nutritional deficiences

lifeandthoughtsandtravel  asked:

I know that you are a reptile tumblr but I was wondering if you knew if it were healthy for dogs to be vegans? I'm just curious because of some vegans that have animals and they make them vegans... is it harmful towards the animal or is it completely safe? thank you :)

It’s an absolutely horrible idea. Dogs cannot be vegans and thrive. They’re not vegetarians and they’re not even really omnivores in the same way we are- while dogs will eat everything we do (and more), feeding them a vegan diet is terrible for their health. A lot of vegans who make this decision will blather on about supplements in the vegan food or about how you can make artificial amino acids or how dogs can survive on it so therefore it’s safe, but dogs can also survive eating Ol’ Roy, the worst dog food in the world. Surviving isn’t the same thing as thriving! A dog’s biological structure means that eating plants and only plants isn’t going to work well in the long run- so let’s look at some of the reasons why dogs need to be fed a diet based in animal protein. 

1. The canine digestive tract is not good at digesting plant matter.

Plant matter is really tough to break down! Meat, on the other hand, digests quickly. Carnivores and herbivores have differently structured digestive tracts that work with their diets. Let’s look at a rabbit’s digestive tract and a dog’s.

See how a rabbit has a functional cecum, while the dog’s is just a little snub of a thing? The cecum is an organ that plays a really important role in non-ruminant herbivore digestion. It’s a large pouch where cellulose and tough fibers in plant-based food get broken down. Dogs, like humans, don’t have one that’s functional for digestion. 

In addition, herbivores like rabbits have very long, complicated digestive tracts. Their food sits in there and breaks down over a long period of time. An average adult rabbit (with a body of about 40 centimeters long, we’re not talking the giant breeds or the dwarf breeds here) has about three meters of small intestine. In American units, that’s a 15 inch animal with almost 10 feet of intestines. A dog, on the other hand, has a small intestine that’s about two and a half times the length of its body- so for instance, a dog that’s two feet long would have about five feet of small intestine. There’s neither enough time nor space in the canine alimentary canal for dogs to fully extract the nutrients they need to survive. 

2. Dog drool doesn’t have amylase.

Amylase an enzyme that converts plant starch and glycogen into simple sugars. Herbivores and omnivores typically have amylase in the saliva, which starts to break down those starches immediately. This means by the time the starches hit the intestine, they’ve already started to convert into something that’s actually useful. Dogs, however, only produce it in the pancreas. There’s no salivary amylase in dogs or any other carnivore. This means that digesting plants and converting their energy into something that’s actually useful is really inefficient for dogs; they can only get something like half of the energy and nutrients they’d get from a comparable amount of meat. It also means that to digest plant material, dogs’ pancreases have to go into overtime to make enough amylase, which can lead to severe pancreatic strain.

3. Dogs can’t digest cellulose.

While the dog pancreas makes amylase, something it doesn’t make is cellulase. Granted, herbivores don’t make it either- in fact, very few animals do. Termites are one of the only animals that make their own cellulase. Herbivore digestive tracts have a reservoir of symbiotic bacteria that produce plenty of cellulase. We’ve actually talked about it- it’s what goes on in the cecum! The bacteria in carnivore ceca, however, is linked to the lymphatic system, not the digestive system. 

There’s also the issue of their teeth not being adapted for a plant-based diet or even the way they eat being good at taking in plants- but the same is true for anything that’s not animal carcasses, including kibble and wet dog food. That’s just evidence that defines them as opportunistic carnivores; what makes a vegan diet so bad for dogs is their digestive biology.

There is one exception to this rule, and that is when a vet prescribes a vegan diet for an animal with significant food allergies or other dietary issues. This is not something vets do unless it’s the best course of treatment for the animal. 

Veganism isn’t the same thing as being an herbivore. Herbivores don’t have a choice; their bodies aren’t built for eating meat. While they might take in animal protein on occasion (deer, for instance, will eat birds sometimes), their teeth, their digestive systems, and their metabolisms all work together to make eating plants the best way for them to survive. A rabbit’s not a vegan- it’s an herbivore. Only humans can be vegans. To be a vegan is to make a choice; it’s to evaluate your place in the world around you and to renegotiate your relationship with all sorts of things- your own body, the food industry, the people around you, and of course the animals you don’t eat. Responsible vegans understand that humans can thrive on an all-vegetable diet; they know that we evolved to be really, really flexible when it comes to the source of our nutrition. While humans are biologically omnivores, we can make that choice.

