The York Helmet from the 9th Century on display at the Yorkshire Museum
This type of helmet is one of the few surviving examples in Europe. It is thought to be made for a member of Eoforwic’s Anglian royal family. The mans name, Oshere, is inscribed above the intricately-cast nose guard. On the writing reads “In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Holy Spirit and God; and to all we say amen Oshere”
The helmet was found carefully buried in a wood-lined pit in Coppergate and is thought to be buried by the man himself perhaps after he retired.
Northumbrian updated Strangers at Drakeshaugh last night! And it's a great one :)
And what an update! I must admit that after waiting weeks/months for an update, i sometimes get a bit itchy having to make do with Jacqui’s limited point of view but this update is not one of those! I can’t wait for the next one!
nobility of your forbears magnified you, O Edith, And
you, a king’s bride, magnify your forbears. Much
beauty and much wisdom were yours And
also probity together with sobriety. You
teach the stars, measuring, arithmetic, the art of the lyre, The
ways of learning and grammar. An
understanding of rhetoric allowed you to pour out speeches, And
moral rectitude informs your tongue – Godfrey
of Cambrai, prior of Winchester Cathedral (1082-1107)
Edith of Wessex was born c. 1025, the eldest daughter of Godwin, Earl of Wessex, and his wife Gytha. Her family was a formidable one: Godwin was one of the most powerful men in England, while Gytha was the sister-in-law of Cnut.
She was raised at Wilton Abbey, which she later had rebuilt as a sign of gratitude. There she learned Latin,
French, Danish, and some Irish as well as grammar, rhetoric,
arithmetic, weaving, embroidery, and astronomy. There is little else we know about her early life apart from her education, but she seems to have been especially close to her brother Tostig.
Edith’s father, Godwin, had a troubled relationship with King Edward the Confessor because Edward believed that Godwin was responsible for the death of his brother. Even so, Godwin was the most powerful man in England and Edward needed his support, and so married Edith at Godwin’s behest on 23 January 1045.
The relationship does not seem to have been a particularly romantic one. They were 20 or so years apart in age and he disliked her family, but all the same she had some influence and it was said that she always advised Edward wisely, and did a lot to improve his kingly image.
In 1051, Godwin and Edward’s relationship significantly deteriorated. Rather than risk arrest, Godwin fled the country with his sons. Edith was sent to a nunnery and all her lands confiscated, perhaps because he didn’t like her, thought they had little hope of conceiving together and wished to remarry, or simply wanted to get revenge on her father. The next year Godwin returned to England and civil war looked likely, but Edward lacked support and was forced to restore Godwin’s lands to him and reinstate Edith as Queen.
Though the two were still unable to have children (probably not because Edward had taken a vow of chastity, as is often said),
Edith’s influence as Queen grew, as is shown by the increase in the amount of charters she witnessed, and she joined the circle of Edward’s most trusted advisers.
In 1055, Edith’s brother, Tostig, became Earl of Northumbria but his rule was hugely unpopular and 10 years later the local Northumbrian population rebelled, killing Tostig’s officials and outlawing him, asking instead to be ruled by a member of the leading Mercian family. There is some evidence that many of the Northumbrian people viewed Edith as complicit in Tostig’s tyranny, and indeed it’s likely that she herself had one of Tostig’s political enemies assassinated. Finally, one of Edith’s other brothers, Harold was sent to deal with the matter. He agreed to the rebels demands, depriving Tostig of his earldom, and Tostig, who fled to Flanders, never forgave Harold, nor did Edith.
On 5 January 1066, Edward the Confessor died, leaving Edith’s brother as King Harold II. The main chronicle on Edward’s reign, commissioned by Edith herself, actually attempts to discredit Harold’s claim, showing the extent of the rift between the siblings. Some historians, such as James Campbell, even believe that Edith was in personal danger from Harold, who wanted to placate the still restless Northumbrians by treating Edith harshly.
Harold successfully fought off Norwegian invaders that year at the Battle of Stamford Bridge, in which Tostig died fighting on the side of the Norwegians. Edith’s reaction is not recorded, but it is easy to imagine that she must have been heartbroken. Harold’s next major battle, the Battle of Hastings, was fought against William, Duke of Normandy. Harold and 2 of Edith’s other brothers died that day, and William was proclaimed King.
sent men to Winchester to demand tribute from Queen Edith and she
willingly complied. As a result, William allowed her to keep all her estates and income. Following this, Edith lived a comfortable life and when she died on 18 December 1075, she was recorded as the richest woman in England. She was laid to rest next to her husband in Winchester Cathedral and given a funeral befitting a queen.
