numerous research

We Need to Talk About AIDA

I think the problem with the Framework is that AIDA doesn’t understand the core of humanity - emotions, struggle, regret. These are formative to our experience and perspective. She does not have any of them. So to her, it’s like simplifying code to make it more elegant. Remove the tangled bits, take people back to a time when they had the least to regret or struggle with, when their emotions were as baseline as possible. But be aware, baseline doesn’t mean happy - it means that somewhat numb middle ground. You’re not experience joy, you’re not experiencing pain, you’re not experiencing sadness. It is the ideal, to a robot, because it’s what they know and experience.

By removing their struggles, regret, and in a large part, their purpose, their sadness, and their joy, she has dismantled the formative things about our heroes. Now, their journey is to break from this mediocre unreality, coloured in Pleasantville Grey, back into the world of technicolour pain and joy and suffering and love - something they know deep in their core. 

Because here’s the interesting thing about people and memory and emotions - when the mind forgets, it’s the body that keeps score, that remembers. As a person with PTSD, I know this implicitly. They’ve done brain scans and numerous research into the phenomena - because science has proven that what LMD Fitz said, that ‘the brain and the body can be separated’ is inherently incorrect.

I want to see Coulson rubbing his harm when the weather changes, and wondering why he has phantom pain. 

I want to see Fitz struggling with finding words when he’s upset, or having an anxiety attack, rubbing his hand, and describing it as ‘feeling like he’s drowning’ without having any context for it. 

I want to see Ward press his hand to his chest when he catches sight of Coulson out of the corner of his eye. 

I want to see Mack researching online, late at night, when no one is awake, whether men can be affected by post-partum depression/psychosis, because something inside him could swear that the beautiful little girl he tucked in hours ago is not his, but something else. He feels like he’s going crazy, because he feels this immense sense of loss when he looks at her, and goosebumps when he holds her - goosebumps that tell him something just isn’t right.

Imagine, like PTSD memory integration, when Jemma grabs Fitz’s hand for the first time, and suddenly, he feels her grip in his palm the thousands of times it has fit there, the slide of her thumb over his knuckles, so familiar, and a flash of a memory ghosts, disembodied, in front of his eyes. her hand in his. The first time. The last time. The time he took her ring finger and contemplated asking her to marry him. 

When they kiss, and it is the agony of her loss, the universe between them, the surety that she is not for him, and the sheer bliss of knowing, deeply, settled and rooted in his chest, that no - that was once and this is now and she has always been his, and will always be his, that they are together, entangled, rooted within each other. And he barks a laugh and cries and pulls away, terrified and elated and shaking, and breathes, “What the fuck?”

Iwant to see each of them, trapped in the framework, take the risk to dig deeply, grasping their fragmented physical memories like shards of glass, to cut away at the web of lies the framework has trapped them in. I want to see them be vulnerable and scared of knowing that they will feel pain, knowing that this will be scary and this will hurt, but somehow, it’s going to be better. It has to be better, to know. To be who they are, instead of parts of a phantasmagoria of life.


More than 30 years after Voyager 2 sped past Uranus, Georgia Institute of Technology researchers are using the spacecraft’s data to learn more about the icy planet. Their new study suggests that Uranus’ magnetosphere, the region defined by the planet’s magnetic field and the material trapped inside it, gets flipped on and off like a light switch every day as it rotates along with the planet. It’s “open” in one orientation, allowing solar wind to flow into the magnetosphere; it later closes, forming a shield against the solar wind and deflecting it away from the planet.

This is much different from Earth’s magnetosphere, which typically only switches between open and closed in response to changes in the solar wind. Earth’s magnetic field is nearly aligned with its spin axis, causing the entire magnetosphere to spin like a top along with the Earth’s rotation. Since the same alignment of Earth’s magnetosphere is always facing toward the Sun, the magnetic field threaded in the ever-present solar wind must change direction in order to reconfigure Earth’s field from closed to open. This frequently occurs with strong solar storms.

But Uranus lies and rotates on its side, and its magnetic field is lopsided – it’s off-centered and tilted 60 degrees from its axis. Those features cause the magnetic field to tumble asymmetrically relative to the solar wind direction as the icy giant completes its 17.24-hour full rotation.

