nightshade family

An Introduction to Growing Poisonous Plants

As a blog focused mostly on Witchcraft, I usually get asks and messages from people interested in that area of my knowledge. However I’m also a herbalist and a moderately keen gardener, and so I occasionally get people asking for that. In this instance, a user messaged me asking for advice on how to start growing plants, and she specified that she’s most interested in poisonous species. So here’s a post for you, and for all of the other beginner herbalists, Witches, gardeners or simply people who like poisonous things!


1) The key word is plants

All vascular plants, irrespective of their toxicity, habitat or traits, share between them traits that are common to all plants everywhere. These are mostly:

  1. They need sunlight.
  2. They need water.
  3. They need food.
  4. They need carbon dioxide and oxygen from the air
  5. They need to breed

The quantities of each, the proportion of each, and the types of each may vary wildly, but ALL plants need ALL five of them. Some plants have evolved some rather interesting mechanisms to obtain them, but if you don’t provide them with at least the first four (the last one is, in captivity, less important for most plants) they will not survive. Learn what requirements your chosen species require. Do they need dappled sun or full sun? Is tapwater acceptable or must they only be given rainwater? What foods do they need in their soil? Make sure you provide them!


2) Poisonous plants are poisonous!

I know, I know, it seems obvious but then again so did “don’t smoke in the fireworks factory” and some bright spark still went and did that. Remember that if you are specifically growing a species that is poisonous, it may well require specialist treatments to safely grow and tend. Oleander is a common ornamental species, but all parts of it are potentially very poisonous and so it should only be pruned wearing long sleeves and gloves. Foxgloves are beautiful biennials but they also contain the lethal poison digitalis, used as a heart medicine in very, VERY precise dosages, and so they must be kept away from fires of any kind. 

Research CAREFULLY what kind of poisons your plants produce and make very certain to familiarise yourself with:

  • Preventative methods to avoid exposure
  • Symptoms of accidental poisoning
  • Your local poisons hotline number
  • The first aid procedures for exposure
  • Methods to avoid pets or young children being exposed

Most poisonous plants are not lethal, but even non-lethal levels of poisoning can be potentially devastating to those with liver or kidney issues, or to young children or small animals. 


3) Practice on nontoxic plants first

Your first plants should never be any species that are potentially poisonous, purely because you’re unfamiliar with the care of potentially delicate plant species and you’re likely to make mistakes. Think of it like working in a chemistry lab - we don’t give beginners arsenic to work with in their first experiments, because we know they’re not aware of all the safety protocols and correct treatment of arsenic. Similarly, your first plants should never be belladonna or hemlock - instead, stick to plants that are well-known to be non-toxic. 

It may be a good idea to practice on plants related to your target species first, and then move on to more toxic examples later. For instance, instead of starting with belladonna, start out with tomatoes (a kind of nightshade), then move up to non-poisonous nightshades, and then try a more mildly toxic nightshade like woody nightshade, before finally planting deadly nightshade. Since many toxic plants are connected to the nightshade family, this is a good way to get used to that family before planting hensbane, deadly nightshade, and similar plants. 

Mandrakes (Mandragora officinalis) often grow in the same environments as wild beetroot and chicory, so these plants would be excellent starters although they’re not really related. 

Basically, look up plants that grow around your intended species, and practice on those before moving up to the more dangerous examples.


4) Prevent cross-pollination

All gardeners know the pain of growing two species together that are just a little TOO closely related, and ending up with weird hybrids all over the place. Plants are very big on “cross-pollination” - when one species pollinates a different species, causing the growth of an entirely new variety of plant. This is often beneficial: water-mint and spearmint hybridise to form the delicious but sterile peppermint, for example. However, with poisonous plants, cross-pollination could result in new varieties of poisonous plants being produced that could escape into the wild and become dangerous or invasive. So, manage cross-pollination!


5) Keep them away from bees

Many poisonous chemicals can be passed into honey through bees’ collection of nectar and pollen, or alternatively will simply kill bees who attempt to eat the nectar outright. For instance, the popular ornamental plant “Angel’s Trumpet” will cause brood-death in bees, and oleander poisons will concentrate in honey and potentially harm both bees and humans. However, not all plants are so dangerous - foxgloves are extremely toxic to humans, but bees adore them and the honey produced from foxgloves is pleasant and safe. As a general rule though, keep toxic plants away from anywhere with an interest in promoting bee health! 

Rhododendrons are apparently especially harmful to bees, and honey made from bog-rosemary (Andromeda polifolia, unrelated to true rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis) is very poisonous to humans who consume it, potentially causing paralysis, dizziness, nerve damage, diarrhoea and vomiting. Not fun!


6) Work out how you’re going to store the products

It’s always good to know how you’re going to keep your products safe and secure after production to prevent people getting them confused for more innocent substances. Also, remember that you should never burn poisonous plant matter!


