nutritional deficiences

SYMPTOMS OF ZINC DEFICIENCY

•    Dandruff (seborrheic dermatitis)

•    White tongue

•    White marks on finger nails

•    Stretch marks

•    Mouth ulcers

•    Sleep disturbances

•    Hair loss

•    Skin dryness and rashes (acne, eczema, psoriasis)

•    Decreased libido

•    Poor healing of wounds

•    Diarrhea

•    Loss of appetite, weight loss, or difficulty gaining weight

•    Brain fog and irritability

•    Depression and lethargy

•    Reduced fertility

•    Absent periods

•    Stunted growth

Wheat, alcohol, spinach, high calcium foods, high sugar intake, low protein, all hamper zinc absorption.

I realized I am probably zinc deficient so i made this post to help other people who might need to increase zinc in their diets, or supplement. People who are at a higher risk for zinc deficiency are vegans/vegetarians, people with gastrointestinal diseases (crohns, IBS), pregnant and lactating women, infants, adolescents going through puberty, and those with sickle cell disease.

Rickets and Osteomalacia are two forms of the same disease that result from inadequate calcification of the extracellular bone matrix, usually caused by a vitamin D deficiency. Rickets is a disease of children in which the growing bones became ‘soft’ or rubbery and are easily deformed. Because new bone formed at the epiphyseal plates fails to ossify, bowed legs and deformities of the skull, rib cage and pelvis are common. Osteomalacia is the adult counterpart of rickets, sometimes called adult rickets. New bone formed during remodeling fails to calcify and the person experiences varying degrees of pain and tenderness bones, especially the hip and legs. Bone fractures also result from minor trauma. Prevention and treatment for rickets and osteomalacia consist of the administration of adequate doses of vitamin D. 

Quick fact. Ready?
Iron deficiency symptoms can be quite similar to those associated with ADHD. This is why Iron deficiency is often misdiagnosed, making it the most commonly lacked nutrient in younger children.

Three times the sun gods bothered Icarus at work

Soooo this was going to be a “5 + 1” fic but I really gotta work on my project now, boo.  but I wanted to send you what I had :)  so here’s three parts!  I tried to write from Icarus’s point of view this time… not sure how great I did lol  anyway I hope you like it though  :)

——

Icarus is taking four classes this term; the standard for a full-time student.  He also signed up for a handful of extracurricular activities, not many, but enough to keep him involved.  He’s discreetly in the student LGBTQ+ club, though he doesn’t often speak up.  And of course, astronomy club, which is the thing he lives for every week. 

He also has five separate jobs, that require his efforts at various times of the day/week.  Between the five of them, Icarus manages to make enough money to keep his monthly bills in check, as well as taking a chunk off of the cost of tuition.  He’s not rich, for sure, but frankly, it’s enough for him to keep his head above water (a phrase that’s always made him shudder, for some reason), and not burden his family with debt.

So many jobs, classes and extracurriculars requires Icarus to keep a detailed schedule on his refrigerator so he can keep track of where he’s supposed to be and when.

Tragically, this becomes his undoing, as certain other individuals also consult this schedule at their leisure to determine how and where to find him and maximize their pestering.

Keep reading

hellherper  asked:

Is it good for dogs and/or cats to be fed raw meat? My dad always talked about how when he was in Ireland he fed his hunting dogs raw beef and his cat raw fish and that they had better coats than the neighbors animals and their breath didn't smell. I've never had a domesticated pet before but a cat or dog might be in my future and I would want to give them what's best. Thank you in advance! Q.T. Came for the the answers to questions I didn't know I had and stayed for the same reason!

There is no one single thing that you can feed to pets, or any animal, and make everything universally better.

I’ve talked about raw food in general here.

And about puppies on raw here.

Or you can search the blog for posts tagged with raw.

If you feed dogs and cats a high fat diet (beef off cuts, oily fish) then they will have a glossier coat, but that’s not necessarily representative of their overall health.

Everybody remembers the past fondly, we tend to look back at the good things more than any downsides, so I would be wary of anything that sounds a bit too much like ‘the good old days’. I don’t see any particular benefit for dogs fed raw diets, and it takes extra effort and precautions to do well. I usually encourage puppy owners away from it because of nutritional deficiencies I’ve seen with this diet which I haven’t seen with commercial diets, or at least feeding a combination.

