new york city public schools

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New York City school staff are now required to call trans students by preferred pronouns

  • According to new guidelines issued this week, New York City public school staff will be required to address students by their preferred pronouns, the New York Daily News reported.
  • Aside from using the appropriate male and female pronouns, the guidelines direct staff on how to use nonbinary pronouns like “they” or “ze” and how to support trans and gender-nonconforming children who might experience bullying. A glossary of gender identity terms is also included in the 10-page guidance. Read more (3/2/17 3:07 PM

Faith Ringgold  – Self Portrait –  Pastel

Faith Ringgold was born in New York City in 1930. While working as an art teacher in public schools, she began a series of paintings called American People, which portrayed the civil rights movement from a female perspective. In the 1970s, she created African-style masks, painted political posters and actively sought the racial integration of the New York art world. During the 1980s, she began a series of quilts that are among her best-known works, and she later embarked on a successful career as a children’s book author and illustrator.

Hundreds of public school teachers in New York City have landed tickets to the hottest show on Broadway.


Some 400 teachers from schools in all five boroughs will attend Wednesday night’s performance of the sold-out, Tony Award-winning musical “Hamilton.”


The teachers were selected by the city’s Department of Education and via a lottery held by Teach For America-New York, a nonprofit educational organization. Barclays is also involved in the performance for educators through a partnership with the organization and the Education Department.


The Broadway show’s organizers hope the musical’s message of diversity and inclusiveness will resonate with educators and their students. […]

Writing Research - The Roaring Twenties

The Roaring Twenties is a term sometimes used to refer to the 1920s in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, characterizing the decade’s distinctive cultural edge in New York City, Chicago, Paris, Berlin, London, Los Angeles and many other major cities during a period of sustained economic prosperity. French speakers called it the “années folles” (“Crazy Years”), emphasizing the era’s social, artistic, and cultural dynamism.

Normalcy returned to politics in the wake of hyper-emotional patriotism after World War I, jazz music blossomed, the flapper redefined modern womanhood, and Art Deco peaked. Economically, the era saw the large-scale diffusion and use of automobiles, telephones, motion pictures, and electricity, unprecedented industrial growth, accelerated consumer demand and aspirations, and significant changes in lifestyle and culture. The media focused on celebrities, especially sports heroes and movie stars, as cities rooted for their home team and filled the new palatial cinemas and gigantic stadiums. In most major countries women won the right to vote for the first time. Finally the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ended the era, as the Great Depression set in, bringing years of worldwide gloom and hardship.

The social and cultural features known as the Roaring Twenties began in leading metropolitan centers, especially Chicago, New Orleans, Los Angeles, New York City, Philadelphia, Paris and London, then spread widely in the aftermath of World War I. The United States gained dominance in world finance. Thus when Germany could no longer afford war reparations to Britain, France and other Allies, the Americans came up with the Dawes Plan and Wall Street invested heavily in Germany, which repaid its reparations to nations that in turn used the dollars to pay off their war debts to Washington. By the middle of the decade, prosperity was widespread, with the second half of the decade later becoming known as the “Golden Twenties”.

The spirit of the Roaring Twenties was marked by a general feeling of discontinuity associated with modernity and a break with traditions. Everything seemed to be feasible through modern technology. New technologies, especially automobiles, moving pictures and radio proliferated “modernity” to a large part of the population. Formal decorative frills were shed in favor of practicality in both daily life and architecture. At the same time, jazz and dancing rose in popularity, in opposition to the mood of the specter of World War I. As such, the period is also often referred to as the Jazz Age. [1] [2]