I hope that helps you all!

– Juniper Wildwalk

Foodie Friday: Pasta al Pomodoro

Servings: 2-4

Ingredients:
-¼ cup extra-virgin olive oil
-1 medium onion, minced
-4 garlic cloves, minced
-Pinch crushed red pepper flakes
-28 oz. can peeled tomatoes, pureed
-Kosher or Sea salt
-3 large basil sprigs, plus basil leaves for garnish
-12 oz pasta of choice (spaghetti, linguine, rotini, or cavatappi recommended)
-2 tbsp unsalted butter
-¼ cup finely grated parmesan, pecorino, or romano cheese

1. Heat olive oil in a skillet over medium-low heat. Add onion and cook, stirring, until soft. In a separate pot, bring salted water to a boil.

2. Add garlic and cook, stirring, for about 2-4 minutes (remember to use your nose and keep close attention on fragrance; you don’t want the garlic to burn)

3. Add the pepper flakes and cook for about a minute to release flavor. Increase the heat to medium, add t he tomatoes, and season lightly with salt. Cook, stirring occasionally, until the sauce begins to thicken slightly and the flavors blend (roughly 20 minutes).

4. Remove the pan from heat, stir in the basil sprigs, and set aside.

5. In the pot, add pasta to the boiling water and cook, stirring occasionally until it is close to al dente (but not quite there yet). Drain the pasta, reserving about ½ a cup of the pasta water.

6. Remove the basil from the sauce and heat the skillet over high heat. Stir in the reserved water to loosen the sauce and bring to a boil. Add pasta and cook, stirring, until al dente. Remove the pan from the heat, add butter and cheese, and toss until the cheese and butter has melted.

7. Transfer to warm bowls, and garnish with grated cheese and basil leaves or parsley.

Magical Ingredient

When I get home from work, my boyfriend sometimes comments about how I smell. As I work in an Italian kitchen, this can either be a good thing or a bad thing for him. On a good day, I end up smelling like alfredo with a hint of garlic. On a bad day, I come home smelling strongly of tomatoes. Love them or hate them, it’s difficult to separate the tomato from Italian cooking. From savory to sweet, tomatoes have a wonderful range of flavor depending upon how they’re cooked, and they lend a vibrant red color to whatever dish they’re being made into.

Given how strong of an association tomatoes have to Italian cuisine, it’s sometimes easy to forget that historically, tomatoes are actually fairly new to European cooking, having been introduced as part of the Columbian Exchange and spurned because of its status as a member of the nightshade family of plants, much like potatoes and eggplant. It wouldn’t be for another 150 years before tomatoes would be considered safe for consumption, and even then, only in sauces.

Part of the fear of tomatoes was because of its link to deadly nightshade, but another aspect of this fear was due to its connection to lust. Its deep red color and use as a powerful aphrodisiac linked it rather strongly to the temptation of Eve in the Christian Genesis story, and some languages still associate tomatoes with lust and love (particularly French - pomme d’amore - and Hungarian - paradice appfel - which mean “apple of love” and “apple of paradise” respectively).

In terms of health, tomatoes are extremely beneficial for those who aren’t allergic or sensitive to their acidity. In particular, they’re useful in aiding liver function and are rich in potassium and citric acid. In addition, their high water content makes them useful in helping with hydration.

But in witchcraft, the tomato continues to embrace its status as an ingredient of lust, love, protection, and money-drawing - especially when paired with other ingredients with shared correspondences. When dried and added to sachets, tomatoes can be excellent in attracting love (or sex), or if added along with dried basil or rosemary can be a great money sachet or protection sachet respectively.

Consider pairing tomato varieties with your purpose. If attempting to attract money, consider using a golden variety or little green tomatillos. If working lust or love spells, plump red tomatoes are always a great choice. If looking for protection, consider fiery orange colors.

Many names for tomatoes have linked them to apples. As such, it’s not too great a leap to replace apples in other spells with tomatoes, if it seems appropriate or is more accessible. On the flip side, tomatoes can also be used in spells where nightshade may be an ingredient. While not poisonous, tomatoes are much more easily obtained and the family resemblance is rather uncanny.

For garden witchery, tomatoes are exceptional plants to grow for protection and wealth. Grow them to help banish negativity and invite positive energy to the property, as well as to encourage prosperity and love.

Consider different ways in which this delicious fruit can be used in your spells! Whether cooking up a sauce, roasting them, or setting them in the window to banish negative energy, tomatoes are useful and versatile ingredients for the every day witch!

May all your meals be blessed! )O(

We went out to dinner for a friend’s birthday, and for the first time in 8 weeks I have both a) a migraine and b) heart burn (not quite full reflux but still, blegh)

So either they put something on my chicken which I asked them not to or, 

a) I am allergic to lettuce (unlikely but not impossible)
b) I am allergic to cucumber (again unlikely)
c) I am allergic to green peppers (possible, they are in the nightshade family)
or
d) all of the above.

