no to golden rice

anonymous asked:

Non capisco se i prodotti OGM siano effettivamente dannosi o no. Per l’ambiente sopratutto, anche perché mi sembra che vengano usati insieme ad i pesticidi e altre sostanze chimiche. Mi può spiegare per favore?

gli OGM non sono dannosi a meno che chi li produce non voglia un prodotto dannoso.

Un prodotto OGM ha al suo interno un gene di un’altra specie, come ad esempio il golden rice che, a differenza del riso comune, produce vitamina A. Cosa c’è di dannoso in un riso che produce vitamina A? Niente, anzi è utile per chi si ciba solo di riso.

Nemmeno a livello ambientale esiste un reale problema: non esiste una cosa come la biodiversità in agricoltura, che è per forza di cose incentrata in poche specie e devasta ettari ed ettari di foresta (davvero ricca di biodiversità) per coltivare due o tre specie. Gli OGM permettono una resa maggiore a parità di terreno, quindi hai anche meno impatto ambientale. E per i pesticidi, se costruisci una pianta resistente a un dato pesticida e poi vendi anche il pesticida non fai altro che facilitare la vita al contadino, a spese di… boh? Di niente, visto quanto detto sopra.

chromadic  asked:

hi- what is your opinion on GMOs? i have friends in bioengineering who seem to pretty much agree on the consensus that they are all around better than non-GMO strains, except maybe when it comes to soy. basically what I'm wondering is are GMOs: - healthier? - better for the environment? - more agriculturally efficient? sorry this question is so long, thanks a million for answering it! (if you do)

from a scientific aspect: 

the facts are, GMOs are the future and the key to increasing crop production for our increasing population if your goal is to keep up food production for more people. remember, the goal right now in agriculture- the key goal that we’re throwing everything into because big yikes fam- is to produce more food off less. so like, vertical farming? good, saves space. smaller plants with bigger yield? great, saves space, can plant more and get more food. plants that are resistant to drought? to high temps? to low fertilizer? amazing, it means you have hardier plants that you can put in places that regular plants wouldn’t be able to stand.

so are they agriculturally efficient? hell yeah, because remember, it takes about 10 years for a crop in testing- GMO or not- to reach a point in development where it can be submitted for approval by the USDA for the market (something I’ve learned in my current job). imagine doing all breeding without GMOs. you would literally be able to do one cross a year, maybe two if you’re in a warmer area (this is why a lot of soybean breeding has been moved to South America, where they can do twice as much breeding). with GMOs, you can develop and test stuff faster, so by a monetary standpoint it’s awesome. 

lets not forget that GMO crops can withstand more because of the pure amount of precision put into them. like, lets say your corn breaks a lot. you can spend 3-4 years meticulously cross breeding your developing strain with a break-resistant variety to get that trait in, or you can just cut and paste in the gene. and get this: it doesn’t even have to be from the break resistant variety. you can pull it from another plant that might be better at not breaking, and get an even better resulting variety. 

another thing that we can’t forget about is that new GMO tech helps us keep up with pests and diseases. at work, i’ve seen experiments involving root pests; plants infected had root systems destroyed down to a single tap root. imagine that happening to a farmer’s field. like, all of it. that’s the kind of thing we’re up against here; to stop infestations and to solve new challenges quickly by developing technology quickly, while still improving the plant to commercial level. 

when talking to the breeders at work, they told me that the industry as a whole recently upped its goal from creating a crop that would give each farmer a 200 bushel harvest (200 bushels has been the goal for the past 30 years; they’ve recently reached it and exceeded it) to 300 bushels per harvest. they have to do this just by modifying the plants. they have no control over how much the farmer plants and/or how many fields they have.

to give some perspective here, one bushel is 60 pounds of grain. they’re aiming to have each farmer that buys their products be able to reliably harvest and sell 18,000 pounds of grain per year

the moral of the story is that the breeding and agri industries are under a lot of pressure here, and they have to work fast, because the population is rising. 

knock knock

whos there?

dwindling nitrogen supplies in farmland and unsustainable farming practices but im gonna save that for another time

are they healthier? it depends on what you believe. like, what we’ve found so far is that GMOs don’t hurt you. some of them have added vitamins that can help you (lets not forget the famous GMO golden rice, which uses a daffodil gene coupled with a soil bacterium gene to make a rice variety produce a huuuuuge amount of vitamin A. this has been so effective in solving vitamin deficiencies and health problems in 3rd world countries since it was introduced in 2005 that its won awards and been used as a universal case study for the whole “GMO plants” thing) but most are just like. idk. kind of there? they help the health of the plant and help the farmer bring in income, so???? idk???