Names

  • Social Security Administration - Top Names of the 1920s
  • About.com: Popular Baby Names in 1920s
  • Nebraska Health and Human Services - 50 Most Frequent Names in Nebraska, 1920-2013
  • Baby Name Science - Popular New Jersey Boy Baby Names in 1920
  • Baby Name Science - Popular New Jersey Girl Baby Names in 1920
  • British Baby Names - The Top Names in England and Wales 1924
  • Naming Across the Pond - Best of the Twenties
  • eHow - Jewish Names in 1920
  • The NY Times - Baby name data from 1920-2008 from New York City’s Department of Health and Mental Hygiene
  • BabyCenter - Most Popular Names in Spain (Pre-1920 and 1920s)
  • GlobalNews - Interactive: 93 Years of Ontario Baby Names, 1917-2010
  • BabyMed - Top German Baby Names, 1920s

Society & Life

  • HISTORY.com - The Roaring Twenties
  • BBC - The 1920s Overview
  • Ohio State University - 1920s Introduction
  • Indiana Historical Society - 1920s and the Great Depression
  • Maine Historical Society - An Evening in the 1920s
  • Scholastic Press - The United States Turns Inward: The 1920s and 1930s
  • University of Houston - Overview of the 1920s
  • University of Houston - Chapter 2: The Roaring Twenties (PDF)
  • Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History - The Roaring Twenties
  • Lone Star College - American Cultural History: Decade 1920-1929
  • Stanford History Education Group - World War I and the 1920s
  • Study Notes - Chapter 32: American Life in the “Roaring Twenties,” 1919-1929
  • American History: ‘Roaring Twenties’ a Time of Economic and Social Change
  • Iowa Public Television - The Great Depression Begins: The 1920s
  • United States Department of Labor - Chapter 2: The 1920s and the Start of the Depression, 1921-1933
  • North Carolina Encyclopedia - Women in the 1920s
  • BBC - The Changing Role of American Women in the 1920s
  • Ohio State University - New Women
  • National Women’s History Museum - Women in the Progressive Era
  • University of Minnesota Duluth - Jazz and Women’s Liberation
  • Academia.edu - Flappers and Mothers: The Women’s Movement and Feminism in the 1920s
  • New York Public Library - Everyday Life and Women in America, 1800-1920
  • American History - Working and Voting: Women in the 1920s
  • West Virginia Division Culture and History - “Women’s Work, Never Done”: West Virginia Farm Women, 1880s-1920s
  • Telegraph - Diary of a 1920s Bridget Jones
  • About.com: Flappers in the Roaring Twenties
  • U.S. History - Flappers
  • Smithsonian - The History of the Flapper, Part 1: A Call for Freedom
  • University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill - Pets in America
  • Kansas Historical Society - Children in Kansas: 1890s - 1920s
  • Library of Congress - Children’s Lives at the Turn of the Twentieth Century (PDF)
  • Prezi - Children and Schooling in the 1920’s
  • University of Iowa - Children Playing. Lebabon, Ohio, 1920s
  • HISTORY.com - Child Labor
  • Public Schools in the 1920s in the New York City and Virginia
  • Vintage Kids and Babies Ads in the 1920s
  • University of Toronto - Education in the 1920s
  • Prezi - Canada in the 1920s: Teenagers and School Life and Discipline
  • Prezi - Teenagers of the 1920s
  • 1920s American Culture: City Life & Values - US History II
  • Wessels Living History Farm - 1920s Farm Life
  • Dhahran British Grammar School - Farming in the 1920s
  • The Living City - New York City: Life in the 1920s
  • An Amazing Photographic Tour of New York In The 1920s
  • Digital Harlem Blog - Harlem in the 1920s
  • The New York Times - Listening to the Roar of 1920s New York
  • Smithsonian Institution - American on the Move: New York Connected, 1920s
  • BuzzFeed - Then Vs. Now: 1920s New York City
  • W. W. Norton & Company - Chapter 5: New York in the 1920s
  • Prezi - New York City in the 1920s
  • Britannia - Distorted: Europe in the 1920’s
  • NPR - Let Frivolity Reign: London’s Roaring 1920s
  • The Guardian - Color footage of London in the 1920s (Photos)
  • 1920-1929: Explore the 20th Century London
  • Historic UK - The 1920s, the Roaring Twenties, in Britain
  • My London Life - London Life in the 1920’s
  • BBC America - Snapshot: 21 Photos of 1920s London
  • Daily Mail Online - Open-topped Buses, Flat Claps and Bobbies on the Beat: Color Video of 1920s London
