- Step 4-

Turn it inside-out. Reach inside and grab the top of the poppet’s head and pull it through the hole like shown. You may need to poke around a bit to make sure everything is fully turned right-side-out.

-Step 5- Once right-side-out, your poppet is ready for stuffing. Start with the appendages first, that way you can make sure they are well-fluffed. After that, if you want add in balls of stuffing in the places of major organs to make it more human. (A ball for a brain, a ball for a stomach, that kind of thing)

If you like, add in herbs or objects for your intent, or keys to link the poppet with the person that you’re targeting. Consider positions of the objects and herbs inside the poppet and the significance. I added rose petals in the head and heart of this one, and mint and rosemary in the stomach. That gives it some symbolism, and what witch doesn’t enjoy symbolism?

-Step 6- When it is stuffed to satisfaction, sew up the opening with the same stitch we sewed with before flipping it. This leaves a rough edge, and I actually like it that way. It makes it easier to cut open the stitching if you ever wanted to for any reason. I can’t be the only person that’s wanted to rip someone’s stuffing out (there’s a curse idea) so I hope you find it useful too.

Do a couple more stitches to assure your thread isn’t going anywhere and then cut it off.

Ta-da! A perfect poppet for all of your witchcraft needs.

Happy crafting! 

 - Max the Death Witch


“…don’t ever change.”
“I don’t exist…in anyone’s heart.”
“…what would it take for me to be like you?”

Loved, but lonely on an island in the sea.

Heck I drew @niduss (con dad) and Lawrence (his son) awhile ago, I love this heckin nerd and Lawrence is actually a god.

Ignore the fact that my garnet marker decided to betray me and get ink everywhere

It’s three thirty in the morning right now and I feel like I’m dying so that’s nice.


In korean, ~과/와, ~랑/이랑 and ~하고 can all be used interchangeably to mean “and”!

~과 is attached to words ending in a consonant
~와 is attached to words ending in a vowel

우리는 국수와 김치를 먹고 싶어요
We want to eat noodles and kimchi
우리 - we
국수 - noodles
김치 - kimchi
먹다 - to eat
~고 싶어요 - want
는 - subject marker
를 - object marker (here, 국수 and 김치 act as one object together)

저는 밥과 케이크을 팔아요
I sell rice and cake
저 - i, me
밥 - rice
케이크 - cake
팔다 - to sell

~이랑 is attached to words ending in a consonant
~랑 is attached to words ending in a vowel

저는 책이랑 연필을 샀어요
I bought a book and a pencil
저 - i
책 - book
연필 - pencil
사다 - to buy
~ㅆ어요 - past tense

제 친구랑 영화를 봤어요
I was a movie with my friend
제 - my
친구 - friend
영화 - movie
보다 - to watch

~하고 is attached to words ending in a consonant AND a vowel

한결은 파리하고 뉴욕에 갈 가에요
Han Gyeol will go to Paris and New York
파리 - paris
뉴욕 - new york
에 - location marker
가다 - to go
~ㄹ 거에요 - future tense


hi guys!! in this lesson, i’m gonna teach you how to use present continuous in korean! you will be able to express what you are doing. (~고 있다)

first, let’s take the verb 먹다 (to eat)
you need to remove the verb stem,
so you get : 먹

all you have to do is attach ~고 있어요 to the verb

먹+고 있어요
먹고 있어요 = eating

저는 바나나를 먹고 있어요
i am eating a banana
저 - i
는 - subject marker
바나나 - banana
를 - object marker
먹고 있어요 - eating

let’s do another one!
공부하다 (to study)
공부하+고 있어요
공부하고 있어요 = studying

저는 한국어를 공부하고 있어요
i am studying korean
저 - i
한국어 - korean
공부하고 있어요 - studying

in case you wanna talk about something you WERE doing (in the past), all you must do is conjuguate 있다 in its past tense form which is ~있었어요, as you would normally do with any other verbs.

let me know if i should add more examples or anything! good luck🤷💓

Georgian and the Kartvelian languages

When I mention I’m learning Georgian, people don’t always know a lot about the language - I get questions such as “Oh, is that related to Russian?” or “Is that like Turkish?” or such questions. Sometimes people will know Georgian is not related to either Russian or Turkish, but then they’ll ask me if it’s related to Armenian, or otherwise if it’s a language isolate. I thought I’d clear up some of some of the confusion, and offer y’all a look into the history of this unique and fascinating language.

