no such thing as society

anonymous asked:

Can you please help me understand the difference between anarchism, communism, and marxism?

Very simplified version with probably lots of flaws: 

Socialism is a system where the means of production are owned by the people and are used to meet the needs of all, as opposed to capitalism where the means of production are owned by a small elite and used to generate profit for that elite. The goal of Socialism is to lead to Communism; a classless, moneyless, stateless, egalitarian society. 

The (main) difference between Communists and Anarchists is how they want to achieve that goal. Communists want to use the state as a tool to transition from Capitalism to Socialism to Communism, at which point the state would no longer be needed. Anarchists oppose authority and argue that you cannot create equality using hierarchical systems, and so want to do away with the state immediately.

Marxism describes the Economic and Philosophical theories of Karl Marx. Among other things he described how society progresses from one type of society to another through class struggle, and described how the logical inconsistencies inherent in Capitalist society must inevitably lead to its destruction.

Some good introductory books:

Anarchism
The Conquest of Bread - Peter Kropotkin
Anarchy Works - Peter Gelderloos

Communism
The Communist Manifesto - Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels

Socialism
The ABC’s of Socialism -  Bhaskar Sunkara
The ABC of Socialism - Leo Huberman
The Soul of Man Under Socialism - Oscar Wilde

anonymous asked:

What lead to the she-cat's heats being more muted?

The same thing that shriveled up the aggression in toms: society!

When the Clans were first formed, a lot of the internal conflict was due to the instincts that come with being in heat. Toms were fighting the urge to kill kittens that didn’t belong to them, queens and mollies were breeding with wild abandon, there were fights over who laid which lady, so on and so forth. This was where the law against toms in the nursery started, but it wasn’t enough to establish a sense of security for anyone. 

What they needed, as it turned out, was a new societal ideal. As a part of the Clans wanting to be Bigger And Better Than Anyone Else, they were quickly and pointedly claiming to be drawn to milder, calmer cats who could stifle their hostility around stranger kittens, or who selected one mate and stayed with them throughout their life. With these cats getting all the special attention, the aggressive and outlandish ones were forced to change their behavior or lose their spot in the rapidly dissolving totem pole that had defined their lives up to this point. The Clan community had no place for assholes or strumpets, which set them far apart from what came so naturally to their species. 

It followed that, over time, such chill behavior became ingrained into the Clanborn. They no longer needed to fake being sweet and gentle - that’s how they got raised, and that’s who they were. This meant that their instincts were muffled over time, even outright ignorable. An unintended side effect was that the cats became more and more apathetic to the idea of breeding altogether. A lot of cats simply don’t take up a mate or kittens nowadays, which is unthinkable to outsiders. 

things fall apart

when’s the last time
I stilled long enough
for these words to bloom?
even thoughts half formed
are better than some arid garden
soil cracked, and I’m bending over back
performing somersaults in a hamster wheel
until I’m now nauseated and dizzy
and bursting at all seams
with these words flowing slow
because my brain has been on overload.

stress dreams weave into the day
and into this nightmare I wake,
where try as I might to fight the fight
sometimes strength is not enough,
and maybe I simply care too much,
but lately words have been failing me
calling my bluff when I say—things are…
okay—
as my voice cracks and tears spring
from some deep place feels have been burying.
strength and armor only go so far
and today I finally fell apart,
blubbering in my coworker’s broken down car
until my shudders uncovered my raw heart,
still beating but bruised and overused
while I used and reused crumpled tissues.

these words don’t come easily
even after the shudders retreated,
I’m piecing it all together
by picking out each of these splinters
and taking time for puffy eyes
from exit plans to dreaming again,

I remind myself, I’m only human

Masculinity can be soft. Masculinity can be gentle. Masculinity can be whispers and shyness and pastel colours and flowers and all those things can be masculine if someone wants them to call them that. Masculinity and femininity are constructs - you don’t have to describe yourself or anything you like as either if you don’t want to. 

He said, “Don’t you feel lonely living in your own little world?” She whispered, “don’t you feel powerless living in other people’s worlds?”
—  F.G.
The Signs summed up

Aries: Usually deemed “immature” but they’re really just full of life and vigor. Fun to hang out with or to be around. 

Taurus: Complains a lot, and has a witty edge to them that can shock you sometimes. Not the best secret keeper though. 

Gemini: Either really sweet, or really mean. Likes to be around others whether they’re outgoing or shy. Interesting facial expressions. 

Cancer: Like Gemini, they’re either super nice, or super mean. Either way, they love their friends. Sometimes does little nice gestures for you. 