  • History Today - Wish You Were Here? Britain Between the Wars
  • Daily Mail Online - On the production line in the 20s and 30s: Forgotten photographs chart the progress of industry at castings company in Derby
  • Nature Travel Egypt - Egypt in the 1920s
  • BBC - Travelling to Egypt - the culture of 1920s exploration
  • National Geographic Society - Curse of the Mummy
  • National Geographic Society - Port Said, Egypt, Circa 1920
  • Tutmania in the Roaring Twenties: When Ancient Egypt was in Vogue
  • University of California, Santa Barbara - 20th Century Archaeology
  • British Airways - Explore Our Past: 1920 - 1929
  • BBC - The Romance of 1920s Train Travel (Photos)
  • Fordham University - The Fate of Ocean Travel
  • North Carolina Encyclopedia - Transportation improvements in the 1920s
  • France: The Parisian Life in The 1920’s
  • Wikipedia - 1920 in France
  • Youtube - Seeing Paris in 1920s: Part One (Video)
  • Prezi - 1920’s in Paris
  • Americans in Paris - Paris in the 1920s: Changes in Society Lead to Changes in Fashion
  • Chicago Tribune - Ah, Paris of the 1920s
  • Indiana University - Paris and Berlin in the 1920s
  • The National - Berlin in the 1920s: Anything but Calm Before Storm
  • Wikipedia - 1920s Berlin
  • International Center of Photography - Berlin Street Photography, 1920s-30s (Photos)
  • The Wall Street Journal - Experiencing the 1920s in Berlin, Germany
  • Texas State Historical Association - Texas in the 1920s
  • The Huffington Post - What The 1920s Was Really Like
  • City of Clarence: Tasmania, Australia - Life in Clarence in the 1920s and 1930s (PDF)
  • Belfast Telegraph - Pictures of Northern Ireland in the 1920s
  • Waterloo Region Record - The Great Depression hit Canada the Hardest
  • Prezi - Canadian Lives in the 1920s and 1930s
  • Wikipedia - 1920s in Canada
  • Canada in the 1920s
  • Bentley Historical Library - Detroit and the Great Migration 1916-1929
  • 1920’s Garden: Privacy, Shelter, and Unified Design
  • Historic Houses Trust of New South Wales - A 1920s Garden Revisited
  • 1920’s Interior Decorating: Simplicity in Design
  • 1920’s Residential and Commercial Architecture
  • BBC - 1920s Homes
  • Bricks & Brass: Designs of the Period House - 1920-1929
  • American Vintage House Styles: A Brief History of Middle-class American Residential Architecture from 1900 to 1960
  • American Vintage House Styles: 1920s Bathroom Design
  • American Vintage House Styles: Gallery of 1920s Bedrooms
  • American Vintage House Styles: Gallery of 1920s Kitchen
  • Vintage Household Ads of the 1920s
  • Vintage Household Furniture Ads of the 1920s
  • 1920’s Automobiles: Auto Industry Consolidation and Vehicle Mass Production
  • Brigham Young University - Love and Romance in the 1920s
  • Prezi - Marriages in the 1920s VS, Marriages Today
  • NPR - Interracial Family Prevails in 1920s Alabama
  • Northern Kentucky University - Prosperity of Urban Families in the 1920’s
  • Prezi - Family Life in the 1920s
  • The Huffington Post - Dating in the 1920s: Lipstick, Booze and the Origins of Slut-Shaming
  • The Gloss - What Dating Was Like in the 1920s
  • Prezi - Dating in the 1920s and early 30s
  • University of Oxford - The Sex Age: Gender, Sexuality and Culture in 1920s Britain
  • History Today - Sex and the Automobile in the Jazz Age
  • Ohio State University - Sexuality
  • University of Michigan - Lesbian History: Between the World Wars
  • Prezi - Homosexuality in the 1920’s
  • US Today - In 1920, Harvard purged Gays…
  • American Psychological Association - History of Lesbian, Gay, & Bisexual Social Movements
  • The Guardian - Pride and Prejudice in the 1920s
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - Harlem Life: Black Families and Everyday Life in the 1920s and 1930s
  • Prezi - How did Life Change for African Americans in the 1920s?
  • Ohio State University - African American New Women
  • HISTORY.com - Great Migration: Black History
  • University of Houston - The Great Migration
  • Yale University - The Harlem Renaissance: Black American Traditions
  • Vintage Car Ads of the 1920s
  • Wikipedia - 1920s Automobiles
  • Vintage Oil and Gas Ads of the 1920s
  • British Pathe - Cairo 1920s-1960s (Video)
  • BBC - The Journey to Egypt: Travelling to Egypt & the Culture of 1920s Exploration

