november 1957

10

The Art of Hasui Kawase

Hasui Kawase (川瀬 巴水 Kawase Hasui, May 18, 1883 – November 7, 1957) was a Japanese artist. He was one of the most prominent print designers of the shin-hanga (“new prints”) movement. Kawase worked almost exclusively on landscape and townscape prints based on sketches he made in Tokyo and during travels around Japan. However, his prints are not merely meishō (famous places) prints that are typical of earlier ukiyo-e masters such as Hiroshige and Katsushika Hokusai (1760-1849). Kawase’s prints feature locales that are tranquil and obscure in urbanizing Japan. 

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All 9 soviet space dogs, top to bottom:

Laika - Sputnik 2, November 3 1957: First living being to reach space, DIED IN ORBIT.

Belka and Strelka -  Sputnik 5, August 19 1960: First living beings to reach space and return ALIVE.

Pchyolka and Mushka - Sputnik 6, December 1 1960: Reached orbit, DIED ON REENTRY after a malfunction activated the capsule’s self-destruct system.

Chernushka - Sputnik 9, 9 March 1961: First dog to return alive without a fellow companion.

Zvyozdochka - Sputnik 10, 25 March 1961: Last dog to go into orbit before the first human, Yuri Gagarin, did, she was also named by him.

Veterok and Ugolyok - Cosmos 110, 22 February 1966: Lasting 22 days in orbit, it became the longest space flight by dogs, they were also the last soviet space dogs.

10

Jayne Mansfield’s Pink Palace

In November 1957, shortly before her marriage to Mickey Hargitay, Mansfield bought a 40-room Mediterranean-style mansion formerly owned by Rudy Vallée at 10100 Sunset Boulevard in Holmby Hills, Los Angeles Much of the investment to buy the house came from the $81,340 ($685,318 in 2016 dollars) she inherited from her maternal grandfather Elmer Palmer. Mansfield had the house painted pink, with cupids surrounded by pink fluorescent lights, pink furs in the bathrooms, a pink heart-shaped bathtub, and a fountain spurting pink champagne, and then dubbed it the “Pink Palace”. Hargitay, a plumber and carpenter before getting into bodybuilding, built a pink heart-shaped swimming pool. Mansfield decorated the Pink Palace by writing to furniture and building suppliers requesting free samples. She received over $150,000 ($1,263,803 in 2016 dollars) in free merchandise, paying only $76,000 ($640,327 in 2016 dollars) for the mansion itself. It was still a large sum, when the average cost of a house at the time was under $7,500 ($63,190 in 2016 dollars). The Pink Palace was sold and its subsequent owners have included Ringo Starr, Cass Elliot and Engelbert Humperdinck. In 2002, Humperdinck sold it to developers, and the house was demolished in November of that year. (x)

Christian Dior models arrive in Australia in November 1957 for the presentation of the autumn/winter 1957 haute couture collection (Christian Dior’s last collection) at Myer Mural Hall, Melbourne.

National Gallery of Victoria.

60 years ago.. the Mexican IDOL, Pedro Infante die in a  plane crash.

Pedro Infante Cruz  (18 November 1917 – 15 April 1957), better known as Pedro Infante, was a Mexican actor and singer. Hailed as one of the greatest actors of the Golden Age of Mexican cinema, he is considered an idol of the Latin American people, together with Jorge Negrete and Javier Solís, who were styled as the Tres Gallos Mexicanos (the Three Mexican Roosters).

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  • Ofra Haza (Hebrew: עפרה חזה; November 19, 1957 – February 23, 2000) was an Israeli singer, born to a Yemenite Jewish family in Tel Aviv, Israel. Inspired by the love of her Yemenite and Hebrew culture and heritage, her music quickly spread to a wider Middle Eastern audience, somehow bridging the divide between Israel and Arab countries.
  • “Im Nin'Alu” is a hebrew poem by the 17th century’s Yemenite Rabbi Shalom Shabazi, which has later been put to music and was sung by Ofra Haza in 1984. In 1988, a remix of this song became an international hit for Ofra, topping the charts in various countries including the UK, Germany and the US.
"He's going to kill me. He's crazy. He just killed a man!"

Photo: Caril Ann Fugate and Charles Starkweather

Deputy Sheriff William Romer pulled up just in time to foil a car theft and apprehend a fugitive. Six-foot-tall Joe Sprinkle was engaged in a wrestling match with 5'5" Charles Starkweather. A young girl, later identified as 14-year-old Caril Ann Fugate, ran toward Romer, screaming that Starkweather was going to kill her and that he had just killed a man.

This was the beginning of the end for the two star-crossed lovers, 14-year-old Fugate and 19-year-old Charles Starkweather. The two had left  behind a trail of dead bodies from December 1, 1957–January 29, 1958. Fugate would claim she was kidnapped and was Starkweather’s hostage during the killing spree and Starkweather would say that she was a willing participant in the crimes. Eleven people were dead as a result of the killing spree, which began in Nebraska and ended in Wyoming.