A dog can’t, and it’s not humanity’s place to force that on them. There are some pets that thrive on an all-vegetable diet. Rabbits, tortoises, finches, hamsters, snails- but not dogs. 

If you’d like more information, this is a fantastic write-up, complete with sources! This is a good, short article written by a vet. This is a blog post that talks about some of the other nutritional deficiencies, particularly involving D3. This is another great writeup with diagrams!

anonymous asked:

I recently transitioned to vegan & am scared I'm not getting enough protein. Are there any specific foods to eat to prevent a deficiency?

The little-known truth about protein is that most of us get too much, not too little of it. Women need about 45 grams per day and men need around 55 grams. One cup of tofu contains about 20 grams of protein, so women, eat some tofu and you’re almost halfway there!

Here are some examples of protein sources that are easy to find. I honestly don’t know how cafeterias work there, but if any of you guys have more tips, feel free to add them.

  • Green peas

Foods in the legume family are good sources of vegetarian protein, and peas are no exception: One cup contains 7.9 grams, about the same as a cup of milk. (For the record, women should get about 46 grams of protein per day, and men need about 56.) If you don’t like peas as a side dish, try blending them into a pesto.

  • Nuts

All nuts contain both healthy fats and protein, making them a valuable part of a plant-based diet. But because they are high in calories—almonds, cashews, and pistachios, for example, all contain 160 calories and 5 or 6 grams of protein per ounce choose varieties that are raw or dry roasted. Nut butters, like peanut and almond butter, are also a good way to get protein.

  • Beans

There are many different varieties of beans black, white, pinto, heirloom, etc. but one thing they all have in common is their high amounts of protein. Two cups of kidney beans, for example, contain about 26 grams (almost the same as a Big Mac, which has 25 grams!).

  • Chickpeas

Also known as garbanzo beans, these legumes can be tossed into salads, fried and salted as a crispy snack, or pureed into a hummus. They contain 7.3 grams of protein in just half a cup and are also high in fiber and low in calories.

  • Leafy greens

Vegetables don’t have nearly as much protein as legumes and nuts, but some do contain significant amounts along with lots of antioxidants and heart-healthy fiber.

anonymous asked:

Munchkin cats don't actually have any issues coming from their short legs. Amazingly, they can run and jump like any other cat. They just have shorter legs.

Welp. Looks like it’s time for another (educational?) RHS Essay-Post on Animals.

“Don’t have any issues” is inaccurate, or at least unproven. The statistical majority is healthy thanks to carefully selective breeding. HOWEVER: This doesn’t mean that the whole breed is healthy.

Here’s the thing about breeds and health issues: Munchkin cats are so NEW to the world, as a breed, that they’re not old enough for health issues that DO crop up in them to be recognized as a common trait of the “breed” yet.

Scottish fold cats were considered a “safe” breed and hailed as precious, and ethical, and Not Prone to Health Issues– until we discovered how badly damaged they are by osteochrondroplasia. (That is: abnormal developement of bone and cartilage structures.) It’s genetic. It’s a health issue. And, we later found out, it’s the very REASON their ears fold that way– the cartilage in their ears isn’t properly formed. Nor is the cartilage in the rest of their body. Osteochondroplasia is a very painful disease that ALL Scottish Folds are afflicted with to some degree, and it leads to joint degeneration and weakened joints, arthritis, lameness, often crippling the cat for life.

You can’t call munchkin breeding “safe” yet. Sure, they can run and play. But so can dachshund puppies, declawed kittens, and baby white/white chinchillas (the latter of which is always fatal).

Senior dachshunds are prone to spinal degeneration.

When those declawed kittens grow up, there’s a 60% chance of them developing arthritis, particularly around the hips.

And those baby white/white chinchillas won’t live to see their third month.

It’s even known that you can’t breed two Munchkin cats together, because most of the babies won’t survive. When the dominant Munchkin gene– let’s call it by its scientific name, pseudochondroplasia– is homozygous, the same gene inherited from both parents: the gene is lethal, and the affected fetus is resorbed into the mother long before it can be born.

