On this day in 1973, the Paris Peace Accords were signed in the French capital, ending U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. American involvement in the country went back to the 1950s, with Cold War fears of the region falling to communism leading a series of Presidents to steadily increase the presence of American advisers in Vietnam. Vietnam successfully achieved independence from the colonial French in 1954, which also resulted in the division of the country between the communist North under Ho Chi Minh, and the South under U.S.-backed Ngo Dinh Diem. The two sections soon broke out in fighting, and in August 1964 the United States fully committed to the war after the Gulf of Tonkin incident. This was when the North Vietnamese allegedly fired on American ships in the gulf, which resulted in Congress passing a resolution allowing the President to intervene in the war to counter the communists. The high casualty rates of American soldiers, and tales of horrific acts of violence like the My Lai massacre in 1968, prompted mass protests against the war in the United States. This increased opposition to the presidency of Lyndon Johnson, who declined to run for another term in 1968 and was succeeded by Richard Nixon. Nixon initially expanded the war into neighboring Laos and Cambodia, but then began to gradually withdraw troops from the war that had reached an unwinnable and bloody stalemate. The 1973 settlement, known as ‘An Agreement Ending the War and Restoring Peace in Vietnam’, included a cease-fire throughout Vietnam, as well as the withdrawal of U.S. forces. U.S. Representative Henry Kissinger and North Vietnamese Le Duc Tho were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their efforts in Paris, though the latter refused the award. However the fighting in Vietnam continued until 1975, when Saigon fell to the North Vietnamese Army, and the nation was united under communist rule.
I prepare for the nobel war.
I’m calm. I know the secret.
I know what’s coming and I know no one can stop me, including myself.
I kill people I like.
Some of them beg for their life.
I don’t feel sad.
I don’t feel anything.
It’s a filthy world we live in.
It’s a filthy goddamn helpless world.
I feel like I’m helping to take them away from the shit and the piss and the vomit that run in the streets.
I’m helping to take them to somewhere clean and kind.
The world is a filthy place.
It’s a filthy goddamn horrorshow.
There’s so much pain. You know?
There’s so much… There is something about all that blood.
I drown in it.
The Indians believed that blood holds all the bad spirits.
And once in a month in ceremonies they would cut themselves to let the spirits go free.
Now, there’s something smart about that.
I like that.
You think I’m crazy?
Today, the Nobel Prize in Literature went to Patrick Modiano, a writer who has evoked “the most ungraspable human destinies.” Alexandra Schwartzconsiders the way the author grapples with French postwar identity.
Photograph of Modiano by Richard Dumas / Agence Vu
Richmond, Virginia is using American Civil War themed illustrations to promote the upcoming UCI Road World Cycling Championship. You can find out more about the poster campaign created by Steven Nobel over on AdWeek.
Me: *makes a post I worked very hard on*
Post: *1 note*
Me: *shitposts at 3am*
Post: *50 000 notes, 10000 followers gained, post is trending, invited on the Ellen show, shook hands with Obama bc of this post, T-shirts are made, there is now a fandom dedicated to this post, won a Nobel prize, wars have ended, time has stopped all together*
During World War II the Germans took everything of value from the countries they occupied. Gold, silver, jewels, art, almost anything worth anything was confiscated to help fund the German war machine. Hiding or sending valuables out of the country was strictly forbidden, even punishable by death.
When Germany occupied Denmark 1940, the scientists Max Von Laue and James Franck decided they needed to hide their Nobel Prize Medals from the German’s sticky fingers, as there was a law specifically forbidding Nobel Prize winners from keeping their awards. They entrusted their medals to the famous physicist Niels Bohr. Bohr had to find a way to hide the 24 karat gold medals so that the Germans would never find them, and he had to do it quickly as there were German soldiers literally marching through the streets of Copenhagen.
In a stroke of brilliance, a Hungarian chemist named Georgy de Hevesy came up it a way to hide the medals so that no one would ever find them. The Germans thoroughly searched the grounds of Bohr’s Institute of Theoretical Physics, even digging up plants outside of the building. However the Germans were never able to find anything.
De Hevesy dissolved the medals in a substance called “aqua regia” also known as nitro hydrochloric acid. The medals stayed suspended in liquid solution, in a beaker on the shelf of Niels Bohr’s laboratory throughout World War II, essentially hiding in plain sight. When the war ended with the fall of the Third Reich, the gold was recovered and recasted into medals by the Nobel Foundation.
Obama has bombed 7 countries since accepting the Nobel Peace Prize
This is as much a reflection on how pathetic the Nobel organization is as it is one on how ill deserving President Obama is of the award.