Commerce

  • The Cost of Living - 1920
  • The People History - Food, Groceries and Toiletries Prices in the 1920s
  • The People History - Electrical Goods and Appliances Prices in the 1920s
  • The People History - Examples of Houses for Sale in the 1920s
  • The People History - Fashion, Clothing and Accessories from the 1920s: Prices and Examples
  • The People History - Furniture Prices in the 1920s
  • Bryant University - Consumer Prices of the 1920s
  • Vintage Money, Insurance and Banking Ads of the 1920s
  • Statistics Canada - Prices of a Family Budget of Staple Foods, Fuel, Lighting and Rent, for 60 Cities in Canada: 1920 to 1936
  • Vintagedancer - What Clothing Cost in the 1920s

Fashion

  • 1920’s Women Fashions: Freedom from Corsets
  • Victoriana - 1920s Clothing
  • Fashion Era - 1920s Flapper Fashion History
  • Fashion Era - 1920s Photography of Flappers
  • Fashion Era - 1920-1930 Wedding Fashion History
  • 1920’s and 1930’s Hairstyles: Transition from Long to Short Hair
  • The Huffington Post - 1920s Hairstyles That Defined The Decade, From The Bob To Finger Waves
  • Fashion Era - Hats and Hair Fashion History in 1920s
  • 1920’s Jewelry: Classic Geometric Jewelry Designs
  • University of Vermont - Women’s Clothing: 1920s
  • Vintage Jewelry and Watches Ads of the 1920s
  • Vintage Perfume Ads of the 1920s
  • Glamourdaze - The History of 1920s Makeup
  • ELLE UK - 1920’s Make-up Looks
  • Smithsonian Institution - The History of the Flapper, Part 2: Makeup Makes a Bold Entrance
  • Duke University Libraries - Cosmetics of 1920s Ads
  • Glamourdaze -  The Beauty Secrets of 1920s Parisian (French) Women
  • Wikipedia - Cosmetics in the 1920s
  • Houston Chronicle - Swimsuits from the 1920s to Today (Photos)
  • Fashion Era - Women’s Swimwear from 1920 to 2000
  • Victoria and Albert Museum - Dating Clothes & Photographs from the 1920s
  • University of Brighton, England - 1920s Fashion
  • Vintage Clothes/Fashion Ads of the 1920s
  • University of Vermont - Men’s Fashion: 1920s
  • BBC - 1920s Fashion
  • The People History - 1920s Children’s Fashion