But there’s no some single magic trick for what’s going to be ‘best’ for your future pet. Life is not that simple.

PTSD and the physical effects.

So, as I explained in this post on the basics of how early trauma affects us, abuse and neglect during our formative years add extras into our experience of PTSD and one of those is physical illness. (a reminder that ‘formative’ is in terms of brain development; so up until the age of 25)


One of the big reasons for this is hypervigilance and the limbic system.  How being constantly surrounded by an abusive environment makes you highly sensitive to sensory input (hypervigilance), and how this affects you physically.

Basically “why am I so fucking sick all the time and why doesn’t it seem to have a cause”
or
“what does it mean when they say that my PTSD is causing these physical symptoms”.

First you’ll have to bear with me while I explain some things about your brain and it’s parts, because otherwise this won’t make any sense.

Your amygdala is part of the limbic system that controls instinct and the panic response. It’s sometimes referred to as your “lizard brain”.
And because you don’t really need to know how the whole thing is rigged, I’m going to keep calling it that. (Like you can look it up if you want, i’m not going to stop you).
It’s the instinctive part and also where your core beleifs about the world are (called schemas; which is another topic).

This is the part of your brain that tries to keep you alive at any cost, where the ‘flight, fight, freeze or feign’ response lives.
 
Your amygdala develops very early, which is why babies can experience fear. But it develops before the conscious thinking part.
Much like an actual lizard, your lizard brain doesn’t ‘think’ or reason, it just watches and notes what is dangerous, and what has worked to save you and stores that information.
Because what your lizard brain’s main function is is to keep you alive in a crisis.

Don’t know what I’m talking about?
This is the part of your brain that has already slammed on the brakes before you decide to when you’re cut off in traffic, or that gives you that feeling that ‘this is dangerous’ when you can’t really figure out why, but later find out that WOW you were so right.
It is activated when it sees that you are in danger, and it is going to take too long for you to decide what your response will be.

Ok so now we know what it is, but how does this relate to PTSD or hypervigilance and how can this make me sick?

In an untraumatised brain, the limbic system (specifically the amigdala) will dump stress hormones into your brain and body when you are in extreme danger. One of these we already know is adrenaline, but the hormone that is most important here is a steroid called cortisol.

Cortisol basically cuts off all the regular limits your body sets so you don’t get injured, because when you’re in danger it doesn’t matter if you get injured so long as you survive.
This means you can run faster and longer, you’re stronger, your senses are sharper, you’re hyperaware of your surroundings and you don’t feel pain.

This is how mothers can lift cars off their babies in a crisis.
Or how come you don’t notice that you’ve broken your arm in a car accident until later.

Cortisol is great when your brain functions properly.

However; when you’ve been exposed to extreme and ongoing trauma, you become hypervigilant. You have to be constantly aware of every tiny change in facial expression, every sound, every change in tone or every slight movement.
You are always prepared for danger and always trying to pre-guess what and when is going to happen.
In an abusive environment, you have to do this to stay safe.

The thing is that when you’re constantly in this state of hypervigilance and hyperarousal (not sexual arousal but sensory; where you could hear a cricket fart next door), your limbic system is constantly wired up. And it’s constantly activating your FFFF (Fight, flight, freeze and feign) response, and constantly dumping your cortisol to keep you ready.

What ends up happening is that your limbic system eventually stops being able to turn OFF your cortisol tap. So instead of a dump, its a leak. Constantly dripping into your system as it’s created - even after you’ve escaped the abuse.

But cortisol is good isn’t it? It makes us stronger and faster and feel less pain?

Yes; but if it didn’t have a downside we wouldn’t only have it as an emergency plan.

Cortisol is a steroid and an immunosuppressant, in a dump it forces more blood sugar production and shuts down the digestive system. Long term it decreases cartilage and bone formation, affects glucose levels along with a whole swag of of other things.

