Location: Central Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea and the North Sea, plus the following countries: Denmark, Poland, Czech Republic, Austria, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, and maritime borders with Sweden (Baltic Sea) and the UK (North Sea)
Area: 357,022 sq km - Country comparison to the world: #63
Coastline: 2,389 km
Terrain: Northern lowlands, uplands in the center and Bavarian Alps in south
Lowest point: Neuendorf-Sachsenbande - 3.54 m Highest point: Zugspitze 2,963 m
Natural resources: Coal, lignite, natural gas, iron ore, copper, nickel, uranium, potash, salt, construction materials, timber and arable land
Ethnic groups: German 91.5%, Turkish 2.5%, others 6%, made up largely of other Europeans such as Greeks, Italians, Poles, Russians, Serbo-Croatians, and Spaniards.
Religions: Protestant ~34%, Roman Catholic ~34%, Muslim ~4%, unaffiliated or other ~28%
Population: 81,305,856 (2012) - Country comparison to the world: #16
Age structure: 0-14 years: 13.3% 15-64 years: 66.1% 65 years and over: 20.6%
Major cities - population: Berlin (capital) 3.438 million, Cologne 1.001 million, Hamburg 1.786 million, Munich 1.349 million.
Health expenditures: 8.1% of GDP - Country comparison to the world: #55
Doctors’ density: 3.531 doctors/1,000 population - Country comparison to the world: #28
Hospital bed density: 8.17 beds/1,000 population - Country comparison to the world: #7
Education expenditures: 4.5% of GDP - Country comparison to the world: #82