Bird mask of the Tsimshian people, used in initiation ceremonies. Artist unknown; 19th century. Collected in Nisga’a territory at the mouth of the Nass River, British Columbia, Canada; now in the Louvre.
Naas shagi yeil s'aaxw (Raven at the Headwaters of Nass hat) from the Tlingit people of the Pacific Northwest. Carved from maple; decorated with paint, shells, hair, and baleen. Artist unknown; ca. 1810. Now in the Seattle Art Museum. Photo credit: Joe Mabel.
“No European who has tasted savage life can afterwards bear to live in our societies. All their government is by counsel of the sages. There is no force; there are no prisons, no officers to compel obedience, or inflict punishment.” -Benjamin Franklin