Leo: Generous to a fault, and overall very loving. Sometimes cocky and immature, but in the end they have a heart of gold. 

p: Virgo: Can be a bit cold sometimes. Really booksmart, but when it comes to common sense… Not so much. Most of the time really trustworthy, but if they’re angry they will hurt you. 

Libra: Tough on the outside, but actually a big softie. Pretty nice most of the time tbh. Always fair and sees things for how they are. 

Scorpio: They actually have a little bit of pride in them. Rarely shows it though. Understanding and compassionate. Doesn’t sugar-coat things. 

Sagittarius: Stands out from society in some way or another. Breaks all stereotypes and rules. Really nice to have as friends, they care a lot. 

Capricorn: Protective and tries to be stern (but they’re not trust me). Really sweet personality and will go to the end of the world for you. 

Aquarius: Really up down and all over the place. Unpredictable most of the time. They’re really quite independent, but don’t mind being a team player. 

Pisces: Actually quite outgoing. One of the sweetest of the signs, they will help you and care for you. They can be quite spacy at times. 

i don’t think i’ve made a post about this yet, but i find it fascinating how MHA is kinda the story of a next gen shonen story, only the audience has never seen the previous generation.

All Might was the protagonist of his story, and now he’s reaching his limit and needs to retire. the story focus is on the new generation surpassing the old, and learning from their mistakes. All Might doesn’t want Izuku to experience the same pain he did, by losing his master. instead, he’s focusing on helping Izuku become the next Symbol of Peace.

Izuku is learning that self-sacrifice isn’t the end all, be all for heroes. that you can’t just wreck your body to save someone else, because sooner or later it’ll catch up with you.

Endeavor is what would happen if a shonen rivalry continued on into adulthood without ever resolving itself. he’s the logical conclusion of an unresolved rivalry of someone who couldn’t take being left behind. Bakugou’s development is in direct contrast to Endeavor’s, because Bakugou is learning and growing and slowly letting go of his spite and frustration and need to be number one all the time, unlike Endeavor

Toshinori made himself the Symbol of Peace, and as a result he was the only thing keeping society on it’s feet. once he fell, so did everything keeping the villains at bay. the new generation are all going to learn from this and become more symbols, holding up the peace together instead of just relying on one person.

the next generation is all about Teamwork, not just working as individuals.

Toshinori lost his place as a hero after he went after All for One in revenge those 6 years ago. he lost sight of his heroism in order to avenge Nana. that’s the moment he fell. that’s why he can no longer be a hero anymore, because of the injuries he sustained from that fight.

Nana gave up her child and cut herself off from her family because she couldn’t take the pain of it anymore. she likely kept herself emotionally distant from Toshinori because of this, during their short time together, and Toshinori is doing the complete opposite of what she did; Toshinori is getting close to Izuku and they’re both emotionally supporting each other.

there’s so much about Toshi’s life that we don’t know about, and it’s his life that would’ve been the star of the previous generation. how he was quirkless, how he wanted to become a hero, and a symbol who could stop crime, how he met Nana and earned her trust and gained her powers, how he lost her and trained under Gran Torino, how Endeavor met him and sparked that rivalry, how he eventually became All Might and how his reputation alone nearly stopped crime (something no hero in any previous generation was able to do). 

his whole life could be told in it’s own series, but we, the audience, aren’t privy to that information. we just know the bare bones, and occasionally we find out more as the story goes on. little hints of what happened before. but that’s all in the past–it’s all about helping the next generation grow now. All Might was a legend in his own time, but he’s old and injured and has to retire from hero work. instead, he’s helping a new generation of heroes grow; he’s helping Izuku become the next Symbol of Peace in his place. 

the story of MHA is a next generation story without the previous generation being shown, and i think that’s fascinating.

love this bisexual! 2.0 💖💜💙
remastered version of this upon request

i have two rough and tumble boys. they climb trees and play swords and have more nerf guns than is fucking healthy. they love disc golf and camping and fishing and dragons and shit marvel movies and xbox and, god help me, fedoras and wearing socks w/ their slides. but they also love sewing and cooking and drawing and the color pink and they know how to iron clothes and scrub a fucking toilet. they prance around the house in my high heels because they think its badass that i can go backwards down the stairs in them. one of them has long hair and gets teased for it. they know about bodily consent. they know about the patriarchy and how toxic that is. they know what intersectional feminism is. they know what emotions are and are learning how to handle them in healthy ways. they’re currently watching moana for the seven-fucking-thousandth day in a row and belting the shit out of the songs, not just maui’s, because it’s a good fucking movie. we go on bike rides and walks and play these awful geek role playing games that i hate but we do, because they love them. they know about institutional racism and the school to prison pipeline, police brutality, redlining, etc. and all the layers of privilege they were born into. we only read family books that had a girl protagonist for a year. this coming year, we aren’t reading any books about white kids. they love plays. we talk about internal biases and acknowledge that we are all racist, and learning ways to overcome that and educate ourselves. 

anyway fuck gender norms and ‘boys will be boys’ and ‘my kid is too delicate to handle these heavy topics’ bullshit. you can let boys express themselves in traditionally masculine ways, if that’s what they want, and still raise them to be thoughtful, conscientious human beings. it isn’t that fucking difficult.