People with this ‘cortisol leak’ can experience

  • Lupus
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Osteoarthritis
  • decreased bone density leading to osteoporosis
  • gastrointestinal problems (nausea, vomiting, bowel problems, difficulty digesting food or absorbing nutrients leading to nutritional deficiencies, IBD, constipation, and diarrhea)
  • Asthma
  • Eczema
  • diabetes
  • Sensory Processing Disorders (inc extreme sensitivity to light, noise, touch, sensory overload etc)
  • Severe allergic reactions and other autoimmune disorders
  • decreased immune response causing slower healing times and more infections
  • heart disease
  • memory issues; short term memory, and issues relating to the maintaining or accessing of memories
  • and on top of all that are 300% more likely to self harm.


It also has the fun circular effect of… making you hypervigilant.

*sigh*.

So, much in the same way that anxiety stops us from doing things which then gives us more anxiety which means we can’t do even MORE things, over and over, the limbic system makes us hypervigilant which breaks the limbic system which then makes us even more hypervigilant.
And also sick.

PTSD is, as you’ve probably already realised, pretty good at cycling into awfulness like that.

But this is why the effects of traumatic abuse when our brains are forming is so profound, and so hard to heal. We quite literally have been given a form of brain damage, and our brains no longer function physically in the way they are designed.

Next up; I’ll be talking about the psychological effects of this; Maladaptive Schemas. (Which means that the things you learn as ‘’life truths’’ in an abusive environment while you’re developing can end up being warped, and that affects our ability to process information; including therapeutic information.

Till then, stay safe and know you’re not alone in this shit.
Hollow

You do not crave certain foods because your “body needs it,” as if a sense of nutritional deficiency is akin to a sense of touch or time. You don’t get a hankerin’ for a cheeseburger because your body is trying to tell you that you need to boost your iron or vitamin D or potassium. 

This is a pervasive myth. 

When you’re actually deficient in any particular nutrient, your body will tell you in a much more extreme way. Instead of daydreaming about your grandma’s biscuits and gravy, you actually get violently, debilitatingly ill whenever you are lacking a vital vitamin or mineral. 

Outside of a literal state of starvation or extreme bodily stress, food cravings are purely psychological. 

Sometimes the psychological effects can be caused by addictive substances in certain foods that cause chemical reactions in the brain, such as the opiates in dairy and the caffeine and other chemicals in chocolate. 

But for the most part, cravings are brought on by complex environmental cues and triggers. They tend to have a lot more to do with nostalgia than nutrition. They are conjured more by an errant scent on the wind than by deficiency. They are more connected to the media you consume than the vitamins you do not. 

Nobody wants to admit that hearing that three second McDonald’s jingle from the receptionist’s radio in the background noise of their dentist’s office is what actually made them determined to pull into the drive-thru on the way home, but it’s certainly far more likely than any pseudo-scientific old wives tale passed around by people who have probably never even met a nutritionist in their life, let alone know anything about nutritional medicine themselves. People want to believe they have more free will than that. They don’t. 

However, through awareness of these things, we can start making more conscious choices about the food we consume.

So the next time someone tells you that humans must eat animal products simply because we crave them, please remember this. 

@ people who are iron deficient

Turmeric is awesome for iron intake, one tablespoon has at least 15% of your daily iron. I easily passed my daily needed levels by adding 7 tablespoons into my tofu scramble (you don’t need that much but just showing how I don’t have to worry about it the rest of the day!)

Tofu is also really good, half a block of tofu will give you 25% of your daily iron and calcium.

A large flour tortilla has at least 15% of your daily iron (apparently it can be more than that )

So, if you were to make a serving of tofu scramble and roll it into a burrito, you can easily meet your daily iron intake and not worry about it for the rest of that day.

If you make a big serving of tofu scramble you can also save leftovers for another day for a really quick and nutritious meal.

Bone and skeleton distorted by osteomalacia

Literally translated, osteomalacia means “soft bones”, and in modern times very rarely leads to such extreme deformities as these.

There are many diseases and situations that lead to osteomalacia, but ultimately only one cause - defective bone mineralization leading to decreased or ceased deposition of new calcium or phosphorus in the bones. The condition itself is usually treated by administering high doses of vitamin D, while attempting to treat the underlying cause.