are they better for the environment? i have no idea. i suppose indirectly, because like. if you have a heartier plant you have to clear less land for agriculture?? (can anyone weigh in here?). But if these got out into the wild, the effects could be DEVASTATING, which is why the USDA and related government organizations (depending on where you live) make it so you have to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that what you’re putting out into production won’t be crazy damaging if it magically gets out somehow.

ethically: i have no idea man. like im still super split on it. my scientist self says “you can literally buy everything to do it and modify plants to produce heat right in your own home right now” but then im like……………..idk man we just dont know. i dont want to hurt my plant friends. if this hurts our plant friends. idk

Sally’s True Love Spell

Originally posted by untitledqueen

A spell I wrote inspired from the film Practical Magic

This is a fire free spell used to draw in your ideal lover.

This is NOT a spell to make a specific individual fall in love with you.

This spell can also be altered to search for the ideal platonic partner. See the notes section at the end of this post!

Items needed:

- Pick any of the following flower petals and dry them* if you have the time. But fresh petals are also okay. (you don’t need the whole flower just a a couple of petals) You don’t need all of them, I’m just providing as many options as possible:  White Carnation (pure love), Dark Red Carnation (Deep Love),  white Chrysanthemum (truth and loyal love), Red Chrysanthemum (love), Red Rose (deep love), Yellow rose (friendship/ caring), Orange/Coral rose (passion/energy/desire), Lavender Rose (love at first sight),  Tulip (declaration of love/ perfect love) - Any other flower you can think of that symbolizes love + companionship. You don’t need a lot. Maximum 2 petals for each flower of your choosing.

- Hot water (like just barely hot enough for tea. As long as there’s steam, you’re golden)

- water soluble paper (get rice/wafer paper OR look for the brand print-stitch-dissolve in a local craft store. I’ve found it in Michael’s and staples for around $10) IF you can’t fine the paper, just write on your flower petals, provided they are large enough.

- pen(s)/ pencil(s) in any color(s) of your choosing

- mug or bowl

- an open window/ outdoor space

What to do:

- Start boiling your water. Feel free to put it on low heat, this may take some time.

- Take your pen and paper, list the qualities you seek in a love (be they physical or personality related). If you do wish to use a visual element you can print out images/ draw the qualities you seek. There is no need whatsoever to glue items together

- As you write each quality, rip it up from the page so it’s on it’s own strip, place it in your mug/bowl

- when you are finished writing, take your dried petals and crumble them/ tear them up, toss them into the mug/bowl as well

-take the mug/bowl into your hands and speak/whisper this chant

“Lover hear me. Lover know my name. Lover come find me. Lover follow my heart’s flame.“

- put the bowl down, by now your water should be hot. Slowly pour in the hot water, repeating the chant if you wish. Let the steam send your wishes out into the world. Feel free to chant until you no longer see steam/ until the water cools.

- When the bowl/contents have cooled, pour out the mug/bowl. Be sure to wash it when you are done if it’s one you consume from.

Additional Notes: If you’d like, keep a copy of your list should you choose to keep an eye out for your person. Or if you’d like to perform the spell again. Feel free to copy any imagery as well and hold onto it if you wish.

* To press + dry flowers you can either iron the flowers between sheets of parchment paper OR press them under some heavy books (this can take several days. But since it’s petals you’ll probably need a week max.). If you use the iron method, make sure the iron is on the lowest possible setting and there is no water in it. Don’t iron across the paper like you would clothes, just dab for 10-15 seconds in each spot. Let it cool . Maybe go over with the iron 1 more time, you don’t want to scorch/ burn the petals.


