nuclear waste

Little Known Countries:

St. Cristophe and the Hyades - A South American island country consisting of St. Cristophe (the main archipelago) and the Hyades (the surrounding sparsely inhabited islands). They were a UK colony up until 1957 when they won their independence by non-violent means. UK officials were constantly given incorrect coordinates as to the location of the country and this fooled them long enough for the people to write an official declaration of independence while imprisoning officials already on the Island. The UK silently pulled out of the country without any fuss as they didn’t want anyone talking about what an international embarrassment they are.

Tasilimo! - The only country left with an exclamation point in its name, Tasilimo! is located off the coast of New Zealand. Tasilimo! has a small population of 549, but has one of the most linguistically diverse populations in the world. All 549 inhabitant of Tasilimo speak their own language, and this has caused longstanding tension between the inhabitants. At the moment, Tasilimo! is going through a brutal civil war between each citizen in the country. Peace talks have largely failed because nobody can tell what the fuck anyone is saying.

Shadow Albania - Shadow Albania is located in the Balkan Peninsula right next to Albania. The country is unique in that it’s the only country that based its border on another country. It has the same shape as vanilla Albania, but it roughly half the size. Shadow Albania has very similar historical origins as Albania, yet there is tension between the two countries as Shadow Albania considers itself “darker, edgier, and more mature” than vanilla Albania, going so far as to ban immigration from vanilla Albania as they consider Albanians to be “motherfuckers”. Shadow Albania still subscribes to a version of extreme Hoxhaism, and the country’s geological makeup has all but been destroyed to make room for bunkers. So much of Shadow Albania’s GDP goes towards building bunkers that its economy is failing, yet it is perhaps the most safe country to be in, in the case of nuclear war.

Ohio - Sometimes mistakenly thought to be an American state, Ohio won its Independence in 1992 when its entire human populace all but disappeared, only to be replaced with odd mollusk like creatures. Ohio is the only country in the world with a population of zero. Its capital is Cleveland, a bizarre desolate wasteland made up mostly of row houses and geological disappointment. Its national motto is “I wish I was anywhere, but Ohio” and its main exports are transients and nuclear waste.

Human Interference Task Force, or Nuclear Semiotics

I was talking with a friend about nuclear waste, its storage and its safety, and we did a bit of googling. Turns out there’s some interesting (and at times, frankly weird) proposals for this already.

The idea behind nuclear semiotics or the HITF is that, with nuclear waste having a very long period of being dangerous to people, how do we communicate to future generations about the dangers of sealed nuclear waste storage sites across tens of thousands of years? Language changes, after all, and symbols also change shape and meaning over time. Humans as a species have only had written language for some 5000 years, give or take some - how do we tell people 10,000 years from now that “behind this enormous vault is extremely dangerous radioactive substances, sealed away forever, please don’t go in or touch anything”, in a way that anyone understands?

To quote the Wikipedia page on the matter, there’s three parts to the message that needs to be conveyed in the first place:

“Three parts of any communication about nuclear waste must be conveyed to posterity:

  1. that it is a message at all
  2. that dangerous material is stored in a given location
  3. information about the type of dangerous substances”

The ISO warning sign about dangerous radiation zone looks like this:

We understand what this means pretty easily today, but when I was talking to my friend about it, I imagined an alternative interpretation from an archaeologist 4000 years from now:

“The symbol at the top is known in some of our oldest texts as the late 20th century symbol for their Sun God, whose rays brought light to the world. The bottom left sign is associated with a slightly earlier time from the 16th century onwards, as a symbol for pirates. Clearly this is a symbol for a prayer, basically that the Sun God will smite pirates and make them flee. Perhaps this area in particular was in danger of pirate raids in those times, or perhaps there is something inside that the builders did not want pirates to take. We should go and investigate.”