In children, osteomalacia is often called rickets. The adult form of the condition is often much milder than in children, but can still lead to bone weakness and bowing. In all ages, the most common cause is vitamin D deficiency, due to malabsorption by the intestines (as in Coeliac disease) , lack of sunlight, or very poor diet.

Deformities, Including Diseases of the Joints and Bones. A. H. Tubby, 1912.

Love the skin you are in

Pimples,Rashes, and the list can go on and on. Skin problems occur in almost every person once in their lifetime.

The problem with skin is that we have no or little knowledge about it and often fall into the trap of multinational companies giving us fake promises.


I knew a little about skin until i worked under one of the best dermatologist.Under her guidance i have known a lot about skin theoretically and practically.


Most common questions in relation to skin are:

1)Acne(pimples)have nothing to do with my diet: Completely Wrong. 
Foods With high glycemic index and oily foods have been known to cause acne.

Glycemic index is the tendency of a food to increase glucose levels in blood.

Tip: Try to eat brown rice instead of white ones as brown rice are rich in fiber and have a low glycemic index as compared to white.

2) I Don’t need sunscreen when it’s cloudy:

Most of you would think why should i waste my sunscreen if its not sunny. Sorry to say that you are wrong.

U.V rays of the sun can cross the clouds and penetrate your skin.So wear sunscreen everytime you go out to keep your skin healthy in the long run.

Tip: Apply sunscreen 30-45 minutes before stepping out of your house. Sunscreens give limited protection,so its important to reapply them every 2-3 hours.


3)I have been taking essential skin vitamins for much time but they don’t help :
If you are taking multivitamins subscribed from your doctor for your skin, you will have to stick with them each and everyday for atleast three months.

The thing with supplementary vitamins is that they are abosrbed slowly as compared to vitamins found naturally in food(except vitamin b12 and b7).

So you need to continue them for atleast three months.

Tip: Don’t expect your skin to glow up after taking skin supplements. They will only improve your skin’s overall health and prevent any further problems.


4) I have used many oils and shampoos for hairfall but they don’t help:
Most common causes for alopecia(hairfall) is stress and hereditary.


The most simplest way that i can explain hairfall is that it occurs either due to hormonal imbalance( in genetic cases) or reaction between body’s own cells.


Oils and shampoo can’t balance your hormonal levels. Big Companies use tag lines like anti hair fall just to sell their products. So don’t fall in their trap.


Tip: I have seen many men shaving their heads to promote hair growth. The truth is that shaving doesnt increase hair growth. So don’t waste time on it.


5) I use the best facewash but still get small acne like spots on my face:
Most of the facewash out in the market contain SLS(Sodium Laureth Sulfate). It has many different names so don’t be overjoyed when you don’t find it by this name in your facewash or other cosmetic product.


Half of the population is allergic to SLS , this causes small pimple like spots on your face.

So next time you buy yourself a facewash or makeup make sure it has no or less amount of SLS.


Ingredients with higher amount are written first in the ingredients list of almost every product.So make sure your product has either no or low conc of SLS.


6)Anti-Ageing Creams actually delay ageing:
No they don’t most of them just hydrate your skin so that it looks good temporarily.

Women who are expecting to get pregnant should never use anti ageing products because they contain retinol. Retinol is also used for treatment of severe acne but women expecting pregnancy should avoid it because retinol has been proven to increase birth defects in the child.


Tip:Keep yourself hydrated,eat loads of fibers in your diet(salads etc.). Fibers have been proven to have anti ageing property!

7)Why do i Get Dark Circles Under my Eyes?
It’s also known as periorbital hyperpigmentation.There are many different causes of dark circles.

They include:

-Hormonal diseases
-Nutritional deficiency
-Allergic reactions
-Ageing
-Stress
-Inadequate sleep
-Alcohol
-Smoking
-Eye rubbing

Ok i know some of these are not in your control but you can certainly try to sleep well,quit smoking,quit alcohol,reduce your stress and overcome any nutritional deficiency.

Tip: Try to sleep atleast 6 hours everyday.Use U.V Protective sunglasses.Topical vitamin c is also useful in curing dark circles. Best option for treatment: visit a dermatologist

8)Why do i Get Grey hair even though i am young:

Again this can have number of causes. Greying is a natural process of ageing.
Greying of hair depends upon your race and genetics.