PLATONIC PARTNER ALTERATIONS: change the the word “lover“ to “partner“ in the chant. Look for flowers that have friendship/ familial/ unconditional love related meanings such as yellow rose, Jasmine, pear blossom, primrose, yellow chrysanthemum, forget-me-not, blue violets, ect. Obviously make more changes as you see fit <3

Items that Viktor has impulsively purchased
  • First class plane tickets to Japan because bae skated his routine
  • An eight million dollar Cadillac 
  • A Rolex watch because Yuuri was late meeting him one time 
  • A gigantic whirlpool bath because he missed Hasetsu 
  • A golden studded collar for Makkachin 
  • The best rice cooker on the market 
  • A holiday getaway home that Yuuri doesn’t know about for half a year
  • The official Yuuri dakimakura
  • Glow in the dark condoms 
  • A tiara
  • A year worth of club penguin membership
Doumeki's Character Profile From The 20072017 Yoneda Kou's Fanbook

Dohmeki Chikara (age 25)

Character profile

born on October, 28th
Scorpio, type O
190cm/82kg
Can be compared to: a dog (Golden Retriever)
Likes: white rice, mochi rice, sleeping, appreciating movies, reading (crime novels), kendou (participated in the interhighs)
Special skill: Kendou, Judou, Joint lock (in Judou)
His type: He doesn’t say (he likes people with beautiful legs)

Parameters

Degree of doggyness: 5
Unequalled: 5
Patience: 5
Intelligence: 2
Broad-mindedness: 3.5
Pride: 1
Easily moved to tears: 3
Ability in combat: [off the charts!] 8

  • Burns easily in the sun
  • Because he doesn’t smile often, he is scary, but, because of that, the power of destruction of his smiling face is great!
  • He only drinks in moderation
  • His underwear are rather short boxer types
  • His normal clothes are Jeans and big/loose Tshirts
  • Surprisingly soft hair type
  • His eye sight isn’t good
  • His chest measures 107cm (Teasing his nipples makes him weak)
  • He doesn’t toss and turn in his sleep
  • He can crack the joints of his fingers.

When he was in primary school, he was going to the police kendou-club of his neighbourhood.

Shoe size: 29cm

There’s also this cute dialogue between Doumeki and his beloved boss:

Yash: Are you unexpectedly a crybaby? Up till volume 5, you cried
twice…
Doumeki: … I’ll pay attention not to cry in hard times.
Yash: Since it’s cute, cry more!
Doumeki: ……

_________________

My additions are in Italics.

Please let me know if I made any mistakes!

It’s a fact: everything tastes better in a glass jar😛😛 my Friday afternoon consisted of a long walking with pup, working on blog posts, doing household duties and this heavenly golden parfait🙏🏼 mango-maca nicecream layered with fresh nectarines, brown rice puffs + crunchy homemade granola🌞👅💦 Happy Weekend sunshines!

IG: @naturally_nina_

Can I get the danganronpa 2 boys with their s/o on St. Patrick day??? Love your NDRV3 headcanons ❤️

I’m so happy you enjoyed my NDRV3 Headcanons! I’d also love to thank you for this prompt! I hope you like it!

-Mod Kirumi

Ultimate Imposter/Byakuya Togami

  • Normally, he dons the guise of Byakuya but today you can tell he is in the mood for BYAKUYA VERSION GREEN
  • His hair is still blond but he has stuck green clips in his hair
  • His suit is atrociously green
  • He has also brought you two matching hats
  • Otherwise, he continues his day as Byakuya, working his butt off for the entire day.
  • When he comes home, he has purchased 12 shamrock shakes for the two of you??
  • Byakuya should know that you can’t consume that many shamrock shakes!!
  • Oh wait, never mind. He’s purchased *1 shamrock shake for you and *11 shamrock shakes for himself
  • You spend the rest of the day leaning on his shoulder and drinking the sugar filled green shake
  • He feels pity on you because you can’t drink anymore than that

Teruteru Hanamura

  • Matcha buns!! You absolutely love to eat Matcha buns!! And they are green tea Matcha buns!!
  • Of course, he has tried to make it shaped like a butt. Does it really matter? They’re matcha buns!!
  • The next meal of the day, lunch time, Teruteru is wearing a cute hat and and has a new green apron
  • He’s made transforming egg pea rice which consist of scrambled eggs, golden duck soup stock that melts over the green pea rice, and the sexiest fragrance in the world
  • The food is so amazing that it feels like your clothes are flying off with every bite
  • Thankfully they aren’t, but you savour each and every bite. Before you know it, you’ve eaten three bowls of it
  • Teruteru is so happy that you loved his food!!
  • Finally, for dinner, you are escorted downstairs in a blindfold
  • Teruteru also had fuzzy handcuffs to go with it but you refused.
  • And the moment you step into the kitchen and take your blindfold off, your boyfriend has set up the table so you can watch him cook! It’s a live performance!
  • What makes it better is that he brought one of those leprechaun costumes, but he had put his own kinky twist onto the costume.
  • It looks a bit hideous but hilarious, the costume, that is, but you can ignore it while munching the green appetizers.
  • And Teruteru starts to get ready to cook the ingredients
  • But where is the meat? Typically, Teruteru’s dishes include plenty of meat because of the flavour
  • You are about to ask him when he pulls out an ENTIRE FUCKING ROAST PIG
  • WHERE THE HELL DID YOU GET THAT
  • ITS ONLY ST PATRICK’S DAY YOU DON’T NEED TO COOK THAT MUCH
  • STOP PEERING INTO THE DEAD ASSHOLE ALREADY