Heterozygous genetics for pseudochondroplasia GENERALLY don’t come with any dangers to hormonal, nutritional, physical, mental, anatomical developement (**As far as we know, in our still yet limited understanding of genetics).

But there are still some concerning appearances of structural deformities associated with Munchkin breeding. Most notably:

- Pectus (the spine is dipped deeper than normal between the shoulders, which leaves a lot less room in the chest cavity, which results in the heart and lungs being pressed in on and constantly stressed.)

- Lordosis (the muscles along the spine are too short, which means the spine doesn’t stay in place where it’s supposed to, sinks into the body, and a lot of cats can’t live more than a few months with this condition.)

Pectus and lordosis are not exclusive to the munchkin mutation, but they occur more often in munchkin kittens than in other breeds.

(It’s no wonder many cat breed organizations actually refuse to recognize Munchkin cats as their own breed, because the “traits” that make a cat a “munchkin” [not JUST short legs] are also symptoms of many, MANY health issues ranging from nutritional deficiencies to viral infections and genetic illnesses. And these associations consider breeding the munchkin cats unethical.

And as breeders reinforce this pseudochondroplasia gene, strengthen it, and change the way it manifests and interacts with other genes: they’re increasing the chance of these associated afflictions as well.

Any time an animal’s anatomy changes, you are changing the way they move, the way they bear weight, the way their body functions, propagating genes that nature considers deleterious, and a newly-discovered mutated gene can’t be considered “safe” until we’ve THOROUGHLY studied its interaction through far more generations than this mere 30 years we’ve had with breeding munchkins.

What’s more, cats HIDE their pain and coordination troubles. Do you have any idea how arthritic cats that are declawed become? Most people don’t notice it until they do a necropsy. Because declawing is thought to be so commonplace and so safe, that SURELY it doesn’t hurt the kitty and cause health problems! Except, it can cause everything from infection to misplaced calcium growths to arthritis to inability to use a litter box.

Statistics for munchkin cat health are still not a very big sample size, let alone anything conclusive.

Until genetics, study, and breeding of Munchkin cats develope much, much further, we can’t conclusively call them free of health issues.

And I, for one, cannot condone any animal that we know runs a steeper risk of health issues, and yet are continued to be bred For The Aesthetic.

(Oh, and p.s.: No, munchkin cats physically cannot jump as high as other cats. They struggle to jump straight up at all.)


•    Dandruff (seborrheic dermatitis)

•    White tongue

•    White marks on finger nails

•    Stretch marks

•    Mouth ulcers

•    Sleep disturbances

•    Hair loss

•    Skin dryness and rashes (acne, eczema, psoriasis)

•    Decreased libido

•    Poor healing of wounds

•    Diarrhea

•    Loss of appetite, weight loss, or difficulty gaining weight

•    Brain fog and irritability

•    Depression and lethargy

•    Reduced fertility

•    Absent periods

•    Stunted growth

Wheat, alcohol, spinach, high calcium foods, high sugar intake, low protein, all hamper zinc absorption.

I realized I am probably zinc deficient so i made this post to help other people who might need to increase zinc in their diets, or supplement. People who are at a higher risk for zinc deficiency are vegans/vegetarians, people with gastrointestinal diseases (crohns, IBS), pregnant and lactating women, infants, adolescents going through puberty, and those with sickle cell disease.

Rickets and Osteomalacia are two forms of the same disease that result from inadequate calcification of the extracellular bone matrix, usually caused by a vitamin D deficiency. Rickets is a disease of children in which the growing bones became ‘soft’ or rubbery and are easily deformed. Because new bone formed at the epiphyseal plates fails to ossify, bowed legs and deformities of the skull, rib cage and pelvis are common. Osteomalacia is the adult counterpart of rickets, sometimes called adult rickets. New bone formed during remodeling fails to calcify and the person experiences varying degrees of pain and tenderness bones, especially the hip and legs. Bone fractures also result from minor trauma. Prevention and treatment for rickets and osteomalacia consist of the administration of adequate doses of vitamin D. 

PTSD and the physical effects.

