non proliferation

For anyone keeping score at home...

Unfilled positions in the Trump administration (Total: 114):

–State Department:

  • Under Secretary for Management
  • Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs
  • Assitant Secretary for European/Eurasian Affairs
  • Under Secretary for Arms Control/International Security Affairs
  • Under Scretary for Political Affairs
  • Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy
  • Under Secretary for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights
  • Under Secretary for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment
  • Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Research
  • Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Diplomatic Security
  • Assistant Secretary for African Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for East Asian and Pacific Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Economic and Business Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Educational and Cultural Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for International Organizational Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for International Security and Non-proliferation
  • Assistant Secretary for Population, Refugees, and Mirgration
  • Assistant Secretary for Verification and Compliance
  • Assistant Secretary for Western Hemisphere Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
  • Assistant Secretary for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for South Asian Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Political-Military Affairs

–Defense:

  • Under Secretary for Intelligence
  • Under Secretary for Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics
  • Assistant Secretary for Special Ops and Low Intensity Conflict
  • Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs
  • Under Secretary for Personnel and Readiness
  • Assitant Secretary for Nuclear, Chemical, and Biological Defense
  • Under Secretary for Policy
  • Assitant Secretary for Acquisition
  • Assistant Secretary for Research and Engineering
  • Assistant Secretary for Strategy, Plans, and Capabilities
  • Assistant Secretary for Manpower and Reserve Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Health Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs

–Commerce:

  • Deputy Secretary
  • Under Secretary for Economic Affairs
  • Under Secretary for International Trade
  • Assistant Secretary for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information
  • Under Secretary for Industry and Security
  • Assistant Secretary for Export and Administration
  • Assistant Secretary for Global Markets
  • Under Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere
  • Under Secretary for Standards and Technology
  • Under Secretary for Intellectual Property
  • Assistant Secretary for Administration
  • Assistant Secretary for Export Enforcement
  • Assistant Secretary for Economic Development
  • Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance
  • Assistant Secretary for Industry and Analysis
  • Assistant Secretary for Oceans and Atmosphere
  • Assistant Secretary for Environmental Observation and Prediction

–Treasury:

  • Deputy Secretary
  • Under Secretary for International Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Financial Institutions
  • Assistant Secretary for Legislative Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis
  • Assistant Secretary for International Finance
  • Assistant Secretary for International Markets and Development
  • Assistant Secretary for Tax Policy
  • Under secretary for Domestic Finance
  • Assistant Secretary for Financial Markets
  • Assistant Secretary for Economic Policy
  • Assistant Secretary for Financial Stability

–Justice:

  • Assistant Attorney General for Legal Counsel
  • Assistant Attorney General for Legislative Affairs
  • Assistant Attorney General for General Criminal Division
  • Assistant Attorney General for Legal Policy
  • Assistant Attorney General for Antitrust
  • Assistant Attorney General for Civil Rights
  • Assistant Attorney General for Environment and Natural Resources
  • Assistant Attorney General for National Security
  • Assistant Attorney General for Civil Division
  • Assistant Attorney General for Tax Division
  • Assistant Attorney General for Justice Programs

–Agriculture:

  • Deputy Secretary
  • Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics
  • Under Secretary for Rural Development
  • Under Secretary for Marketing and Regulatory Programs
  • Under Secretary for Food Nutrition and Consumer Services
  • Under Secretary for Farm and Foreign Agricultural Services
  • Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment
  • Assistant Secretary for Administration
  • Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights
  • Assistant Secretary for Congressional Relations

–Energy:

  • Deputy Secretary
  • Under Secretary for Management and Performance
  • Under Secretary for Science
  • Under Secretary for Nuclear Security
  • Assistant Secretary for International Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Environmental Management
  • Assistant Secretary for Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability
  • Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
  • Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy
  • Assistant Secretary for Nuclear Energy

–Education:

  • Deputy Secretary
  • Assistant Secretary for Legislation and Congressional Affairs
  • Under Secretary
  • Assistant Secretary for Civil Rights
  • Assistant Secretary for Elementary and Secondary Education
  • Assistant Secretary for Post-Secondary Education
  • Assistant Secretary for Special Ed. and Rehab. Services
  • Assistant Secretary for Career, Technical, and Adult Education
  • Assistant Secretary for Planning, Evaluation, and Policy Development
  • Assistant Secretary for Communications and Outreach

–Labor:

  • Deputy Secretary
  • Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management
  • Assistant Secretary for Policy
  • Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training
  • Assistant Secretary for Employee Benefits Security
  • Assistant Secretary for Mine Safety and Health
  • Assistant Secretary for Occupational Safety and Health
  • Assistant Secretary for Veterans Employment and Training
  • Assistant Secretary for Disability Employment Policy

–EPA:

  • Deputy Administrator
  • Assistant Administrator for Enforcement and Compliance Assurance
  • Assistant Administrator for Administration and Resources Management
  • Assistant Administrator for Environment Information
  • Assistant Administrator for International Affairs
  • Assistant Administrator for Water
  • Assistant Administrator for Solid Waste and Emergency Response
  • Assistant Administrator for Air and Radiation 
  • Assistant Administrator for Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention
  • Assistant Administrator for Research and Development

–Housing and Urban Development:

  • Deputy Secretary
  • Assistant Secretary for Community Planning and Development
  • Assistant Secretary for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity
  • Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Intergovernmental Relations
  • Assistant Secretary for Administration
  • Assistant Secretary for Housing
  • Assistant Secretary for Policy Development and Research
  • Assistant Secretary for Public and Indian Housing

–Health and Human Services:

  • Deputy Secretary
  • Assistant Secretary for Financial Resources
  • Assistant Secretary for Aging
  • Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evalutaion
  • Assistant Secretary for Health
  • Assistant Secretary for Children and Families
  • Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response
  • Assistant Secretary for Legislation

–Interior:

  • Deputy Secretary
  • Assistant Secretary for Policy, Management, and Budget
  • Assistant Secretary for Insular Areas
  • Assistant Secretary for Land and Minerals Management
  • Assistant Secretary for Fish, Wildlife, and PArks
  • Assistant Secretary for Indian Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Water and Science
  • Solicitor

–Homeland Security:

  • Under Secretary for Management
  • Under Secretary for Intelligence and Analysis
  • Assistant Secretary for Transportation Security Administration
  • Under Secretary for National Protection and Programs Directorate
  • Under Secretary for Science and Technology
  • Assistant Secretary for Immigration and Customs Enforcement
  • Assistant Secretary for Policy

–Veterans Affairs:

  • Deputy Secretary
  • Assistant Secretary for Congressional and Lesgilative Affairs
  • Under Secretary for Benefits
  • Under Secretary for Health
  • Under Secretary for Memorial Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Information and Technology
  • Assistant Secretary for Policy and Planning

–Transportations:

  • Under Secretary for Policy
  • Assistant Secretary for Governmental Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Aviation and International Affairs
  • Assistant Secretary for Budget and Programs
  • Assistant Secretary for Tranportation Policy
  • Assistant Secretary for Research and Technology

–Executive Office of the President:

  • Deputy Director/Office of Management and Budget

–Small Business Administration:

  • Deputy Administrator

–Director of National Intelligence:

  • Principal Deputy Director

Source:

One thing I feel like a lot of American’s don’t understand is how this hard-line attitude has lead to this mess in North Korea. Here’s the deal, waaaay back before Bush, basically what happened was in 1994 Clinton negotiated  in the Agreed Framework that if North Korea stopped using it’s nuclear power the US would give them Oil, phase out economic sanctions and send light water reactors. However Clinton’s big failure here was he simply required the Yongbyon Nuclear Power Plant be turned off, not dismantled. Both sides stuck to these obligations until 1996, when Congress started to slow down funds for the US side of the deal, which lead to North Korea turning their nuclear power plant back on in 1998, something it could do for relatively low cost because of Clinton’s failure to ensure the plant was dismantled.

In 2003 Bush formally gave the axe to the Agreed Framework, and North Korea admitted to having possession of Nuclear weapons for the first time since they joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1985. These lead to the Six-Party Talks (named for because the US, Russia, China, Japan, North Korea and South Korea all took part)  Bush, in a vain attempt to learn from Clinton’s mistakes attempted a ‘dismantle first, talk later policy’. Which might be great except that this meant these Six Part Talks dragged on for years, as in, most of his presidency. North Korea had a successful nuclear test in 2006, and officially withdrew from the talks in 2009. Bush’s policy also failed because he underestimated the stability of the regime and by the time the Six Party Talks began America was waging war in the middle east and North Korea was not it’s primary focus.