Nekomaru Nidai

  • The day starts like normal. You get up, put on something green,  go downstairs, and go out for a jog with Nekomaru
  • But today, Nekomaru takes you down a different path?
  • You’re so excited. Does this mean that he is taking you down a harder path? Have you finally leveled up??
  • He stops and you look at where you are.
  • It’s a little private area within a forest, filled with soft flowers and silky grass
  • And Nekomaru is smiling so triumphantly because he is so happy that you love it
  • In a tree near the back, there is a bucket of chocolate coins, placed there for you from Nekomaru!!
  • You thank him so much! You can not believe that he did all this for you!
  • He tells you not to thank him, it was something that he was supposed to do for his loved one!
  • But the moment you step forward to claim the chocolates, Nekomaru steps in your way!
  • He tells you to take off your green shoes and your green shirt! You comply, used to following his training orders, and he takes off his green whistle and green jacket.
  • “S/O, THIS TRAINING AREA WILL BE THE LOCATION OF TODAY’S FIGHT! NO GREEN OUTFITS WILL ENSURE FAIR PLAY!”
  • He’s preparing to go higher than 10% this time. And you are so ready to fight!! You’ve been training for this moment!!
  • You both get an equal amount of pinches into each other. Nekomaru is so proud! Until you zone out for one millisecond and he smacks you in the stomach
  • He checks out whether you’re okay, and he is so relieved when you stand right back up!
  • You get chocolates as a reward for such a good fight!

DARK LORD Gundam Tanaka

  • You woke up to your Gundam alarm in the morning
  • “FIGHT ME, YOU FOUL GREEN MAN!”
  • Well that’s definitely a new line you haven’t heard before
  • You get up from your bed to see what going on and
  • Oh
  • It’s just the green footprint stickers that you stuck on the floor, hamster bed, hamster toilet, and hamster house
  • Last night, after Gundam fell asleep, you thought it was funny to stick stickers and put washable green footsteps all over the place
  • Which reminds you to immediately pinch him after you change into a fuzzy green sweater
  • He just kinda gives his best “what are you doing, brave but foolish human” stare
  • Most people typically find that look scary but it’s a bit hard to pull that off without guy-liner and gundams current silly bed head
  • You explain that it is St. Patrick’s day and that you are supposed to pinch people who aren’t wearing green. You also explain that there are little green men who usually cause mischief and that the holiday is typically associated with gold and rainbows
  • He stops listening after “little troubling green men”
  • His eyes light up. He is so going to trap the one who SABOTAGED HIS HAMSTER HOUSE
  • You try to tell him that you were the one who put the decorations up but he! will! not! listen!
  • He sets up a trap involving a Popsicle sticks, green paint, string, hamster food, his rings and circles of destruction, hot glue, pencils, gunpowder, pens, paper, more stickers, green ink, and chocolate wrappers
  • He keeps hidden underneath the covers until he notices out of the corner of his eyes that there are small green hamster footprints leaving his line of sight
  • His new conclusion?
  • The leprechaun can shapeshift into a hamster.
  • Gundam Tanaka will find and catch the leprechaun
  • After four hours, four fucking hours of fucking doofus, the trap activates. You can hear explosions and gundam’s proud war cry
  • You honestly don’t believe him when he exclaims to you proudly that he has caught the leprechaun! But you walk into the room and there are actually small hamster footsteps that you did not make?!
  • Gundam lifts the trap and…
  • It’s just one of his hamsters that probably accidentally stepped into the ink pad
  • Gundam = amazed that one of his hamsters was actually a dark lord known as the leprechaun and he will not stop boasting to you about his power
  • He’s so adorkable that you can’t not smile at him.