So, as I explained in this post on the basics of how early trauma affects us, abuse and neglect during our formative years add extras into our experience of PTSD and one of those is physical illness. (a reminder that ‘formative’ is in terms of brain development; so up until the age of 25)

One of the big reasons for this is hypervigilance and the limbic system.  How being constantly surrounded by an abusive environment makes you highly sensitive to sensory input (hypervigilance), and how this affects you physically.

Basically “why am I so fucking sick all the time and why doesn’t it seem to have a cause”
“what does it mean when they say that my PTSD is causing these physical symptoms”.

First you’ll have to bear with me while I explain some things about your brain and it’s parts, because otherwise this won’t make any sense.

Your amygdala is part of the limbic system that controls instinct and the panic response. It’s sometimes referred to as your “lizard brain”.
And because you don’t really need to know how the whole thing is rigged, I’m going to keep calling it that. (Like you can look it up if you want, i’m not going to stop you).
It’s the instinctive part and also where your core beleifs about the world are (called schemas; which is another topic).

This is the part of your brain that tries to keep you alive at any cost, where the ‘flight, fight, freeze or feign’ response lives.
Your amygdala develops very early, which is why babies can experience fear. But it develops before the conscious thinking part.
Much like an actual lizard, your lizard brain doesn’t ‘think’ or reason, it just watches and notes what is dangerous, and what has worked to save you and stores that information.
Because what your lizard brain’s main function is is to keep you alive in a crisis.

Don’t know what I’m talking about?
This is the part of your brain that has already slammed on the brakes before you decide to when you’re cut off in traffic, or that gives you that feeling that ‘this is dangerous’ when you can’t really figure out why, but later find out that WOW you were so right.
It is activated when it sees that you are in danger, and it is going to take too long for you to decide what your response will be.

Ok so now we know what it is, but how does this relate to PTSD or hypervigilance and how can this make me sick?

In an untraumatised brain, the limbic system (specifically the amigdala) will dump stress hormones into your brain and body when you are in extreme danger. One of these we already know is adrenaline, but the hormone that is most important here is a steroid called cortisol.

Cortisol basically cuts off all the regular limits your body sets so you don’t get injured, because when you’re in danger it doesn’t matter if you get injured so long as you survive.
This means you can run faster and longer, you’re stronger, your senses are sharper, you’re hyperaware of your surroundings and you don’t feel pain.

This is how mothers can lift cars off their babies in a crisis.
Or how come you don’t notice that you’ve broken your arm in a car accident until later.

Cortisol is great when your brain functions properly.

However; when you’ve been exposed to extreme and ongoing trauma, you become hypervigilant. You have to be constantly aware of every tiny change in facial expression, every sound, every change in tone or every slight movement.
You are always prepared for danger and always trying to pre-guess what and when is going to happen.
In an abusive environment, you have to do this to stay safe.

The thing is that when you’re constantly in this state of hypervigilance and hyperarousal (not sexual arousal but sensory; where you could hear a cricket fart next door), your limbic system is constantly wired up. And it’s constantly activating your FFFF (Fight, flight, freeze and feign) response, and constantly dumping your cortisol to keep you ready.

What ends up happening is that your limbic system eventually stops being able to turn OFF your cortisol tap. So instead of a dump, its a leak. Constantly dripping into your system as it’s created - even after you’ve escaped the abuse.

But cortisol is good isn’t it? It makes us stronger and faster and feel less pain?

Yes; but if it didn’t have a downside we wouldn’t only have it as an emergency plan.

Cortisol is a steroid and an immunosuppressant, in a dump it forces more blood sugar production and shuts down the digestive system. Long term it decreases cartilage and bone formation, affects glucose levels along with a whole swag of of other things.

People with this ‘cortisol leak’ can experience

  • Lupus
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Chronic Fatigue Syndrome
  • Osteoarthritis
  • decreased bone density leading to osteoporosis
  • gastrointestinal problems (nausea, vomiting, bowel problems, difficulty digesting food or absorbing nutrients leading to nutritional deficiencies, IBD, constipation, and diarrhea)
  • Asthma
  • Eczema
  • diabetes
  • Sensory Processing Disorders (inc extreme sensitivity to light, noise, touch, sensory overload etc)
  • Severe allergic reactions and other autoimmune disorders
  • decreased immune response causing slower healing times and more infections
  • heart disease
  • memory issues; short term memory, and issues relating to the maintaining or accessing of memories
  • and on top of all that are 300% more likely to self harm.

