november 1957

10

Jayne Mansfield’s Pink Palace

In November 1957, shortly before her marriage to Mickey Hargitay, Mansfield bought a 40-room Mediterranean-style mansion formerly owned by Rudy Vallée at 10100 Sunset Boulevard in Holmby Hills, Los Angeles Much of the investment to buy the house came from the $81,340 ($685,318 in 2016 dollars) she inherited from her maternal grandfather Elmer Palmer. Mansfield had the house painted pink, with cupids surrounded by pink fluorescent lights, pink furs in the bathrooms, a pink heart-shaped bathtub, and a fountain spurting pink champagne, and then dubbed it the “Pink Palace”. Hargitay, a plumber and carpenter before getting into bodybuilding, built a pink heart-shaped swimming pool. Mansfield decorated the Pink Palace by writing to furniture and building suppliers requesting free samples. She received over $150,000 ($1,263,803 in 2016 dollars) in free merchandise, paying only $76,000 ($640,327 in 2016 dollars) for the mansion itself. It was still a large sum, when the average cost of a house at the time was under $7,500 ($63,190 in 2016 dollars). The Pink Palace was sold and its subsequent owners have included Ringo Starr, Cass Elliot and Engelbert Humperdinck. In 2002, Humperdinck sold it to developers, and the house was demolished in November of that year. (x)

6

All 9 soviet space dogs, top to bottom:

Laika - Sputnik 2, November 3 1957: First living being to reach space, DIED IN ORBIT.

Belka and Strelka -  Sputnik 5, August 19 1960: First living beings to reach space and return ALIVE.

Pchyolka and Mushka - Sputnik 6, December 1 1960: Reached orbit, DIED ON REENTRY after a malfunction activated the capsule’s self-destruct system.

Chernushka - Sputnik 9, 9 March 1961: First dog to return alive without a fellow companion.

Zvyozdochka - Sputnik 10, 25 March 1961: Last dog to go into orbit before the first human, Yuri Gagarin, did, she was also named by him.

Veterok and Ugolyok - Cosmos 110, 22 February 1966: Lasting 22 days in orbit, it became the longest space flight by dogs, they were also the last soviet space dogs.

4

“The more I looked at people, the more I hated them.”

In 1956, 18-year-old Charles Startkweather was introduced to 13-year-old Caril Ann Fugate - a meeting that would later prove to be deadly. The two hit it off immediately and grew closer to one another. Woking for minimum wage, Starkweather developed a nihilistic view of life - he believed his current situation was set it stone and he would never amount to anything.

Starkweather’s first murder took place on 30 November, 1957, when he became enraged that service station worker, Robert Colvert, refused to sell him a teddy bear for Caril on credit. He left the store angry and returned multiple times to buy other small objects. The final time, he brought a shotgun and forced Colvert to give him $100 before forcing him into his car where he then drove to a remote area and shot him. He went home and told Caril that he had robbed him but professed that somebody else had killed him - Caril later claimed she didn’t believe this.

On 21 January, 1958, Starkweather went to Caril’s home. She wasn’t home but her mother and stepfather, Velda and Marion Bartlett, were home. They told him to leave and Starkweather responded by shooting them dead with a shotgun. He then turned his attention to their 2-year-old daughter, Betty Jean, and strangled and stabbed her to death. Starkweather remained in the house until Caril arrived home and then the two of them dragged the bodies to behind the house. Caril’s grandmother began to worry when she could not reach them and she called the police who made their way to the family home - by the time they arrived, the murderous duo had driven to Bennet, Nebraska, where they shot and killed a family friend, 70-year-old August Meyer and his dog. The couple then fled the crime scene, knowing police were on their trail, but as they were fleeing, their car became stuck in mud and they abandoned the car and set out walking. In a case of being in the wrong place at the wrong time and being generous enough to help strangers, teenagers Robert Jensen and Carol King stopped to pick them up and give them a ride. Starkweather requested them to drive them to an abandoned storm shelter nearby where he the shot Jensen in the back of the head and raped King before shooting her dead. Seemingly jealous by Starkweather raping her, Caril then mutilated King’s genitalia.

The couple then fled in their car and broke into the home of Lauer Ward and his wife, Clara, before stabbing the couple and their dog and stealing their car. The bodies were quickly discovered and the police were hot on their trail - due to this, they ditched the car and found Merle Collison asleep in his car. They shot and killed him before stealing his car. Starkweather stalled the car after stealing it and a passer by noticed this and stopped to help him. Starkweather threatened the helpful man but luckily a police officer was nearby and recognised the couple. Caril ran over to the officer shouting “It’s Starkweather! He’s going to kill me” - seemingly am attempt to procure her “innocence.”