He’s the war-ending President who, as of Tuesday, has ordered airstrikes in seven different countries (that we know of). President Barack Obama has always acknowledged there are times when military force is necessary. Even when he accepted his Nobel Peace Prize in 2009, he said there could be instances when war is “morally justified.” But though he campaigned for the presidency on ending U.S.-led wars, Obama’s administration has certainly been willing to use force when it sees fit.
And here are the countries Obama has dropped bombs on:
I could easily see this list expanding before Obama’s term is over. With President Obama clearly unconcerned about the Constitutional requirement to seek authorization from Congress before starting a new war, there’s not much stopping him from bombing any group loosely affiliated with al Qaeda or ISIS around the world.
I prepare for the noble war. I’m calm, I know the secret. I know what’s coming, and I know no one can stop me, including myself. I kill people I like. Some of them beg for their life. I don’t feel sad. I don’t feel anything. It’s a filthy world we live in. It’s a filthy goddamn helpless world, and honestly, I feel like I am helping to take them away from the shit and the piss and the vomit that run through the street. I am helping to take them somewhere clean and kind. The world is a filthy place. It’s a filthy goddamn horror show. There’s so much pain, you know? There’s so much…
No. What has he done to further the cause of peace in the world?
The only notable person who constantly devotes their time and energy and influence to the cause of peace is Pope Francis. Every homily, every mass, every speech in every place he visits comes back to two things: peace and income inequality.
If anybody deserves the Nobel Peace Prize right now – and that’s an arguable point – it is Pope Francis. Just today, visiting a World War I cemetery at Redipuglia, Italy, this is what Francis said:
“After experiencing the beauty of traveling throughout this region, where men and women work and raise their families, where children play and the elderly dream, I now find myself here, in this place, able to say only one thing: War is madness.
Whereas God carries forward the work of creation, and we men and women are called to participate in his work, war destroys. It also runs the most beautiful work of his hands: human beings. War ruins everything, even the bonds between brothers. War is irrational; it’s only plan is to bring destruction; it seeks to grow by destroying.
Greed, intolerance, the lust for power – these motives underlie the decision to go to war, and they are too often justified by an ideology; but first there is a distorted passion or impulse. Ideology is presented as a justification and when there is no ideology, there is the response of Cain: ‘What does it matter to me? Am I my brother’s keeper?’ War does not look directly at anyone, be they elderly, children, mothers, fathers. 'What does it matter to me?’
Above the entrance to this cemetery, there hangs in the air those ironic words of war, 'What does it matter to me?’ Each one of the dead buried here had their owns plans, their own dreams, but their lives were cut short. Humanity said, 'What does it matter to me?’
Even today, after the second failure of another world war, perhaps one can speak of a third war, one fought piecemeal, with crimes, massacres, destruction. In all honesty, the front page of newspapers ought to carry the headline, 'What does it matter to me?’ Cain would say, 'Am I my brother’s keeper?’…
…Here lie many victims. Today, we remember them. There are tears, there is sadness. From this place we remember all the victims of every war.
Today, too, the victims are many. How is this possible? It is so because in today’s world, behind the scenes, there are interests, geopolitical strategies, lust for money and power, and there is the manufacture and sale of arms, which seem to be so important!
And these plotters of terrorism, these schemers of conflicts, just like arms dealers, have engraved in their hearts, 'What does it matter to me?’ It is the task of the wise to recognize errors, to feel pain, to repent, to beg for pardon and to cry.
With this 'What does it matter to me?’ in their hearts, the merchants of war perhaps have made a great deal of money. but their corrupted hearts have lost the capacity to cry. That 'What does it matter to me?’ prevents the tears. Cain did not cry. The shadow of Cain hangs over us today in this cemetery. It is seen here. It is seen from 1914 right up to our own time. It is seen even in the present.
With the heart of a son, a brother, a father, I ask each of you, indeed for all of us, to have a conversion of heart; to move on from 'What does it matter to me?’, to tears: for each one of the fallen of this 'senseless massacre’, for all the victims of the mindless wars, in every age.
Humanity needs to weep, and this is the time to weep.”
I want to wish a very happy 90th birthday to an idol of mine, a man who went from Georgia to the White House but still holds the poorest in his heart - Former President of the United States, Jimmy Carter. This is a small excerpt from his Nobel Prize acceptance speech which holds one of the greatest quotes of all time:
“Ladies and gentlemen, war may sometimes be a necessary evil. But no matter how necessary, it is always evil, never a good. We will not learn to live together in peace by killing each other’s children.”
I once lived in Camelot some time ago with a king I’d give my life for who I glorified, adored amongst his mighty Knights born this Age of Chivalry twas one that stole my heart proven his prowess, his worth …victorious he was against opposing armies his tournaments of jousting this Nobel Knight my war king …my lover true, tis secrets we keep prying eyes and lies do tell never knowing our true story held the purity of unbridled love