Georgian is not Indo-European - it isn’t related either to Russian or Armenian. It’s not a Turkic language either, nor is it a Semitic language. A few people have tried even connecting it with Basque, but there is no linguistic evidence for this. Rather, Georgian is the largest member of the Kartvelian family - a family named after the Georgian word for a Georgian, ქართველი (kartveli). The other languages in the family are: Mingrelian, Laz, and the highly divergent Svan - in the following paragraphs I’ll talk a little bit about these languages.

Mingrelian, known as მარგალური ნინა (margaluri nina) in Mingrelian, or  მეგრული ენა (megruli ena) in Georgian, is spoken by around 500,000 people in the region of Mingrelia, known as სამარგალო (samargalo) in Mingrelian or სამეგრელო (samegrelo) in Georgian, shown here:

It also had speakers in Abkhazia until the war.

Mingrelian has some sounds that Georgian doesn’t have, such as a glottal stop (the sudden break in the middle of the word uh-oh), written with the letter (though in general, these languages are mostly spoken, and seldom written). In addition, it has some grammatical divergences from Georgian, such as the existence of a few more cases and a separate set of conditional screeves on verbs (if you want to learn more about screeves in Georgian, check out my post). 

Laz, known as ლაზული ნენა (lazuri nena) in Laz or ლაზური ენა (lazuri ena) in Georgian, is spoken by around 22,000 people mostly in Turkey:

The language itself is very similar to Mingrelian - in fact, these languages are sometimes considered two dialects of a single language, but in general are considered separate, especially considering the separation between the Mingrelian-speaking and Laz-speaking communities nowadays.

Svan, known as ლუშნუ ნინ (lušnu nin) in Svan and სვანური ენა (svanuri ena) in Georgian, is spoken by 10,000 people in Svaneti, known as შჳა̈ნ (shwän) in Svan or  სვანეთი (svaneti), shown here: 

As a side note, it’s *incredibly beautiful*:

Due to its remote mountainous setting, Svan is highly divergent from the other Kartvelian languages, forming a separate branch of the family: 

Svan has several sounds not present in any of the other Kartvelian languages, such as /f/, /qʰ/, and /w/, some of which were present in Old Georgian - some dialects even have vowels such as /y/ and /ø/ (the ü and ö of German) or /æ/ (the a in “bat”). Grammatically as well, Svan is highly divergent - it for example makes a distinction between inclusive we (we including you) and exclusive we (not including you), a distinction present in Old Georgian but otherwise nowhere else in the Kartvelian family. It also has two sets of preverbs - directional elements preceding verbs analogous to verbal prefixes like deduct, induct, abduct, etc. - where other Kartvelian languages only have one. 

There’s in addition one important dialect I’ve got to mention - Judaeo-Georgian, known as ყივრული ენა (qivruli ena), is the traditional dialect of the Georgian Jews, a community with a history of over 2000 years in Georgia, and has a speaker base of 85,000, now mostly in Israel. In common with other Jewish languages, it has a large base of Hebrew and Aramaic loanwords - in addition, it has a few distinct differences from standard Georgian, such as the presence of a plural object marker -ე (-e) that does not exist in Standard Georgian, or the dropping of final -s with compensatory lengthening of the previous vowel.

Here are a few Proto-Kartvelian roots, and their descendants on modern Kartvelian languages:

PK: *šwidi “seven”
Georgian: švidi
Mingrelian: škviti
Laz: škvit
Svan: išgwid

PK: *stkwen “y’all”
Georgian: tkven
Mingrelian: tkva(n)
Laz: tkvan
Svan: sgäy

PK: *t’q’ub- “twins”
Georgian: t’q’up-
Mingrelian: t’q’up-, t’q’ub-
Laz: t’q’ub-, t’k’ub-
Svan: t’q’wib-