Obama encouraged talks with North Korea initially but quickly changed to a strategic patience policy much like Bush had, however during his presidency we did get the Leap Day Agreement, which lasted a whopping three weeks before North Korea launched a satellite and caused the treaty to collapse. South Korea on the other hand was much happier with Obama’s policy of trying to get China to exert pressure on North Korea, only guess what? That didn’t work either because it’s really not in China’s best interest to unhinge their nuclear neighbor. 

Unfortunately now that North Korea is capable of putting a nuclear war head on a missile (something we knew they’d be capable of doing in 10 years way back 10 years ago) Strategic patience is all we’ve got left. 25 years ago it would’ve been much much easier to put pressure on North Korea to denuclearize first and accept help later, but we’re past that now. We need to  look at the bigger picture because South Korea, China, Japan and Russia can and will all get pulled into this very quickly if we give them ‘fire and fury’. North Korea’s policy has and always will be regime survival, the won’t do anything if they don’t feel the regime is threatened, sure they’ll poke and prod, but believe me, if anyone makes a move to turn the regime to ‘fire and fury’ it’s going to end with the destruction of an entire portion of the world. Sure the US might come out on top but we run the risk of destroying 4 different countries, and 2 of them have been our allies for over 60 years. And South Korea isn’t a war torn country anymore, it hasn’t been for a long time and the US needs to get better at realizing this and letting it have a much larger say in talks which will drastically affect it and all the Korean people.

YOUR GUIDE TO: 

Writing non-stereotypical, realistic character biographies for South Asian characters. I’ll be focusing on Indians, since that’s what I’m most familiar with, but I’ll touch on other South Asian peoples as well. 

WHY YOU NEED THIS GUIDE: 

I rarely see South Asian characters, and too often they are flat and stereotypical. They all speak Hindi, they’re all scientists and IT guys, and I see the same faceclaims used over and over representing a part of India they actually aren’t from.

WHAT MAKES ME QUALIFIED: 

I’m Indian. I lived there until I was nine years old, and I’m fluent in two different Indian languages, which also happen to be the two most commonly spoken languages in the country. I’m well traveled there as well: I’ve been from the Southern most tip to the Northwest and Northeast as well. 

WHAT YOU WILL FIND UNDER THE CUT: 

Tips on naming the characters, on fleshing out their backstories, an overview of major historical events, stereotypes to avoid at all costs, and a list of faceclaims that I’d like to see more of in the roleplay world. 

Keep reading

Why Israel is a Problem
  • Question: Which country alone in the Middle East has nuclear weapons?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East refuses to sign the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and bars international inspections?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East seized the sovereign territory of other nations by military force and continues to occupy it in defiance of United Nations Security Council resolutions?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East routinely violates the international borders of another sovereign state with warplanes and artillery and naval gunfire?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What American ally in the Middle East has for years sent assassins into other countries to kill its political enemies (a practice sometimes called exporting terrorism)?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: In which country in the Middle East have high-ranking military officers admitted publicly that unarmed prisoners of war were executed?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What country in the Middle East refuses to prosecute its soldiers who have acknowledged executing prisoners of war?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What country in the Middle East created 762,000 refugees and refuses to allow them to return to their homes, farms and businesses?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What country in the Middle East refuses to pay compensation to people whose land, bank accounts and businesses it confiscated?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: In what country in the Middle East was a high-ranking United Nations diplomat assassinated?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: In what country in the Middle East did the man who ordered the assassination of a high-ranking U.N. diplomat become prime minister?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What country in the Middle East blew up an American diplomatic facility in Egypt and attacked a U.S. ship, the USS Liberty, in international waters, killing 34 and wounding 171 American sailors?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What country in the Middle East employed a spy, Jonathan Pollard, to steal classified documents and then gave some of them to the Soviet Union?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What country at first denied any official connection to Pollard, then voted to make him a citizen and has continuously demanded that the American president grant Pollard a full pardon?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What Middle East country allows American Jewish murderers to flee to its country to escape punishment in the United States and refuses to extradite them once in their custody?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What Middle East country preaches against hate yet builds a shrine and a memorial for a murderer who killed 29 Palestinians while they prayed in their Mosque.
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What country on Planet Earth has the second most powerful lobby in the United States, according to a recent Fortune magazine survey of Washington insiders?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East deliberately targeted a U.N. Refugee Camp in Qana, Lebanon and killed 103 innocent men, women, and especially children?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East is in defiance of 69 United Nations Security Council resolutions and has been protected from 29 more by U.S. vetoes?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East receives more than one-third of all U.S. aid yet is the 16th richest country in the world?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East receives U.S. weapons for free and then sells the technology to the Republic of China even at the objections of the U.S.?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East routinely insults the American people by having its Prime Minister address the United States Congress and lecturing them like children on why they have no right to reduce foreign aid?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East had its Prime Minister announce to his staff not to worry about what the United States says because "We control America?"
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: What country in the Middle East was cited by Amnesty International for demolishing more than 4000 innocent Palestinian homes as a means of ethnic cleansing.
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East has just recently used a weapon of mass destruction, a one-ton smart bomb, dropping it in the center of a highly populated area killing 15 civilians including 9 children?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East routinely kills young Palestinian children for no reason other than throwing stones at armored vehicles, bulldozers, or tanks?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East signed the Oslo Accords promising to halt any new Jewish Settlement construction, but instead, has built more than 270 new settlements since the signing?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East has assassinated more than 100 political officials of its opponent in the last 2 years while killing hundreds of civilians in the process, including dozens of children?
  • Answer: Israel
  • Question: Which country in the Middle East regularly violates the Geneva Convention by imposing collective punishment on entire towns, villages, and camps, for the acts of a few, and even goes as far as demolishing entire villages while people are still in their homes?
  • Answer: Israel
MISTER  KINGSLEY