If you are getting grey hair before 25 years(for asian) and 20 years(for whites)of age then yes your hair are prematurely getting grey !

You can try multivitamins containing hair essentials like biotin but remember that they have not been proven to work in every case.

Tip: Maintain proper diet,Try to eat one serving of fruits and one of vegetables everyday. 

Remember,skin care is like dieting, you have to invest time and effort to see the results.

Try to keep these things in mind so that you don’t have to pay a visit to a dermatologist very often.

Special thanks to Dr Mohitpreet kaur(Gold Medalist in Dermatology)for putting so much into me.

For a better version follow on sugandhititis.blogspot.com

Prepping Medical Supplies

One of the most horrifying thoughts of a post-apocalyptic world is a world without medicine. Luckily, with a little foresight, we can put off that horror just a little longer. In this post, I’m going to go over what kind of stuff to stockpile, and then how to create a functional first aid kit out of it, say, that you could take in your bug-out bag.


OTC Medications:

These will be the easiest to stockpile, if not the cheapest. The first thing you should do, before starting a long-term stockpile, is take a good look at your medicine cabinet and decide what you need. A well-stocked medicine cabinet should include:


Anything you use regularly

Aspirin

At least one kind of NSAID (ibuprofen, acetaminophen, naproxen, etc)

Pepto-bismol or some other kind of medicine for upset stomach

Heartburn medicine like Prevacid and/or Tums

Immodium

Dayquil or Nyquil

Some kind of sinus or flu-specific Tylenol or other drug

Allergy medicine - both benadryl and a non-drowsy drug like Allegra

Plenty of neosporin

Bandages of various sizes

Gauze of various sizes and tape

Ace bandages

Cold compresses

Antiseptic agents like isopropyl alcohol or witch hazel

Hydrogen peroxide for cleaning debris out of a wound

And, if anyone in your household has a tendency towards these things:

Orajel for canker sores

AZO for urinary tract infections

Laxatives for constipation


Once you have all these things, look at your medicine cabinet. It should always be this full. You will rotate through these medicines and you will replace them. In addition, you will buy more as often as you can afford them.


Other OTC supplies you should look into:

First of all, you can never have too much of the stuff I listed above. but if you want to have a truly well-rounded medical stock, you should consider these things:


A thermometer - digital is more accurate, but the battery will eventually run out, so invest in a mercury one, too

A pulse oximeter - learn how to use one (the box usually includes instructions) and you can identify health problems early

A blood pressure cuff - same advice

Iodine - if you ever have to perform any sort of incision, you’ll want to sterilize the area with iodine

Celox - this is a clotting factor that can cause heavy bleeding to stop. I cannot overstate how useful it is. It is a little bit expensive, but worth every penny.

Butterfly closures - in a world where going to a hospital to get stitches isn’t an option, these will be a lifesaver

Liquid bandage - same thing

Vinyl gloves - do you really want to be touching all these sick people and blood with your bare hands? That’s a good way to get you both sick.

MULTIVITAMINS!!!! I emphasized that as much as possible because they are very, very important. Nutritional deficiencies suck a lot. They can cause everything from fatigue and headaches to loss of teeth to bone deformities and death. When you’re living off of food storage, your multivitamin may be the difference between life and death.

Also, if you or anyone in your household has psychiatric issues, some vitamins and supplements have been shows to help - St. John’s Wort, B-complex vitamins, fish oil, folic acid, and magnesium, just to name a few. It might be worth looking into.

Sunscreen - sunburns hurt and can lead to skin cancer. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of the cure.

Bug spray - trust me, you want the kind with DEET. I don’t care how natural organic crunchy granola you are - you want the kind with DEET because it works. Do you want malaria? No? Then get the kind with DEET.

A&D Ointment - I’m gonna hop up on a soapbox here and proclaim how much I love this stuff. It is great for everything. Dry, cracked skin, chapped lips, diaper rash, everything. A little goes a long way, and it comes in a huge bottle, so it’s definitely worth the investment.

On a similar note, hydrocortisone cream. For those bug bites you will inevitably get.