Rather than the solar wind dictating a switch like here on Earth, the researchers say Uranus’ rapid rotational change in field strength and orientation lead to a periodic open-close-open-close scenario as it tumbles through the solar wind.

“Uranus is a geometric nightmare,” said Carol Paty, the Georgia Tech associate professor who co-authored the study. “The magnetic field tumbles very fast, like a child cartwheeling down a hill head over heels. When the magnetized solar wind meets this tumbling field in the right way, it can reconnect and Uranus’ magnetosphere goes from open to closed to open on a daily basis.”

Paty says this solar wind reconnection is predicted to occur upstream of Uranus’ magnetosphere over a range of latitudes, with magnetic flux closing in various parts of the planet’s twisted magnetotail.

Reconnection of magnetic fields is a phenomenon throughout the solar system. It occurs when the direction of the interplanetary magnetic field – which comes from the Sun and is also known as the heliospheric magnetic field – is opposite a planet’s magnetospheric alignment. Magnetic field lines are then spliced together and rearrange the local magnetic topology, allowing a surge of solar energy to enter the system.

Magnetic reconnection is one reason for Earth’s auroras. Auroras could be possible at a range of latitudes on Uranus due to its off-kilter magnetic field, but the aurora is difficult to observe because the planet is nearly 2 billion miles from Earth. The Hubble Space Telescope occasionally gets a faint view, but it can’t directly measure Uranus’ magnetosphere.

The Georgia Tech researchers used numerical models to simulate the planet’s global magnetosphere and to predict favorable reconnection locations. They plugged in data collected by Voyager 2 during its five-day flyby in 1986. It’s the only time a spacecraft has visited.

The researchers say learning more about Uranus is one key to discovering more about planets beyond our solar system.

“The majority of exoplanets that have been discovered appear to also be ice giants in size,” said Xin Cao, the Georgia Tech Ph.D. candidate in Earth and atmospheric sciences who led the study. “Perhaps what we see on Uranus and Neptune is the norm for planets: very unique magnetospheres and less-aligned magnetic fields. Understanding how these complex magnetospheres shield exoplanets from stellar radiation is of key importance for studying the habitability of these newly discovered worlds.”


Sand Rod™

Read from the beginning

Major Breakthrough: This Group Of Scientists Just Discovered That Woody And Buzz Lightyear Are The Dynamic

A research team at Johns Hopkins University just announced that they have discovered that Woody and Buzz Lightyear, the principal characters from Pixar’s 1995 film Toy Story, are The Dynamic.

“We never imagined that such a potent instance of The Dynamic could exist, but our team has been able to verify its existence,” said Professor Colin Blair, the lead researcher on the team that discovered Woody/Buzz at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory. “This is going to completely change the way that science thinks about Toy Story.”

Many researchers across numerous fields have hailed the discovery of Woody/Buzz as a major breakthrough in Dynamic Studies.

“What we’re looking at here is an example of The Dynamic that we had previously believed could only exist in theory,” said Dr. Cynthia Gordon, a nuclear physicist at CERN laboratories. “Yet what Professor Blair and his team have discovered is a beloved pair of characters displaying qualities of both traditional Absolute Nightmarism and bona fide Sweaterboyosity,” Gordon continued. “It’s an amazing advancement in the field.”

anonymous asked:

if there's a school that divides classes by the students' mbti personalities, could you imagine the situations from the INTPs class?

An INTP-only classroom

Depends on whether you’re talking about a traditional (assuming, high school) classroom, or a university classroom, or a unique classroom specifically catered to INTPs’ learning style.

I’m being a typical INTP by asking for clarification now, aren’t I?