Nagito Komaeda

  • So he’s already wearing green, which mean you don’t have to pinch him, so is that lucky or unlucky?
  • You’re wearing a shirt that’s literally asking him to kiss you, is that lucky or unlucky?
  • Today is a day that is surrounded by four leaf clovers, is that lUCKY or uNLUCKY?
  • Because if this is all supposed to be lucky, then something bad will happen really soon
  • He’s holding your hand and keeping you close to him all day. He tries to keep it as low key as possible that he is so scared about losing you, so he refuses to have anymore good luck come into his way.
  • Which means he won’t kiss you but he promised several kisses when you two get home again. Where he knows that you can be safer.
  • Out for a walk? Gotta hold hands.
  • Going to get a burger from a restaurant? Hold hands while eating.
  • Needing a number two bathroom break?
  • By now your hand is probably sweating
  • You do understand his clingyness though. It is really sweet but seriously? Just because you need a bathroom break and there is a possibility of bad shit happening does not mean that you need a bathroom buddy!! You tell him that in nicer terms though
  • When you exit the washroom, he is so relieved
  • You didn’t die because of him. Today is wayyy too lucky
  • What he does ignore is how in the washrooms, the green paint on the walls were wet and you slipped and got wet, thick, green wall paint all over yourself (and you didn’t want to tell him just in case he felt bad.)
  • But that’s okay
  • So now he is kissing your cheeks because he just loves how soft they are but
  • He honestly didn’t notice green paint all over you??
  • So now his mouth is covered in paint too??
  • Which is probably poisonous and toxic when ingested??
  • Fuck

Fuyuhiko Kuzuryuu

  • As a member of the yakuza, he didn’t get to celebrate many holidays
  • So when you pinch him he just swears
  • Why the fuck are you pinching him? Do you think you have the authority to do that?? Yeah sure, your bravery is admirable and absolutely fucking adorable but that is one thing you do not do to the heir of the yakuza.
  • You’ve also triggered Peko and she is hiding outside of the house waiting for Fuyuhiko’s signal
  • You try to explain as quickly as possible that it’s st Patrick’s day and that you supposedly get pinched if you don’t wear green.
  • That’s such a stupid rule. Why green? Does it even help that much?
  • He changes his entire outfit so it’s green anyways
  • He finds one of your green shirts and wears it because no matter how much you prod him, he will not wear the Kiss Me I’m Irish shirt
  • In return, he will allow you to paint a four leaf clover on his collarbone
  • “Make it look manly”
  • But as the day goes on, and you two hang out with the rest of the 77th class of Hope’s Peak, Fuyuhiko gets into the spirit.
  • He’s started to try and find different ways to get Nagito to take off his hoodie so he can PINCH THE LIVING FUCK OUT OF HIM
  • He teams up with Kazuichi and draws green mustaches all over Gundam’s face
  • But he claims it’s a new discipline method for the Yakuza and he wants to test it out on his classmates and you
  • It’s so adorable because he has shyly requested to put stickers all over your face and you let him. He’s also painted you green eyebrows and a cool dragon
  • The dragon he has doodled on your face would have been great if it wasn’t in a shape of a mustache
  • When you get home, he acts as if the whole day was childish and ridiculous. But it was definitely “childishly fun.” And he is so ready to have another day like that again. He asks you again and again whether you will do it next year and he is blushing and grinning non stop
  • He’s so thankful to have such a fun S/O
  • And next year he plans on catching a leprechaun

Kazuichi Soda

  • He’s on top of every single holiday
  • So obviously, he gets prepared for St. Patrick’s Day wayyyyy earlier than you do
  • You wake up to a miniature mechanical leprechaun spitting chocolate coins out of his mouth
  • The coins all have “Kiss me” written all over them. At that moment, you know who prepared this special gift for you!
  • In the kitchen, Kazuichi is making breakfast for you! Also, his pink hair now has some streaks of green.
  • But he is covered in oil and rust so you aren’t sure whether the food is safe
  • He’s literally made green eggs and ham for you, and the egg is actually cooked thoroughly! He’s also made green milk, which he promises is not rotten.
  • He swears it’s just food colouring! No way would he ever hurt his s/o!
  • When you go to hang out with his classmates, he is pinching every stranger!
  • And everyone else is pinching him back because your boyfriend simply doesn’t have enough green on him
  • An hour later, he is practically begging you to step in and help him. You give him your green scarf.
  • But now everyone is pinching you!
  • Solution? Both of you wear the scarf at the same time!
  • Now not even Hiyoko has an excuse to pinch someone! (and her pinches are really hard Dx)
  • It gives him an excuse to kiss you in public without being too embarrassed too!

