non violent resistance


January 26th 1950: Indian Constitution enacted

On this day in 1950, the Indian Constitution came into effect, thus founding the Republic of India. The struggle for independence from British colonial rule had been ongoing for many years, characterised by the non-violent resistance led by Mohandas Gandhi. In 1947, these efforts came to fruition, with the Partition of India creating the two independent nations of India and Pakistan. However, the transition to independence was not a smooth one, and religious violence was commonplace in the years after partition. In an effort to stabilise the new Indian state, the India Constituent Assembly adopted a new constitution in 1949. It was decided that the constitution would be enacted on January 26th to commemorate the 1930 Declaration of Independence on the same day, which resolved the Indian parliament to fight for self-rule. The 448-article document provided for a government based on the British parliamentary system, with elections every five years, and enshrined the principles of universal adult suffrage and equality. Unlike Britain, India was to be a republic, with a President holding a ceremonial head of state role. The new republic’s first President was Rajendra Prasad. Jawaharlal Nehru served as Indian Prime Minister until his death in 1964, having led the nation through a very turbulent time, and was succeeded by Lal Bahadur Shastri. Nehru’s daughter, the famous Indira Gandhi, went on to become a four-term Prime Minister. This day is commemorated in India every year as Republic Day.

CZECHOSLOVAKIA. Prague. August 1968. Young Czechoslovaks during the Warsaw Pact invasion following the Prague Spring.

A spirited non-violent resistance was mounted throughout the country. While the Soviet military had predicted that it would take four days to subdue the country the resistance held out for eight months, and was only circumvented by diplomatic stratagems.

Photograph: Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos

CZECHOSLOVAKIA. Prague. August 1968. Invasion by Warsaw Pact troops. Near the Radio headquarters.

The Prague Spring was a period of political liberalisation. It began on 5 January 1968, when reformist Alexander Dubček was elected First Secretary of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (KSČ), and continued until 21 August when the Soviet Union and other members of the Warsaw Pact invaded the country to halt the reforms.

The Prague Spring reforms were a strong attempt by Dubček to grant additional rights to the citizens of Czechoslovakia in an act of partial decentralisation of the economy and democratisation. The freedoms granted included a loosening of restrictions on the media, speech and travel. The reforms were not received well by the Soviets, who, after failed negotiations, sent half a million Warsaw Pact troops and tanks to occupy the country. A large wave of emigration swept the nation. A spirited non-violent resistance was mounted throughout the country, involving attempted fraternisation, painting over and turning street signs, defiance of various curfews, etc. While the Soviet military had predicted that it would take four days to subdue the country the resistance held out for eight months, and was only circumvented by diplomatic stratagems.

Czechoslovakia remained controlled until 1989, when the Velvet Revolution ended pro-Soviet rule peacefully, undoubtedly drawing upon the successes of the non-violent resistance twenty years earlier.

Photograph: Josef Koudelka/Magnum Photos


August 8th 1942: Quit India Movement founded

On this day in 1942, Mohandas Gandhi launched the ‘Quit India’ movement at the All-India Congress Committee in Bombay. The movement intended to achieve Indian independence from British colonial rule through non-violent resistance. It was triggered by the British government entering the Second World War without consulting the Indian people, and reluctance to respond adequately to Indians’ demands, especially when Indian political parties rejected the Cripps Mission’s tentative path to greater self-determination. On the day the Quit India Movement was founded, Gandhi gave his famous ‘Do or Die’ speech, eloquently arguing for peaceful decolonisation and freedom for the Indian people. The ongoing Second World War distracted from the cause for independence, with the British authorities insisting they could do nothing until the war ended, and used the war to justify suppression of dissidents. In retaliation to their actions, Gandhi and other members of the Indian Congress Party like Jawaharlal Nehru were arrested by the British government and the Congress banned, prompting mass protests. In order to suppress the movement, the authorities arrested over 100,000 people and launched a campaign of violent repression. While the movement was ultimately suppressed, and was seen by many as a failure, the ultimate goal of Indian independence was realised in August 1947. Movements such as Quit India have often been credited with politicising the Indian people and setting the foundations for Indian democracy.

“In the democracy which I have envisaged, a democracy established by non-violence, there will be equal freedom for all. Everybody will be his own master. It is to join a struggle for such democracy that I invite you today. Once you realize this you will forget the differences between the Hindus and Muslims, and think of yourselves as Indians only, engaged in the common struggle for independence”
- Gandhi’s ‘Do or Die’ speech, August 8th 1942

anonymous asked:

Haha! I will definitely bring you some winning lottery numbers next time. Thank you for such a thoughtful answer :) and the prayer for serenity is such a fantastic way to look at this situation. It doesn't matter what Paige does or doesn't do in the next couple of weeks. As long as you don't let it affect you. Harry and Louis are together. Have been for a very long time. One attention hungry girl isn't going to change that. Have a fantastic night :) and thank you, again.