There’s some pretty exotic suggestions from very smart people to this solution, with varying likelihoods of success that I’ll leave to your imagination, such as

  • Forming an Atomic Priesthood to run what amounts to a hierarchical religion with legends and myths about dangerous sites and protection from them
  • Encoding math-based warnings into the DNA of Atomic Plants that only grow near nuclear waste sites, so future generations can decode it from those
  • Breeding Radiation Cats (or Ray Cats) that change color when irradiated, and putting this information into songs, art and cultural consciousness across time
  • Putting up warning signs, and every couple of generations makes new warning signs a bit farther away without removing the old ones so it’s possible to translate through the translations of the translations to get the facts straight
  • Building storage sites in such a way that only highly technical cultures are able to get into the vaults in the first place, and those cultures ought to already know about radiation so they’ll understand what’s up

I suppose we’ll find out in the near future what they’ll actually come up with, because in 2020s a permanent nuclear waste repository named Onkalo will be built in Finland, the first of its kind in the world. There’s actually a documentary about it, and focusing specifically on the communication aspect of the matter, named Into Eternity, directed by Michael Madsen (no, not that Michael Madsen, I mean the Danish one). I hear it might be on Netflix, so possibly worth checking out if the subject is interesting.

anonymous asked:

Hi! Can you link some sources or articles about the Somalian pirates and nuclear pollution? I wanna keep informed but everything google gives me is part of that "somali terrorist" rhetoric.😒

   Disclaimer: Obviously, I do not support piracy by any means and I am also not justifying any of Somalian gangs that have been involved with hostage-taking, this just simply to bring some attention onto what’s going on in Somalia and the context in which Somali pirates have been created. Main focus is the toxic nuclear waste lying on the East African coast and how it got there not the pirates themselves

   The number one article about this topic I recommend is Johann Hari: You are being lied to about pirates (2009)” and here is a part of it so people can get an idea on what has been done and is still being done to the Somalian coast:

   “In 1991, the government of Somalia - in the Horn of Africa - collapsed. Its nine million people have been teetering on starvation ever since - and many of the ugliest forces in the Western world have seen this as a great opportunity to steal the country’s food supply and dump our nuclear waste in their seas.

   Yes: nuclear waste. As soon as the government was gone, mysterious European ships started appearing off the coast of Somalia, dumping vast barrels into the ocean. The coastal population began to sicken. At first they suffered strange rashes, nausea and malformed babies. Then, after the 2005 tsunami, hundreds of the dumped and leaking barrels washed up on shore. People began to suffer from radiation sickness, and more than 300 died. Ahmedou Ould-Abdallah, the UN envoy to Somalia, tells me: “Somebody is dumping nuclear material here. There is also lead, and heavy metals such as cadmium and mercury - you name it.” Much of it can be traced back to European hospitals and factories, who seem to be passing it on to the Italian mafia to “dispose” of cheaply. When I asked Ould-Abdallah what European governments were doing about it, he said with a sigh: “Nothing. There has been no clean-up, no compensation, and no prevention.”

   At the same time, other European ships have been looting Somalia’s seas of their greatest resource: seafood. We have destroyed our own fish-stocks by over-exploitation - and now we have moved on to theirs. More than $300m worth of tuna, shrimp, lobster and other sea-life is being stolen every year by vast trawlers illegally sailing into Somalia’s unprotected seas.”


   More articles about the waste: More Illegally Dumped Radioactive Waste Found on Somalia’s Coast (2011)
From cocaine to plutonium: mafia clan accused of trafficking nuclear waste (2007)
Tsunami exposes Somalia toxic waste (2005)
Somalia used as toxic dumping ground (2009)

A part from The 'Ndrangheta’s (criminal organization from Italy) wikipedia page:

   “ The ‘Ndrangheta, an Italian mafia-type syndicate, has been accused by pentito Francesco Fonti, a former member of ‘Ndrangheta, of sinking at least 30 ships loaded with toxic waste, much of it radioactive. In 2005, Fonti revealed the conspiracy in the news magazine L'espresso. His statements led to widespread investigations into the radioactive waste disposal rackets, involving Giorgio Comerio and his disposal company, the Odm (Oceanic Disposal Management)…