White Nationalism, Take Four
  • Racist: All your scientific nonsense about genetic markers and objective measurements won't stop our white nation!
  • Antifa: So for the fourth time: how are you deciding who is and who isn't "white?"
  • Racist: Simple - if your ancestors are European, then you're white! Ta-dah! LONG LIVE THE WHITE RACE!
  • Antifa: So when you say "Europe," are you including countries that were part of the Ottoman Empire? You know like Serbia, Romania...
  • Racist: Sure
  • Antifa: ...Turkey...
  • Racist: Uh, ok
  • Antifa: ...Palestine, Iraq, Syria, Lybia, Egypt, Algeria, Tunisia...
  • Racist: Whoa whoa whoa! Now hold on there!
  • Antifa: What's the matter? The Ottoman Empire extended over all these areas at one point or another, so if you're going to include Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Greece, and Turkey in your "European ancestry" definition, then you're going to have to include these as well.
  • Racist: OK, we don't mean historical Europe. Just the parts of the Ottoman Empire that were in continental Europe are where white people are from.
  • Antifa: Oh, of course! Continental Europe! So we're still including Turkey, and all the Mediterranean as "white," right?
  • Racist: Yes.
  • German racist: Fuck no!
  • Antifa: Then there's Russia. It's split between Europe and Asia. So what do you want to do with Russians? Are they all "white," all "non-white," or does it depend on what side of the Ural Mountains one's ancestors come from, in which case two-thirds of Russia would be "non-white?"
  • Racist: They're white. No wait, some of them are white and some of them aren't.
  • Antifa: what if a person's Russian ancestors traveled from east to west 100 years ago, or 500 years ago, or 1000 years ago? Does that mean that the person today is "white" or "non-white?"
  • Antifa: And if we're going with "continental Europe" as the origin of all white people, what race have we decided the people of England, Iceland, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales are, given that none of those countries are part of continental Europe? And are people with origins in Kazakhstan "white?"
  • Antifa: And what do you mean by "ancestors?" Geneticists have demonstrated that humans first existed in Africa and then migrated from there - so what specific generation are you using to determine if someone's ancestors are European and what is your objective, scientifically-valid rationale for declaring that all non-European ancestors prior to the European ones don't count?
  • Racist: Oh look, it's getting dark out and my mom told me I had to come home by now for supper so bye-bye!

How Artist Jon Burgerman Brings Creative Creatures to Life

To see more of Jon’s doodles, follow @jonburgerman on Instagram.

Jon Burgerman (@jonburgerman) has never not been doodling. “I doodled all the way through school, often getting in trouble for drawing with the condensation on steamed-up windows,” says the artist, who grew up in the UK and now lives in New York City. “Even from an early age, I was obsessed with drawing on everything. You could say art was a way for me to retreat into a fantasy world of my own making.”

These days, Jon paints, draws, animates and even writes as a full-time job — and also unleashes his creativity on Instagram Stories, adding googly-eyed creatures into the regular world and creating them out of inanimate objects with tools like markers and eraser brushes. “I’ve unlocked a part of my brain that allows me to anthropomorphize everything,” he says. “If there’s anything I’d like people to take from my work, it’s that it’s fun to be creative. Everyone should have a go at making things and not worry about them being ‘good’ or ‘bad.’ Just playing and seeing is the main part of the fun.”

Lesson 9: Past tense 았/었어요, irregular verbs/adjectives, “also”, and making negative sentences.

In lesson 8 we had a look at conjugating sentences in the informal polite present tense. Today we’re going to have a quick look at the informal polite past tense. The informal polite past tense can indicate an action as well as a state of being. The rules for past tense conjugation are the same as for the present tense.

If the final vowel in a verb stem is 아 or 오, then 았어요 is added to the verb stem.

살다 (to live) → 살 + 았어요 = 살았어요
오다 (to come) → 오 + 았어요 = 왔어요 (오 + 았 = 왔)
가다 (to go) →  가 + 았어요 = 갔어요 (가 + 았 = 갔)

If the final vowel in a verb stem is a vowel other than 아 or 오 then 었어요 is added to the verb stem.

먹다 (to eat) → 먹 + 었어요 = 먹었어요
읽다 (to read) →  읽 + 었어요 = 읽었어요
마시다 (to drink) → 마시 + 었어요 = 마셨어요 (마시 + 었 = 마셨 )

 Any verb or adjective that ends in 하다 becomes 했어요 in the past tense.