Or their claim that their food is organic is not strictly true because boy does this feel like a preservative migraine. 

Magical theory: working with plants at the family level

This is a practice I’ve been theorizing and working on for about a year now, but I would love to hear others’ takes on it. 

When you do a little bit of looking, it’s clear that there are plant families that are exceptionally prolific in terms of commonly called-for magical ingredients*. Lamiaceae (mint/deadnettle family) and Solanaceae (nightshade family) claim easily 20% if not more of the plants in most herbals, despite accounting for (very roughly) only 3% of the diversity of plant life on earth. Other common witchcraft plant families include Asteraceae** (sunflower/daisy family), Malvaceae (mallow family) and Ranunculeae (buttercup family). 

Look up your five favorite witchcraft herbs right now–I’d be astonished if at least three of them didn’t fall into one of these five families (please message me if they don’t, I’d love to hear your list). And yet there are over 600 supported plant families on Earth.

So, this realization was my starting point, and the more I thought about it the more it made sense: many, if not most, “magickal” herbs came into that context because they were used in folk medicine; many (if not most) plants common in folk medicine have some kind of chemical/biological mode of action that makes them effective; many (if not, probably, all) of the medicinally helpful compounds produced by plants have biological and genetic underpinnings that could easily be shared through all or most of a family. 

Further, all of the families listed above are fairly cosmopolitan (able to grow across most of the planet) and don’t require particularly specialized habitats, such that when folk craft or magic-practicing peoples moved around the globe, they could fairly easily take these plants with them–perhaps abandoning the more finicky or delicate species along the way, over time. 

So, this roughly makes some sense, though it’s still wild to me. 

My next road of investigation was into shared traits: do these families that share overlapping genetic traits and produce similar (medicinal and other) compounds also share magickal qualities? I selected 5-10 representative species from throughout each family (so, not all clustered in one genus but spread around), and went through all of my herbals to make a list of each of their supposed traits. 

There was spread, for sure, but also a lot of overlap. To take Lamiaceae for an example, there were associations ranging from “love” to “prophecy” to “cursing and vengeance,” but a property accorded of nearly every species was “protection,” and to a lesser extent “cleansing.” 

This has all been a lot of rambling, but I think there really could be something to developing this kind of a system. For one, it would give a framework to users trying to suss out associations of a new plant; for another, it would lend a biological and theoretically-substantiated underpinning to substitutions. 

What do you think? I would really love feedback on all of this. 



*A major caveat to all of this is that I’m only familiar with Western, white people magic. I claim no special knowledge of any other system, and though I’m aware there’s some overlap in the herbal lore of other magical systems that I share geographic/bioregional space with, it’s not one-to-one. Further, the herbal magic of far-removed climates is likely completely different–if you have any experience with one of these, please hit me up! I’d love to pick your brain.

**This is a little bit of a gimme, as Asteraceae is huuuuge and accounts for like 10% of all plant life, alone. But still, I thought worth pointing out.

Dollar Store Magick (Part 1)

I’m not going to pretend, being a witch can be pretty hard on the wallet, so here’s a few tips for those of us who are, to put it bluntly, poor. All of the tips here can either be bought at your average dollar store, thrift store, or around your house.

~Use shoe laces instead of chord. I can’t stress how much getting one of those dollar packs of 12 or so shoe laces at the dollar store can help you so much in magick. Bonus:They usually come in a mix of white and black and of varying length!

~Grab one of those 20 packs of birthday candles while you’re at it. Multicolored, burn quickly, and if you ever have a birthday you forgot about you already have them on hand!

~Those little box sewing kits that contain needle, thread, buttons, pins, etc are practically portable alters. Just take out the thimble and replace it with a stone and put a candle in there, then boom you’ve got a mini-altar. Plus, wardrobe malfunction? No problem. Hemming dresses and casting spells all while heading to that cocktail party.

~Use old clothes, those shoe laces, and that sewing kit and make your own sachets! They don’t have to be the prettiest or most well sewn, they just have to be able to hold your ingredients, plus now you get to choose if you want patterns! Reusing old clothes AND making your own sachets, I see no loss.

~Got a pillow you need to throw out? Save back some of the stuffing! Now you can take that sewing kit and some more old clothes and make poppets. Plus, if it’s one of those feather pillows you can use those lovely down feathers in so many spells I could write a whole other post about it!

~Need spell jars/bottles? Save back jars from things like pickles and peanut butter! A bit of soaking and scrubbing and that label comes right off. Saving the environment AND stocking up on supplies.

~Got old tomatoes? Plant them! Tomatoes are some of the easiest plants to grow and they do well in most climates. A little known fact about Tomato is that it is a member of the nightshade family, so it is great for any harmful magicks. Plus, free tomatoes!