It was the beginning of the end for the teenagers when Joe Sprinkle pulled up to offer Starkweather assistance. Starkweather had just killed 37-year old Merle Collison and was in the process of stealing his Buick in exchange for a Packard he stole from a previous victim.

Starkweather couldn’t figure out how to release the emergency brake on Collison’s Buick. Sprinkle had arrived on the scene alongside the highway. Starkweather asked him for assistance. It was too late when Sprinkle noticed Collison’s body stuffed in the back seat of the car. Starkweather pulled a shotgun on Sprinkle and Sprinkle tried to wrestle the gun away from him.

Cornered, Starkweather got into to the stolen Packard and fled. Fugate identified Starkweather and Romer called for help.

A road block was set up. Starkweather crashed through it and a high-speed chase ensued, ending in his capture.

Starkweather and Fugate met in 1956. She was 13-years-old and he was 18-years-old. Of course, her family did not approve of Starkweather, a high school dropout and James Dean wannabe who was too old for Fugate.

Starkweather was kicked out of his house by his father. Fugate crashed Starkweather’s father’s car when her boyfriend was giving her a driving lesson.

Starkweather got a job as a garbage man, but his true ambition was to be a bank robber. As he collected garbage on his route, he began to make plans for robberies.

Starkweather committed his first murder in November of 1957. He shot service station attendant Rorbert Colvert. Starkweather wanted to purchase a stuffed dog for Fugate but didn’t have enough money. Colvert refused to give him the plush dog on credit. Starkweather returned to the station with a shotgun, robbed the station and kidnapped Colvert. He drove Colvert to a deserted area, where he shot Colvert in the head.

The killing of Robert Colvert awakened something in Starkweather. He later said that he believed that the act of murder caused him to transcend himself and that be he began to think he was above the law.

On January 21, 1958, Starkweather went to Fugate’s home and, not finding his sweetheart there, shot and killed her mother and stepfather, Velda and Marion Bartlett. Starkweather then killed Fugate’s half-sister Betty Jean, age 2, by strangling and stabbing her.

Fugate arrived home at some point and remained in the house with Starkweather. A message was hung on the door that read: “Stay a way. Everybody is sick with the flu.” Fugate’s grandmother became suspicious and threatened to call police. Starkweather and Fugate fled.

The couple drove 15 miles away from their hometown of Lincoln, Nebraska to a town called Bennett. Starkweather went there to see a family friend, 70-year-old August Meyer. Starkweather shot and killed Meyer, then beat the old man’s dog to death. That same night, two teenagers, 17-year-old Robert Jensen and 16-year-old Carol King, crossed paths with the couple. The teens offered Starkweather and Fugate a ride. King was raped and both her and her boyfriend were shot to death and left in a storm cellar. Enraged with jealousy, Fugate reportedly mutilated King’s genitalia. Starkweather confessed to killing Jensen but said Fugate killed King.

The couple took Jensen’s car and headed to an upscale area of Lincoln, Nebraska, where they invaded the home of C. Lauer and Clara Ward. Clara Ward and the couple’s maid, Lillian Fencl were stabbed to death. C. Lauer was shot to death when he arrived home. Starkweather and Fugate stole the Wards’ 1956 black Packard, along with some valuables from their home.

After killing the Wards and their maid, an extensive search for the killers began. Police were on the lookout for a black Packard so Starkweather was eager to get rid of the car.

Starkweather came upon Merle Collison pulled over on the highway and fast asleep in his Buick outside Douglas, Wyoming. Starkweather woke Collison up by tapping on the window, then fired a warning shot through one of the windows and ordered Collison to get out of the car. Collison didn’t get out so Starkweather shot him to death.

At this point, Joe Sprinkle saw the cars pulled over and stopped to offer help.

Starkweather was only tried for the murder of Robert Jensen. He was sentenced to die by electrocution, a sentence that was carried out at the Nebraska State Penitentiary in Lincoln on June 25, 1959.

Fugate was sentenced to life in prison on November 21, 1958. She would only serve 17 ½ years and was paroled in 1976.

Fugate was described as a “model prisoner.” After her release, she lived in Lansing, Michigan, where she worked as a janitorial assistant and medical technician. She is now retired. Fugate got married in 2007 to Fredrick Clair, who worked as a machinist and for the National Weather Service as a weather observer. The couple lived in Stryker, Ohio but eventually moved back to Michigan. On August 5, 2013, Fugate and her husband were involved in a car accident. Her husband didn’t survive. Fugate also had a series of strokes in her late 60’s, according to her stepson.

