northern brazil

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Giant otter feasting, Brazil

Giant otters are a great indicator species- one that shows the health of the ecosystem. Why? Because each adult otter needs to eat about 4kg/8lbs of fish every day. These otters live in family groups of up to 20 individuals so collectively require a huge amount of fish to support them. As a result, the presence of giant otters on a lake or river indicates a very productive area. I filmed this family fishing in the Northern Pantanal, Brazil, on assignment for @stevewinterphoto, @natgeo and @natgeowild

Parrot of the Week #2

(Sorry that this was so late! This week has been tough)

If you want to be tagged in future updates send me an ask!

Green Cheek Conure

Scientific Name: Pyrrhura molinae

Classification: Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Psittaciformes > Superfamily> Psittacoidea > Family: Psittacidae > Subfamily: Arinae > Tribe: Arini > Genus: Pyrrhura > Species: molinae

Conservation Status: Least Concern; Declining in East Bolivia due to forest loss

Other Common Names: Green Cheeked Parakeet

Average Length: 26 cm or 10 in

Average Weight: 60 to 80 g

Average Lifespan in Captivity: 15 to 20 years, can reach 30

Native Range: West-central and southern Mato Grosso, Brazil, northern and eastern Bolivia, northwestern Argentina, and western Paraguay.

Natural Habitat: Dense low forests and woodlands with glades or marshy wetlands. The cloud forests of the eastern Andes up to 2512 ft. The fringes of chaco, savanna, deciduous and gallery woodland in pantanal.

Flock Size: 10 to 20, flocks can be larger where there is more food.

Call: Rapid and repeated notes and sharp or melodious sounds.

Breeding: February

Nesting: 4 – 6 eggs, average incubation of 25 days. They nest in hollow trees.

Wild Diet: Dry seeds, flowers, fruits, berries, and nuts

Sexually Dimorphic: No

Description: Mainly green, with a brown, black, or grey crown. They have white rings around the eyes, green cheeks, blue primary wing feathers, a grey beak, and a long-pointed tail that is mostly maroon. Their abdomen is red.

Color Mutations: Cinnamon, yellow-sided, pineapple, turquoise, green/red/blue apple (very rare), I also found a new mutation called the “Suncheek”

Noise Level: Relatively low compared to their larger relatives

Talking Ability: Limited vocabulary, they have a low gravelly voice

Personality: Playful, affectionate, and intelligent. They like to be held, and can be taught tricks. They love fruits and seeds. They often hang upside down and hang on the side of their cages waiting for someone to let them out and play with them. They love toys that they can destroy and shred.

Behavioral Concerns: Prone to biting, especially when adolescents; need a large amount of time out of their cages due to how affectionate and social they are, not having enough time with their people can lead to feather picking.

Health Concerns: If wings are clipped, or they spend a lot of time in their cages they are especially prone to obesity. Their lifespans with high fat diets are often cut short.

Aviculture: Commonly available as pets and popular as companion parrots

History in Captivity: Unknown until the 1970s

Fun Fact: There are six subspecies: P. m. australis, P. m. flavoptera, P. m. hypoxantha, P. m. molinae, P. m. phoenicura, P. m. restricta

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Carimbó - Patrimônio Cultural Brasileiro.mp4 (por Mendes da Silva)

September 22, 2016 - Blue-crowned Parakeet, Blue-crowned Conure, or Sharp-tailed Conure (Psittacara acuticaudatus, Thectocercus acuticaudatus, or Aratinga acuticaudata)

Requested by: @flockdynamics

These parrots are found in three distinct regions in northern South America, Eastern Brazil, and Central South America from southern Brazil through Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentina. They feed on berries, seeds, nuts, cactus fruit, and crops such as mangoes, corn, and sorghum. Social birds, they travel in groups of up to 100 individuals and will join mixed-species flocks along with Mitred Conures. Five subspecies are spread across their ranges and are differentiated by slight color variations, mainly the amount of blue on their crown. Like most parrots, they nest in tree hollows. Females are thought to do most of the incubation, based on observations of captive behavior.

The blue poison dart frog or blue poison arrow frog or known by its native name, okopipi, (Dendrobates tinctorius “azureus”) is a poison dart frog found in the forests surrounded by the Sipaliwini savanna, which is located in southern Suriname and adjacent far northern Brazil.

Its bright blue skin, usually darker around its limbs and stomach, serves as a warning to predators. The glands of poisonous alkaloids located in the skin serve as a defense mechanism to potential predators. These poisons paralyze and sometimes kill the predator. The black spots are unique to each frog, enabling individuals to be identified.

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Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea)

…a small species of true finch (Fringillidae) which is a resident breeder from Trinidad, Tobago and eastern Venezuela south to Paraguay and northeastern Argentina, and northern Brazil. Violaceous euphonia are known to occur in forests, cocoa/citrus plantation and second growth forests. Like other members of the genus Euphonia, Violaceous euphonia are social birds which feed mainly on small fruit and insects. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Fringillidae-Euphonia-E. violacea

Image(s): Dario Sanches

Hello guys. So, as many of you know, I’m on an exchange year in the United States. I was born in southern Brazil. However, last year, my tumblr friend from northern Brazil suggested me a scholarship contest, so I decided to try and it happened that I got it. This is my fourth month in here. My english is not perfect yet, but I can write things down. I’m having a blast here. Anyway, my question is: do you guys want to read my experiences once a week? Tumblr has changed my life. If you’re interested, like this post. If I get around 1,000 likes I’ll do it!

I can even do a youtube vlog!

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Ruby-topaz hummingbird (Chrysolampis mosquitus)

The ruby-topaz hummingbird s a small bird that breeds in the Lesser Antilles and tropical northern South America from Colombia, Venezuela and the Guyanas, south to central Brazil and northern Bolivia; also from Colombia into southern Panama. This hummingbird inhabits open country, gardens and cultivation. The crown and nape of the male birds are glossy red, and the throat and breast are brilliant golden-orange. The female ruby-topaz hummingbird has bronze-green upperparts and pale grey underparts. The food of this species is nectar, taken from a wide variety of flowers, and some small insects.

photo credits: wiki, wiki, pinterest

Green Sea Urchin (Lytechinus variegatus)

Also known as the variegated sea urchin, the green sea urchin is a species of Toxopneustid sea urchin which occurs in the tropical waters of the western Atlantic and Caribbean, ranging from North Carolina to northern Brazil. L. variegatus typically inhabit rocky reefs, seagrass meadow, and areas with sandy or muddy substrates, where they will graze in groups on a variety of plant matter. Green sea urchins are also known to “decorate” themselves with pieces of algae, seagrass, and shells to camouflage themselves, provide protection from UV light, and to anchor themselves in strong currents.

Classification

Animalia-Echinodermata-Echinoidea-Temnopleuroida-Toxopneustidae-Lytechinus-L. variegatus

Image: Hans Hillewaert

September 7, 2015 - Red-crested Cardinal (Paroaria coronata)

Found in dry shrubland and degraded former forests of northern Argentina, Bolivia, southern Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, these tanagers have also been introduced to Hawaii and Puerto Rico. They eat seeds, fruits, shoots, and small invertebrates, foraging in small groups or pairs on the ground, or in low bushes and trees. Pairs are monogamous through the breeding season. Males build the nests in tree forks from small branches, grass stems, rootlets, plant fibers, and cow hair. Females incubate the eggs and both parents feed the chicks until they fledge. Males continue to feed and guard the fledged chicks until they get their red adult plumage.