~Work with sigils? Grab some of those little boxes of chalk, either multicolored or all white, and write your sigils with those then wipe away in one smooth motion. Plus, you can draw those little pictures of sunsets like you did in kindergarten.

~Need an athame? Use a kitchen knife, there are PLENTY of ones to choose from, including ones with a wooden handle you can inscribe with symbols and things of the like.

~Need a chalice? Grab one of those cheep wine glasses, or two so you can use one to hold offerings or to hold water if you work with the elements. Personally, I’ll use a wine glass to hold coins during money or prosperity spells, dirt with a seed for growth or new beginnings, salt water for purification, even incense in a pinch.

Part 2

Gardening

It’s time for another episode of A Day In The Life of a Dragon™

Today, I gardened.

I try to keep some herbs around, and if I can manage to keep the cats away from my aloe some of these are perennial and will be sticking around.

I’m gonna go down the list and talk about the magical properties of each. I’ll touch on only some of the medicinal properties, as Tumblr really isn’t the place I’d recommend to learn herbal medicine.

The second photo is a purple aeonium. The name means “ageless”, but I have yet to find any lore specifically about it or its name. We were simply drawn to it and decided to bring it home. It’s a member of the Crassulaceae family, closely related to the common houseleek, which is grown for luck and said to protect a home from lightning if grown on the roof. So we’ll go with that. The family also includes the jade plant, so luck seems to be a pattern.

Next is Greek oregano. Oregano’s name comes from the Greek for the phrase “joy of the mountain”. This plant was created by Aphrodite as a symbol of happiness. It’s also excellent on pizza.

Lavender is a nervine, and its scent is powerfully relaxing. Lavender oil, or simply the flowers, is used as a sleep aid. It lends its name to the pale purple color. Lavender is also used in spells of love and lust, and has a close history with sex work, used as an aphrodisiac perfume by those who make their living in the oldest profession in the world.

The jade plant is commonly used decoratively, and bring good fortune and prosperity where it is grown. The leaves are easy to root and start new plants, and jade plants make an excellent gift when one wishes to share the wealth.

Chives are a member of the allium family, and have a delicate flavor similar to a more mild version of their cousin the onion. As such, this herb possesses similar protective properties, driving out evil and disease.

Basil is a lovely herb used for love, luck, and money. Scatter it about for all of the above. Keep it where you keep money for financial fortune. Put it in food to foster love, understanding, and familial peace among those who partake. It’s excellent in spaghetti. There is a spell which calls for the burning of a basil leaf for a pyromantic divination of the future of a relationship. It should also be grown near tomatoes, as the scent of basil wards of horn worms which prey on tomatoes. Interestingly, the taste of the two plants also pairs well. They seem to be literally made for each other.

Sage is a staple of herbal magic. Arguably the most popular herb for cleansing and blessing incenses. Sage smoke banishes negative energy and restores peace and balance. It also works on mosquitoes.

Three of the four in the next photo are tomatoes. In addition to being delicious sun warmed and straight out of the garden or in countless recipes, tomatoes are protective. A tomato kept on the windowsill drives off evil spirits. The tomato is a member of the Nightshade (solanaceae) family, along with belladonna, potatoes, eggplant, and a number of other excellent plants. The leaves are mildly toxic and induce nausea along with their bitter taste. For quite some time colonial Europe was convinced the plant was deadly due to its similarity in appearance to belladonna.

Aloe vera is a most excellent household plant. It does well in the partial to full shade of a typical home, and its interesting appearance makes it an obvious ornamental choice. But as is so often the case, it’s what’s inside that counts. The gelatinous interior of the leaves is a marvelous treatment for minor burns. Keep an aloe in your kitchen, and when someone burns themselves, simply cut a leaf, split it open, and rub on the burn for immediate pain relief and hastened healing. It is also effective on sunburn. The juice has numerous health benefits when taken internally, but I’d advise just buying some from any healthfood store.

Grow rosemary by your garden gate for luck and good fortune. The plant has properties for healing, protection, and luck. It is said that the scent of rosemary improves memory. The oil is antifungal. Rosemary is also delicious with sage on pork.

Yellow Lillies and Violets~ Dianakko

Part ½

Part  2/2

Summary: Flowers can mean many things. To Diana, it was the door that brought a girl called Akko to the small florist shop that she looked after for her cousin over the school break.(Flowers Au)

A/N I don’t have a florist shop in my town that I know of and all translations of the flower language are from what I found online so don’t take my full word for them.

