not braille

Blind Soldier76
  • Reinhardt forgets that Jack is blind, and is like “Hi Jack, could you read this for me?” and Jack takes it and stares at it for like a good minute and then is like “You know this would be an excellent read if I wasn’t blind”
  • Hana’s like “Hey Jack could you drive us to town real quick” and hes like “Hm no I can only drive you off a road and probably to your certain death I can’t see.”
  • Gabriel is self conscious about how he looks under the mask, and Jack just stares at him and is like “Gabe, to me you’re literally just a blur, but I can tell you - you’re the most beautiful blur in this entire room.”
  • Gabriel up late after shopping trips as he types out braille labels for everything so Jack knows what’s what.

January 6th 1852: Louis Braille dies

On this day in 1852, the French educator Louis Braille died in Paris aged 43. Braille is best known for inventing the system of reading and writing used by blind people. He was born in a small French town in January 1809 and was blinded aged three, in an accident with an awl he found in his father’s workshop. The boy lost the sight in both eyes due to the accident, but refused to give up on his education. He struggled at school, as even at the Royal Institution for Blind Youth in Paris - where he began attending when he was ten - the teachers just talked at the students. Braille found the school’s fourteen raised-letter books entirely inadequate and was desperate to find a better way to read. When Braille was twelve, a former soldier called Charles Barbier visited the school and demonstrated his ‘night writing’ code of raised dots and dashes for soldiers to communicate. The exceptionally gifted young Braille then modified Barbier’s system, using just six dots rather than twelve to make it quicker and easier to read. Poignantly, Braille created his own raised dot system using an awl, the same instrument that had blinded him. In 1829, when he was twenty, he published the first ever braille book. Braille continued to modify and improve the system, but unfortunately its brilliance was not recognised until after his death in 1852. It was in 1868, when the forerunners of the British Royal National Institute for the Blind took up the cause, that the system began to be taught and spread worldwide. Louis Braille’s invention is now used all around the world and has provided blind people everywhere with a tool to read books and public signs and to communicate independently.

“We do not need pity, nor do we need to be reminded we are vulnerable. We must be treated as equals – and communication is the way this can be brought about”
- Louis Braille

Braille is not a language

Braille is not a language. Braille is a system for making printed words accessible to blind people.

All braille looks the same visually. There is no bold or italic in braille, and there are no fonts or scripts.  Braille is always read left-to-right, even in languages that are printed right to left. Languages that are printed in different alphabets still look the same in Braille.

For example, even though Hebrew and English look dramatically different in print, they look the same in Braille. This can sometimes mislead sighted people into thinking that Braille is its own language, but it is not.

The only major difference between Braille and print is that Braille uses raised dots instead of visually distinct letters. (A minor difference: Braille uses a lot of contractions to make it less verbose.) 

Braille is not translation, and putting something into Braille does not change the meaning.

If an English book is brailled, it’s still in English, and it still has all of the same words. It hasn’t changed languages; it’s just been encoded in a way that makes it possible to read by feeling rather than seeing.

tl;dr Braille is not a language, and brailling books doesn’t change the meaning, Braille just makes it possible to read with your hands.

anonymous asked:

How would all the companions react to the inquisitor being blind? If romances could also be included, that would be cool too

Cassandra: She doesn’t really know how to handle it. She found out when the mages were inspecting the survivor and reported that they were totally blind. The seeker feels pity for them once she realizes they’re innocent, but the Herald just sighs and assures her that if they need help, they’ll let her know. As she gets to know them, she learns to work with them and their strengths and disability effectively. She sees them as respectable and capable. If Romanced: She was somewhat surprised when he wanted to ‘see’ her by touching her face and smiled. At one point, he asks her to read one of her stories to him. Although with a blush, she agrees, and she starts falling in love with the Inquisitor.

Blackwall: He’s seen a lot of soldiers with a lot of different disabilities, usually in the aftermath of a battle, and blindness has been one he’s seen more than once. He’s surprisingly receptive to their needs; even so, he doesn’t belittle them or think of them as incapable. He does, however, voice that he respects them, and that’s it, for the most part. If romanced: He’s worried that he’s good enough for her, even more than usually. She insists, and he gives in. When he’s revealed, it makes him glad she can’t see him in his state in prison, but he can see her face– hurt. She forgives him, of course, and he vows to never let her down again.

Iron Bull: He’s heard, and when he meets the Inquisitor, he hardly treats them any different. He observes them all the while, and figures them out, and he’s fine with that. He knows they’re capable as a leader, but if he needs to do anything differently or accommodate them at all, he will. He seems to know what they actually need help with before they ask. If romanced: The romance proceeds as normal, though sometimes his Kadan likes to just lie in bed with him, stroking and feeling the dragon tooth necklace they got for him.Bull sometimes takes their hand and kisses it while they do so.

Sera: She doesn’t really know what to make of it, and initially asks questions, some of them a bit inappropriate, though as soon as the Herald tells her, she stops that particular line of questioning. Even so, Sera readily adjusts, and shrugs it off. “You made it this far, yeah? You’ll be alright. Lemme know if you need help or somethin’ though.” If romanced: Romance proceeds largely the same. Sera will punch the lights out of anyone who gives her girlfriend shit for being blind. “Doesn’t matter that she can’t see. She still sees more than most nobs. She sees me for me.” she says proudly. 