말하다 (to speak) → 말했어요
공부하다 (to study) → 공부했어요
피곤하다 (to be tired) → 피곤했어요

Now let’s take a look at some irregular verbs/adjectives. Some verbs and adjectives change their stem spelling when certain endings (such as 아/어요) or conjugations are applied to them. Some verbs and adjectives that have irregular forms are ones with stems ending in ㄷ, ㄹ, ㅂ, ㅅ, 으, and 르. Today we’re going to have a look at 으 verbs/adjectives only. Other irregular verbs will be covered in a later lesson.

If the final vowel of a verb stem is 으, the 으 is dropped entirely when the verb is conjugated, and the next to last vowel is used to determine spelling instead.

If the vowel before 으 is 아 or 오 then 아요 is added.

바쁘다 (to be busy) →  바쁘 + 아요 = 바빠요 →  레오 씨가 바빠요. (Leo is busy.)

If the vowel before 으 is a vowel other than 아 or 오 then 어요 is added.

예쁘다 (to be pretty) →  예쁘 + 어요 = 예뻐요 →  채연 씨가 예뻐요. (Chaeyeon is pretty.)

If the verb stem is monosyllabic, 어요 is added.

쓰다 (to write) →  쓰 + 어요 = 써요 →  켄 씨가 버스 번호를 써요. (Ken writes the bus number.)

What if you wanted to make a negative sentence? There are numerous ways in Korean to make a sentence with a negative connotation, but in this lesson we’re going to be looking at one of the easiest and most common ways a sentence can be made negative using the adverb 안 (not).

Placed directly before a verb or adjective, 안 is used to express negation.

안 + verb = 레오 씨가 오늘 회사에 안 가요. (Leo isn’t going to the office today.)
안 + adjective = 그 옷이 안 예뻐요. (Those clothes aren’t pretty.)

For verbs that end with 하다, the 안 is placed between the noun and 하다.

noun + 안 + 하다 = 홍빈 씨가 공부 안 해요. (Hongbin doesn’t study.)

Now let’s take a look at how to express similarity using the subject/object marker 도 (also, too). There are multiple ways to do this, but using 도 is one of the easiest.

Original sentences:
켄 씨가 치킨을 좋아해요. 레오 씨가 치킨을 좋아해요. (Ken likes chicken. Leo likes chicken.) While these sentences are grammatically correct, it is much more natural when speaking this way to say that Leo likes chicken too.

Using 도:
켄 씨가 치킨을 좋아해요. 레오 씨도 치킨을 좋아해요. (Ken likes chicken. Leo also likes chicken).

Keeping everything we covered today in mind, can you understand the following? :)

켄 씨가 피곤해요. 학교에 안 갔어요. 켄 씨가 공부 아 해요. 오늘 레오 씨도 학교에 안 갔어요. 레오 씨가 바빴어요.
Ken is tired. He didn’t go to school. Ken doesn’t study. Today Leo also didn’t go to school. Leo was busy.

You can make Doomguys pretty easily using Maelstrom’s Edge plastics and Pig Iron system trooper helmets.I’ve gone one step further and used Hasslefree weapons to equip mine with shotguns, chainguns, plasma rifles, rocket launchers (minor converting required), chainguns, and super shotguns. There are also engineer and medic variants, and an officer with an oversized pistol. I’m still painting the 7 objective markers - 3 skulls, 3 key cards, and a small pet rabbit.

These guys are being used for my wargame FRAG, a simple d6 mass battle system inspired by 90s FPS games.

anonymous asked:

こんにちは!!By any chance, can you explain particles? im not doing to great in my japanese class right now because of it. thanks!

(Sorry it took me so long to reply, I’m drowning in research papers at the moment) 

Anyway that’s a really broad question, but I can try! So the most basic function of particles is to tell you what role the words play in a sentence.

The best way, in my opinion, to learn particles is using particle dictionaries. I own this one, but I couldn’t find a pdf online. But here’s a pdf of another one that looks pretty good

I’m thinking maybe it’d be more useful to you, since your question is sort of broad, if instead of just giving lots of examples I try to explain the difference between a few that are often problematic for beginners. The ones most people seem to struggle with are:

は-(read as “wa” when a particle) topic marker

が-subject marker

を-direct object marker


に-location marker

で- location of action

Most particles have several uses, but I’m just going to be dealing with the most basic uses for this.

