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Hockey Masterpost!

Whether you are new to hockey, you want to get into it or you need to brush up on the game hopefully this can help you out! :)

This post mainly consists of NHL Rules!


Here’s an overview of the positions

  • Left Wing ( LW )
  • Center ( C )
  • Right Wing ( RW )
  • Defensemen ( D )
  • Goalie ( G )

Popular Leagues:

  • NHL (National Hockey League)
  • NWHL (National Women’s Hockey League)
  • CWHL (Canadian Women’s Hockey League)
  • KHL (Kontinental Hockey League)
  • WHL (Western Hockey League)
  • AHL (American Hockey League)
  • College Hockey


  • The size of an international rink is 200 ft by 100 ft (61m by 30.5m)
  • The size of a NHL rink is 200 ft by 85 ft (61m by 26m)
  • There are three periods in a game
  • Each period lasts for 20 minutes with a 17 minute period break in between
  • “In the National Hockey League, between stoppages of play, teams have 18 seconds (five seconds for the visiting team, eight seconds for the home team, five seconds to line up at the faceoff location) to substitute their players, except during TV timeouts.” [x]
  • TV Time outs are 2 minutes long and occur 3 times per period (In the NHL)
  • There are 6 players allowed on the ice per team at one time (1 LW, 1 Center, 1 RW, 2 D-men and 1 goalie)
  • A shutout is when a goalie doesn’t allow any goals in during a game. For example the score could be 3-0
  • A shootout is a way to break the tie after 5 minutes of overtime.  Each team names three shooters. If the game remains tied after the three shooters are done, teams continue shooting in “sudden death” mode. The game cannot end until each team has taken the same number of shots. [x]
  • Fighting is common, here’s an article explaining the rules 

Here’s this handy comparison chart with the NHL and the IIHF [x]

What do the lines on the ice mean?:



Here’s a handy chart that helps with the penalties

Understanding the Cup:

Here is what our playoff bracket looks like:

  • Each matchup can play a minimum of four games or a maximum of seven games. (Best out of seven)
  • The post season ranges from April to June
  • There cannot be two teams from the Eastern Conference in the final (same with the Western Conference)
  • The top 16 teams go to the playoffs
  • If a player touches the Stanley Cup before they have won it is bad luck!
  • Here’s some cup traditions

Understanding Stats:

Player Stats [x]-

  • POS = Player Position
  • NO = Player jersey number
  • GP = Games Played
  • G = Goals. A goal is awarded to the last player on the scoring team to touch the puck prior to the puck entering the net.
    Note: Goals scored during a shootout do not count towards a player’s goal total.
  • A = Assists. An assist is awarded to the player or players (maximum of two) who touch the puck prior to the goal, provided no defender plays or possesses the puck in between.
  • P or PTS = Points. The sum total of goals and assists.
  • +/- = Plus-Minus
  • PIM = Penalty minutes.
  • PP = Power play goals
  • SH = Short-handed goals.
  • GW = Game-winning goals. After the final score has been determined, the goal which leaves the winning team one goal ahead of its opponent is the game-winning goal (example: if Team A beats Team B 8-3, the player scoring the fourth goal for Team A receives credit for the game-winning goal). Note: Goals scored during a shootout are not credited as game-winning goals.
  • W = Wins.A goaltender receives a win if he is on the ice when his team scores the game-winning goal.
  • L = Losses. A goaltender receives a loss if he is on the ice when the opposing team scores the game-winning goal.
  • OT = Overtime or shootout losses. As of the 2005-06 NHL season, a goalie is credited with an “OT” if he is on the ice when the opposing team scores the game-winning goal in overtime or during a shootout.
  • GA = Goals against. Empty net goals do not count towards a goaltender’s goals against. Goals scored during a shootout do not count towards a goaltender’s goals against.
  • GAA = Goals-against average. (Find out how goals-against average is calculated.)
  • S = Saves.
  • SV PCT or SV% = Save percentage. (Find out how save percentage is calculated.)
  • SO = Shutouts. If two goaltenders combine for a shutout, neither receives credit for the shutout. Instead it is recorded as a team shutout.
    If a regular season game is tied 0-0 at the end of overtime, both goaltenders are credited with a shutout, regardless of how many goals are scored in the shootout. 

