Trundholm sun chariot The Trundholm sun chariot (Danish: Solvognen), is a late Nordic Bronze Age artifact discovered in Denmark. It is a representation of the sun chariot, a bronze statue of a horse and a large bronze disk, which are placed on a device with spoked wheels.
The sculpture was discovered with no accompanying objects in 1902 in a peat bog on the Trundholm moor in West Zealand County on the northwest coast of the island of Zealand (Sjælland) in Denmark, in a region known as Odsherred (approximately 55°55′N 11°37′E). It is now in the collection of the National Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen.
Nordic Bronze Age Lures 1700-500 BC and the Kings grave
The bronze lur is made entirely of bronze. There are two forms of lurs. The latest and most developed is the “S-shaped”. This lur can be described as a thin-walled, conical tube, about 1 meter 50 cm to 2 meter 25 cm.
The other older form of lurs, less developed, was shorter, slightly bent and lacking the endplate. The “Wismar horn” from Germany - an older lur type.
The earliest references to an instrument called the lur come from Icelandic sagas, where they are described as war instruments, used to marshal troops and frighten the enemy. These lurs, several examples of which have been discovered in longboats, are straight, end-blown wooden tubes, around one meter long. They do not have finger holes, and are played much like a modern brass instrument.
The word lur is still very much alive in the Swedish language, indicating any funnel-shaped implement used for producing or receiving sound. For instance, the Swedish word for headphones is hörlurar (hearing-lurs), and a mobile telephone might be referred to as a lur in contemporary Swedish (derived from telefonlur, telephone handset). The Danish butter brand Lurpak is named after the lur, and the package design contains pictures of lurs.
The Lure from the Bronze Age are one of the oldest musical instruments in the world - that still can be played.
The King’s Grave near Kivik info:
The King’s Grave near Kivik (Kungagraven i Kivik, Kiviksgraven) in the southeastern portion of the Swedish province of Skåne is what remains of an unusually grand Nordic Bronze Age double burial 1700 -1100 BC.
The site is located about 320 metres (1,050 ft) from the shore of the eastern coast of Scania in southernmost Sweden. In spite of the facts that the site has been used as a quarry, with its stones carried off for other uses, and that it was restored carelessly once it was known to be an ancient burial, these two burials are unique.
In both construction and in size—it is a circular site measuring 75 metres (246 ft) in diameter—this tomb differs from most European burials from the Bronze Age. Most importantly, the cists are adorned with petroglyphs. The images carved into the stones depict people, animals (including birds and fish), ships, lurs being played, symbols, and a chariot drawn by two horses and having four-spoked wheels.
Music: From “Fornnordiska Klanger.” Played on instruments found in the King’s tomb at Kivik, Sweden, 1700-1100 BC!
The Bronze Age in southern Scandinavia surpasses most of bronze age europe. It is the richest period of finds, crafts, creativity and artistic expression. Only in Mycenaean Greece there is an equivalent in findings. In Scandinavia it developed over 1000 years the prime Bronze Age craftsmanship and crafts in Europe. Large quantities of buried amber treasures has been found from Bronze Age Scandinavia. Amber was also a very important commodity in countries around the mediterranean sea. Tutankhamun was buried with an amber held over his heart. Amber was seen as magical during the Bronze Age and was used for jewelry. In the richest graves of Mycenae in Greece, it has been found large collars of amber. Modern analysis shows that those amber comes from the Baltic Sea. The Nordic bronze age fits also the Greeks description of their contact with the Hyperboreans in the far north.
Amber seems ta have been the Nordic gold during the Bronze Age.