…Both Fonti and environmental group Legambiente claimed vessels were sent to Somalia and other developing countries such as Kenya and Zaire with toxic cargoes, which were either sunk with the ship or buried on land. Legambiente alleges that local rebel groups were given weapons in exchange for receiving the waste ships. Fonti claims that Italian TV journalist Ilaria Alpi and her cameraman Miran Hrovatin were murdered in 1994 in Somalia because they had seen toxic waste arrive in Bosaso, Somalia. According to Fonti, Christian Democrat politicians, including former prime minister Ciriaco De Mita, had been involved in illegal disposal operations, using the secret service SISMI to cover up their connection. De Mita denied the allegations. Fonti also claimed that Socialist politicians Gianni De Michelis and Bettino Craxi intervened to ensure that Italian peacekeeping troops in Somalia turned a blind eye to the transports.”

But onto the pirates - “This is the context in which the “pirates” have emerged. Somalian fishermen took speedboats to try to dissuade the dumpers and trawlers, or at least levy a “tax” on them. They call themselves the Volunteer Coastguard of Somalia – and ordinary Somalis agree. The independent Somalian news site WardheerNews found 70 per cent “strongly supported the piracy as a form of national defence”.
No, this doesn’t make hostage-taking justifiable, and yes, some are clearly just gangsters – especially those who have held up World Food Programme supplies.“  
Here is a quote from “Piracy off the coast of Somalia” wikipedia page
(which does a pretty good job at explaining the situation):
“ In the absence of an effective national coast guard following the outbreak of the civil war and the subsequent disintegration of the Armed Forces, local fishermen formed organized groups in order to protect their waters. This is reflected in the names adopted by some of the pirate networks, such as the National Volunteer Coast Guard, which are testimony to the pirates’ initial motivations. However, as piracy became substantially more lucrative, other reports have speculated that financial gain became the primary motive for the pirates.“

More articles about the pirates:  How Somalia’s Fishermen Became Pirates (2009)
The Truth about Somali Pirates (2015)
Pirates of Somalia: Curse of the Mafia Nuclear Waste Dumps and Thanks for All the Fish (2009) - this article is full of other links about the subject
Somali pirates began as volunteer coast guard (2009)


Somali waters have been polluted for almost 30 years and no one is batting an eye on what’s going on there cause of the Somali Civil War and government collapse. But the people of Somalia don’t deserve their land being used as a landfill by the rest of the world. 

I kept wondering why there were no ‘New Mexico Gothic’ posts but then I realized you really don’t need to make anything up

New Mexico is already fucking weird, you could just list shit that actually happens

  • Trucks full of nuclear waste drive down the interstate. You do not know which ones they are. 
  • Large satellite arrays dot the desert. You’re not sure what they’re looking for. 
  • The bats are dying.
  • There is a place littered with green glass. The glass is from the A-bomb fusing the sand. The government won’t let anyone go there anymore.
  • What we thought was a sudden storm was a cloud of locusts a mile deep blocking out radar imaging. 
  • Neon lights still run despite the property they sit on being empty lots of dirt. 
  • …literally all of the town of Roswell

A lot of people are noting how humans thrive in extreme weather or among scary predators. But what if we also have a startling resistance to radioactive waste and other toxic pollution? Maybe all the other sentient people out there ditched fossil fuels long before achieving space flight, or never tried out nuclear power because they decided it was just batshit insane. Then they encounter humans, coming from a planet that looks like a hazardous waste dump. Toxic chemicals saturate the soil, water and air; the plants and animals get more and more poisonous as you move up the food chain. Huge amounts of nuclear waste are just sitting underground in barrels, and there are radioactive zones so deadly even the HUMANS stay out.
Imagine a human coming out of a ship reactor core accident or whatever just…shrugging?! Or navigating a ruin full of smoke or toxic gas with nothing more than a bandana over their face like, “Meh, it’s not nearly as bad as that month in Shanghai. I couldn’t see my hand in front of my face!”. And meanwhile all the aliens are freaking out like WHY AREN’T YOU DEAD? WHY DO YOUR LUNGS STILL FUNCTION? GET THIS GUY A FULL DETOX IMMEDIATELY THERE ARE RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES IN HIS BLOODSTREAM!!

theguardian.com
Russian nuclear facility denies it is source of high radioactivity levels
Greenpeace calls for investigation after levels of ruthenium-106 in atmosphere near Urals site found to be 986 times norm
By Hannah Devlin

A secretive Russian nuclear facility has denied it was behind high atmospheric concentrations of the radioactive isotope ruthenium-106, after Russia’s meteorological service confirmed levels several hundred times the norm were found in several locations in the country during tests in late September.