Let’s say it’s a traditional high school classroom. INTPs prefer learning visually, or by reading or solving theoretical problems by themselves. Traditional classes rarely provide this. INTPs know they won’t get a lot out of being 100% mentally present the class, even though they are required to be physically present and to keep quiet. However, INTPs generally don’t care enough to keep up the appearance of a ‘good student’ or even try to look interested. You will get a lot of zoned out INTPs, INTPs who try to make use of their time by doing things that actually appeal to them such as reading a completely unrelated book, doodling, writing fanfictions, doing homework for other classes, or sleeping (I’ve done all of these). Once in a while, a teacher will say something intriguing enough to register in the INTPs’ mind, usually a logically inconsistent statement, prompting them to ask questions that point it out. A decent teacher will appreciate the question and give a proper explanation, and thus holding the INTP’s attention for a few minutes longer. While another kind of teachers will get their ego bruised and see said INTPs as threats to their authority, and an unjustified punishment may ensue, causing the INTPs to resent the teacher, the class, and school even more. The last group is the utterly bored INTPs who decide to troll teachers for the sake of it. This may come in a game of let’s make the teacher feel as stupid as possible, let’s make the teacher cry, let’s see if we can get the teacher to stop teaching and do random fun stuff, etc (I’ve also done this…)

Moving on to a university classroom. This is where the materials get more interesting (because we can choose our own classes), and the pace of university classes are more suited to INTPs’ learning curve. This is also where we’re not required to be physically present. If a professor teaches by the textbooks, I can guarantee that you will have 0% attendance unless there’s a quiz or test that day. If the professor doesn’t adhere strictly to textbooks, there will be more INTPs in class, namely, INTPs who don’t own a recorder. INTPs who have a recorder (like me) will go to the beginning of class to leave it there, escape the presence of a hundred other students to go nap or play computer games in their dorm room, then come back to pick it up 3 hours later and listen to it late at night on their own time. Now on the other hand, if the INTPs like the professor (it’d probably be an NT professor) or if the class allows for stimulating intellectual discussions, they will not miss this chance and will study very hard to keep up with the discussions. They’d also be very absorbed in the material, understand it with an incredible depth, and able to ask intriguing questions that lead the course in a direction the professor has never seen before. There will also be numerous potential research studies coming out of this class alone.

Now, an ideal classroom for INTPs. INTPs learn best by researching, reading, reflecting and conceptualizing in individual settings. They prefer learning to understand abstract ideas and theories and are put off by the repetitiveness of homework exercises. They generally don’t like the slow pace and the distractions of a study group. Let me speculate on what an ideal classroom for INTPs would be (assuming all students are INTPs):

  • An open-minded, intelligent, logical, creative professor who can explain their ideas clearly.
  • A course where lecture recordings/videos can be listened to/watched at any time.
  • Reading materials are assigned in advance, so that students can study on their own.
  • You only need to come to class for a discussion/debate session where students can present their own theories related to the class and discuss them with other students, or a Q&A session with the professor.
  • Assignments are in the form of essays where students are allowed to research a variety of relevant topics (and strict deadline or we would procrastinate forever).
  • There is a discussion forum specifically for the class (where the professor is involved).
  • There is opportunities to conduct or assist with research studies.

Read more on INTP learning style here.

[ Shop MBTI Merch ]

p.s. I hope I’m not giving anyone bad advice.

p.s.2 I’m sleepy and haven’t reread this, so please excuse the grammatical mistakes for now

What makes you “you”?

I was thinking of Nier: Automata`s story again a few days back, and it displays and asks some interesting and terrifying questions of what constructs you, you´r identity and you as a person. What makes things makes you “you”  

One of the first instances were this pondering is displayed is right after the prologue. Because 9S decided to upload 2B`s data first, she remembers what happened during their mission. 9S does not however retain those memories, as 2B finds out when she talks to him. The little bond that she was able to create with him after she lowered the emotional barrier which she had created around herself(because 2B knows that she will have to kill 9S at some point) has vanished. 9S does not remember the discussions he had with 2B.

So now let`s think about this. The person in the Bunker talking with 2B at that moment is an android called 9S. He has all of the physical and facial appearances that the 9S had who was with 2B in the prologue mission. So in a sense this person is 9S. But he is not “the 9S” that 2B knew/knows. The discussion 2B had with 9S seemed to mold his personality, so if the memories of that discussion are missing, can we say that this person is “the 9S”  that 2B knew, or is this someone else, are these memories so crucial? It`s scary to think how easily the androids can be changed in Automata`s setting. You can just erase memories, or re-write stuff, and the scary part that the person might not even know! You would go with you`r daily business, not knowing that crucial parts of you`r personality have been re-written. How scary is that? And this seem to happen to 9S many times. 