It also has the fun circular effect of… making you hypervigilant.


So, much in the same way that anxiety stops us from doing things which then gives us more anxiety which means we can’t do even MORE things, over and over, the limbic system makes us hypervigilant which breaks the limbic system which then makes us even more hypervigilant.
And also sick.

PTSD is, as you’ve probably already realised, pretty good at cycling into awfulness like that.

But this is why the effects of traumatic abuse when our brains are forming is so profound, and so hard to heal. We quite literally have been given a form of brain damage, and our brains no longer function physically in the way they are designed.

Next up; I’ll be talking about the psychological effects of this; Maladaptive Schemas. (Which means that the things you learn as ‘’life truths’’ in an abusive environment while you’re developing can end up being warped, and that affects our ability to process information; including therapeutic information.

Till then, stay safe and know you’re not alone in this shit.

Three times the sun gods bothered Icarus at work

Soooo this was going to be a “5 + 1” fic but I really gotta work on my project now, boo.  but I wanted to send you what I had :)  so here’s three parts!  I tried to write from Icarus’s point of view this time… not sure how great I did lol  anyway I hope you like it though  :)


Icarus is taking four classes this term; the standard for a full-time student.  He also signed up for a handful of extracurricular activities, not many, but enough to keep him involved.  He’s discreetly in the student LGBTQ+ club, though he doesn’t often speak up.  And of course, astronomy club, which is the thing he lives for every week. 

He also has five separate jobs, that require his efforts at various times of the day/week.  Between the five of them, Icarus manages to make enough money to keep his monthly bills in check, as well as taking a chunk off of the cost of tuition.  He’s not rich, for sure, but frankly, it’s enough for him to keep his head above water (a phrase that’s always made him shudder, for some reason), and not burden his family with debt.

So many jobs, classes and extracurriculars requires Icarus to keep a detailed schedule on his refrigerator so he can keep track of where he’s supposed to be and when.

Tragically, this becomes his undoing, as certain other individuals also consult this schedule at their leisure to determine how and where to find him and maximize their pestering.

Keep reading

innsmouth-looker  asked:

What are some common clown illnesses/nutrition deficiencies?

Washout is the most common. You see it a lot in clowns who only ever get cotton candy or circus peanut pellets. Their colors dull and ornaments begin to fall off. It’s harder to see in mimes, or black and white breeds like juggalos or certain jesters, but these will still display makeup smear due to poor diet.

Clowns are obligate omnivores and need a variety of fresh popcorn, hot dogs, cotton candy and funnel cake to be healthy. If you got a clown expecting to feed it nothing but peanuts you’re in for major vet bills.

You do not crave certain foods because your “body needs it,” as if a sense of nutritional deficiency is akin to a sense of touch or time. You don’t get a hankerin’ for a cheeseburger because your body is trying to tell you that you need to boost your iron or vitamin D or potassium. 

This is a pervasive myth. 

When you’re actually deficient in any particular nutrient, your body will tell you in a much more extreme way. Instead of daydreaming about your grandma’s biscuits and gravy, you actually get violently, debilitatingly ill whenever you are lacking a vital vitamin or mineral. 

Outside of a literal state of starvation or extreme bodily stress, food cravings are purely psychological. 

Sometimes the psychological effects can be caused by addictive substances in certain foods that cause chemical reactions in the brain, such as the opiates in dairy and the caffeine and other chemicals in chocolate. 

But for the most part, cravings are brought on by complex environmental cues and triggers. They tend to have a lot more to do with nostalgia than nutrition. They are conjured more by an errant scent on the wind than by deficiency. They are more connected to the media you consume than the vitamins you do not. 

Nobody wants to admit that hearing that three second McDonald’s jingle from the receptionist’s radio in the background noise of their dentist’s office is what actually made them determined to pull into the drive-thru on the way home, but it’s certainly far more likely than any pseudo-scientific old wives tale passed around by people who have probably never even met a nutritionist in their life, let alone know anything about nutritional medicine themselves. People want to believe they have more free will than that. They don’t. 

