Nikolai Nevrev - Roman of Galicia receives ambassodors of Pope Innocent III
According to some sources, pope Innocent III sent ambassodors to the Duke of Galicia Roman with the offer of proclaiming him a king. He offered a complicated system of electing a king by 6 most powerful dukes of Russia. The system was quite similar to that one of Holy Roman Empire.
For becoming the king Roman of Galicia with his people should convert to Catholicism. He refused and banished legates.
Some historian regarded this story unauthentic, because we have no primary sources containing it, except Tatishchev who cited some unsaved chronicles.
Nevertheless, the plot became popular in the XIX century.
Nikolai Vasilyevich Nevrev (Russian: Никола́й Васи́льевич Не́врев) (1830–1904) was a Russian painter.
Nevrev was born to a family of merchants in Moscow. At the age of 21, Nevrev entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, where he studied under the Russian-Italian painter, Mikhail Sсotti. In the 60s, Nevrev painted one of his masterpieces, “The Market” (1866), in which he depicted the sale of serfs. His other paintings focused on criticisms of the Church.
He temporarily stopped working in the 1870s, for seemingly unknown reasons, but began painting historical art in the 80s. In 1881, Nevrev became a member of the Association of Travelling Art Exhibitions. Nevrev’s best work during this time was arguably his genre paintings, each exhibiting a human moral. At the age of 74, Nevrev lost his son and consequently committed suicide.
Nikolai Vasilyevich Nevrev (1830–1904) - The Market - 1866
In the 60s, Nevrev painted one of his masterpieces, “The Market” (1866), in which he depicted the sale of serfs.
Serfdom is the status of peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism. It was a condition of bondage or modified slavery which developed primarily during the High Middle Ages in Europe and lasted in some countries until the mid-19th century.
Serfs who occupied a plot of land were required to work for the Lord of the Manor who owned that land, and in return were entitled to protection, justice and the right to exploit certain fields within the manor to maintain their own subsistence. Serfs were often required not only to work on the lord’s fields, but also his mines, forests and roads. The manor formed the basic unit of feudal society and the Lord of the Manor and his serfs were bound legally, economically, and socially. Serfs formed the lowest social class of feudal society.