Keep reading

Everyday Household Magick

Okay, so like most people, I’ve got tons of herbs, fruit, veggies, etc. in my kitchen. Now, turning your kitchen into a magickal one is as easy as learning the magickal properties of what you have on hand. So here’s a basic list of what you’re more than likely going to have in your kitchen, and their immediate magickal uses. Enjoy!*

 Apple – unless you’re allergic, you’re going to have an apple in your kitchen at some point. plus, they’re easy to find (and cheap!) at the market. they’re used for love, healing, garden magic, and immortality. apples are also used to promote friendship, and is the fruit of the dead. as such, it is burned at Samhain to honor the souls of the dead. it is associated with Water, the planet Venus, and several deities such as: Aphrodite, Athena, Hera, Apollo, and Iduna.

 Basil – everyone has this. admit it. if you have ever tried to cook anything, you’ve used this. and it’s a very versatile herb! according to Scott Cunningham, it’s good for love, exorcism, wealth, flying, and protection. It’s used to soothe tempers between lovers, or burned to make a marriage more harmonious. It also dispels confusion and fears and is worn to attract money or luck. it’s typically associated with Fire and the planet Mars.

 Cinnamon – this is another one you’re probably going to have. according to Cunningham, cinnamon is good for spirituality, success, healing, power, psychic powers, lust, protection, and love. if you burn it as an incense, it raises spiritual vibrations and stimulates psychic powers. It’s also used for prosperity and is a popular herb to use in charms for that very reason. it’s associated with Fire and the Sun.

 Coffee – yes. that’s right. coffee has magick. and not just the magical ability to wake you up for work in the morning. while Cunningham doesn’t mention coffee, a little bit of digging can tell you some of coffee’s magickal properties. themagickalcat states that coffee “helps dispel nightmares and negative thoughts”, as well as “peace of mind and grounding”.

 Marjoram – this is actually one of my favorites. marjoram, according to S.C., is used for protection, love, happiness, health, and money. it’s particularly added to food to strengthen love, and is protective when placed around the house. it can also help to dispel negativity and supposedly attracts a husband if you put a pinch in each corner of each room of your dwelling every month. it’s associated with Air and the planet Mercury.

 Olive – you probably have olives or olive oil in your kitchen, so here’s a little bit about them: olives and their oil are good for healing, peace, fertility, potency, protection, and lust. they can also be used for fidelity, marriage, or money. it is associated with Fire, the Sun, and a number of Greek deities.

 Oregano – if you’re Italian-American, you’re familiar with this particular herb. but you won’t find this in many editions of Scott Cunningham’s Encyclopedia of Magical Herbs for some reason. that said, it’s a pretty useful herb. it’s good for happiness, tranquility, luck, health, protection, and to deepen love. it can be worn to promote psychic dreams or used for spells to bring joy. themagickalcat says it’s also good for vitality and added energy. it’s associated with Air and the planet Venus.

 Parsley – this herb is used for lust, protection, and purification. it can also be used to draw prosperity and luck. it’s associated with Air, the planet Mercury, and the goddess Persephone.

 Rosemary – uggh. what can I say about rosemary? it’s great. it’s amazing. it can actually be used as a substitute for the majority of herbs (especially frankincense). S.C. says its powers are for protection, love, lust, mental powers, exorcism, purification, healing, sleep, and youth. it’s particularly good for cleansing and purification when burned, and can even aid the memory when worn. themagickalcat suggests using an infusion of rosemary to wash hands before any healing magick, or to use it in bath magick for purification. it’s associated with Fire, the Sun, and Faeries.

 Ginger – ginger is used for love, money, success, and power. according to S.C., eating ginger before a spell will help make them more powerful. it also draws adventure and new experiences. the ginger root can be used as a magickal token or poppet (or you can make a gingerbread person!). its associations are Fire and the planet Mars.

 Thyme – this is actually one of my mother’s favorite herbs to cook with (and for good reason!). it’s used for health, healing, sleep, psychic powers, love, purification, and courage. according to S.C., when placed underneath your pillow, it promotes a restful sleep and chases away nightmares. it can also attract loyalty, affection, and good opinions about the wearer. themagickalcat suggests adding a “thyme infusion to the bath regularly to ensure a constant flow of money.” its associations are Water and is ruled by the planet Venus.  

 Tomato – yep. a tomato can be used for magick, too. it’s good for protection and prosperity, and when eaten, has the power to inspire love. it can also be eaten to inspire creativity. witchipedia adds that the tomato “can be used in place of apples in many magical spells”, or “in place of other members of the nightshade family”. go tomato! it’s associations are Water and the planet Venus

 Vanilla – let’s face it; if you like to bake, you probably have vanilla extract in your cupboard. like nearly every baking recipe calls for it. magick-wise, it’s good for love, lust, and mental powers. it can also increase energy if carried. it’s associated with Water and the planet Venus.