No, thank you!

And yes, Harry and Louis are together, have been for a very long time, despite beards, pr stunts, and bad narratives. (In fact, all the obstacles just made their love stronger)

Paige, and all the shady shits don’t matter, as long as we don’t let them affect us.

Speaking of, this was a wonderful answer from Kat, on non violent resistance against pr shits.

So, let’s not let this affect us, and let’s be more vocal in supporting them.

༄༅། །བསྟན་པ་ཁོ་ན་ལྷར་བཅས་འགྲོ་བ་ཡི། །བདེ་ལེགས་ཀུན་གྱི་རྩ་བར་ཡིད་ཆེས་ནས།

།ལུས་སྲོག་ཡལ་བར་གྱུར་ཀྱང་མི་གཏོང་བའི། །སྙིང་སྟོབས་ཆེན་པོས་དམ་ཆོས་འཛིན་པར་ཤོག ། 

Since the Buddha-doctrine alone is the well-spring of every well-being for sentient beings, even devas, may the sublirime Dharma be upheld with great courage and not be abandoned even at the cost of our lives. 

There’s a very performative way that radicals talk about their frustrations with regular, more approved, more legal protest where they don’t just mention more violent and insurrectionary alternatives as a goal or support people who do that but try to goad each other into it and ask “why isn’t this happening??” I think it’s important to keep revolutionary goals in mind, obviously, but speaking from experience, both of my parents, who are definitely leftists and radicals but never engaged in violent resistance or came close to being part of anything that was going to seriously destabilize the state, have been credibly threatened with death. My mother when she was unionizing mob-owned workplaces in Chicago, my father when he was an active communist in Mexico. Neither time were they close to achieving major wins for the cause. And both times my parents decided to back away because it could have been their lives. Any sincere revolutionary activity is a risk, not just of repression but also of being fruitless. There are plenty of violent leftist groups that arose during the 60s and 70s whose total contribution to the struggle was pretty much nil but “inspiration” and people dead or locked up. Trust me, I am with you, I will support you if you go down that road! And I already take some risks in non-violent resistance and ofc my calculations may change when movements gain serious momentum. But in the mean time, my response to all this talk is gonna stay “All right, take the first shot!”

The Israeli government has just approved a bill allowing authorities to force feed Palestinian prisoners on hunger strike. This next part will stick in your mind for a long time: Israel routinely employs administrative detention as a tool to intimidate and weaken Palestinians. This means that people are jailed for months and sometimes even years without charge or trial. The Zionist state especially loves to detain Palestinians who are active in the non-violent resistance movement.

And now their right to hunger strike has been taken away.

“Maybe if Palestinians used non-violent means of resistance and protest, people would respect them and listen more!”

“BDS is a criminal, racist activity and those who promote it will be documented online and smeared as anti-Semites to ruin their futures. Also we’re criminalizing it. Why must Palestinians boycott the only JEWISH state??”

There’s literally no winning with Zionists/pro-Israelis, so there’s no point in ever trying to appease them.

We will fight until we win.

As much as I want to disregard this, I just want to say, regardless of whether or not what this man says happened, the cop could have handled the situation differently. Point. Blank. Period. Trespassing at a birthday party (Let’s be honest here, whoever was throwing the party obviously didn’t care who came) , as wrong as it is, DID NOT CALL FOR VERBAL AND PHYSICAL ABUSE OF NON RESISTANT, NON VIOLENT, UNARMED CHILDREN. MINORS. KIDS. But what has the media labeled them as? A MOB. For this man to say “it’s not about race”, but the boy who filmed the entire ordeal said that everyone being put on the ground were POC……he’s GOT to be incredibly naive. By the way, the boy who filmed everything was white….he said the cops weren’t even paying attention to him…..

Re-Thinking Non-Violent Resistance (PODCAST)

Michael Brown, Eric Garner, Tamir Rice, and now we add Freddie Gray to the names of unarmed black Americans who have died at the hands of police.Despite requests for peace from Freddie Gray’s family, Baltimore erupted in anger on Monday after the young man’s funeral. 

In moments of serious unrest, the reflex for politicians, media and religious leaders is to call for an end to violence. But, in the face of the systematic racism of America’s policing and prison system as well as crippling poverty that disproportionally affects the black community, how does non-violence work to actually solve the root of the problem? Or does it work at all?

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