Creating functioning civilizations in your fiction

Let’s be frank: a lot of this section is likely to be left out of your novel. Why? Because the ins-and-outs of how a city or village functions on a very basic level isn’t really that enthralling. Here and there, a detail will peek through into your narrative, but whole chunks of these thoughts will be jotted down as notes and then left alone forever. 

So why does it matter?

Like so many other aspects of worldbuilding, you–the writer–knowing every tiny detail will help you create a full, vibrant world on the page. You might not actually outline the history of your city’s sewage systems (ahem. we can’t all be Victor Hugo.) but if you’ve thought about these logistics and answered them even in a brief note to yourself, then the parts of your civilization that you do see on the page will feel consistent and real in an important way. 

(There is also some inevitable overlap between these aspects and your culture, so some questions might lean in that direction. Let it be a jumping-off point for more contemplation as you create.)

If you’re not a freak of nature like me and don’t want to spend time making your world absurdly flawless and perfect, than feel free to skip this entry. (But, I mean, why are you even following this blog if that’s the case??) Onward!

  • Where did basic building materials come from, both currently and historically? 
  • How uniform or varied are the buildings and houses of your civilization (both in style and material)?
  • How has the climate affected building style?
  • How culturally ingrained are the visuals (the cityscape) of the civilization?
  • How tight or spread-out are the buildings and homes in relation to one another? Is that because of culture or landscape necessity?
  • How has the city/town/village adapted to developing technologies and systems?
  • How accessible is water? How is it collected and distributed?
  • What foods are grown/bred locally? What is imported? 
  • How is the harvest of food handled on a logistical level? How are its ethics and its importance viewed by society as a whole?
  • Where do people go to the bathroom? How is sewage disposed of or recycled?
  • Does everyday life produce trash, or are all things reusable or recyclable? 
  • Does plastic exist? If so, how ubiquitous is it?
  • How is trash handled and disposed of?
  • What is/are the city’s primary energy source(s)?
  • Do the people pay taxes? How else might city funds be raised?
  • Do they have a money system? 
    • Is it used only within their town, or across the country?
    • Is money balanced with bartering, or does one take precedent over the other?
    • How is value determined, especially in a barter system?
    • What is the money based on? (gold? Or some other precious metal? Or some other resource entirely?)
  • How willing are citizens to pay for non-necessities and how does that affect the local businesses?
  • How is construction handled? By large groups of people or small teams with big equipment? Or magic? 
  • How are children educated? Who oversees it, if anyone?
  • How important is education to the people and how is that reflected in the system, facilities, and schedule?
  • What purpose does the downtown or “hub” area primarily serve?
    • Socialization
      • Bonfire pit
      • Park
    • Commerce
      • Farmer’s Market or local market
      • Corporate high-rises
    • Entertainment
      • Clubs
      • Sports arena
      • Theatre
      • Casino
  • When people get sick, what do they do? Do they have healthcare choices or do they only have the one doctor or single hospital where they have to do if they need help? How is healthcare paid for?
  • How are injured or dying people transported?
  • What kind of law enforcement does the city have? How much power do they possess? How are they viewed by citizens?
  • Is there some sort of fire department? Is it a city branch or is it volunteers? How are they prepared to fight fires?
  • What natural disasters are common and how is the town prepared for them? What happens when they occur?
  • What popular entertainment venues are there? How are they funded and run? What is their reputation?
  • What different entertainment options are there for the rich and the poor, or whatever class system your town has?
  • How are classes separated within the city?
  • If magic exists in your world, how is its use controlled or maintained within urban areas?
  • What kind of transportation do people use, in general? How is the town equipped to handle it?
  • If traffic jams can happen, how do people deal with them? What steps has the city taken to ensure smooth traffic flow?
  • What is it like when you first leave the city or village?
    • Landscape?
    • Distance to neighboring town?
    • Development of roads beyond the city (and who maintains them)?
  • What might be the first thing a newcomer to the city notices upon entering? Will she have an easy or difficult time navigating the place if she’s never been there before?

Check out the rest of the Brainstorming Series!
Magic Systems, Part One
Magic Systems, Part Two
New Species
New Worlds
New Cultures
Map Making
Politics and Government
Belief Systems & Religion
Guilds, Factions, & Groups
War & Conflict
Science & Technology