Greenpeace has called for an investigation into a potential cover-up of a nuclear accident after Russia’s nuclear agency had denied European reports of increased ruthenium-106 levels. Rosgidromet, the weather monitoring service, released test data on Monday that showed levels were indeed much higher than normal. The most potent site was Argayash in the south Urals, where levels were 986 times the norm.

Argayash is about 20 miles from Mayak, a facility that reprocesses spent nuclear fuel. The plant facility issued a denial on Tuesday. “The contamination of the atmosphere with ruthenium-106 isotope registered by Rosgidromet is not linked to the activity of Mayak,” a statement said.

Metal Bands as High School students
  • Iron Maiden: That one popular nerd that lets people copy their homework.
  • Motorhead: That one kid who isn't even threatening yet nobody wants to fuck with them.
  • Metallica: The popular kid who has a reputation for bullying weaker kids.
  • Megadeth: Bullied kid who fought back, who thinks they've beat the bullying, but the other students still take the piss behind their back.
  • Slayer: That student who's always found at the back of the playground, probably smoking or drinking. Lots of kids want to be like them, but can't be bothered to.
  • Anthrax: The class clown who acts like a bigshot in class but most likely sits alone at lunch.
  • Municipal Waste: Probably friends with the Slayer kid, also probably the drug dealer.
  • Nuclear Assault: That one kid who constantly puts down technology and thinks they were born in the wrong generation.
  • Kreator: The foreign exchange student that hangs round with the popular kids such as Metallica, who thinks they're popular, but aren't.
  • Testament: The kid that tries to keep out of everyone's problems but can't help but gossip when shit's going down.
  • Exodus: The kid who got pushed out of the popular group when Kreator became enrolled.
  • Overkill: Kid who thinks they're a trend setter but gets pissed off when a more popular kid copies them.
  • Venom: The kid that had a rumor passed round that they had a shit in the corridor.
  • Bathory: The kid that started that rumor.
  • Burzum: That kid who got expelled for pulling the fire alarm to get out of P.E.
  • Dream Theater: The unpopular nerd that doesn't let anyone copy their homework. Probably goes to revision lessons.
  • Opeth: The rebellious kid who nobody would think is intelligent but is actually one of the biggest nerds in the school.
  • Napalm Death: The one who goes to egg the head master's school during the early hours of the morning.
  • Cannibal Corpse: The kid who takes a little too much pleasure when a dissection takes place during biology class.
  • Obituary: Cannibal Corpse's partner during dissections, however, they feel faint halfway through and have to leave the room.
  • Carcass: Weird kid who finds dead animals on the playground and pokes them with sticks for the duration of the period.
  • Dark Angel: Angry kid who nobody knows. Probably goes to counselling for anger issues.
  • Pentagram: Kid who would sit alone at lunch if there was a spare table. Since their isn't one, they sit in a toilet stall.
  • Sepultura: Probably on the student council raising every concern ever.
  • Judas Priest: The kid who never gets in trouble except for that one time they were five minutes late to lesson.
  • Sabaton: The history geek who thinks they're great because they can name every armored vehicle used in WW2, when in reality, nobody cares.
  • Korpiklaani: Kid who falls asleep in every lesson, only to wake up once it's over and everyone's left the room.
  • Turisas: The music geek who can always be seen carrying a violin round, although nobody's ever actually seen them play it.
  • Helloween: That one kid who runs to every lesson, even though they're about 10 minutes early to it and have more than enough time to kill.
  • Ghost B.C: The incredibly helpful and polite kid, who's guilty pleasure is R.E
  • Slipknot: the angry jerk who everyone just accepts is there and puts up with it.
  • Korn: the angry jerk's less-angry but more irritating friend.
  • Skeletonwitch: the kid that truly believes the ghost rumours that go around.
  • Immortal: the kid who can often be found texting in class.
  • Mötley Crüe: the only child in history to actually have their lunch money taken from them by bullies.
  • Tankard: that's not water in their water bottle. That's vodka.
  • The Black Dahlia Murder: nobody even likes them but everyone's kind to them anyway because they fear they'll shoot the school up if given a reason.
  • Carnifex: the kid who still draws that stupid "S" symbol all over the desks....you know the one.
  • Sodom: The kid who still sets of stink bombs around the corridors.
  • Death: child who worked hard to achieve their grades and people still expect them to have a social life.
  • Death Angel: They still think they're cool despite becoming uncool, like, years ago.
  • Pantera: the bully who stole Mötley Crüe kid's money.
  • Limp Bizkit: who even let this kid enrol.
Myth Debunking: Does Radiation Glow?