After being apprehended, the couple tried to blame one another for the murders - Caril claimed she was an innocent hostage. Caril was sentenced to life imprisonment but was released after serving just 17 years while Starkweather was executed in the electric chair in 1959.

November 22, 1957

In a controversial vote, Yankee outfielder Mickey Mantle edges out Red Sox superstar Ted Williams to win the American League MVP. In spite of Williams leading the league with a .388 average and 38 home runs, as well as a stunning .731 slugging average, two Chicago writers still list him in the ninth and tenth places on their ballots.
3

Laika 

(Russian: Лайка; c. 1954 – November 3, 1957) was a Soviet space dog who became one of the first animals in space, and the first animal to orbit the Earth. Laika, a stray dog from the streets of Moscow, was selected to be the occupant of the Soviet spacecraft Sputnik 2 that was launched into outer space on November 3, 1957. Little was known about the impact of spaceflight on living creatures at the time of Laika’s mission, and the technology to de-orbit had not yet been developed, and therefore Laika’s survival was not expected. Some scientists believed humans would be unable to survive the launch or the conditions of outer space, so engineers viewed flights by animals as a necessary precursor to human missions. The experiment aimed to prove that a living passenger could survive being launched into orbit and endure micro-gravity, paving the way for human spaceflight and providing scientists with some of the first data on how living organisms react to spaceflight environments.

Laika died within hours from overheating, possibly caused by a failure of the central R-7 sustainer to separate from the payload. The true cause and time of her death were not made public until 2002; instead, it was widely reported that she died when her oxygen ran out on day six or, as the Soviet government initially claimed, she was euthanised prior to oxygen depletion. On April 11, 2008, Russian officials unveiled a monument to Laika. A small monument in her honour was built near the military research facility in Moscow that prepared Laika’s flight to space. It features a dog standing on top of a rocket. She also appears on the Monument to the Conquerors of Space in Moscow. Read More

7

Jayne Mansfield + The Pink Palace 

Jayne Mansfield was a big star from the 50’s that loved to be in the spotlight, she understood publicity and was a sweet celebrity that treated the public with kindness more than anyone else! Everything in her was attractive - her body, her face, her style, her personality, and of course… her house!  In November 1957, Jayne purchased a 40-room Mediterranean style mansion at 10100 Sunset Boulevard in Holmby Hills, Los Angeles. The home contained 7 bedrooms and 8 bathrooms along with a dining room, bar, library, and wine cellar. The estate also included a 3 bedroom staff suite and separate guest home. Jayne had the house painted pink, with cupids surrounded by pink fluorescent lights, pink furs in the bathrooms, a pink heart-shaped bathtub, and a fountain spurting pink champagne, and then dubbed it the “Pink Palace”. Her husband, Mickey Hargitay, a plumber and carpenter before getting into bodybuilding, built a pink heart-shaped swimming pool - The finishing touch at the bottom of the pool read “I love you Jaynie” in gold leaf mosaic. Jayne decorated the Pink Palace by writing to over 1,500 furniture and building suppliers and asking for free samples. She told the donors that they could then brag that their goods were in her extravagant mansion. The pitch worked - Jayne received over $150,000 ($1,259,538 in 2015 dollars) in free merchandise! In 1960, LIFE magazine photographed the mansion and published pictures of the rooms - Jayne was very cooperative with the press and let them to enjoy some drinks at her Pink Palace’s bar to take some pictures of her

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  • Ofra Haza (Hebrew: עפרה חזה; November 19, 1957 – February 23, 2000) was an Israeli singer, born to a Yemenite Jewish family in Tel Aviv, Israel. Inspired by the love of her Yemenite and Hebrew culture and heritage, her music quickly spread to a wider Middle Eastern audience, somehow bridging the divide between Israel and Arab countries.
  • “Im Nin'Alu” is a hebrew poem by the 17th century’s Yemenite Rabbi Shalom Shabazi, which has later been put to music and was sung by Ofra Haza in 1984. In 1988, a remix of this song became an international hit for Ofra, topping the charts in various countries including the UK, Germany and the US.
4

Camelot Kids: Caroline Kennedy 

Caroline Bouvier Kennedy was born on November 28, 1957 to John Fitzgerald Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. Caroline had two younger brothers, John Jr. (born 1960) and Patrick, who died shortly after his birth in August 1963. When Caroline was three, her father was elected president and her family moved into the White House. At the White House, Caroline’s mother organized a kindergarten for her to attend with a few other kids. Also while at the White House, Caroline received a pony named Macaroni, among many other gifts. Caroline was five years old when her father was assassinated in Dallas and turned six just a few days after his funeral. Since the premature death of her father, Caroline has championed his ideals and beliefs, and she is currently serving as the first female U.S. ambassador to Japan.