There is also a bit of a similar example with the Wandering couple side quest. At the end of it`s revealed that the other has erased/formatted/overwritten the other androids memories, to mold him more to her liking to be better(or along those lines). It`s scary how easily some stuff can be changed. Is this formatted and molded android the same person he was before the change, or a totally different person now?    

One other case is with the merchant on the rebel base. He is an android too of course, and he has replaced quite many broken parts of his body trough out the years, and done so numerous times that he can`t even keep track of it anymore. Now the only original part is his leg. He ponders about how if he changes this only part that was left of his original self, what will happen? Is he a totally different person, is he still the same even thou no original parts of his body left?

If I change my body, trough plastic surgery or by some other means drastically, is that person still me or someone else? Do I have to regain my original appearance to be me, or can I still have it even if I change myself? I still have my memories and experiences, things that are crucial when to forming one`s personality.      

So it`s not only personality or memories the androids worry about, their bodies also are a potential cause of worry. 

I think one could even go more deeper if you researched the numerous philosophers or thinkers referenced in the game, but since I haven`t delved much into their work yet, I am not going to. This post is also a small scratch on the surface. 

Princess | Librarian!au (?)

Originally posted by rebel-bee

Members: Yuta/Reader

Genre:  Librarian!au (?)  | Fluff

Word Count: 1,700

The crisp Sunday morning cut through the bare street as you wander through the new town. Moving towns had always been an idea that intrigued you and so after graduating into adulthood you decided, why the heck not?

Sunlight radiated through the network of alley ways, lighting up the small, family-based stores. All you wanted to do was explore the fresh, new town to its full potential and pop into each shop but the one thing stopping you was the desire to find a very specific treasure, a book, to be exact.

Keep reading

B.C. centre planning clinical trials to treat addiction with hallucinogens

British Columbia’s fledgling network for research into drug abuse is planning clinical trials to explore treating opioid addiction and other substance abuse disorders with hallucinogens.

The B.C. Centre on Substance Use will examine the effectiveness of psychedelic drugs to help people battling addiction. One of the organization’s lead researchers and directors, Dr. Kenneth Tupper, says the trials are set to begin this year, pending procurement of funding.

“The evidence from renewed research in this area … is that there’s clinical therapeutic potential for drugs like psilocybin, LSD, [and] ayahuasca,” said Tupper, adding B.C. and Canada are lagging behind in the research field.

Tupper says hallucinogens could play a role in the province’s growing opioid crisis, which claimed 120 lives in March alone. The BCCSU was established by the provincial government to explore solutions to the health crisis, as well as enhance addictions research in B.C.

Promising research

Psychedelics have long caught the attention of addictions researchers, and numerous clinical trials have shown promising results.

A 2014 study from John Hopkins University, for example, found psilocybin (the active ingredient in magic mushrooms) to be an effective tool to help smokers kick their habit, more than doubling the effectiveness of traditional cessation drugs like varenicline. 

“Canada was once a world leader in this area of research back in the early 1950s and 60s — and we’re now kind of lagging behind,” said Tupper, adding that Canada pioneered the exploration of treating alcoholism with LSD — a treatment mechanism that continues to be studied.

“The BCCSU is well positioned to undertake this kind of research,” he said.

How it works

Tupper says each potential patient will undergo a thorough screening process prior to being admitted into the trial. He says patients with mental illnesses such as schizophrenia or bipolar disorder might not be well suited for treatment.

Once admitted, patients have sessions with a team of therapists who talk them through the experience of taking the medication. Tupper says patients typically have one to three monitored therapy sessions where they ingest the hallucinogen.

“It’s often very unremarkable in these sessions themselves. People are usually wearing a blindfold, listening to music, and encouraged to introspect and reflect on their lives,” said Tupper.