________________________________________________________________

Some time ago I wrote about the short cases Sherlock investigates at the beginning of TST (Spinning the plates). As it turned out each case seems to be closely connected to Sherlock himself in one way or another. It appears to be the same with characters who have a tattoo. Even as unlikely ones as the torturer in Serbia (TEH) or the unconscious ex-con in CAMs office (HLV)

In TST a man comes to Baker Street and seeks the help of Sherlock Holmes. His wife left him and he assumes she was having an affair. Sherlock doesn’t take that case but throwes the man out instead. This case might have been too boring for Sherlock but the man - Mr. Kingsley - is quite interesting. He has an almost faded tattoo on his forearm. Reason enough to take a closer look at this guy. Could he be a Sherlock mirror as well?

More under the cut …..

Keep reading

💕 Productivity day 4/100 (after a hiatus in which I sort of forgot to update this blog at all o_O)

Making brainstorm notes on nuclear warfare, nuclear ages and the development of the non-proliferation treaties throughout time! I can’t believe that there are only two more days until the day of the exam now (STAY CALM STAY CALM STAY CALM)

Happy studying folks xx

The Subtext of the Black Pearl of the Borgias

The Black Pearl of the Borgias gets introduced to Sherlock (and the audience) by Mycroft, when Sherlock asks about Moriarty’s last activities. 

Moriarty ==> Black Pearl 

MYCROFT: In the last year of his life, James Moriarty was involved with four political assassinations over 70 assorted robberies and terrorist attacks, including a chemical weapons factory in North Korea and had latterly shown some interest in tracking down the Black Pearl of the Borgias, which is still missing by the way, in case you feel like applying yourself to something practical 

Sherlock replies: It’s a pearl, get another one.


We then learn, that the missing Borgia Pearl case is linked to (people in) London.

Moriarty ==> Black Pearl ==> London

HOPKINS: Interpol think, the case of the Borgia Pearl trail leads back to London, so.. 

LESTRADE: Borgia Pearl, are they still after that, are they? 


And then there’s Sherlock’s “made-up” deduction of Greta Bengtsdotter. 

Greta (short for Margarete) means pearl (wikipedia)

Moriarty ==> Greta ==> Black Pearl ==> London

SHERLOCK: Your wife is a spy. That’s right. Her real name is Greta Bengtsdotter. Swedish by birth and probably the most dangerous spy in the world. She’s been operating deep undercover for the past four years now as your wife for one reason only: to get near the American embassy which is across the road from your flat. Tomorrow the U.S. president will be at the embassy as part of an official state visit. As the president greets members of staff, Greta Bengtsdotter, disguised as a twenty-two stone cleaner, will inject the president in the back of the neck with a dangerous new drug hidden inside a secret compartment insider her padded armpit. This drug will then render the president entirely susceptible to the will of their new master, none other than James Moriarty. Moriarty will then use the president as a pawn to destabilize the United Nations General Assembly which is due to vote on a nuclear non-proliferation treaty tipping the balance in favour of a first strike policy against Russia. This chain of events will then prove unstoppable thus precipitating World War 3.