Throughout popular culture, it is depicted that radiation glows.

Take this screenshot of a putrid pool of radiation in Fallout 4. 

And another, not taken by me this time.

But, does radiation really glow a sickly green? The answer, put extremely simply, is no. If radiation glowed, we’d be seeing green constantly; sunlight would be green, as would radiation emitted from underground elements such as Uranium and Thorium.

This misconception is extremely damaging, because people don’t know what to expect when it comes to radiation; they assume it makes you glow green and mutates things, when, in a normal dosage, nothing happens to you.

This is a radium-zinc clock. These were very popular in the 1930s and 40s, due to the fact they glowed in the dark. However, it wasn’t radiation causing the glowing, it was the zinc-oxide reacting with the radium. This is where -I- personally believe the glowing myth came from. These clocks fell into disuse when people starting getting sick; radium is highly toxic along with being radioactive. 

You can still buy these clocks, though they no longer glow; the zinc-oxide as long eroded. However, hold up a gieger counter and you can still hear the steady ticking.

Now, there is one circumstance where radiation glows.



Cherenkov radiation. Not a specific type, but a result of gamma rays being fed through a very thick shield of water. This is a holding pool for used fuel in a NPP. That water is extremely deep; usually they’re around 30-40 feet deep, because water is such an effective shield. 

It’s a beautiful blue; and rather inviting. Not that I fancy swimming in a pool filled with nuclear waste, that is.

Murder

A'IGHT IT’S TIME TO LEARN U A THING

IN ONLY FIVE YES FIVE EASY STEPS YOU CAN LEARN HOW TO GET AWAY WITH MURDER LET’S BEGIN SHALL WE FRIENDO???

Step one: Choosing the victim!
You don’t really want to murder your next door neighbor because police investigate and question the neighbors and relatives also friends of the victim. Buuut, also don’t murder a person three states over, because then the police can say “Y/N took a road trip on the day before the murder- and that trip was to an area near the crime!” Boom, suspects list+ prison.

Basically, don’t murder your neighbor, but also don’t murder someone that you need a road trip to get to.

Make sure it’s not
•a friend
•a family
•a datemate

because those are the people that people usually murder.


Step two: Precautions and Preparations

Organized murders are always better.
Buuut always have a plan b

And c

Hopefully d and e.

Buy EVERYTHING at least a month in advance

With cash. Things bought in card are tracked.

And!!! Don’t buy everything at once. You don’t wanna be the guy who is at the checkout counter with rope, pliers, garbage bags, and kitchen knives. Just… Don’t.

Please.

Don’t forget the cleaning supplies! Hydrogen peroxide gets bloodstains out!


Step three: Method of killing

So you already have
•a victim
•a plan
•supplies

Remember that you also don’t need to kill them at home! Homes have security systems quite a lot of the time.

But!!! Don’t make it a too public place! That’s gonna be important in step four.
Here’s some methods.

Strangulation:
Use a thick pillow that belongs to the person, not you… Unless you burn it afterwards. That’s ok. Sometimes, your victim will fake a death. If they suddenly go limp, pinch them really hard and suddenly. If they flinch or tense up at all, keep applying pressure

Stabbing:
Not recommended, as its a messy death that lets them scream unless you gag them. Again, hydrogen peroxide. Use an icicle! It melts afterwards, so there’s no murder weapon!

