Just in time for National Fishing and Boating Week, #mypubliclandsroadtrip Takes a Ride on the South Salmon River
The 425-mile Salmon River in Idaho is one of the longest free-flowing rivers in the lower 48 states. The river begins as not much more than a trickle at an elevation of about 8,000 feet in the mountains of central Idaho. It gathers force and carves the second deepest canyon in North America, which effectively splits Idaho in half. The section known as the Lower Salmon River eventually meets the Snake River and flows into the ocean.
The river and its canyon are truly remarkable in this “pool and drop” river where difficult rapids are located in the narrow canyons. The numerous unusual white sand beaches offer camping and serve as a reminder that this river is still free flowing.
While Britain was able to maintain naval superiority throughout World War I, Germany’s used of submarine warfare and commerce raiders often spread the Royal Navy thin. In addition, the blockade of the North Sea, which effectively cut off Germany from ocean commerce required a lot of ships, manpower, and resources. To better protect the Mediterranean against German and Austrian submarines the British called upon help from Japan.
Japan was one of the lesser known Allies during World War I, mostly due to the fact that it’s operations during the war were limited. When World War I broke out, Japan immediately joined the Allied Powers, using the war as an opportunity to seize German territories in China and the Pacific. The Japanese was the primary player in the Battle of Tsingtao, where the Japanese Army seized Germany’s primary stronghold in China. The Japanese also seized several German held island colonies, such as the Mariana, Caroline, and Marshal Islands. The Japanese Navy made history when it launched the first naval air attack, using seaplanes launched from a converted transport ship to attack the Austrian cruiser Kaiserin Elisabeth, thus beginning Japan’s reputation as a great naval aviation power.
On March 11th, 1917 a Japanese fleet consisting of the cruiser Akashi and eight destroyers disembarked for the Mediterranean. This force, called the 2nd Special Mediterranean Squadron was later expanded to three cruisers and twelve destroyers. Under the commander of Admiral Kozo Sato, the 2nd Special Squadron would spend most of its time hunting enemy submarines escorting Allied ships between ports in France, Italy, Malta, and Egypt. During its service, the fleet would take part in 38 combat actions against enemy submarines. In one of those actions, the Austrian submarine U-28 attacked the destroyer Sakaki resulting in the deaths of 59 Japanese sailors and officers. Another 13 would be killed in accidents and other engagements. During the war, the 2nd Special Squadron escorted 788 ships and 700,000 soldiers. In addition, the squadron was responsible for rescuing 7,000 people from damaged or sinking ships. In addition to Mediterranean convoy duties, the Japanese Navy would donate twelve destroyers to the French Navy. As a reward for their services, the Japanese Navy would receive seven German and Austrian U-Boats, which would be studied and used to found the Japanese submarine program after the war.
by @skidmoreowingsmerrill #next_top_architects How should a building meet the ground? Architects pore over the intersection of earth and construction constantly, and on this Model Monday we celebrate a seamless approach to the challenge at Al Hamra Tower in Kuwait City. Here, the 20-meter-tall lobby gives the overall impression that the building emerges, extrusion-like, from the desert. It does so by featuring columns that curve away from the tower’s north elevation to organic effect. These columns are braced by the crisscrossing arches of a lamella structure, which is visible from within Al Hamra’s barrel-vaulted lobby.