But the “unremarkable" sessions can encourage subjects to make significant life changes, like overcoming their addictions.

"Therapeutic outcomes ae often correlated with a mystical or a spiritual-type experience. People often have deep insights about themselves and their relationships with others and with God — and sometimes, as a consequence, have significant behavioural changes.”

Life and death

Tupper says patients follow up with clinicians to determine desired health outcomes, and the team works with the individual to reach those goals.

And with all eyes staring at B.C.’s ongoing opioid crisis, Tupper hopes that assisted psychedelic therapy could become part of the solution.

“It’s a matter of life of death,” he said. “There’s an urgent need to explore all different kinds of options and this is one that seems to be very promising.”


I had a couple of request for Udon’s bin cage tour. So here it is!  

1. Bin cage: before adopting him, I knew that I wanted the best for Udon. So I opt to get and make him a bin cage - it’s not the prettiest lookin’, but as long as he’s happy, that’s all it matters to me.  I can’t remember the exact dimensions, but it definitely qualifies under one of the forums I read (Hamster Hideout - highly recommended).

2. Wheel: I apologize for the condition of the wheel - it’s cage cleaning day!  I tried to train the little guy to do his business in a specific place, but he decided to call all the shots and do what he wants and where he wants it. Sides, it helps keep the bin stay a little fresher :P

3. The popsicle house: I had a lot of people ask me about this! This is the second popsicle house I made for Udon.  There were nights when I caught him sitting there with his butt hanging out - it kinda looked like he was doing some life pondering up there hahaha.  As for the glue, I used Crayola’s Project glue.  After numerous of research, I thought it was the safest route since it was non-toxic and children uses it all the time for their crafts.

When I introduced Udon’s first popsicle house, out of curiosity he did lick the dried glue.  He made a funny weird expression on his face, and from then on, Udon learned to not lick it again LOL

P.s. if you’re planning to make one for your hamster, please remember to file down the sharp edges!

4. Radish bowls: TBH I’m not sure how it happened, but every suitable food bowl I pick up from him, was a radish bowl.  The bigger one serves as a fresh veggies plate, but he has a habit of sitting in there and flinging his poos next to the ceramic plate LOL

5. Ceramic plate: used to help trim down his nails.

And that’s it! I hope you enjoyed this post!  Thanks for all the loves guys!  It makes me super duper happy to see that he’s getting so much love around the world. He’s definitely a special little hammy :)

Avenging Angel: Part 11

Summary: You’ve spent the last five years on a dangerous mission to solve the crime that wrongly imprisoned your father. When the Winchesters find you half-frozen on the side of a mountain, they make it their own mission to save your life and make sure you stay alive. But after five years of uncovering horribly dark secrets, you’ve learned not to trust anyone. Especially people who seem like they have good intentions.

Word Count: 1568

Warnings: None

Part 1Part 2Part 3Part 4 Part 5Part 6Part 7Part 8Part 9 – Part 10

“You must be Celeste.”

“And of course you’re the lovely Y/N!” The older woman jumped out of her chair and swallowed you in a surprising hug. “You look just like your mother. I just cannot believe how beautiful and mature you look. Why, the last time I saw you, you were just a wee one!”

You patted Celeste’s back awkwardly. “Thank you. And thank you for meeting with me.”

“Well, when Quentin called and told me that Victoria and Kemuny’s daughter wanted to talk to me, I couldn’t rightly say no, now could I? Please, please have a seat.” Celeste swept her arm toward the diner table she had been sitting at. The tassels on her shawl flew out dramatically.

Keep reading


Alright, today we’re up for special treat. For this is my first stancest fic I post in Tumblr. Run now and you just might make it!

This is also a secret santa gift for @fishingboatblues. ( don’t know why I can’t tag them) They wished for hair petting and fluffy and I delivered. They were also so awesome that offered to beta this fic so that you don’t have to suffer for my grammar errors. (Thank you again!)

I have no idea how I should tag this thing… It got definitely incest in it, some mild angst and insecurity, fluffy and comfort… Oh, and it’s 2 252 words!