Deodorant - I shouldn’t have to explain this one

Toothbrushes and toothpaste - Ditto

Soap - ditto

Water-free body wash - this can be found in the camping section at most stores. It is great for when the water is turned off. Simply put it on a rag, wash your body with it, and towel off. Bam, you’re clean. No water required. Great for saving water when supplies are running low, too.


Prescription Medicines to Stockpile

I promised I would do a post on this, so here we go.


I’ve already talked a little bit about stockpiling fish and bird antibiotics - they’re the same medicine, held to almost the same quality standards, but available for purchase without a prescription. Depending on your insurance, they may even be cheaper.


If you’re dead-set on stockpiling human antibiotics, I only have one tip. Convince a doctor that you have chronic “honeymoon cystitis.” That is, every time you have sex, you get a UTI. After a while, they will prescribe you a large dose of antibiotics with directions to take one immediately after each act of intercourse. Don’t have intercourse, or don’t take them, or don’t have the UTIs in the first place, and you can keep getting prescribed antibiotics for quite a while.


If you’re on medication for a psychological condition, I recommend being honest with your doctor - tell them that you would like to create a small back stock of your medication in case something happens and you can’t get your meds. Natural disasters happen all the time. Medication shortages also happen all the time. And if you’re on psychiatric meds, it’s probably not unthinkable that you might become unable to leave the house and get your refills. As long as you’re not on controlled substances, most doctors will prescribe you a little extra.


I do not know if this approach will work with non psychiatric meds, since I have never tried it. If you have a chronic condition, and you’re not on controlled substances, I don’t see why it wouldn’t work, but if it doesn’t, please don’t come yelling at me. I’m just telling you what has worked for me.


There is one other option for stockpiling prescription medication. It is dangerous, and I don’t recommend it, but I would be remiss if I didn’t at least address it. If you feel safe doing so, you could occasionally skip your medication and stockpile what you did not take. Please be aware that this could cause all kinds of negative effects, such as withdrawal, return of symptoms, and making your medication less effective. I do not recommend this course of action. But if you are dead set on it, I can’t stop you.


What does your medicine cabinet look like? What are your top priorities for stockpiling? I love feedback, so let me hear from you guys!


In the next post, How To Create A First Aid Kit.

anonymous asked:

I'm currently on birth control, but can I still track my cycle and get anything meaningful from it? I still get acne, bloating, and irritability. I would like to get a better handle on that.

Not really much you can do while on hormonal birth control. You could always track your waking temperature to see if you have a breakthrough ovulation, but that’s about it. Since birth control works by (usually) suppressing ovulation, you don’t have real menstrual cycles that you can track.

You can, however, make up for nutritional deficiencies common with birth control use, by adjusting your diet or taking supplements. There is an infographic on that here: https://www.pinterest.com/pin/311241024231235089/

anonymous asked:

Hello! I have a problem.. I have premature greying, I first noticed grey hair when I was about 19, are there any supplements or vitamins I could take or mb smth I could do to change situation or at least slow it down? Thank you

Premature greying is almost entirely genetic, so there’s not a ton you can do, unfortunately. Maintaining a healthy diet with lots of vitamin B12 and proteins can prevent additional greying due to nutritional deficiencies, and it may be worth it to check in with your doctor just to make sure that this isn’t a thyroid problem or advanced anemia. Other than that, there are a ton of supplements online that promise to prevent or reverse grey hair, but they’re almost entirely worthless, and not backed by any solid science. Rather than stressing and wasting your money, try to work on accepting it. If that’s not possible, or if you just don’t want to deal with it for a few more years, dyeing your hair may be your best bet.

-Audrey

The Rules for Being Fat

#1. Never be seen eating in public.

#2. If you must eat, make sure it is uber-healthy yet tasteless. Never eat anything that is fattening, sweet, or tasty in any way.

#3. Exercise daily to the point of vomiting. This cannot be fun exercise like dancing or skating (who wants to see that!). It must be boring and miserable.

#4. Never be seen exercising in public; you must only exercise in your own home. We don’t want even the possibility of seeing a little fat jiggle. If you break this rule, we reserve the right to call you names and throw trash at you.