So when Sherlock finds the AGRA memory stick and says to Mary

SHERLOCK: I was so convinced it was Moriarty, I couldn’t see what was right under my nose. I expeced a pearl.

He subconsciously states that he actually found, what he was looking for, but he doesn’t connect the dots, yet.

==> He was convinced it was Moriarty. Hence he expected a pearl, meaning Greta, meaning “a spy undercover”. And he finds AGRA/Mary’s identity. He found, what he was looking for, but doesn’t recognize it. 

Moriarty ==> Greta ==> Black Pearl ==> London

Moriarty <== AGRA/Mary = Greta <== Black Pearl <== London

theguardian.com
Trump team drawing up fresh plans to bolster US nuclear arsenal
Congress and US allies briefed on progress of Nuclear Posture Review, with plans to increase stockpile and loosen conditions under which it could be used
By Julian Borger

The Trump administration is working on a nuclear weapons policy that is intended to mark a decisive end to the era of post-cold war disarmament, by bolstering the US arsenal and loosening the conditions under which it would be used. […]

  • A low-yield ballistic missile, possibly using the Trident D5 missile but using only the first, fission, part of its two-stage warhead.
  • Bringing back nuclear Tomahawk sea-launched cruise missiles, which were dropped from the arsenal in 2013.
  • Reducing the lead time the US would need to resume nuclear testing from its current level of three years.
  • A relaxation of constraints laid down in Obama’s 2010 NPR, which pledged the US would only used its nuclear weapons in “extreme circumstances to defend the vital interests of the United States or its allies and partners” and never against non-weapons states in compliance with their non-proliferation obligations.

[…Mike Pence:] “History attests the surest path to peace is through American strength. There’s no greater element of American strength, there’s no greater force for peace in the world than the United States nuclear arsenal.”

Like much else about Trump’s presidency, the new policy is aimed at erasing the legacy of his predecessor. Barack Obama began his administration with a major speech in Prague in April 2009, committing the US to disarmament and the eventual elimination of nuclear weapons globally.

What did the EU ever do for us?
Not much, apart from: providing 57% of our trade;
structural funding to areas hit by industrial decline;
clean beaches and rivers;
cleaner air;
lead free petrol;
restrictions on landfill dumping;
a recycling culture;
cheaper mobile charges;
cheaper air travel;
improved consumer protection and food labelling;
a ban on growth hormones and other harmful food additives;
better product safety;
single market competition bringing quality improvements and better industrial performance;
break up of monopolies;
Europe-wide patent and copyright protection;
no paperwork or customs for exports throughout the single market;
price transparency and removal of commission on currency exchanges across the eurozone;
freedom to travel, live and work across Europe;
funded opportunities for young people to undertake study or work placements abroad;
access to European health services;
labour protection and enhanced social welfare;
smoke-free workplaces;
equal pay legislation;
holiday entitlement;
the right not to work more than a 48-hour week without overtime;
strongest wildlife protection in the world;
improved animal welfare in food production;
EU-funded research and industrial collaboration;
EU representation in international forums;
bloc EEA negotiation at the WTO;
EU diplomatic efforts to uphold the nuclear non-proliferation treaty;
European arrest warrant;
cross border policing to combat human trafficking, arms and drug smuggling; counter terrorism intelligence;
European civil and military co-operation in post-conflict zones in Europe and Africa;
support for democracy and human rights across Europe and beyond;
investment across Europe contributing to better living standards and educational, social and cultural capital.
All of this is nothing compared with its greatest achievements: the EU has for 60 years been the foundation of peace between European neighbours after centuries of bloodshed.
It furthermore assisted the extraordinary political, social and economic transformation of 13 former dictatorships, now EU members, since 1980.
Now the union faces major challenges brought on by neoliberal economic globalisation, and worsened by its own systemic weaknesses. It is taking measures to overcome these. We in the UK should reflect on whether our net contribution of £7bn out of total government expenditure of £695bn is good value. We must play a full part in enabling the union to be a force for good in a multi-polar global future.
—  Simon Sweeney, lecturer in international political economy, University of York

Minor Scale,

Sharing second place as the largest non-nuclear man made explosion, “Minor Scale” was the detonation of 4.8 kilotons of ammonium nitrate and fuel oil at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico in 1974.  The purpose of the explosion was to test the effects of a nuclear blast on military hardware. Since above ground nuclear weapons testing is illegal according to nuclear non-proliferation treaties, a scaled down blast using conventional explosives was used as a substitute.  The blast was approximately one third the yield of the bomb dropped on Hiroshima.

