“In order to halt foreign interference in the affairs of developing countries it is necessary to study, understand, expose and actively combat neo-colonialism in whatever guise it may appear. For the methods of neo-colonialists are subtle and varied. They operate not only in the economic field, but also in the political, religious, ideological and cultural spheres.

Faced with the militant peoples of the ex-colonial territories in Asia, Africa, the Caribbean and Latin America, imperialism simply switches tactics. Without a qualm it dispenses with its flags, and even with certain of its more hated expatriate officials. This means, so it claims, that it is ‘giving’ independence to its former subjects, to be followed by ‘aid’ for their development. Under cover of such phrases, however, it devises innumerable ways to accomplish objectives formerly achieved by naked colonialism. It is this sum total of these modern attempts to perpetuate colonialism while at the same time talking about ‘freedom’, which has come to be known as neo-colonialism.”

~ Kwame Nkrumah , Neo-Colonialism, the Last Stage of Imperialism 1965

On August 27, 1963, the venerable Pan-Africanist and radical intellectual W.E.B. Du Bois transitioned at the age of 95 while in self-imposed exile in Accra, Ghana. Du Bois was one of African America’s foremost intellectuals and the first person of African descent to receive a Ph.D. from Harvard University. However, after 91 years of struggling against the “color line” in the United States, he had grown tired of the interlocking evils of white supremacy, capitalist exploitation, and anti-communism, and he and his wife Shirley Graham decided to move to the recently independent Ghana to assist Kwame Nkrumah realize his dream of Pan-African unity where he lived out his final days.

Nkrumah emphasised this important point for Africans when addressing the African Heads of State and Government on 24th May 1963 He declared “No sporadic act nor pious resolutions, can resolve our present problems…As a continent we have emerged into independence in a difficult age, with imperialism grown stronger, more ruthless and experienced and more dangerous in its international associations. Our economic advancement demands the end of colonialist and neo-colonialist domination of Africa.”

Thoughts on Nkrumah.. big Six... Ghana.
  • Sometimes, I look at South Africa now and compare us to them and think Nkrumah should have waited. I think maybe we were not ready to take the reigns in terms of infrastructure. We should probably have waited for them to make Ghana more suited to their lifestyles (i.e. high rise buildings, hospitals and schools in every district, etc.) And then taken over. But the thing is, I wish we had never been colonized in the first place. That we had never had to go through slavery. So I think in that time and place, for Nkrumah and the rest of the big six (cos he didn't do it alone) having to choose between freedom now and a maybe better future. For someone who had grown up under an oppressor, who am I to tell him he should have stayed longer under the oppressor so I can have smoother roads? And he thought we could get there on our own. He didn't account for the Rawlings' and, Atta Mills, and Kuffuors and Mahamas of our time to screw it all up. It's hard as a leader to make decisions that affect so many people now and in the future. And Ghana had reached a tipping point. God knows what would have happened if the big six hadn't liberated us. Too many people had to die for South Africa to get where they are today.
Happy Birthday: Kwame Nkrumah (1909-1972)
On this date we mark the birth of Kwame Nkrumah in 1909 Kwame Nkrumah became the first prime minister and later president of Ghana He was born at Nkroful in what was then the British-ruled Gold Coast the son of a goldsmith
In 1930 at Achimota College in Accra the capital of the Gold Coast Nkrumah earned a teachers certificate and taught at several Catholic elementary schools In 1939 he graduated from Lincoln University with B. A degrees in economics and sociology earned a theology degree from the Lincoln Theological Seminary in 1942 and received M. A. degrees in education and philosophy from the University of Pennsylvania in 1942 and 1943 and He also promoted Pan-Africanism a movement for cooperation between all people of African descent and for the political union of an independent Africa In 1945 he went to London to study economics and law That year he helped organize the fifth Pan-African Congress in Manchester with Black American sociologist and writer W.E.B. Du Bois future president of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta and American actor and civil rights activist Paul Robeson In 1946 Nkrumah left his academic studies to become secretary general of the West African National Secretariat That same year Nkrumah became vice president of the West African Students Union a pro-independence organization of younger more politically aggressive African students studying in Britain and He returned to Ghana in 1947 and became general secretary of the newly founded United Gold Coast Convention but split from it in 1949 to form the Convention People party (CPP) However the strikes had convinced the British authorities to move the colony toward independence In 1951 Nkrumah while still in prison won the central Accra seat by a landslide The British governor of the Gold Coast released Nkrumah from prison and appointed him leader of government business The following year he named him Prime Minister Reelected in 1954 and 1956 Nkrumah guided the Gold Coast to independence in 1957 under the name Ghana after an ancient West African empire Nkrumah built a strong central government and attempted to unify the country politically and to muster all its resources for rapid economic development As a proponent of Pan-Africanism he sought the liberation of the entire continent from colonial rule offered generous assistance to other African nationalists and initially pursued a policy of nonalignment with the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) His goal was never realized but his efforts helped bring about the Organization of African Unity in 1963 which promotes peace and cooperation between African nations In 1960 Ghana became a republic and Nkrumah was elected president Between 1961 and 1966 Nkrumah put together an ambitious and very expensive hydroelectric project on the Volta River that though highly successful was laced with economic mismanagement along with several other developmental schemes over the period