Keep reading

Eruri Fic: Cardamom - chapter 1

Hey look! Me and @birbwin​ wrote a thing. Birb came up with the idea and wrote the first bit of this then kicked if over to me.  See if you can spot the join :} 

Chapter 1 | Chapter 2 

“Just a long black, please.”

The barista looks at him. Erwin looks right back.

“Americano,” he tries instead.

The barista drawls something in Arabic, sounding mildly irritated as he points at the menu. Erwin frowns, not understanding a word – neither from the young man or the chalkboard with its foreign lines and smudged squiggles.

“Coffee,” Erwin clarifies intelligently. He’s hot, he’s tired, he’s confused. He just wants caffeine as soon as possible.

The barista lifts his small chin up, grey eyes sharp. Erwin vaguely registers that he is much older than his short stature and slim build had initially led him to presume. He hisses something and Erwin thinks he hears a word that sounds like coffee. Progress.


Someone on a nearby bench puts their book aside with a smack, glasses glimmering in the light.

“What kind of coffee, idiot,” they grin. Their English has an accent he can’t place.

Erwin turns toward them.

“Excuse me?”

They point at the barista.

“That’s what he said.”

Keep reading

In facing the discourse surrounding shipping and by demand, survivors like me, in a eternal argument if it should be allowed or not, I find it hard to keep myself safe and removed from the negative effects it can have on me. The dialogue I often stumble upon presents survivors who chose to ship a problematic pairing as implicitly broken and fundamentally worth less than the survivors who don’t ship in that way at all.

Of course, most of the posts that fill my ship tags supposedly spare me when they add their “not meant for survivors who cope” disclaimer. Yet, I see those posts that condemn regular non-survivor shippers as sick and horrible people and wonder what that implies of me. I am still a shipper, even if I use my pairings to cope.

My past abuse is a messy complicated thing that I still try to work through and I can say the same for my ships being messy and complicated in that I don’t always use them to cope. Some of them I do use for coping and they have been a great help, but that isn’t the only reason I have certain ships/kinks. I also ship just to enjoy the dynamic presented. In both ways, I have had a positive and healthy experience from my ships.

What makes the discourse so upsetting to me is seeing people talk about the requirements of how you should be allowed to ship certain pairings. It seems to change constantly.

For starters it’s often said that I should have to be public about my abuse, even having to describe to strangers exactly what happened so I can get a “free pass” in shipping. Of course, it’s often expected that I put some kind of public alert of my abuse status in order to escape people harassing me and bringing out the discourse arguments.

Then I see people insisting that I cope in private, to hide everything I reblog and keep it all password locked. The whole idea feels so isolating and full of unspoken “you should be ashamed of what you do and keep it hidden”. I would have no place to get my content from if everyone from my ships either stopped making content because they’re not a survivor or suddenly shut down into password locked blogs if they were.

The most extreme argument I’ve seen is that survivors shouldn’t even be allowed to ship, even to cope. I’m upset because the goalposts seem to keep moving. I feel like no one really wants me to exist as a survivor since I go so completely against their expectations of what a “good survivor” should be doing.

I am more than just a footnote to consider at the end of a anti shipping post. There is more nuance to think about than just black/white anti reasoning. How people process abuse in itself is extremely complex. You shouldn’t force survivors into a box where you can only ship x if you experienced y when using ships to cope is such a personal thing. I shouldn’t have to give up my privacy and personal comfort over shipping. Likewise, I can also be a survivor and ship without involving my personal abuse with it.

Even when survivors try to be open about their ship status, I still have witnessed people claim that they’re just as bad as the abusers who’ve harmed people. You really can’t win in this argument and I’ve noticed the typical opinion sliding further and further into “you’re an abuser if you ship this, survivor or not”. No one seems to care at all that shipping to cope is valid, which is backed up by numerous research papers if you won't believe the survivors themselves. People seem to think that you’re not a real survivor if you ship anything problematic.

I am so tired of having to see the ship discourse when I never even asked to be dragged into the “think of the survivors” argument. I just want to enjoy my ships, coping or not, without having to deal with stress over seeing hate posts in my ship tags or worry about people deciding to write a callout post over what I ship because I’m not publicly open with my survivor status.

