nobel women

Rigoberta Menchú (b. 1959) is a Guatemalan political activist who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992. She is a strong campaigner for indigenous and women’s rights, particularly active during the Guatemalan Civil War.

She was forced to go into exile in Mexico in 1981, but organised the national resistance and the struggle for indigenous rights from outside her country. Since the end of the war, she campaigned for those responsible for the torture and genocide of the native population to be tried in Spanish courts, an effort which was successful on various occasions.

Highly qualified lawyer goes to the United Nations, accompanied by a Nobel Peace Prize nominee, to speak about Islamic State and urge investigations into genocide. Gets translated to…..showing off her baby bump.

A Dozen Women Scientists You’ve Never Heard Of

Dr. Alice Hamilton: pioneer in industrial medicine in the U.S
Dr. Florence Rena Sabin: pioneer in the movement to change the aim of medical study from the cure to the prevention of disease.
Dr. Lise Meitner: Pioneer in nuclear physics. First scientist to recognize that the atom could be split to release tremendous amounts of energy.
Dr. Leta S. Holilngworth: Pioneer in the science of clinical psychology. An early fighter for women’s rights.
Dr. Rachel Fuller Brown: Chemist. Co-discoverer of the antibiotic nystatin, the first antibiotic effective against fungus diseases.
Dr. Gladys Anderson Emerson: The first to isolate vitamin E from wheat germ oil and study its functions. Studied the possible relationship of nutrition to cancer and arteriosclerosis.
Dr. Maria Goeppert Mayer: Nobel Prize winner in physics fro her shell theory of the nucleus of the atom.
Dr. Myra Adele Logan: Pioneer in medicine. First woman surgeon to operate on the heart. First black woman to be elected a Fellow of the American College of Surgeons
Dr. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin: Nobel Prize winner in chemistry in 1964. Determined the structure of important chemical compounds of the body by cyrstallography.
Dr. Jane C. Wright: Pioneer of chemotherapy. First black woman to be appointed to a high post in medical administration.
Dr. Rosalyn S. Yalow: Nobel Prize winner in medicine, 1977, for her discovery of radioimmunoassay
Dr. Sylvia Earle Mead: Marine biologist who led the first US team of female aquanauts in the Tektite Underwater Research Project 

Gabriela Mistral (1889-1957) was a Chilean poet, and the first Latin American author to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature. She achieved this in 1945, for her poems which deal with themes of nature, love, and Latin American identity, among others.

She was first recognized as a great poet when she won the national contest Juegos Florales in 1914. She soon became a widely acclaimed figure internationally, and worked for the League for Intellectual Cooperation within the League of Nations. In 1951 she was awarded the Chilean National Prize for Literature.

Women of Science: Lise Meitner

Not only is inequality damaging for individuals, it also vandalises society as a whole.

This begs the question: what has society missed out on because of inequality?

This is a small testament to those women who somehow managed to throw off the shackles of oppression and change the scientific world.

Women of Science:

Lise Meitner

In a very extreme case of being in the wrong place at the wrong time, Lise Meitner was a female Austrian Jew who excelled in physics; meanwhile fleeing Nazi prosecution.

At the age of 14 she completed her schooling feeling unsatisfied and wanted to continue onto higher education. This was the only schooling females were allowed to do at the time, but she was motivated by discoveries from scientists such as Henri Becquerel and wanted to pursue a future of radioactivity research.

Keep reading

Tu Youyou 屠呦呦

(born 1930) Chemist and Nobel laureate

Tu Youyou and her team extracted a substance from sweet wormwood which proved effective in reducing mortality rates for people stricken with malaria. The discovery of Artemisinin has led to the development of a new drug that has saved the lives of millions of people, halving the mortality rate of malaria during the past 15 years.

Number 40 in an ongoing series celebrating remarkable women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

Rita Levi-Montalcini (1909-2012) was an Italian neurologist who in 1986 was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the discovery of nerve growth factor (NGF). She also served as Senator for Life in the Italian Senate from 2001 until her death at 103.

She studied medicine at the University of Turin and remained there as an assistant after graduation, but lost her position when in 1938 Jews were barred from holding academic posts. Nevertheless she set up a laboratory in her bedroom, and the research conducted there set the basis for her groundbreaking discoveries. Over the years her work led to the creation of new anti-inflammatory drugs and a greater understanding of how cancer spreads and evolves.

Princes react to a woman ‘touching’ MC (Request)

Lol, this was an…interesting one XD

Haha, love the creativity! Hope you enjoy it anon!

Enjoy~

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Prompt: Can I request a BMP or BMP2 (whatever works best for you😁) where the princes react to another woman at the ball inappropriately touching MC right in front of him? And her being upset but not wanting to cause issues?