*this list is based on one of those twirling spice racks i got as a housewarming gift, and just some other foodstuffs i have lying around my kitchen. this is by no means an exhaustive list of the things i like to keep my kitchen stocked with, but it’s a good place to start. 

also, the majority of the information was found in Scott Cunningham’s Encyclopedia of Magical Herbs, themagickalcat.com, and witchipedia.com 

marked-point  asked:

okay first thing, i wish i knew more about plants like that, most i know is stuff like eggplant, peppers, and tomatoes are in the nightshade family, cause there is so much about plants that is awesome af. second thing is about the remembrall thing, how?!

Thing 1: You’d be surprised how many people don’t know that peppers, eggplant, and tomatoes are nightshades. It’s really just… if you like something and want to know more, look it up on wikipedia for a starting point and if you still want to know more, use the references at the bottom of the page to find out more.


Thing 2: Magic. 

2

4.9.17 - Something I can’t quite ID. I know it’s something in the nightshade family, probably the Solanum genus. The closest species ID I can determine is Solanum dulcamara, but it’s not quite right - the S. dulcamara species has a set of fused stamens around the pistil, and these don’t seem to have that morphology. The only thing I can think is that perhaps the anthers split apart once the berry starts to form, which it looks like it is - the green at the base of the style is a swollen ovary. Any ideas?

Edit - THANK YOU to @werewolf-kid for the ID! This bugger isn’t even in the same family as the nightshades!
Hex and Curse Breaking

Note, there are hundreds of other methods and ingredients. This is merely a selection I’ve used personally. Some come from sources and some I’ve just come up with on my own. The numbers denote which sources the item comes from (well, I tired. I’m sure I missed one or two but you get the idea)

Herbs and ingredients to help break curses:

  • Cayenne pepper (2, 3)
  • Black pepper (2, 3)
  • Chamomile (2)
  • West Indian Elm (2)
  • Salt (2, 3)
  • Ash (1, 2, 3)
  • Bamboo (2, 3)
  • Willow (1, 2, 3)
  • Rue (2, 3)
  • Oak (1, 2, 3)
  • Hazel (1, 2, 3)
  • Angelica root (2, 3)
  • Sweet flag/calamus (2, 3)
  • Licorice root (2, 3)
  • Peppermint (2, 3)
  • Vetiver (2, 3)
  • Sandalwood (2, 3)
  • Frankincense (2, 3)
  • Myrrh (2, 3)
  • Agrimony (2)
  • Deadly nightshade (poisonous) or related family (2, 3)
  • Dragon’s blood (2)
  • Ginseng (2)
  • Mullein (2, 3)
  • Citrus (lemon, limes, oranges, etc) (2, 3)
  • Bay leaves (2, 3)
  • Rosemary (3)
  • Basil (3)
  • Hydrangea (2, 3)
  • Cinquefoil / Five finger grass (2, 3)
  • Mandrake (2, 3)
  • Wisteria (2, 3)
  • Stinging nettle (2, 3) (caution)
  • Blackthorn (2, 3)
  • Mugwort (2, 3)
  • Wormwood (2, 3)
  • Broken chains (2, 3)
  • Iron (1, 2, 3, 4)
  • White candles (2, 3, 4)
  • Black candles (2, 3, 4)
  • Fire (1, 2, 3, 4)
  • Living bodies of water (2, 3, 4)
  • War Water (2, 3)

General non-specific methods to break hexes or curses

  • Take a bath with any of the above non-poisonous herbal ingredients (4)
  • Burn incense or herbs with any of the above non-poisonous herbal ingredients (4)
  • Infuse water with any of the above herbal ingredients and wash the home with it. (4)
  • Infuse oil with any of the above herbal ingredients and coat objects and areas of the home with it. (4)
  • Go to the ocean stand in the water while the sun rises. The waves should hit you as many times as you need to feel better and cleansed (3). Some sources say the waves should hit you seven times (2)
  • Make a poppet or sympathetic image of the curser


Sources: 1- Crone’s Book of Magical Words by Valerie Worth (page 89), 2- The Encyclopedia of 5000 Spells by Judika Illes (page 594-), 3-personal experience, 4- general advice that just makes sense and may appear in any and all sources but may not have been specifically seen in the above sources

The history books tell us that when first discovered, people thought tomatoes were poisonous. And when the history books say “people,” they mean “white people.” By the time Columbus landed in the Americas, the Aztecs had been eating tomatoes for centuries. Europeans then showed up saying, “Don’t eat that! It’s poison! We know because of our advanced scientific knowledge. Now hold still while I leech the bad blood out of you.”

There were two main reasons Europeans thought tomatoes would kill you. First, the tomato plant is indeed poisonous. It’s a member of the nightshade family, which includes deadly nightshade, a plant so poisonous two of its berries can kill a human adult right in the face. Oh, and did I mention the berries of the deadly nightshade are sweet and also look like blueberries? It’s basically a plant that proves nature is actively trying to seduce-murder you. That was enough to discourage people from experimenting with its larger cousin, the tomato.