As with so many women in history, Edith is often overlooked, but we have much to thank her for. Because she commissioned the Vita Edwardi Regis, she is responsible for much of the information we have on this period, and art historian Carola Hicks even suggests that she commissioned the Bayeaux Tapestry. Regardless of whether this theory is true, Edith is a person worth remembering. She was strong, determined, and loving, though some of her more corrupt actions are utterly deplorable. Nonetheless, her influence and contribution to Edward the Confessor’s reign is not one that should be forgotten.
St Cuthbert’s Day! St Cuthbert’s Society, a college of Durham University established in 1888, is named after the saint and on or around each 20 March celebrates with a magnificent feast. “Cuth’s Day”.
*Saint Cuthbert (c. 634 – 20 March 687) was a saint of the early Northumbrian church in the Celtic tradition. He was a monk, bishop and hermit, associated with the monasteries of Melrose and Lindisfarne. After his death he became one of the most important medieval saints of Northern England, with a cult centred on his tomb at Durham Cathedral. Cuthbert is regarded as the patron saint of northern England.
Chapter One Ivar Ragnarsson X Reader
Hvitserk Ragnarsson X Reader
You’re a Northumbrian girl with ancestors that were vikings. You’d learnt Norse as you learnt English, but told to keep it a secret. Your parents loved the Norse side of your family from your father and taught you the gods they believed in. You didn’t believe in the Christian God and never lost your Viking Gods. Meaning that you had to pretend to not be that religious. But being un-religious made you the weird one of your town. People would stare at you in almost disbelief. They couldn’t understand how a ‘Christian’ child could be so sacrilegious. Well, you were supposed to be a Christian child but realistically it was just so your family weren’t ridiculed.
Northumbria on the whole was boring for a woman. You hated everyone in your town and your family weren’t around either so it was so boring. At the age of seventeen you didn’t really see any opportunities for yourself and you longed to be a Viking. To be a shield maiden was your ultimate goal, but you had to escape the more conservative land of England first. You also didn’t want to go with anyone because they’d stop you from going. But your plan didn’t really get into action because the Norsemen reached you first.
They burst into the church where you were at the back, laying down on one of the benches because you didn’t care for stories from the Bible. When you heard the Norsemen speaking, it was like a calling from Odin. He was willing you to speak with them. There were old men, a few Middle Aged ones and women. Then one young man who had blue eyes.
The Ormside Bowl from Northumbria dated between 750 CE - 900 CE on display at the Yorkshire Museum
Many treasures plundered by the Vikings were kept, reused and converted. This bowl was decorated with religious scenes by monks from a Northumbrian abbey that was sacked by the Vikings. It was discovered in a Viking grave in St James Churchyard, Great Ormside in Cumbria where it had be converted into a drinking cup.
Hello! I was wondering if you could explain runestones a bit more! Or is there a good source to check them out? I've done some searching, and was also wondering if runestones were specific to the Norse or Celtic runes, or if there were other possibilities as well. I want to make my own, but have the runes be a bit more personal to me.
There are actually lots of different types of runes! Heres a list of a few you can look into, and this isn’t a complete list by any means, so keep that in mind. You can also make your own! :)
Anglo-Saxon (similar to Elder Futhark with an added 5 I think, if I remember correctly)
Northumbrian (Similar to Anglo-Saxon, plus 3 or 4)
Gothic (sorta based off Elder Futhark)
Some of the ones above are parent or child systems of each other, and then some have different “branches” off of them as well or different ways of reading them.
Theres also different scripts you could use as well, which can be used as a more “complete” alphabet in a way (I say that in quotes because the runes are complete, just write differently), replacing it with english if there is something you don’t want others reading:
There are more but my train of thought just ran off the cliff and crashed…
Anyway, as for info, you can check out this section of my blog! Has a bunch of goodies! :) Its at least a good place to start at least.
Again, this isn’t a complete list by any means, but it may get you started a bit. Have fun!
Hey! I haven't read a lot of Hinny fics. Are there any must-reads?
Of course it’s all very subjective
My favorite canon writer is Northumbrian. I would start with Grave days and Aurors and Schoolgirls and then just follow Harry and Ginny through the years. He’s created an amazing world. Special mention to Strangers at Drakeshaugh (Though read this last, as it’s much later in their lives)