Which Country in the middle east? - Norman Finklestein

Question: Which country alone in the Middle East has nuclear weapons?
Answer: Israel,

Question: Which country in the Middle East has just recently used a weapon of mass destruction, a one-ton smart bomb, dropping it in the center of a highly populated area killing civilians including children?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What country in the Middle East was cited by Amnesty International for demolishing more than 4000 innocent Palestinian homes as a means of ethnic cleansing?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What country on Planet Earth has the second most powerful lobby in the United States , according to a recent Fortune magazine survey of Washington insiders?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East receives U.S. weapons for free and then sells the technology to the Republic of China even at the objections of the U.S.?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East regularly violates the Geneva Convention by imposing collective punishment on entire towns, villages, and camps, for the acts of a few, and even goes as far as demolishing entire villages while people are still in their homes?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East routinely kills young Palestinian children for no reason other than throwing stones at armored vehicles, bulldozers, or tanks?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East refuses to sign the nuclear non-proliferation treaty and bars international inspections?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East seized the sovereign territory of other nations by military force and continues to occupy it in defiance of United Nations Security Council resolutions?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East routinely violates the international borders of another sovereign state with warplanes and artillery and naval gunfire?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What American ally in the Middle East has for years sent assassins into other countries to kill its political enemies (a practice sometimes called exporting terrorism)?
Answer: Israel.

Question: In which country in the Middle East have high-ranking military officers admitted publicly that unarmed prisoners of war were executed?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What country in the Middle East refuses to prosecute its soldiers who have acknowledged executing prisoners of war?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What country in the Middle East created millions of refugees and refuses to allow them to return to their homes, farms and businesses?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What country in the Middle East refuses to pay compensation to people whose land, bank accounts and businesses it confiscated?
Answer: Israel.

Question: In what country in the Middle East was a high-ranking United Nations diplomat assassinated?
Answer: Israel.

Question: In what country in the Middle East did the man who ordered the assassination of a high-ranking U.N. diplomat become prime minister?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What country in the Middle East blew up an American diplomatic facility in Egypt and attacked a U.S. ship, the USS Liberty, in international waters, killing 34 and wounding 171 American sailors?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What country in the Middle East employed a spy, Jonathan Pollard, to steal classified documents from USA and then gave some of them to the Soviet Union?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What country at first denied any official connection to Pollard, then voted to make him a citizen and has continuously demanded that the American president grant Pollard a full pardon?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What Middle East country allows American Jewish murderers to flee to its country to escape punishment in the United States and refuses to extradite them once in their custody?
Answer: Israel.

Question: What Middle East country preaches against hate yet builds a shrine and a memorial for a murderer who killed 29 Palestinians while they prayed in their Mosque?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East deliberately targeted a civilian U.N. Refugee Camp in Qana , Lebanon and killed 103 innocent men, women, and especially children?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East is in defiance of 69 United Nations Security Council resolutions and has been protected from 29 more by U.S. vetoes?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East receives more than one-third of all U.S. aid to the world yet is the 16th richest country in the world?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East had its Prime Minister announce to his staff not to worry about what the United States says because “We control America ?”
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East signed the Oslo Accords promising to halt any new Jewish Settlement construction, but instead, has built more than 270 new settlements since the signing?
Answer: Israel.

Question: Which country in the Middle East has assassinated more than 100 political officials of its opponent in the last 2 years while killing hundreds of civilians in the process, including dozens of children?
Answer: Israel.

5

So in conjunction with earlier statements from him about being willing to pull out from nuclear non-proliferation agreements because he doesn’t feel countries like Japan are doing enough for us despite our military protection of them, we got Trump talking about nuclear weapons as if they’re just “a card on the table”.

01.01.2016 | Happy New Year! It’s time to start planning January. I’ll be attending a Winter School on Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation January 7-14 and I must find the time to study because I have my Strategic Studies exam on the 19th. It’s going to be hard but I can do it! I’m still looking for a place to stay in Geneva and they are all so expensive! Also, it’s official: I’ll be a UN intern starting January 25th. 🙈
So yes, January is going to be a VERY busy month but I need to keep going!

2

Marshall Islands sues nine nuclear powers over failure to disarm

Pacific nation that was site of 67 nuclear tests between 1946 and 1958 accuses states of ‘flagrant denial of human justice’

The Marshall Islands is suing the nine countries with nuclear weapons at the international court of justice at The Hague, arguing they have violated their legal obligation to disarm.