Team/League Stats:

  • A team’s stats are determined by their Win-Loss-Loss in Overtime record. For example: a team could be 12-5-4. That team would have 12 wins, 5 losses and 4 losses in overtime.
  • A team’s points are determined by their Win-Loss-Loss in Overtime record. Continuing on with the previous example, the team would have 28 points. Multiply the team’s winning record by 2 and add it to their OT loss record. (one point awarded for a loss in overtime) 24+4=28

Here is an example [x]

Misc. Rules/Facts:

  • An empty net goal occurs when a team scores a goal into a net with no goaltender present. This usually occurs in one of two different occasions:Usually in about the last two minutes of a game, if a team is within two goals, they will often pull the goalie, leaving the net defenseless, for an extra attacker, in order to have a better chance of scoring to either tie or get within one goal. If the team with the lead gets control of the puck they will often shoot at the net after clearing center ice. It is less common for a team to shoot from their own zone at an empty net because icing could occur if the shooter misses the net. Sometimes a team will pull their goalie when they are on a two-man advantage, even if not nearing the end of the game. With the team then gaining an advantage of six skaters to three, this will increase even further the chances of the team scoring. [x]
  • A goal is scored when the puck passes entirely across the red line painted between the goal posts and below the crossbar. A goal may be disallowed under the following circumstances:
  1. the scoring team takes a penalty (except if the other team accidentally puts the puck into its own net untouched by the team to be penalized);
  2. the puck is directed in by an attacker’s high stick (above the crossbar), or when the puck has been directed, batted, thrown or kicked into the net by an attacking player other than with a stick (angling one’s skate so the puck deflects off it into the goal is allowed).
  3. goaltender interference (which can also result in a penalty)
  4. the puck goes in after the Referee intends to stop play (e.g. the net has been dislodged)
  5. the puck deflects off a referee or linesman and goes directly into the goal (exception to the rule that a puck hitting a referee or a linesman is still live)
  6. a goal was allowed at the other end (this can happen if a video review clarifies a goal scored prior)
  7. if a linesman reports to the referee (a) a double-minor for high-sticking, (b) a major penalty, or © a match penalty against the scoring team [x]
  • The maximum number of players on an NHL roster is 23.
  • The diameter of a hockey puck is three inches (ooh fun fact :D )
  • Regulation hockey nets are six feet wide and four feet tall.
  • 82 games are played per team in one season (NHL)
  • There are 30 teams in the NHL and they are divided into two conferences: The Eastern and Western Conferences
  • There are 16 teams in the Eastern Conference
  • There are 14 teams in the Western Conference
  • The NHL regular season starts in October and ends in early April

I know it’s a lot to take in, but hopefully you learned a little something about the sport. Remember: everyone has to start somewhere, you’ll catch on soon! Please feel free to add on to this list as I might have forgotten something!

“It was very intentional,” said Rapinoe. “It was a little nod to Kaepernick and everything that he’s standing for right now. I think it’s actually pretty disgusting the way he was treated and the way that a lot of the media has covered it and made it about something that it absolutely isn’t. We need to have a more thoughtful, two-sided conversation about racial issues in this country.

“Being a gay American, I know what it means to look at the flag and not have it protect all of your liberties. It was something small that I could do and something that I plan to keep doing in the future and hopefully spark some meaningful conversation around it. It’s important to have white people stand in support of people of color on this. We don’t need to be the leading voice, of course, but standing in support of them is something that’s really powerful.”

I feel like a lot of people don’t talk about how white the USWNT has been for the most part throughout their history. A lot of that has to do with the pay to play system but I’ll leave that issue for another day. Anyways - I say all that because it was really nice to see Rapinoe show support for Kaepernick and understand that while she can’t relate to Kaepernick on race, she can still show her support as an ally. Although Pinoe has faced her own struggles as an out athlete, it’s important that white people who call themselves allies actually use their fame and power to point out issues like racism, police brutality, white supremacy, etc. So again, good for Pinoe.


If you’re a PKMN and NBA fan like I am, then you’ll love this.

Pokemon NBA, by Micah Coles.

If you weren’t a sports enthusiast, now you are! What is your favorite team(s)?

There’s going to be a little girl somewhere in the world who will hear about the NWHL.
She’ll buy the jersey, go the games and watch these women with the same doe eyes than the boys with Rangers blue or Hawks red. They’ll see these women and see themselves rather than seeing something they cannot be. Girls who so loves this game but never had a future with the game like her brothers or cousins or uncles or classmates now have a chance and that’s the most beautiful part of this league.

“What do you want to do when you grow up?”
“I want to be a hockey player.”
And she can.