I want people to know that I am valid as a survivor. I fully respect survivors who don’t ship but my status as one who does (even when it’s not always to cope) deserves to be respected instead of shoved under a bus.

The Mysterious Hessdalen Light

Since the 1940s or even earlier, there has been a strange light phenomenon observed in the Hessdalen Valley, Norway. The spectacle has a form of white or yellow light of unknown origin standing or floating above the ground level. Between 1981 and 1984, the lights were observed up to 20 times per week but since then, the activity has decreased and now the lights are observed about 10–20 times per year. Despite ongoing research and numerous working hypotheses, there is no convincing explanation for the origin of these lights.


Where is the “Muslim World”? - TEDx talk

A nice overview of both corpus linguistics and being more inclusive with language. From the video description

What is the Muslim world? At TEDxLancasterU, linguist Tony McEnery argues that this phrase, which was used 11,000 times in articles discussing Islam written from 1998 to 2009 by the British press, highlights an unsettling trend in the media – using language that characterizes Muslims as violent and unusual – a trend that, as he shows, has a long history and he asks us to change.

Tony McEnery is Professor of Linguistics and English Language at Lancaster University and Director of the ESRC’s Centre for Corpus Approaches to Social Science. He has published numerous research articles and books nearly all of which have dealt with corpus linguistics: an approach to the study of language which harnesses computing power to allow linguists to study millions, even billions, of words.

Kids Plant Michelle Obama’s White House Kitchen Garden for the Last Time

Eight years of growing vegetables on the South Lawn has helped to change conversations about food and diet in the U.S.

Michelle Obama helped to turn the dirt and plant seedlings on the South Lawn of the White House for the last time as first lady on Tuesday. She planted, among other crops, the same kind of lettuce grown on the International Space Station.

Over the two terms of the Obama administration, online videos of the first lady asking “Turnip for what?” or surprising schoolkids in their own garden classrooms have become familiar sights. So much so that it’s easy to forget that the kitchen garden,established by her in 2009, was the first to be planted on the White House grounds since Eleanor Roosevelt’s World War II–era Victory Garden.

“It was eight years ago that we cooked up this really interesting idea, that maybe we could dig up some dirt of the South Lawn — maybe someone would let us do that, and we could plant a wonderful garden that would be a space where we could talk about the food we eat,” the first lady saidbefore working with elementary-school students from Washington, D.C., schools and kids visiting from around the country.

The Let’s Move! campaign, focused on children’s health and diet, has had its ups and downs over the years, but initiatives like the White House garden have helped to change the conversation about kids’ diets — and has helped to further popularize the growing trend of school gardens across the country.

And the idea that kids will be more likely to eat their vegetables if they see where they come from, which Obama reiterated on Tuesday, is borne out by the research: Numerous studies have shown an increase in the number of fruit and vegetable servings consumed daily, as well as greater intake of fiber and vitamins A and C, after being involved in a school gardening program. Additionally, a 2013 study published in the Review of Educational Research showed “overwhelmingly that garden-based learning had a positive impact on students’ grades, knowledge, attitudes, and behavior.”

Many of the students helping with the planting this year — who travelled from Newark, New Jersey, and New Orleans, and other points across the county — come from backgrounds where the need for both better nutrition and education outcomes is most acute. At the two D.C. public schools that have helped both plant and harvest the garden since 2008, Bancroft Elementary and Tubman Elementary, 76 percent and 99 percent of students are eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, respectively. Bancroft is 74 percent Hispanic, while Tubman is 48 percent black and 48 percent Hispanic.

Childhood obesity rates are higher for both black and Hispanic populations than for white kids. Furthermore, food-access issues in urban areas disproportionately affect poor and minority populations, with predominantly black neighborhoods suffering from the most limited access to supermarkets, according a 2013 study published in the journal Preventative Medicine — even when those neigbhorhoods are comparatively well off.

Read the whole story on

anonymous asked:

why are you anti gmo?

