nobel peace prize

Rigoberta Menchú (b. 1959) is a Guatemalan political activist who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992. She is a strong campaigner for indigenous and women’s rights, particularly active during the Guatemalan Civil War.

She was forced to go into exile in Mexico in 1981, but organised the national resistance and the struggle for indigenous rights from outside her country. Since the end of the war, she campaigned for those responsible for the torture and genocide of the native population to be tried in Spanish courts, an effort which was successful on various occasions.

Shirin Ebadi (b. 1947) is an Iranian lawyer, former judge, and human rights activist. In 2003 she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts to advance human rights, particularly those of women, children, and refugees.

As a lawyer, she was a strong campaigner for the rights of children and women in Iran, and drafted a law against physical abuse of children. Her Nobel Prize win was controversial in her home country, and she has been living in exile in the UK since 2009.

Highly qualified lawyer goes to the United Nations, accompanied by a Nobel Peace Prize nominee, to speak about Islamic State and urge investigations into genocide. Gets translated to…..showing off her baby bump.

Fun Fact 77

In a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi who had been assassinated earlier that year, the Nobel Committee declined to award the Nobel Peace Prize in 1948 by saying that there was “no suitable living candidate”.

Mr Liu Xiaobo ( December 28, 1955 - July 13, 2017)

China’s most prominent human rights and democracy advocate

Mr. Liu had been in custody since late 2008 for his role in drafting and promoting a manifesto calling for peaceful political change. 

Censors have scrubbed any mention of him from China’s media and internet since, and while his 2010 Nobel brought Mr. Liu international acclaim, he was virtually unknown in his own country. 

China’s Dictatorship described Mr. Liu as a criminal, and said international calls for his release amounted to interference in the country’s judicial affairs.

He wrote prolifically about the value of individual freedom and nonviolent resistance, despite being banned from publishing inside China. He was an effective organizer and a serial hatcher of petitions and open letters. 

He spent most of his last 28 years in prison or another form of detention.

Over time, many in Chinese pro-democracy circles came to see Mr. Liu as a potentially transformative leader, likening him to South Africa’s Nelson Mandela and Czech dissident-turned-president Václav Havel. Mr. Havel supported Mr. Liu’s Nobel Prize nomination.

At the award ceremony in Oslo, Mr. Liu was represented by an empty chair.

Until the revelation in June that Mr. Liu was diagnosed with late-stage cancer, there had been little news of the dissident. 

He was the first Nobel Peace laureate to die in custody since Carl von Ossietzky, a journalist and critic of Adolf Hitler, succumbed to tuberculosis in a prison hospital in Nazi Germany in 1938.

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Pakistan has been orphaned. July 8, 2016. 

“A hero, Abdul Sattar Edhi created a charitable empire out of nothing. He masterminded Pakistan’s largest welfare organisation almost single-handedly, entirely with private donations and refused government support. With 1800 ambulances, 3 helicopters, hundreds of orphanages, nursing homes across Pakistan. Edhi was world’s richest poor man.” RIP you beautiful person, we are eternally grateful.