On 28th of August 1640 The Battle of Newburn on Tyne took place. An experienced Scots Army under Alexander Leslie, the Earl of Leven defeated a smaller and less experienced English force, led by Edward, Lord Conway, during the Second Bishops’ War, as a result of Charles I’s attempt to impose the Anglican Prayer Book in Scotland. Conway, heavily outnumbered, was defeated, and the Scots went on to occupy Newcastle, obtaining a stranglehold on London’s coal supply. Charles I had no choice but to agree to a truce, under which the Scottish army in northern England would be paid daily expenses, pending a final treaty of peace. Much more on this battle can be found here https://community2.newcastle.gov.uk/bofn.nsf/a/history
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