Rigoberta Menchú (b. 1959) is a Guatemalan political activist who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992. She is a strong campaigner for indigenous and women’s rights, particularly active during the Guatemalan Civil War.
She was forced to go into exile in Mexico in 1981, but organised the national resistance and the struggle for indigenous rights from outside her country. Since the end of the war, she campaigned for those responsible for the torture and genocide of the native population to be tried in Spanish courts, an effort which was successful on various occasions.