Hajime (Hajimeme) Hinata

  • He really doesn’t celebrate st Patrick’s day
  • Nonetheless, he will still go along with you. He does think the pinching is a little stupid, but whatever
  • But when everyone keeps pinching him, he decides he has had enough! He is wearing a green tie, so he shouldn’t be pinched!
  • No one is listening to him except for you. You try to explain that the green tie isn’t enough for st Patrick’s day with friends.
  • It’s surely just a childish thing! He doesn’t care too much.
  • That is, until you remind him that Nagito and Akane and Nekomaru are coming. Getting pinched by them would be—
  • You two are now going shopping for some green clothes and he really needs you to drive him so u say yes ON THE CONDITION THAT YOU GET TO PICK HIS CLOTHES
  • You prank him a bit by purchasing a Kiss Me I’m Irish shirt
  • Hajime is so red and flustered it’s adorable but you make it clear that you are the only one who can kiss this pillar of salt/meme (as a form of not sincere apology)
  • Yeah, that’s right.
  • But maybe you have forgotten that a certain someone was coming
  • Screw off Nagito. You aren’t supposed to take that shirt seriously.
  • Please stop trying to kiss Hajime
  • Stap
  • Gosh dammit Nagito
This Brand-New Vegan Cookbook Will Help You Save Time, Money, and Animals

Toni Okamoto, co-author of The Friendly Vegan Cookbook and the brains behind acclaimed vegan blog Plant Based on a Budget, is at it again with an impressive collection of recipes: The Super Easy Vegan Slow Cooker Cookbook.

Featuring 100 delicious, affordable, and easy-to-make recipes, this book tackles one of the biggest issues faced by vegans of all ages—how to make mouthwatering vegan dishes with little time and money.

The cookbook goes on sale May 30, but there’s no need to wait. You can preorder your copy today!

Here’s a taste:

Golden Garlic Rice

Serves 4
Prep Time: 15 minutes
Cook Time: 25 minutes

Ingredients:

½ tsp. poached garlic oil1 cup long-grain white rice¼ small yellow onion, finely chopped3 poached garlic cloves2 cups vegetable broth½ cup frozen mixed veggies¼ cup sliced shiitake mushrooms

Directions:

  1. Add the oil, rice, onion, and garlic to a medium sauté pan. Cook over medium heat, stirring frequently, until the onions become translucent and the rice turns a golden brown (about 2 minutes).
  2. Add the vegetable broth, frozen vegetables, and mushrooms.
  3. Bring to a boil, cover, and lower to a simmer.
  4. Allow to simmer for 20 minutes.

Cooking Tip:

If you use organic rice that’s grown in the United States, it isn’t necessary to rinse before cooking. Rinsing does remove excess starch, however, so if you have an extra minute, rinse your rice in cold water before cooking for perfectly fluffy rice.


Click here to preorder your copy today!

anonymous asked:

Non so cosa sia il CRISPR, nonostante l'abbia gùgolato, ma perché sei contrario al biologico e, anche se moderatamente, al km 0? E come mai favorevole agli OGM? Grazie