#5. You must be on a diet at all times. Preferably, you must be paying for it in some way. We need you to keep supporting the 104+ (Canada & the US) billion dollar diet industry. Yes, we know that you will only gain the weight back plus more. That is part of our plan!

#6. Take diet pills. They may give you a stroke or damage your heart, but you will lose 2-5% of your weight as long as you eat right and exercise as well. Of course, you will gain it back the minute you stop taking the drug.

#7. If a diet does not work, go have your stomach amputated or squeezed (weight loss surgery). You might die of complications. You will be 4x more likely to kill yourself than the rest of the population. If you don’t die, you will most likely have long-term complications and nutritional deficiencies that will reduce your quality of life significantly. You also have an excellent chance of becoming an alcoholic. Oh, and 80% of you will regain the weight.

#8. All your attention, your money, and your focus must be on the fruitless task of losing weight at all times. Nothing else matters. You should never have a life until you succeed at that, no matter that 95% of you will fail and that those who succeed where likely thin folks losing some weight they had gained.

#9. Wear dark, shapeless clothing for which you must pay outrageously. No bright colors or stylishness of any kind.

#10. Never wear anything that lets your flesh be seen. No sleeveless shirts, no shorts, and definitely NO BATHING SUITS!

#11. Never be seen having a good time with friends in public. We want to believe you are sitting home miserable. We certainly do not want to see you laugh.

#12. Never imagine that someone could want you romantically. Love is not for the likes of you. If you do get into a relationship and they happen to be abusive, suck it up and be happy someone bothers to interact with you in any way.

#13. If you break rule #12 and end up in a relationship, never show affection in public. This is especially true if your SO is fat.

#14. If you have children, they must eat perfectly. If they are fat also, we may come take them away.

#15. If you are a fat woman and you get raped, be glad for the attention.

#16. Work daily to blend into the shadows. Never remind us that you are there. We don’t want to see you.

#17. Never expect to have friends. If you do have friends and are female, accept that they might keep you around to make them look good. If you are male, make them laugh, fatty.

#18. Either be very quiet or jolly. Never, ever let us see you angry or upset. Take how we treat you and stuff it.

#19. Never pursue a higher education. If you break this rule and do, don’t you dare complain about accommodations. So what if you class does not have a desk that fits you?

#20. Never pursue a professional career. We don’t want to see the likes of you in our courtrooms or our offices. You won’t be able to find fashionable professional clothes anyway.

#21. Never complain when you are denied a job because of your looks.

#22. If we deign to employ you, never expect to receive the same pay as your coworkers; just be happy that we gave you a job.

#23. Never expect to get a promotion. We could not reward a fat person for anything.

#24. Go to the doctor often. The doctor will tell you that anything wrong with you could be fixed by losing weight. Never complain or speak up in response. Pay your money, hang your head in shame and get out.

#25. Never tell a thin person that thin shaming and fat oppression are different. Never point out that thin shaming is part of the hatred of fat. Never note that thin shaming is calling people names while fat oppression leads to lack of health care options, lack of job options and lack of acceptance in society.

#26. Never tell feminists or diversity advocates that fat belongs as a protected condition. You should not be protected, because you could change it if you really wanted to, fatty.

#27. Never be an academic that focuses on fat studies. We won’t publish your work, even if it is rigorous and well-written. We will keep you from tenure-track jobs. If you do land one of those, we just might deny you tenure.

#28. Never succeed at anything. If you do, we will point out that it doesn’t really count since you are still fat.

#29. Never stand up, stand out or speak up in any way. This would be glorifying obesity. We can’t have that.

#30. Whatever you do, NEVER become a fat activist and point out that society treats fat people unfairly. How dare you question our abuse and oppression of you!

-

anonymous asked:

Hi! Could i get your opinion/experience on feather plucking in pet parrots and cockatoos? We see a fair few of them at my practice and I fear there's a lot of misinformation floating around. I understand that it's thought to be due to stress and discomfort, what would you recommend owners do to minimise the likelihood of feather plucking and self harm developing, and once it does would you say it can be 'cured'?

