northeastern brazil

S is for Spix’s Macaw 🐦

The movie Rio was inspired by the Spix’s macaw’s story! These macaws are one of the rarest birds in the world — the last official sighting was in 2000. Native to northeastern Brazil, these parrots are believed to be extinct in the wild, mainly due to deforestation. There are 90 of them surviving in captivity worldwide. Conservation efforts are focused on reintroduction to the wild. 

May 7, 2017 - Hooded Visorbearer (Augastes lumachella)

These hummingbirds are found only in a small part of northeastern Brazil. Their unique shrubby savanna habitat is characterized by a type of vegetation known as campos rupestres, or rock fields, and is home to many endemic species of plants and animals. Their diet includes nectar from various flowering cacti and terrestrial bromeliad species. Females build tiny cup-shaped nests and care for the chicks. They are classified as Near Threatened by the IUCN because of habitat loss in their small range, due to mining in the 19th century and cattle ranching today.

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Quilombos of Brazil, Tyrone Turner

Largely conducted out of sight of Europeans, the complex interplay between black and red is a hidden drama that historians and archaeologists have only recently begun to unravel. Nowhere is the presence of this lost chapter more in evidence than in Brazil, where thousands of maroon communities are emerging from the shadows, reaffirming their mixed culture and pressing for legal title to the land they have occupied since the era of slavery. The stakes are high: New laws are giving Brazil’s maroon communities, called quilombos (the word for “settlement” in the Angolan language of Kimbundu), a key role in determining the future of the great Amazon forest.

1 - Terecô priest Pedro de Souza is “channeling” a menacing female spirit: A client has hired him to cast spells on her unfaithful husband. Terecô is one of the quilombos’ many hybrid religions, interweaving African and Christian beliefs with native practices.

2 - Jacey Mendes of Santiago “kills the hunger” with a shot of cachaça, or sugarcane rum. She’s helping clear land to grow cassava root using a slash-and-burn method that some sharecroppers have come to rely on.

3 - A villager dressed as a bull parades through northeastern Brazil during the festival of Bumba-Meu-Boi, when virtually every quilombo, and every village and town, celebrates the hero of a Brazilian folktale. In the story a bull is killed by a slave eager to appease his pregnant wife’s craving for bull tongue, and then is magically restored to life.

4 - A lone chimney is all that remains of a sugar plantation in Frechal, which was partially deeded to former slaves in 1925. The quilombo applied for, and received, protected status in 1992.

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Carnauba • Wooden hair stick • Wood hair pin • Pagan hair fork • Primitive hair • Tribal hairstyle • Witchy hair jewelry

Hand-carved and inscribed wooden hair stick, inspired by the Atlantic woods of Northeastern Brazil. The stick is made of a 17.5 cm (6.88 inches) long salvaged rowan twig, which has been hand carved and sanded until a smooth state. It features 100% cruelty-free feather and dried juniper berries. The piece is also sealed with home-made spruce resin for water resistance and for a magical scent of the Finnish woods.

Does it call to you? Take a look in my shop!

Got tagged by the amazing @salteverywhere, because he knows I love talking about myself.

Rules: Answer 20 questions and tag a bunch of followers you would like to get to know better.

Name: ingrid
Nickname: dee
Zodiac sign: leo
Height: 1.67m
Ethnicity: white brazilian
Orientation: asexual
Favorite fruit(s): pineapple, mango and banana
Favorite season: there are no such things as seasons in northeastern brazil
Favorite book(s): the percy jackson and raven cycle series
Favorite flower(s): amaryllis
Favorite animal(s): cats and whales
Favorite beverage: juice (especially passion fruit, pineapple, mango and lemonade) and soft drinks
Average hours of sleep: now that i’m unemployed, 8-10 hours
Favorite fictional characters: i would die for bucky barnes and kevin day
Number of blankets you sleep with: one. one is enough. you animals
Dream trip: two weeks in hong kong would be fantastic
Blog created: somewhere between the releases of the first and second captain america films
Number of followers: 828

i tag @parkaklimer, @paassionpit, @lostmybread, @yodalicious, @dustdevil and @flamingcrap

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Four-legged fossil snake is a world first

By Anastasia Christakou

The first four-legged fossil snake ever found is forcing scientists to rethink how snakes evolved from lizards.

Although it has four legs, Tetrapodophis amplectus has other features that clearly mark it as a snake, says Nick Longrich, a palaeontologist at the University of Bath, UK, and one of the authors of a paper describing the animal in Science1.

The creature’s limbs were probably not used for locomotion, the researchers say, but rather for grasping prey, or perhaps for holding on to mating partners. Such speculation inspired the snake’s name, which loosely translates as ‘four-legged hugging snake’.

Tetrapodophis was originally found in the fossil-rich Crato Formation in northeastern Brazil several decades ago. But its legs can be difficult to see at first glance, and it languished in a private collection after its discovery, assumed to be unremarkable.

“I was confident it might be a snake,” says David Martill, a palaeobiologist at the University of Portsmouth, UK, who came across the find in 2012. “It was only after getting the specimen under the microscope and looking at it in detail that my confidence grew. We had gone to see Archaeopteryx, the missing link between birds and dinosaurs, and discovered Tetrapodophis, the missing link between snakes and lizards.”

Continue Reading.