However, through awareness of these things, we can start making more conscious choices about the food we consume.

So the next time someone tells you that humans must eat animal products simply because we crave them, please remember this. 

hellherper  asked:

Is it good for dogs and/or cats to be fed raw meat? My dad always talked about how when he was in Ireland he fed his hunting dogs raw beef and his cat raw fish and that they had better coats than the neighbors animals and their breath didn't smell. I've never had a domesticated pet before but a cat or dog might be in my future and I would want to give them what's best. Thank you in advance! Q.T. Came for the the answers to questions I didn't know I had and stayed for the same reason!

There is no one single thing that you can feed to pets, or any animal, and make everything universally better.

I’ve talked about raw food in general here.

And about puppies on raw here.

Or you can search the blog for posts tagged with raw.

If you feed dogs and cats a high fat diet (beef off cuts, oily fish) then they will have a glossier coat, but that’s not necessarily representative of their overall health.

Everybody remembers the past fondly, we tend to look back at the good things more than any downsides, so I would be wary of anything that sounds a bit too much like ‘the good old days’. I don’t see any particular benefit for dogs fed raw diets, and it takes extra effort and precautions to do well. I usually encourage puppy owners away from it because of nutritional deficiencies I’ve seen with this diet which I haven’t seen with commercial diets, or at least feeding a combination.

But there’s no some single magic trick for what’s going to be ‘best’ for your future pet. Life is not that simple.

anonymous asked:

Hey, this is kinda personal but I have depression and some other shit and I don't know how to motivate myself or push myself. I was wondering if u would be able to share how u got out of depression into drawing, or kept drawing even though you were depressed. I'm really struggling and it makes me feel guilty and I admire your attitude so I wanted to ask because I wanna get better

First and foremost: I am not a mental health expert/clinical psychologist/what have you. What you’re about to read is all based on personal experience with depression and several forms of treatment. You are way better off asking an actual expert about these things. 

That said, it becomes pretty obvious there’s not an easy answer to that. What works for some people to dig themselves out of depression might not work for other ones because depression can come from many different places.
I’d firstly recommend you to do the basic stuff: check out your diet, are you doing any exercise, are you getting enough sunlight, have you been sleeping well, those sorts of basic physical needs. If you’re not sure whether or not you’re eating well you can get yourself checked for nutritional deficiencies. 

I don’t know you financial situation but if it’s within your budget you could also try psychotherapy, though that one usually serves to complement other measures you’re taking. If you can afford it try different ones and see which one you feel more comfortable with.

My opinion on medication is: absolute last resort. I took medication back in the day and it was only like a less oppressive numb than the numb depression causes. But again, this is all from my personal experience so take it with a grain of salt. Maybe for you medication is just what you need, hopefully not. Be very, very careful with meds if you end up taking this route. Make sure your doctor isn’t just trying to sell you pills instead of dealing with your problem. And listen carefully to all of the instructions, check the side-effects, etc. Meds can fuck you up.

As of how I dug myself out from the severe depression bout I was in during my mid-20′s, I abandoned everything and became a construction worker in the outskirts of my home city. I worked 12 hour shifts helping build big ass industrial furnaces for Pemex. It was a grueling, thankless job. I basically went to work, came back and slept, then repeated. For 6 months. Somewhere along the line I realized I had forgotten to take my medication for a month, but I didn’t feel depressed. I actually felt pretty good for someone doing nothing but manual labor all day long. I got to connect with my co-workers, people with whom I’d otherwise would have never come in contact with, got to experience a little bit of that camaraderie, learned about hard work, and most importantly, it reminded me that I needed physical challenges. I had to get back to training. After the project was finished and we all got our checks I actually realized I wanted to make comics and illustration for a living, as well. Am I saying you need to undergo some kind of self-discovery type deal where you go become a fisherman in a Third World country or some shit? Not at all. I didn’t intend to “cure my depression” when I decided to become a construction worker. I just got offered the job and I took it ‘cause I was a moron who thought had nothing more to lose. It just happened to be the thing that worked for me. 