Feather damaging behavior (FDB) is very common in captive pssitacines as well as some other species of birds. FDB is simply an umbrella term that encompasses dozens of diseases and problems, there is no single cause to FDB and individual birds will have different combinations of problems. FDB is highly complex and requires absolutely thorough and complete medical and behavioral work ups. This is not a problem that can be diagnosed or corrected with one or two tests and owners and veterinarians alike are often not up to the expense, challenge, and time commitment of a complete FDB work up. Here is a list of some of the possible causes of FDB to give an idea of just how complex and difficult it is to find the cause and treat:

Ectoparasites
Infectious Dermatitis
Viral Disease
Feather Dysplasia
Allergy
Contact Dermatitis
Neoplasia
Chlamydiosis
Respiratory Disease
Cardiovascular Disease
Proventricular Dilatation Disease
GI Disorder
Liver, pancreas, renal disease
Endocrine Disease
Reproductive Disease
Heavy Metal Toxicosis
Orthopedic Disorder
Trauma
Obesity
Nutritional Deficiencies
Airborne Irritants
Low Humidity
Improper Wing Trim
Small Cage
Overcrowding
Social Isolation
Lack of Opportunities to Perform Species Specific Behavior
Aversive Stimuli
Sudden Environmental Changes
Abnormal Photoperiod
Hand Rearing and Imprinting
Poor Socialization
Genetic Factors
Temperamental Traits
Hormonal Influences
Boredom
Sexual Frustration
Stress
Anxiety
Sleep Deprivation
Attention Seeking Behavior
Habituated, Ritualized Behavior
Abnormal Repetitive Behavior Resulting from Neurotransmitter Abnormalities
FDB can be caused by any single of these or a combination of a few to many of them. I cannot stress enough how absolutely difficult it is to properly diagnose and treat. Less than 10% of owners (IME) are willing and able to go through a complete work up and the vast majority of these birds continue to suffer, are bounced from home to home, or are euthanized. If the cause of the behavior is found and treated, yes it can be cured.

Putting on e-collars, bandages, or immediately giving drugs are NOT proper treatments for FDB. Can you imagine having lice but getting put in a straight jacket instead of getting rid of the lice?

What can owners do to prevent this behavior? The first thing is stop owning larger parrot species. I know it is a very unpopular stance but I firmly believe that cockatoos, macaws, amazons, and several other species of parrot simply cannot be kept by the general public. As humans with our own lives we just cannot provide the HUGE amount of socialization and mental stimulation these birds need. This is highly unlikely to ever change though so, moving on to what else can be done.

Feed proper diets. Parrots cannot live on seeds, crackers, peanuts, cereal, millet sticks, and any of the other horrible foods we feed them. These diets are high in fat and sugar and very low in vitamins and other nutrients which can cause FDB as well as other health problems. Parrots need to be on pelleted diets that are supplemented with a large variety of veggies, Southern hemisphere fruits, and grains. This is probably the number one cause of health problems in birds and is one of the easier ones to fix but is the one most owners refuse to change.

Stop masturbating your bird. The constant petting, preening, kissing, hugging, and other contact owners have with their birds sexually stimulating them which causes problems. Parrots do these things when they want to mate. Having a human rub their rumps and armpits is telling the bird you are feeling sexy and this causes mixed signals and many behavioral problems. Birds should only be petted on the top of their heads.

Provide your bird with lots of toys and the ability to forage. Hiding food in paper wrappers boxes that have to be opened is mentally stimulating and keeps them busy. Simply reaching into a bowl to get seed is boring and leaves lots of time to do other things like pluck feathers.

Get regular vet care. Parrots and other birds need to be seen by the vet at least once a year for examinations and lab work. Often vets see them when a problem has been going on far too long and we cannot fix it. Blood work can be expensive but if we can find a problem while still early the odds are it can be fixed without permanent damage that will be even more expensive.

Proper care of parrots is something I am passionate about and I get LOTS of pushback from owners because the way they want to own birds is not the way birds should be owned. We want these cuddly friends that we can play with and snuggle and spoil with treats, just like dogs and cats. When someone finds out that actually all of those things are bad they dismiss it because it doesn’t fit with their world view. This post alone is going to likely cause some ruffled feathers (see what I did there?) because the facts presented aren’t popular. All we can continue to do is educate and advocate for the animals and hope that it makes a difference.