Injection:
Poisoning is sooo last week. Simply get a hypodermic needle and fill the syringe with air. It mimics a heart attack but can’t be stopped by asprin, so you can even skip step four if you want.

Actually, if you wanna poison, make sure you use a strong poison like ricin. You can coat a needle with it and subtly stab it into someone’s thigh or buttcheek. They’ll never suspect that that person who bumped into them in the crowd was their killer.

Heck, you could just hang them and frame it as suicide.


Step four: Body Disposal

Burying:
Ok, ok, I admit that this one is a bit overused. But oh well, this is my fave one, so you get a tutorial.
Satellites look for holes or patches of turned dirt that are about six feet long because, well, its suspicious!

Drain and portion the body.

Draining: put the body’s head against the side of the tub so that is is raised. Get a plastic chair, like a lawn chair even, and out the body’s feet and shins on it. Basically, you only want the lower back and butt to touch the floor of the tub. Make a couple slits in the butt and lower back, make sure they go deep. Two things to remember here.
•Blood. Is. Not. Nuclear. Waste. Chill. Please.
•dont feel bad friendo its a body it can’t feel any pain. K???
Ok so then proceed to mix the collected fluids with slaked lime but just a bit! and oxygen producing bleach. Then let it drain some more until you’re sure that there’s no more fluids in it, then sprinkle slaked lime and pour in the bleach.

Portioning is literally cutting it in bits. Nothing much to say except cut with a sharp knife at the joints.

Ok, so back to burial. There are a couple choices for location.
You can bury it in the hole where a casket will be buried soon. Just dig maybe three feet deeper and cover the body with a nice thick layer of sand. When the casket is buried, so will your body. Extremely low chance that the body will be found.

You could just bury it in a wooded or simply non inhabitated place by burying it with the rest of that slaked lime vertically 6-10 feet underneath a dead dog. If body sniffing hounds dig up the dog (or other animal) the police will assume that it’s a false positive and go away, phew.

But you could always mix it with some fish parts and go fishing. Chum the water a bit. Only if fishing’s your thing tho. Idk you might catch a marlin or somethin.

AN IMPORTANT NOTE!!!
THERE ARE SOME BODY PARTS THAT NEED TO BE DESTROYED!!!

Body part.
Good method of destroying
Why destroying is needed

Bellybutton.
Knife, sharp shovel, fire
Mix of debris and bacteria is unique

Ears
Knife, fire
Pattern of rings and swirls is like a fingerprint

Eyes
Toothpick (fun fact: eyes are mostly liquid on the inside, just pop it like a 🎈.) Fire, knife, fork
Retinal scans, my dear. Also digital face reconstruction.

Teeth
Hammer, pliers
You want to pulverize teeth and turn them into a powder that you scatter. Dental records.

Fingertips
Knife, fire
Fingerprints and debris.

Hair
Fire, scissors (both is good)
The same reason you don’t want any of your hair at the crime scene, my dear.

Also!!! If you have the time and the tools, it will help if you cut up the pelvis into many many pieces and bury it separately. Pelvis can I’d gender. Basically, you want this body unrecognizable.

By anyone.

I’m serious.

Dead serious.

Sorry. I had to make that pun.


Step five: Last regards and rules of thumb

Don’t get cocky. That’s how serial killers get caught.

Wear clothes and shoes that are too big, and stuff the shoes so it isn’t too obvious that they are a different size. It also helps to sand down the soles so that they leave no unique prints. Burn all clothes and shoes after the murder.

Wear a hoodie or other hat so you don’t leave hair at the scene and so the color can’t be id’d. Use a spray on wash out dye in a natural color just in case.

Avoid the news and papers for at least three weeks after your crime, the police use those as tools to psyche you out and make you want to turn yourself in.

And remember…

Until they find a body, it’s just another dead person.

TL;DR
don’t kill friend
Clean up
Dry up and bury the body
Stay hidden
😃