4 Things Everyone Thought Would Kill Us … But Didn’t

arasulahn  asked:

Can you do one where the reader has an IQ to match Reids and they butt heads alot and are very competitive and everyone thinks they hate eachother but it ends with fluff when the reader gets hurt and Reid gets mad at the reader for being so "stupid"x

Bully

Contains: Angst and Fluff

Warning: Mentions of bullying and hazing.

—–

“Okay Spence, here’s one.’ JJ looked at her friend before looking back down at her tablet, reading off the sentence. “Tomatoes and cucumbers belong to the same family. Is this wholly verifiable or grossly erroneous?” She laughed at the way the question was posed. You but your lip and tried working on your paperwork, ignoring them.

“Grossly erroneous, or just to say simply, wrong. Tomatoes are in the nightshade family-Solanaceae- while cucumbers are in the squash family- Cucurbitaceae. Very different actually once you take the time to study plants.” He shrugged and you sighed.

“Well, most people are out living their lives on a Friday night and not stuck at home reading ‘Backyard Harvest’.” You pointed out. Spencer folded his arms, turning his chair to look at you, JJ’s gaze followed.  

“Why would I want to spend my Friday night on a date with a man that only has ten IQ points, can only remember his name, the fruity little cocktail drink he buys all the women to flirt with, and how to do push ups?” Spencer snapped back, you rolled eyes.

“At least I know how to have fun, not wasting my time playing True or False when I could be filling out the paperwork on the Cotulish case.” At that he silenced, turning back to JJ. You shook your head, turning the majority of your attention back to your paperwork.  

“Alright, how about one more before I let you get back to work?” JJ asked him, and you supposed he nodded because she started to ask another one. “True or false? The answer to this question is false. ” You imagined she raised her brow in that cocky way due to her tone. The team was always trying to stump Spencer with difficult questions. They would probably try to have fun with you too but you seemed to butt heads with Spencer so often that you’ve offended his little wolf pack. It’s just as well, you were used to silence from others anyway.

“Neither answer would work.’ You mumbled.  Catching the attention of the pair once more. “The question creates a paradox because neither answer would be correct. If the statement were true, that would be implying that the answer would be marked as false. This would then state that the statement is false, but since the statement says the answer is false, answering false would make the statement true.” You looked up watching JJ’s wide eyes and Spencer stare at you, slightly impressed.

“Sorry.” You shrugged, standing up, heading to the break room. “Maybe you should shoot for more difficult questions next time.”

-

You hated flying. Despised it, loathed it, any other word that meant ‘to detest’. It wasn’t just the fact that if something went wrong with the engine or if turbulence was too fierce the whole thing could come down, it was also that you were basically the outcast of the team.  

“Looks like pretty boy thinks he’s the master of pranks.” Morgan, JJ, Lewis, and Rossi laughed, even Hotch smiled a bit. You were more towards the back of the plane, on the couch by the bathroom, while everyone was in their seats, close together. You sighed and looked out the window, hands fumbling with the other.

You closed your eyes, trying to block their voices out. This was just like school all over again, the cliques.  

“Look at her, she’s such a freak.” You could hear the older girls from high school. It was bad enough that being 15 came with zits, braces, and awkward growing pains, but you were the smartest in your school. Instead of taking the route like Reid, being 14 or something and in CalTech, you had decided to take college classes online while attending high school. You were already weird in your own age group, nevertheless with people studying their asses off in their 20’s.

It wasn’t fair, you were just as smart as Spencer, you had matched just about everything he had done to a T. So why was he surrounded by friends, and why were you ignored?

The absolute worst part was that you actually liked Spencer, yes you were jealous of him, but you admired that the two of you had the same intellectual intelligence, always able to keep up in a conversation with him when solving a case and not picking on him. It didn’t also hurt that he was very easy on the eyes. But you were appalled at yourself for having these feelings, for all your love interests always ended up hurting you, no matter how smart.  

You felt the couch dip and you opened your eyes, meeting the brown ones you had seen so much of lately. You wiped your eyes hoping to make it seem like you were tired.

“You could always come join us you know.” Spencer said and you shook your head, pointing at the rest of the team who was trying ‘so hard’ to not stare at you two. “I don’t think your gal-pals like me so much. Listen, you don’t have to pity-invite me to hang out with your friends, I get that I’m like this, big joke to all of you.”

“I’m not-”

“Why don’t you go back to making out with Morgan or JJ while you discuss how chess was first invented.” You blocked him out, retreating into your ice-cold turtle shell when he left in defeat.

-

“Okay, we need to settle this once and for all.” Garcia announced when she entered her tech room. You and Spencer settled down in two chairs, both wondering what the heck you were doing here. “You two bicker non-stop and so I’ve come up with 4 questions, and one tie-breaker if we must, but whoever gets the correct answer first gets the question. Whoever gets the most, wins, so that can determine the fact that one of you is the smartest, and hopefully can make you two stop acting like middle-schoolers, and I say that with all my love my sweethearts.”