Here’s another harsh truth: Sometimes you will get depressed and there is absolutely nothing you can do about it. Nothing. Fuck-all. All you can do is ride it out. And that’s what it boils down to many times, at least for me. Sure I don’t get as crushingly depressed as I used to, but I still get bouts of depression, and sometimes all I can do is just power through them. You’ll work at half-efficiency. Do it anyway. You won’t be able to focus as much. Do it anyway. You’ll feel it’s all hopeless and you’re not and will never be good enough. Well, you can turn that last one into a good thing, if you see that as a never-ending struggle. A never-ending path of learning. Not good enough? Good. Means you still have new heights of skill to conquer. 

And the most important thing: DO NOT BEAT YOURSELF UP ABOUT IT. This is crucial. This is also a trick of depression. Making you feel guilty for not accomplishing your goals thus repeating the loop. This is depression’s strongest play and it will use it every time to keep you right down where it wants. You need to develop self-awareness, a lot of it. This would seem like a no-brainer, but you’d be surprised at the sheer quantity of people outside who lack self-awareness. In my experience depression sort of weakness our sense of self and in doing so breeds apathy and lethargy in us. Having a strong sense of self has helped me realize “oh shit, I’m depressed, I need to work around it.” When you’re able to fully realize you are in a depressed state of mind it makes it easier to just work through it. Again, don’t expect the same results as if you were okay. You won’t get them. And you must not blame yourself for it. It’s just how it is and tomorrow’s another day and you’ll try again. Feeling guilty makes things much worse, so avoid it. 

And I think that’s all I have to say on the matter. I hope it helps.

PS. If some edgelord tells you depressive mindsets are actually “the real way to look at the world” tell them to go get fucked by a goblin shark. Useless motherfuckers. 


I’ve been following you for a little while now and wanted to say hi and thank you for everything you do.

Also wanted to take the opportunity to show you something I find amazingly cool The pictures aren’t the best, couldn’t stop working to long for a photo shoot. But I wanted to share this because I think this guy is freaking cool!

I work at my local animal shelter and we got a stray male brought in apparently causing some distress where he was found. Fighting resident barn cats and killing chickens.

We pulled him out of the kennel to get a look at him once admitted and I was very surprised to find a male tortoise shell!

One co-worker suggested he may not be a tortie but just a black cat with sun bleached fur. He looks like a tortoiseshell to me though and I just might take him home with me.

It is difficult to tell in those photos, and it’s unusual that his ‘orange’ sections are so symmetrical when his feet seem to be all black. I couldn’t rule out a hormonal issue or nutritional deficiency based on those photos, but it is possible to get a male tortie.

Bone and skeleton distorted by osteomalacia

Literally translated, osteomalacia means “soft bones”, and in modern times very rarely leads to such extreme deformities as these.

There are many diseases and situations that lead to osteomalacia, but ultimately only one cause - defective bone mineralization leading to decreased or ceased deposition of new calcium or phosphorus in the bones. The condition itself is usually treated by administering high doses of vitamin D, while attempting to treat the underlying cause.

In children, osteomalacia is often called rickets. The adult form of the condition is often much milder than in children, but can still lead to bone weakness and bowing. In all ages, the most common cause is vitamin D deficiency, due to malabsorption by the intestines (as in Coeliac disease) , lack of sunlight, or very poor diet.

Deformities, Including Diseases of the Joints and Bones. A. H. Tubby, 1912.

anonymous asked:

Oooh, some Horrortale prompts! How about the HT bros with an s/o that's trying to get over their ARFID(Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder) to try and not have the skeletons worry too much about them eating enough.

In the interest of full disclosure I’m going to admit that I’m not super informed about this disorder? Like I did do some research for this but from what I’ve looked at it seems like a super diverse issue with a lot of symptoms expressed differently, so I’m not going to be able to hit on all the nuances. That said, if I get something blatantly, screamingly wrong, please feel free to correct me.

For those of you who don’t know ARFID is a disorder that relates to the inability to intake proper caloric requirements through daily diet. Symptoms include severe weight loss, a lack of interest in food, anxiety about possible negative symptoms of eating (throwing up, choking, etc), and extremely picky eating. It differs from other eating disorders such as anorexia in that it is related to the body’s biological reaction to food, not a distorted self-image.