  • CRISPR: tecnica di biologia molecolare (CRISPR-Cas9 generalmente, ma come mi diceva @spaam tempo fa ci sono anche varianti) alla quale io fare un monumento: permette di andare a modificare il genoma di una cellula (di un organismo) in maniera puntuale. Non devi più inserire il gene che ti faccia un dato compito (come ad esempio produrre vitamina A nel riso e fare così un prodotto OGM chiamato golden rice), o fare mutazioni a caso con radiazioni (come si è prodotto il grano attuale) ma ti basta andare a sforbiciare nel punto esatto e nel modo esatto che vuoi tu, cambiando esattamente quello che vuoi tu per avere il risultato che vuoi tu (ad esempio sarebbe possibile cambiare il gene dell’emoglobina mutata e fare sì che non esista più l’anemia falciforme). Un futuro nuovo ci attende, se i politici non avranno paura e non decideranno che “Oddio l’eugenetica! Oddio l’ordine prestabilito!”
  • il biologico è una truffa. Non esiste alcuna legge che imponga livelli diversi di pesticidi sul prodotto del supermercato: ci sono gli stessi livelli massimi consentiti sia per il biologico sia per il normale. Inoltre l’agricoltura biologica ha resa minore (perché può usare meno prodotti in aiuto alla coltivazione - attenzione: non zero, ma solo alcuni selezionati), quindi a parità di quantità venduta abbiamo più terre coltivate, ovvero più spazio necessario, ovvero più disboscamento e deforestazione e più riduzione della biodiversità. I prodotti di agricoltura biologica sono sostanzialmente identici, dal punto di vista nutrizionale, a quelli classici e, anche se ci fosse un maggior contenuto di X, sarebbe ancora da dimostrare che questo si traduce in un effetto benefico sulla salute. L’allevamento biologico poi non dà alcun vantaggio all’essere umano (il prodotto, come sopra, è identico) però può dare vantaggio all’animale, che non soffre per l’allevamento intensivo. Salvo poi scoprire che nell’enfasi del biologico non curano gli animali se ammalati ma gli danno pillole omeopatiche.
  • il km 0 danneggia le economie intra e extranazionali. Non avremmo banane in Italia o arance in Lombardia se esistesse solo il km 0, non esisterebbe l’esportazione di prodotti alimentari abbattendo così una grossa fetta economica. Ma sono contro il km 0 moderatamente perché non è la mia materia e magari qualcuno può ancora convincermi che sbaglio.
  • OGM tutta la vita. OGM come se non ci fosse un domani. OGM a me, a te e a tutti quanti noi! In un mondo ideale non ci si preoccuperebbe mai di come è prodotta una cosa*, ma solo se quella cosa può essere utile o dannosa. Eppure non ci interessa se il golden rice può salvare la vista a migliaia di persone in ipovitaminosi A ed è totalmente innocuo tanto quanto un chicco di riso qualsiasi, siccome è prodotto incrociando i suoi geni con altri geni specifici e piazzati in maniera precisa e senza errori allora “Oddio il mostro! Oddio Frankenstein! Non si può giocare a fare Dio!” La verità è che l’uomo modifica quello che ha intorno da quando è nato e siccome solo pochi capiscono qualcosa di biologia molecolare allora quelli che non capiscono tirano su una nuova caccia alle streghe, dove spero non finisca mai CRISPR.

    * ovviamente ci si preoccupa dei processi produttivi in modo che non siano inquinanti o dannosi, ma è tutto un altro discorso (e la biologia molecolare, tendenzialmente, non è qualcosa che libera fumi tossici nell’atmosfera o veleni nei fiumi)

EDIT: CRISPR non è una tecnica ma una specifica regione di DNA, ed è usata, insieme a enzimi (ad esempio Cas9), dando la possibilità di editare il DNA in maniera precisa

5

The Shining Light & The Summer Storm

That morning light, which brings warmth and life is Amaterasu, the benevolent Goddess of the sun. Universally, she is adored.

Less so are her brothers, namely Susano, bringer of storms, whose jealousy of his sister’s popularity drove him to burn her golden rice fields and scatter the sacred looms of her people. Grief stricken at the destruction, Amaterasu sealed herself inside a deep cavern. Her people suffered and the realm fell into crushing darkness.

Like his sister, Amaterasu, Susano was born to rule, but he was tempestuous, with a flaring anger, wicked tongue, and a penchant for destruction. Their father, Izanagi, would have none of it and decreed that Susano live in the Underworld. His mood dark at this news, Susano committed heinous acts of vandalism and murder. Acts that sent Amaterasu into shameful hiding.

At a river side, Susano ventured upon an elderly couple, weeping and cradling their young daughter. Eight children, they’d had once, but now only one remained; seven devoured by the eight-headed serpent. Susano was resolved. To atone for his crimes, to prove his father wrong, to better himself, Susano would slay this beast.

One by one, he chopped the eight necks, until only the wriggling tail remained. Sweeping his blade split the reptilian hide, leaving notches in his blade but revealing a brilliant sword inside: the Kusanagi-no-Tsurugi.

To his sister, he gave the blade. An act of atonement, but not an apology. His true nature would never change, but his intention could.