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Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea)

…a small species of true finch (Fringillidae) which is a resident breeder from Trinidad, Tobago and eastern Venezuela south to Paraguay and northeastern Argentina, and northern Brazil. Violaceous euphonia are known to occur in forests, cocoa/citrus plantation and second growth forests. Like other members of the genus Euphonia, Violaceous euphonia are social birds which feed mainly on small fruit and insects. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Fringillidae-Euphonia-E. violacea

Image(s): Dario Sanches

virtuteetarmis  asked:

hello, can you tell me the difference between the dialects divided into the northern and southern groups?

Portuguese is a very rich language in terms of dialects, each with its particularity. Brazilian dialects are divided into a northern and southern groups, where the northern dialects tend to slightly more open pre-stressed vowels. In the dialect of the North, one can also distinguish two varieties: the Amazonan and the Northeastern.

Due to the economic and cultural dominance of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro in Brazil, their dialects end up having some influence on the rest of the country. However, thanks to the migration from the Northern states to the Southern states, this influence can be seen as a two-way phenomenon. People of inner cities of Santa Catarina state and Paraná state usually spell with a very notable German, Italian or Polish accent.

Brazilian dialects:

  • Caipira - Countryside of São Paulo (caipira from Vale do Paraíba - São Paulo (state) / Minas Gerais);
  • Carioca - Rio de Janeiro (city);
  • Cearense - Ceará;
  • Baiano - Region of Bahia;
  • Fluminense - State of Rio de Janeiro (the city of Rio de Janeiro has a particular way of speaking);
  • Capixaba - Espírito Santo;
  • Gaúcho - Rio Grande do Sul;
  • Mineiro - Minas Gerais;
  • Candango/Brasiliense - Brasilia have a different dialect which is a mix of all dialects;
  • Nordestino - northeastern states of Brazil (the countryside and Recife have particular ways of speaking);
  • Nortista - Amazon Basin states;
  • Paulistano - city of São Paulo;
  • Sertanejo - States of Goiás and Mato Grosso;
  • Sulista - south of Brazil;
  • Florianopolitano - It is spoken by inhabitants of Florianópolis (the capital of Santa Catarina state) of full or predominant Azorean descent.
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Four-legged fossil snake is a world first

The first four-legged fossil snake ever found is forcing scientists to rethink how snakes evolved from lizards.

Although it has four legs, Tetrapodophis amplectus has other features that clearly mark it as a snake, says Nick Longrich, a palaeontologist at the University of Bath, UK, and one of the authors of a paper describing the animal in Science.

Tetrapodophis was originally found in the fossil-rich Crato Formation in northeastern Brazil several decades ago. But its legs can be difficult to see at first glance, and it languished in a private collection after its discovery, assumed to be unremarkable.  Read more

For more fossil news, photos and links be sure to follow the Fossil Porn Tumblr Blog.

Meet Tupuxuara leonardii, a pterosaur which lived about 110 million years ago, in what is now northeastern Brazil.

The most dramatic feature of many pterosaur species was an eye-catching crest—and Tupuxuara (too-pu-SHWA-ra) had one of the most spectacular crests ever found.

Why did crests evolve? Possible functions include recognizing one’s own species, cooling, and steering. Another theory is that crests attracted mates.

Learn more about this pterosaur.

“Hebrew Volute” (Voluta ebraea)

…a species of volute (Volutidae) which is endemic to north and northeastern Brazil (I have no idea why its called Hebrew) where it occupy the littoral zone, generally in areas with coral and rocks. Like other volutids Hebrew volutes are carnivorous/predatory and will feed on other gastropods and bivalves (notably Trachycardium muricatum and Stramontia haemastoma)

Classification

Animalia-Mollusca-Gastropoda-Caenogastropoda-Hypsogastropoda-Neogastropoda-Muricoidea-Volutidae-Voluta-V. ebraea

Image: Thelma Lúcia Pereira Dias

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Long stretches of the unfinished TransNordestina railway in northeastern Brazil, begun in 2006, lie deserted. The project has dislocated villagers, who have not been paid for their destroyed land. 

Daniel Berehulak

The New York Times

White-throated Spadebill (Platyrinchus mystaceus)

…a small species of tyrant flycatcher (Tyrannidae) which breeds from Costa Rica through South America to western Ecuador, Brazil, and northeastern Argentina. It also known to occur in Trinidad and Tobago as well. White-throated spadebills typically inhabit secondary forests with thick tangled undergrowth and medium-sized trees. To feed they move rapidly through the undergrowth, feeding on a range of small arthropods. 

Classification

Animalia-Chordata-Aves-Passeriformes-Tyrannidae-Platyrinchus-P. mystaceus

Image: Dario Sanches

March 22, 2014 - Spix’s Macaw or Little Blue Macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii)

These parrots were native to the Caatinga forest area of northeastern Brazil. They are Critically Endangered and most likely extinct in the wild. Extensive habitat destruction, introduced predators, and later hunting and trapping of the birds caused their decline. There are fewer than 100 captive birds, descended from only 7 wild macaws.

July 6, 2015 - Sun Conure or Sun Parakeet (Aratinga solstitialis)

Requested by: emilythebird

These parrots are found in a small area around northeastern Brazil and southern Guyana. They feed on grains, fruits, berries, seeds, nuts, and sometimes insects. In the wild, they often congregate in large groups of up to 30 birds. They are quite loud for a bird their size and can be heard calling at high volume in the mornings and evenings. Some of their wild breeding habits are unknown, but they probably nest in palm cavities. The female incubates the eggs and the male is often seen sitting nearby. Although these birds are popular in captivity, capture for the pet trade has severely reduced their range and population. They are classified as Endangered by the IUCN.