Ok first of all, what is GMO?
“A GMO (genetically modified organism) is the result of a laboratory process where genes from the DNA of one species are extracted and artificially forced into the genes of an unrelated plant or animal. The foreign genes may come from bacteria, viruses, insects, animals or even humans.“

Basically, it is an organism made in a laboratory. Artificial organism. Not natural. Genes from one source inserted into an unrelated object (plant/animal). Combinations of genes that do NOT occur in nature. Why would anyone think that something so UNNATURAL would be good for us?
Let’s do a little research…

“Numerous health problems increased after GMOs were introduced in 1996. The percentage of Americans with three or more chronic illnesses jumped from 7% to 13% in just 9 years; food allergies skyrocketed, and disorders such as autism, reproductive disorders, digestive problems, and others are on the rise.“

“A genetically modified plant could theoretically have lower nutritional quality than its traditional counterpart by making nutrients unavailable or indigestible to humans.”

“In a new study published in the peer reviewed Public Library of Science (PLOS), researchers emphasize that there is sufficient evidence that meal-derived DNA fragments carry complete genes that can enter into the human circulation system through an unknown mechanism.“ (In another words, DNA from genetically modified crops can be transferred into humans who eat them)

“Both pesticides and GMOs have been connected with an increased risk of certain types of cancer. There are additonal health concerns too including reproductive issues, autism and even heart disease”

“The American Academy of Environmental Medicine (AAEM) urges doctors to prescribe non-GMO diets for all patients. They cite animal studies showing organ damage, gastrointestinal and immune system disorders, accelerated aging, and infertility. Human studies show how genetically modified (GM) food can leave material behind inside us, possibly causing long-term problems.”

“Genetically modified organisms have not been proven in any way to be safe, and most of the studies are actually leaning the other direction, which is why many of the world’s countries have banned these items whose DNA has been genetically engineered.“

“A growing body of evidence connects GMOs with health problems, environmental damage and violation of farmers’ and consumers’ rights.“

“Despite FDA claims that genetically modified foods are safe, scientific studies continue to prove otherwise.“



“The main reasons for genetic manipulation of species used in aquaculture are all directly connected to improved output/input ratios. They are:
a) to enhance growth and/or efficiency of food conversion,
b) to enhance commercially significant flesh characteristics,
c) to control reproductive activity and/or sexual phenotype,
d) to increase resistance of species to pathogens/parasites,
e) to increase tolerance to/of environmental variables such as temperature,
f) to modify behaviour, e.g. aggression, and
g) to control fertility and/or viability.“

For most of us, it is quite difficult to avoid GMO’s COMPLETELY. They are everywhere - in our food, in skincare products, in make up. What you can do is educate yourself. BE AWARE. Buy as much organic as possible. Buy as less processed products as possible.
HERE is a great website to check if the brand you are buying verified Non-GMO.

MOST COMMON GMO PRODUCTS - therefore better be avoided/bought organic
1. Soybeans — Gene taken from bacteria (Agrobacterium sp. strain CP4) and inserted into soybeans to make them more resistant to herbicides.
2. Corn — There are two main varieties of GE corn. One has a gene from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis inserted to produce the Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxin, which poisons Lepidoteran pests (moths and butterflies).[2] There are also several things that are resistant to various herbicides present in high fructose corn syrup and glucose/fructose, prevalent in a wide variety of foods in America.
3. Canola — Gene added/transferred to make the crop more resistant to herbicide.
4. Sugar beets — Gene added/transferred to make crop more resistant to Monsanto’s Roundup herbicide.
5. Cotton — engineered to produce BT toxin. The seeds are pressed into cottonseed oil, a common ingredient in vegetable oil and margarine.
6. Dairy — Cows injected with GE hormone rBGH/rBST; possibly fed GM grains and hay.
7. Sugar - In 2012, the FDA approved the sale of GMO beet sugars under the name “SUGAR.” If you see “CANE SUGAR,” there’s a good chance it’s not GMO.
8. Papayas.
9. Zucchini.
10. Baked goods often have one or more of the common GM ingredients.

I encourage you to reblog this and spread the awareness about GMOs. SUPPORT LOCAL FARMERS!