“I don’t know if we should.” Spencer objected and you scoffed.

“Scared you’re going to be beaten by another girl?” You pointed out, referring to Prentiss correcting his facts.  

“Actually I meant that I didn’t want to humiliate you, but if you want, we’ll go ahead and do this.” Spencer folded his arms.  

“Alright, How many miles long is the canal which links the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans?”

“50 Miles.” Spencer answered before you even got the chance to open your mouth. You straightened up in your seat, realizing you needed to start taking this more seriously. You were ready for the next one.

“According to Rudyard Kipling what were the "two imposters” to meet and treat the same day?“ Garcia shot off another one.

"Triumph and Disaster.” You rambled, hands slapping the armrests of your chair. You blushed, feeling slightly embarrassed that this was important to you.  

“Good, that’s one point for each of you. When was the Scrabble World championship first held?”

“1991!” The two of you said at the same time. Garcia’s brows raised and she sighed. “Alright, two points for each of you, this is the new tie-breaker. To prevent the same thing from happening again, Y/n you take my 'That was easy’ button, Spencer, you take this.” She handed him a mini stuffed turtle. He looked at the toy like it was a three-headed cat, and you couldn’t help but laugh.

“It squeaks.” She explained, and he squeezed it awkwardly hearing the sound.  

“Alright, this question, for all the beans-” She was interrupted by Morgan knocking on the door. “Will have to be post-poned.”  

“C’'mon Genius’s, Hotch wants us.”

-

Siren’s echoed throughout the town. You and the team were headed for a man who thought that with each girl he killed, he saved. Thanks to Garcia the team was on their way to an abandon 3rd floor of a chemistry building at a college under renovation.  

When you’re saving someone, your thoughts race and suddenly you’re ending up right in front of the killer, which is what exactly happened to you.  

“Adam Thomas, put the gun down and step away from her.” You instructed, your gun trying to find a good angle to get rid of him. He shook his head, the barrel digging deeper into the victim’s skull.  

“Don’t you see, I’m trying to save her? Girls in her dorm have been hazing her, she doesn’t belong here, she needs to go to heaven where she belongs and can be treated right.” He was clearly delusional. You had to get her away from him. Now.

“Can you save me?” You blurted out, and your thoughts started sewing together a story you could use. Reid, Morgan and Rossi were still trying to figure out how to get in a clear shot since you were blocking the door, intentionally of course. You turned to the side, mouthing 'Fire escape’ to Hotch, who nodded and started heading that way.

“What do you mean?” Good, you had his attention, now you had to distract him until you saw a member of your team on the fire escape through the window.  

“I need your help more than she does. She’s been hazed? Oh yeah, she’s a damsel in distress alright. My dorm-mates slipped something in my drink one night, and I was completely out of it, so they took me back to my room, stripped me, and spread pictures of myself like that to the whole school. I was expelled.” You faked crying, watching as he started letting the girl out of his grip while you put your gun away so you were completely vulnerable.

“Now, everyone on my team knows, they found out, and made fun of me. This was my last job before I resigned but now…if you decide to take pity on me, it will be my last case before I’m free.” You saw Lewis on the fire escape nod toward you and you put the final part of your plan in action. “Please….save me.” He shoved the victim aside and you jumped aside as Tara shot him.  

After the victim was met with her parents, and the M.E. took the unsub- who was dead, the team came up to you.  

“Why would you do that y/n? You left yourself completely at his choice!” Spencer yelled at you and your eyes widened. He didn’t usually act like this. “Was that even your own story?”

“No, I had to make something up so I referred to an old case. But I didn’t get hurt! I got him! I saved her!” You pointed out.  

He stared at you, jaws clenched. “For a genius Y/n, you’re really stupid.” He stormed off and you stood there dumbstruck.  

-

After an hour of fuming on the ride back, you practically  ripped open the door, running into the bullpen, where you met Spencer’s face.

“Where the hell do you think *you* have the authority to tell me off like that?” You seethed to him. “You don’t get to treat me like a child!”  

“Well then don’t act like one!”

“Why are you doing this to me?” You asked, more like shouted.  

“Because I don’t want you to get hurt! Don’t you understand, I’m concerned for your well-being because I like you!” You stared up at him, and he wrapped his arms around you. “Please don’t put yourself into harms way again. I know you’re lonely but I’m here for you. Please don’t shut me out.”  

“You could’ve just asked me out instead of yelling at me in front of the team.” Your voice muffled into his sweater vest, his chest now moving from his laughter.

The team watched from the doors, Rossi holding his hand out and snickering as Morgan slapped a 20 into his hand.

(I have no idea how this turned out .-. )

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