HT!Sans You stress him the fuck out. No, seriously. Watching you eat before he understood about your disorder was painful  for him. Axe can’t stand watching someone waste food, even picky eaters are hard for him to deal with. Even when he understands why his eyesocket starts twitching whenever you eat together and he sees you pushing food around. Seriously, you may not be the best match. 

Assuming he’s committed, ARFID is a disorder that’s fairly recent in categorization, and most treatment plans involve out patient therapy or some time in the hospital. He’s going to hover. Constantly. Leering at doctors and therapists. You may want to force him to stay home.

Still, for all the anxiety it causes him, you’re his mate. And he’s gonna make sure you’re eating right. He, more than anyone, should understand how hard starving is….

HT!Papyrus: He has similar issues to food wasting with Axe but he’s much better at masking it. He wants to do anything he can to help you get better. He starts adjusting his meal plans around food that you are comfortable with eating. Some sites recommend slowly introducing other foods into your system through exposure therapy. If you’re alright with it he wants to give that a shot.

One thing’s for certain, he empathizes like crazy with nutritional deficiency. And he wants to help you get past this as best he can. 

@ people who are iron deficient

Turmeric is awesome for iron intake, one tablespoon has at least 15% of your daily iron. I easily passed my daily needed levels by adding 7 tablespoons into my tofu scramble (you don’t need that much but just showing how I don’t have to worry about it the rest of the day!)

Tofu is also really good, half a block of tofu will give you 25% of your daily iron and calcium.

A large flour tortilla has at least 15% of your daily iron (apparently it can be more than that )

So, if you were to make a serving of tofu scramble and roll it into a burrito, you can easily meet your daily iron intake and not worry about it for the rest of that day.

If you make a big serving of tofu scramble you can also save leftovers for another day for a really quick and nutritious meal.

@yetanotherobsessivereader had some fun tags about taste, and now i’m thinking about that.

like the tag says, taste is based in liking things that are good for the body, so high-energy foods with sugar and fat have good tastes, and you’re encouraged to eat them, and most toxins have bad, bitter tastes, so you spit it out.

this is not as useful modern day, when the health issue for most people isn’t really getting energy from food, but nutrients. there are some reports of a persons sense of taste changing in response to nutritional deficiencies, so that the deficient nutrient tastes disproportionally good. the one case i remember clearly was a guy lost at sea for a while and he survived eating fish, but just the muscle for energy wasn’t keeping him healthy. after a point he started eating the weird organs that were gross to him before, and they were delicious then because they had the nutrients he was missing.

so sweet and fatty flavors in any species would i guess be assigned to whatever class of chemicals is the main source of energy in food. umami maybe to the second?  i’m gonna guess thats a way of sensing proteins specifically. 

also, on the note of fatty flavors; part of the flavor is the texture. fats are usually emulsions of different fat and oil molecules in some sort of solvent, either another oil or water. because they have this kinda globby cream texture, it’s sensed and processed by the brain as a taste, although its a physical (as opposed to chemical) sense.

salty flavors i’m going to guess are based on inorganic compounds, or metals. basic table salt is sodium chloride, so the sodium there is a metal. sodium bicarbonate also kinds tastes salty, so thats at least the taste of sodium. pen ink tastes like salt, so i wonder if theres salt in that? or if its just like salt. i don’t think its as simple as just having a metal, or maybe its specific to sodium, since we kind of need a lot of it to run our nervous system. because iron salts in solution are gross, and so are copper salts.

sour flavors are a sense of how acidic a substance is. the sour powder on candies is literally crystalized acid. i don’t know how this is useful to us. just kinda the worst location for a bio pH indicator. oh, this is a strong acid, and your tongue will tell you with pain, what the fuck

on that note, a big part of taste is back-smelling, which is when scent particles travel internally from the mouth to the nose (backwards) and that becomes part of taste. that, as far as i know, is more specific to bio molecules, so like, identifying specific plants, one kind of meat to another, cheeses and stuff. this would be extremely specific to the type of environment an organism emerges in. on that note, some organisms (i’m thinking plants) evolve new scents/flavors that fit into existing sensory organs to attract symbiotic species. so producing flavors and sensing flavors has a co-evolutionary component.