I grouped them based on what they deal with, は、が、を all mark things and に、でdeal with places

For は、が、を, it’s pretty easy to tell when to use を,  but it can be a bit hard to know when to use は and が.

を is used when the verb is done  to something (so transitive verbs).

私(わたし)はうどんを食(た)べる, I eat udon; you use を because the verb, to eat, is transitive, so it requires a direct object, the thing being eaten. 

You use がinstead of をwhen the verb is not actively done to something (intransitive)

私は日本語(にほんご)が分(わ)かります。I understand Japanese. You use が here because the verb,  分かる, is intransitive.

The difference between がand はis a bit changeling to explain in brief, if you google it there’s a ton of different resources and whatnot specifically dealing with these two (X is a good one).

The next two both deal with location (both have other uses, but this is the one most people learn first). Which one you use depends on the verb, にmarks the place as a destination, it is used with verbs of motion. でmarks the location of an action, within where the verb is taking place.


I am going to Japan (“to go” requires a destination, so you use に, the verb is towards Japan)

私は日本で住みます。(“to live” does not involve a destination, but takes place within a location, so you use で, because the verb is happening in Japan)

I hope this was helpful anon, but if not feel free to send another ask–and feel free to ask specific questions if there are certain particles that you’re struggling with. And you’re welcome to chat with me on tumblr messenger or discord for help too; I’d love to help you improve in your class! :)

querying Tips from me peyton, currently in the process of emerging from Query Hell

  • create an e-mail account solely for queries so that you don’t have a conniption every time you see the (1) in your gmail tab and then you click on the tab w/ your heart racing and it’s just a panera bread newsletter
  • spend lots and lots and lots of time on your query letter and run it past lots and lots and lots of people and polish it to a flawless shine because it’s actually way more important to have a perfect query letter than it is to have a perfect manuscript! any agent worth their salt will work with you to iron out flaws in your manuscript before you send it to publishers; any agent worth their salt will not read past the first sentence of a shitty query
  • no more than 350 words total
  • no more than 200 words for your plot summary
  • give or take 25 words on either side of those limits
  • i’m not being cute lol like a lot of this process is extremely subjective but one of the only objective markers here is “can you keep it concise” and you absolutely have to pass that test
  • “but my plot is too complex for me to summarize it in only 200 words” tough titty!! find a way
  • oh and follow each agent’s individual submission guidelines to the letter but like, duh
  • be an authentic human being with a personality! you are going to want to be as formal and unemotional as possible in order to come across as Professional and Qualified and you need to resist that urge with everything you have
  • show the agent you’ve done your homework and show it in the very first sentence - some variation on “it’s similar to BOOK by YOUR CLIENT” will suffice
  • conversely, don’t kiss ass
  • double conversely, if you’re REALLY interested in a particular agent, TELL THEM THAT in the least ass-kissy way you can manage
  • there is no reason to reply to rejections, ever
  • like except in the 1% of cases where you’ve been corresponding with an agent extensively and then they’re ultimately like, “sorry i can’t sign you but [lengthy, helpful critique]” in which case, send them some genuine thanks for the crit and then leave them alone
  • query in small batches, like five at a time
  • double-triple-quadruple check the name at the top of every e-mail because i definitely spent twenty minutes putting a query together and sent it and then and only then noticed that i had the wrong last name at the top and i wanted to melt into the earth and perish
  • oh and on that note, write ATTACHMENT in all caps up at the top of your e-mail so that if you accidentally hit send too early or whatever, gmail will give you the “hey did you want to attach something???? you wrote ‘attachment’ but you didn’t attach anything so we just wanted to check in before we send this off” pop-up, hence saving your life and giving you a second chance. and then once you’re really good to go just delete the word “ATTACHMENT” and hit send.
  • be gracious about whatever feedback is given to you and consider every piece of feedback deeply, but never, ever take criticism personally, and remember that what works for one agent might not work for another
  • Have Fun And Be Yourself