Varric: He heard before he met them, and he acts like his normal self around them. He does tell them that if they need any help to let him know, however, and looks into getting copies of his books printed in braille. He gets it done and presents the books to them, and when he writes the next issue of Swords and Shields per the Herald’s request, he makes an extra copy in braille for them, either to their delight or chagrin.

Cole: He knows what they can and can’t do, and he always manages to pop up whenever they do need help. He never treats them much differently than the others. The Herald finds talking to him somewhat refreshing, as at least at first, the others were a bit awkward around them, but that was never the case with Cole.

Vivienne: She takes it upon herself to help the Herald pick out fashionable outfits. The Herald can’t really see the clothes proper, but they can feel textures and hear the sounds of cloth swaying, and Vivienne has them feel and hear every outfit. They grow close over her help with fashion. If anyone is ever being rude or snotty to the Herald, she shuts them down harshly. Their blindness has no impact on their ability to lead, and she will not tolerate dissent. 

Solas: He’s a bit curious, of course, but he remains respectful of the Herald. He tries a few spells to see if he can fix their vision, to no avail, and wanders the Fade for a solution. The Herald reassures him that it’s alright– what they really want is just understanding and respect, and he agrees. If romanced: He likes to take her into the Fade, and while she cannot see there, either (assuming the Herald was born blind), textures and sounds and smells and feelings can be shared, and Solas learns as much from her as she does from him. If the Herald was not born blind, she seems to enjoy memories of sight in the Fade, and he endeavors every sleeping moment to show her as much of the world as he can. His heart swells as she leans against him, and they walk through in peace.

Dorian: He had never met a blind person directly before– most in Tevinter were either slaves or destitute, save for the rare child of a magister– and he’s not quite sure what to make of them. He asks if he can ask questions, and if they say yes, he’s very curious. As he gets to know them better and befriends them, he knows that they are them, and he treats them normally. Like Varric, whenever he wants them to read something, he insists on getting them a braille copy. If romanced: Dorian’s lover likes to run his fingers over the other man’s face and figure, and smiles as he does so, registering every detail. Dorian always seems amused when he does, and smiles as his boyfriend smiles. “I knew it. I’m beautiful with or without sight.” he gushes, and the Inquisitor laughs and gently swats at him.

Josephine: Her first order of business is telling the Herald to let her know if they need anything or any accommodations. She wants to ensure they are comfortable asking for anything, but doesn’t baby them. She’s quick to assuage any ignorant nobles or visitors that the Herald is not a helpless baby bird, and that they are, in fact, worthy of the same respect anyone else should be afforded. If romanced: She likes to lay with them on the couch in the Inquisitor’s room and describe Antiva City. She spares no details, including the sounds and feelings and smells of the jewel of the city, and it makes the Herald smile. One day she’ll bring them there, and they can feel it themselves.

Leliana: She could tell quickly, and speaks with the others about it. When she actually speaks to the Herald, she’s calm and respectful as she would be with any Inquisitor. She does ask if they need anything, though, and trusts they come to her or one of the ambassadors if they do. Like Vivienne, she does not tolerate any dissent or bigotry towards the Herald in regards to their blindness.

Cullen: He’s very respectful about it. He doesn’t baby them or belittle them or say or do anything rude– he just assures them that any accommodations they need will be handled properly. He knows that they can handle themselves, and are by no means helpless, and he grows to trust them like any Inquisitor. If romanced: He’s a little glad that she can’t see his face or any dishevelment when he’s suffering from more intense lyrium withdrawal. She can tell, though, by the sound of his labored breathing and the slamming and rustling of books and papers thrown astray. If he allows it, she takes his hand and squeezes it tightly, and he knows he’ll make it through this by her side.

For people who suffer with physical disabilities, wishing to be able-bodied is often a huge desire. However, there is a rare and controversial mental disorder called Body Integrity Identity Disorder (BIID) where the sufferer strongly desires to become disabled, in one way or another. One such case involves a woman called Jewel Schuping, who claims she had a lifelong dream of becoming blind.

“When I was five my mom would find me walking around the halls with my eyes closed. I have just always felt comfortable without any real vision”. It didn’t stop there: When her mother gave her the usual warning that staring at the sun would make her go blind, Jewel said she would spend hours doing so. As a teenager, Jewel would walk around with blacked out sunglasses and a white cane in order to fully immerse herself into her bizarre fantasy. By the age of 20, she had become fluent in braille after studying it for 2 years. 

In 2006, she met with a psychologist who agreed to help her fulfil her lifelong dream. Over the course of six months, he began inserting eyedrops laced with drain-cleaner into his patients’ eyes. Eventually, her eyesight diminished to nothing, with her left eye suffering a “corneal meltdown” by collapsing on itself and having to be removed - while her right eye developed glaucoma and cataracts, and a webbing of scars.Her furious family have disowned her after she initially told them it was an accident - but she insists she has no regrets.