Sources:

Wikipedia

The Killing Spree that Transfixed a Nation: Charles Starkweather and Caril Fugate, 1958″ by Lesley Wischmann, Wyohistory.org, a project of the Wyoming State Historical Society

7

Jayne Mansfield + The Pink Palace 

Jayne Mansfield was a big star from the 50’s that loved to be in the spotlight, she understood publicity and was a sweet celebrity that treated the public with kindness more than anyone else! Everything in her was attractive - her body, her face, her style, her personality, and of course… her house!  In November 1957, Jayne purchased a 40-room Mediterranean style mansion at 10100 Sunset Boulevard in Holmby Hills, Los Angeles. The home contained 7 bedrooms and 8 bathrooms along with a dining room, bar, library, and wine cellar. The estate also included a 3 bedroom staff suite and separate guest home. Jayne had the house painted pink, with cupids surrounded by pink fluorescent lights, pink furs in the bathrooms, a pink heart-shaped bathtub, and a fountain spurting pink champagne, and then dubbed it the “Pink Palace”. Her husband, Mickey Hargitay, a plumber and carpenter before getting into bodybuilding, built a pink heart-shaped swimming pool - The finishing touch at the bottom of the pool read “I love you Jaynie” in gold leaf mosaic. Jayne decorated the Pink Palace by writing to over 1,500 furniture and building suppliers and asking for free samples. She told the donors that they could then brag that their goods were in her extravagant mansion. The pitch worked - Jayne received over $150,000 ($1,259,538 in 2015 dollars) in free merchandise! In 1960, LIFE magazine photographed the mansion and published pictures of the rooms - Jayne was very cooperative with the press and let them to enjoy some drinks at her Pink Palace’s bar to take some pictures of her

3

Laika 

(Russian: Лайка; c. 1954 – November 3, 1957) was a Soviet space dog who became one of the first animals in space, and the first animal to orbit the Earth. Laika, a stray dog from the streets of Moscow, was selected to be the occupant of the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 that was launched into outer space on November 3, 1957. Little was known about the impact of spaceflight on living creatures at the time of Laika’s mission, and the technology to de-orbit had not yet been developed, and therefore Laika’s survival was not expected. Some scientists believed humans would be unable to survive the launch or the conditions of outer space, so engineers viewed flights by animals as a necessary precursor to human missions. The experiment aimed to prove that a living passenger could survive being launched into orbit and endure micro-gravity, paving the way for human spaceflight and providing scientists with some of the first data on how living organisms react to spaceflight environments.

Laika died within hours from overheating, possibly caused by a failure of the central R-7 sustainer to separate from the payload. The true cause and time of her death were not made public until 2002; instead, it was widely reported that she died when her oxygen ran out on day six or, as the Soviet government initially claimed, she was euthanised prior to oxygen depletion. On April 11, 2008, Russian officials unveiled a monument to Laika. A small monument in her honour was built near the military research facility in Moscow that prepared Laika’s flight to space. It features a dog standing on top of a rocket. She also appears on the Monument to the Conquerors of Space in Moscow. Read More

flickr

Natasha Gelman by doblecachanilla

<br /><i>Via Flickr:</i>
<br />Portrait of Natasha Zahólkowa Gelman by Diego Rivera, 1943

DIEGO RIVERA – December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957.

Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, known as Diego Rivera was a prominent Mexican painter. His large frescoes helped establish the Mexican mural movement in Mexican art.

Crimes

On November 16, 1957, Plainfield hardware store owner Bernice Worden disappeared. When Worden’s son told investigators that Gein had been in the store the evening before her disappearance, saying he would return the next morning for a gallon of anti-freeze, the police began to suspect Gein. A sales slip for a gallon of anti-freeze was the last receipt written by Worden on the morning she disappeared.Upon searching Gein’s property, investigators discovered Worden’s decapitated body in a shed, hung upside down by ropes at her wrists, with a crossbar at her ankles. The torso was “dressed out like a deer”. She had been shot with a .22-caliber rifle, and the mutilations were made after her death.

Searching the house, authorities found:

  • Whole human bones and fragments
  • Wastebasket made of human skin
  • Human skin covering several chair seats
  • Skulls on his bedposts
  • Female skulls, some with the tops sawn off
  • Bowls made from human skulls
  • A corset made from a female torso skinned from shoulders to waist
  • Leggings made from human leg skin
  • Masks made from the skin from female heads
  • Mary Hogan’s face mask in a paper bag
  • Mary Hogan’s skull in a box
  • Bernice Worden’s entire head in a burlap sack
  • Bernice Worden’s heart “in a plastic bag in front of Gein’s potbellied stove”
  • Nine vulvae in a shoe box
  • A young girl’s dress and “the vulvas of two females judged to have been about fifteen years old”
  • A belt made from female human nipples
  • Four noses
  • A pair of lips on a window shade drawstring
  • A lampshade made from the skin of a human face
  • Fingernails from female fingers