In the unprecedented legal action, comprising nine separate cases brought before the ICJ on Thursday, the Republic of the Marshall Islands accuses the nuclear weapons states of a “flagrant denial of human justice”. It argues it is justified in taking the action because of the harm it suffered as a result of the nuclear arms race.

The Pacific chain of islands, including Bikini Atoll and Enewetak, was the site of 67 nuclear tests from 1946 to 1958, including the “Bravo shot”, a 15-megaton device equivalent to a thousand Hiroshima blasts, detonated in 1954. The Marshallese islanders say they have been suffering serious health and environmental effects ever since.

The island republic is suing the five “established” nuclear weapons states recognised in the 1968 nuclear non-proliferation treaty (NPT) – the US, Russia (which inherited the Soviet arsenal), China, France and the UK – as well as the three countries outside the NPT who have declared nuclear arsenals – India, Pakistan and North Korea, and the one undeclared nuclear weapons state, Israel.

read more: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/apr/24/marshall-islands-sues-nine-nuclear-powers-failure-disarm

Question: 

What is it about the Iran nuclear deal that keeps them from getting nuclear weapons?

Here’s President Obama’s answer:

The Iran deal is a historic diplomatic achievement and all 159 pages are worth digging into, which you can do here. But, let me lay out how this deal will work:

Under this agreement, Iran is never allowed to build a nuclear weapon – period.

Every single pathway Iran could use is effectively blocked by this deal. Here’s how: It takes either enriched uranium or plutonium to build a nuclear weapon. The only site where Iran can create weapons-grade plutonium is at its Arak reactor. Under this deal, the core of the Arak reactor will be pulled out, filled with concrete, and replaced with one that will not produce weapons-grade plutonium. Furthermore, the spent fuel from that reactor will be shipped out of the country and Iran will not build any new heavy-water reactors for at least 15 years.

This deal also shuts off Iran’s uranium pathway by removing two-thirds of its centrifuges and getting rid of 98% of its stockpile of enriched uranium, which – right now – is currently enough for up to 10 nuclear bombs.

And should Iran try to build a bomb in secret, this deal effectively cuts off that covert pathway too because of a robust and unprecedented inspections regime. There will be 24/7 monitoring of Iran’s key nuclear facilities and, for decades, international inspectors from the IAEA will have access to Iran’s entire nuclear supply chain – from uranium mines and mills to centrifuge productions facilities. For Iran to cheat, it would need a secret source for every single aspect of that supply chain. No nation in history has been able to pull that off, especially when faced with such rigorous and constant inspection. And the IAEA will have the permanent ability to inspect any suspicious sites.

Watch my Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz, a nuclear physicist himself and a negotiator who helped secure this agreement, walk through the science behind the deal.

This is not just the conclusion of those who negotiated the deal, but also of experts who have taken the time to review its details. In fact, 29 of America’s leading scientists – including Nobel Laureates – call it an “innovative agreement, with much more stringent constraints than any previously negotiated non-proliferation framework.”

This deal is based on science and unprecedented verification. It offers the best opportunity we have to prevent a nuclear-armed Iran. There is no better deal – and those who claim there is one are selling a fantasy.

This deal took a long time to negotiate – nearly two years – because we refused to accept any deal that didn’t meet every one of our bottom lines, and that’s what we got.

The Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty Review conference happens once every five years. The NPT was established on March 5, 1970. It was designed during the cold war when people were worried about the relationship between the U.S. and the former Soviet Union. Countries that have signed the treaty made an agreement to reduce their nuclear arms arsenals, and to not create or obtain more nuclear weapons.


There are over a hundred countries that have signed the treaty, including some of world’s most powerful nuclear states: the US, Russia, France, China and the UK.

The review of this treaty happens every 5 years. Though this dialogue is a step in the right direction on some level it is still more symbolic than anything. Many countries (including the U.S.) have continued nuclear weapons testing, and have done nothing to reduce the nuclear weapons they have in their possession.

One downfall of the treaty is the third clause which gives every country the inalienable right to nuclear power.

Every five years the conference captures the attention of nuclear disarmament activists the world over. At the 1982 conference there were close to 1 million people that came out to protest the continuation of nuclear weapons.

The last conference was from May 3rd to the 28th in 2010.

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_Non-Proliferation_Treaty)