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Prologue: The two of you were attending another grand ball at the Nobel Michel. Gorgeous women in exquisite ballgowns and handsome men in charming suits dotted the ballroom, engaged in various conversation. You and your prince were happily chatting in a corner. He was leaning against a pillar, smiling down at you as you stared up, giggling and laughing along at all his jokes. Out of nowhere, a beautifully dressed woman appeared, she wore a unique gown herself and came up to stand just behind you as she smiled at the prince. “Your Highness! What a pleasure it is to see you here!” Politely, you stepped to the side, allowing them to engage in conversation…but…something wasn’t quite right…gradually, you felt someone’s hand reach up to cup your bum. Jumping slightly in shock, you looked toward the woman in surprise as she smiled at you meaningfully. It was a discreet glance before she turned back to your boyfriend…but it was there. As their conversation wore on, you began to feel her squeeze lightly at first but increasing more and more in pressure. Quite frankly, you were feeling beyond uncomfortable. Silently struggling, you could feel yourself begin to squirm from her touch…until your prince finally noticed and looked over your shoulder to check…

Wilfred: His eyes glazed over in anger and almost immediately, he bowed shortly and spoke. “Well, miss, it has been a pleasure engaging in such a conversation but if you could kindly remove your hands from my ________, that would be marvelous.” The woman removed her hand almost immediately, shocked from his icy tone. Seeing her do so, he flashed her a cold smile, took hold of your trembling hand and began to lead you away. “It was nice meeting you miss.” And with that, the two of you were gone. Leading you out of the great hall, he stopped you and looked deep into your eyes, regret clouding the deep blue of his orbs. “Oh, _________…I’m so sorry, it must’ve been horrible right?” He pulled you into his chest, clutching you tightly. “Please forgive me, I should’ve noticed sooner…it’s my fault for not being on my guard. You’re so beautiful…of course people would approach you…”

Keith: Without thinking, he grabbed her wrist and pulled it away from you, anger showing clearly in his expression. You saw her visibly shrink away as he stared down at her. “Get your hands off my woman!” “Y-Your Highness…!” “Shut up! You don’t have nearly enough decency within you to talk to either me, or her!” And with that, he stormed out of the room dragging you behind him. The second he pulled you into a private room, he pinned you against the wall. “P-Prince Keith?!” He grinned down at you mischievously, “That cheeky little…heh, looks like I’ll have to make sure you forget all about her…” and thus began his long ministrations of making sure you ‘forgot’.

Roberto: He took action immediately. Saying absolutely nothing, he took your hand and guided you away from the woman. “Wha-Your Highness?!” Hearing her protest, he turned and gave her a menacing smile. “Oh, pardon me miss. I have no time to waste with people who dare pull such a thing on my girlfriend.” Tilting his head in a sickly sweet manner, he stared at her with cold eyes. “So don’t do it EVER again ok?” Leaving her speechless, he took you away and guided you outside of the ballroom. The minute you were alone, he collapsed his head onto your shoulder, leaning on you in fatigue. “Oh ________…I’m so sorry…I can’t believe I let her go that far without noticing…” Raising his head, he looked up at you sheepishly. Blushing, he said, “but don’t worry, I’ll protect you from now on ok? I’ll make sure that no one except me touches you~”

Joshua: His expression was unreadable but you could tell that the second he realized, he went from mildly interested to ‘would never wish to speak to you again in my entire life because you bore me’. Without saying a word, he held his hand up to silence the woman, reached to envelope your hand in his firm grip and walked off, not even glancing back to hear her protests. After the two of you had exited the ballroom, you became worried. “P-Prince Joshua…do you think it was ok? Leaving like that?” Hearing your words, he stopped short and turned to look you in the eye. “Would you have preferred it if I let her continue such a disgusting act?” You flinched at his intense words. “Well, n-no…but…wouldn’t it harm your reputation?” Your concern brought a soft smile to his lips as he gazed fondly at you. “Don’t worry about that. She was not worth my time. If anyone had the nerve to do such a thing, then they are definitely far to small to deserve my attention. Kissing your forehead softly, he smiled, “So don’t worry about that…ok?”

Glenn: Realizing the situation, he was shocked first and foremost. He hadn’t realized that such situations could occur. However, keeping up the good mood, he motioned for the woman to lean in and after he did so, he whispered something in her ear. You watched as the colour gradually drained from the woman’s face as she quickly curtsied and hurried away, a look of terror shadowing her expression. Curious, you turned to Glenn and asked what he had said to her. Hearing your query, he simply chuckled and said. “Oh, nothing much. I just reminded her how, as a Prince, I have enough power to make sure she never appears in the Nobel Michel, or the 6 nations, ever again, no questions asked. Then, I simply hinted that it would be a good idea for her to get her filthy hands off my girlfriend’s ass.” His explanation left you speechless. You knew that Glenn was never the subtle kind but you certainly didn’t expect this…

Edward: Seeing your silent cry for help, he smiled a gentlemanly smile and wrapped his arm around your waist, subtely pulling you to his side so that you were facing the devious woman. Though shocked at first, the woman’s eyebrow twitched slightly as if to say ‘well played’, she then proceeded to bob a curtsy and was gone just as quickly as she had arrived. However, even after her exit, Edward’s grasp around you stayed tight and firm, as if he would never let you go. “Um..Prince Edward?” you asked, a bit worried of how he was spacing out. “Oh! Yes my flower?” “Are you okay?” He sighed lightly and smiled down at you. “Yes my dear, I am fine…I was just thinking about how I must protect you even more than before. You are like a rose stripped of your thorns, a vulnerable beauty. I have to be careful or else someone else will pluck you away from me~”

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Lol, not sure if that was what you were expecting but I hope you liked it nonnie!

Stay Beautiful~

-Sakura~☆

Nobel Awarded Women In Medicine and Physiology

Gerty Theresa Cori - 1947 Discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen (also known as Cori Cycle)

Rosalyn Yalow - 1977 Development of radioimmunoassays of peptide hormones

Barbara McClintock - 1983 Discovery of mobile genetic elements

Rita Levi-Montalcini - 1986 Discoveries of growth factors

Gertrude B. Elion - 1988 Discoveries of important principles for drug treatment

Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard - 1995 Discoveries concerning the genetic control of early embryonic development

Linda B. Buck - 2004 Discoveries of odorant receptors and the organization of the olfactory system

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi - 2008 Discovery of human immunodeficiency virus

Carol W. Greider - 2009 Discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase

Elizabeth H. Blackburn - 2009 Discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase

May-Britt Moser - 2014 Discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain

We can be the next. WE CAN DO IT!

3

Vera Rubin, an astronomer who proved the existence of dark matter, one of the fundamental principles in the study of the universe, but who battled sex discrimination throughout her career, died Dec. 25 at an assisted living facility in Princeton, N.J. She was 88. 

“The existence of dark matter has utterly revolutionized our concept of the universe and our entire field,” University of Washington astronomer Emily Levesque told Astronomy magazine this year. “The ongoing effort to understand the role of dark matter has basically spawned entire subfields within astrophysics and particle physics.”

For years she was considered a leading contender for the Nobel Prize, but the award never came. Many attributed the oversight to gender bias among male scientists and prize committees.

She struggled to gain admittance to leading observatories. In 1964, she became the first woman to receive formal approval to use the Palomar Observatory in Southern California.
When she arrived, she discovered that it did not have a women’s restroom.
“She went to her room, she cut up paper into a skirt image, and she stuck it on the little person image on the door of the bathroom. She said, ‘There you go; now you have a ladies’ room.’ ”

“I think the question is, are there women and have there been women who want to do science and could be doing great science, but they never really got the opportunity?”

“So important is this dark matter to our understanding of the size, shape, and ultimate fate of the universe, that the search for it will very likely dominate astronomy for the next few decades.”

https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/vera-rubin-astronomer-who-verified-existence-of-dark-matter-dies-at-88/2016/12/26/545e617c-cb9d-11e6-a747-d03044780a02_story.html?utm_term=.6adf1d641bb3

http://mashable.com/2016/12/26/vera-rubin-astronomer-feminist/#icSrV.UMPgqb

http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/space/universe/questions_and_ideas/dark_matter

5

Marie Curie

Marie Skłodowska-Curie (7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934) was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person (and only woman) to win twice, the only person to win twice in multiple sciences, and was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris. She was born Maria Salomea Skłodowska in Warsaw, in what was then the Kingdom of Poland, part of the Russian Empire. She studied at Warsaw’s clandestine Floating University and began her practical scientific training in Warsaw. In 1891, aged 24, she followed her older sister Bronisława to study in Paris, where she earned her higher degrees and conducted her subsequent scientific work. She shared the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and with physicist Henri Becquerel. She won the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Her achievements included a theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. Under her direction, the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes. She founded the Curie Institutes in Paris and in Warsaw, which remain major centres of medical research today. During World War I, she established the first military field radiological centres. Curie died in 1934 at the sanatorium of Sancellemoz (Haute-Savoie), France, due to aplastic anemia brought on by exposure to radiation – including carrying test tubes of radium in her pockets during research and her World War I service in mobile X-ray units created by her.

Gertrude B. Elion (1918-1999) was one of the recipients of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Throughout her career she developed a variety of new drugs, including the AIDS treatment AZT, as well as azathioprine, the first immunosuppressive drug.

Because of gender bias, she found it very difficult to obtain work despite two degrees in chemistry, and began as a food quality supervisor for supermarkets. Eventually she obtained a research position with a pharmaceutical company in New York, and went on to collaborate with the National Cancer Institute and the World Health Organization.

Marie Curie (1867-1934) was the first woman to receive the Nobel Prize in any category. She achieved this first in 1903, when she won the Prize in Physics, and then again in 1911 for Chemistry. She therefore became the first and only woman to win the Nobel twice, and the only person to receive it for two different sciences.

The research she conducted on radioactivity was pioneering in the field, and included the actual coining of the term, and the discovery of two new elements, polonium and radium. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris from 1900 onward. Initially, the committee only wanted to award the 1903 Prize to her husband, Pierre, but they received the award jointly after his complaint in regards to the situation.