Entertainment & Food

  • PBS - The Devil’s Music: 1920’s Jazz
  • PBS - Jazz in Time: Roaring Twenties 
  • New York Historical Society - Jazz of the 1920s and '30s
  • University of Minnesota Duluth - A New Jazz Culture
  • Academia.edu - The Influence of Jazz on Women’s Fashion and Society in the 1920s
  • 1920’s Food: Introduction of Processed Foods
  • University of Chicago Press - Recipes from the Twentieth Century: 1920
  • The Food Timeline - 1920s: Prohibition-era Foods & Speakeasy Dining
  • The Guardian - Downton, Parade’s End and British food between the wars
  • Vintage Food Ads of the 1920s
  • HISTORY.com - Prohibition, Speakeasies and Finger Foods
  • HubPages - A 1920s Menu: What Did People Eat in the 1920s?
  • Global Post - Desserts From the '20s
  • Old Time Candy - 1920s Candy
  • Vintage Candy Ads of the 1920s
  • Texas State Historical Association - Soft Drink Industrial
  • Telegraph - Cocktail Recipes: Drink like it’s the 1920s
  • Vintage Drinks Ads of the 1920s
  • Vintage Coke/Coca-Cola Ads of the 1920s
  • Vintage Alcohol Ads of the 1920s
  • Bonjour Paris - Paris Jazz Age: New Generation Explodes in Paris, 1920s
  • Prezi - Entertainment in the 1920s
  • Atlantic City Weekly - Atlantic City Nightlife Circa 1920s
  • Wikipedia - Speakeasy
  • Mail Online - Inside the Speakeasies of the 1920s: The hidden drinking spots that transformed New York City’s
  • Prezi - The Party Life of the 1920s
  • Vintage Movies, Theater, and Entertainment Ads of the 1920s
  • University of California, Berkeley Libraries - Vamps, Flappers, and Shieks: Films of The 1920s
  • IMDb: Most Popular Feature Films Released 1920 to 1929
  • Hollywood Movie Memories - 1920’s Movie Stars
  • Elon University - 1920s-1960s: Television
  • Vintage Electronics/TV Ads of the 1920s
  • University at Albany, The State University of New York - Movies, Music, and Sports of the 1920s
  • University of Minnesota Duluth - The Great Jazz Musicians of 1920s
  • North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources - America’s Music in the 1920s (PDF)
  • 1920’s Music: Jazz, Ragtime, and Musical
  • Vintage Music Ads of the 1920s
  • 1920’s Literature: Books Reflected Changes in Society
  • University of California, Berkeley - The Books of the Century, 1920-1929
  • Stylist Magazine - The 50 Best Books of the 1920s
  • Wikipedia - 1920 in Literature
  • Ranker - Bestselling Novels of the '20s: 1920 to 1929
  • Toronto Public Library - Roaring Times: 1890s to 1920s
  • Vintage Books, Magazines, and Newspaper Ads of the 1920s
  • eHow - American Writing Styles of the 1920s
  • Montgomery College - The Lost Generation: American Writers of the 1920’s
  • 1920’s Toys: New Materials and Mass Production
  • 1920’s Art: The Are of Surrealism and Art Deco
  • Scholastic Press - Surrealism: 1920s-1940s
  • 1920’s Dancing: New Styles of Dancing and Music Evolved
  • BBC - About BBC News
  • Wikipedia - 1920 in Sports
  • York University Library - The Golden Age of Women and Sport in Canada (PDF)
  • Prezi - Canadian Sports Heroes of the 1920s
  • North Carolina Encyclopedia - Sports in the 1920s
  • George Mason University - The National Pastime in the 1920s: The Rise of the Baseball Fans
  • Prezi - Popular Pastimes of the 1920s
  • Ask About Ireland - Games Children Play on the 1920s
  • Victoriana -  1920s Party: Correct Behavior on a Picnic

Dialogue

  • The Huffington Post - Flappers’ Dictionary: How To Talk The 1920s Talk
  • Antique Automobile Club of America - Slang of the 1920
  • OxfordDictionaries.com - 20 Words that Originated in the 1920s
  • KCTS 9 Public Television - Flapper Slang: Talk the 1920s Talk
  • The Wired - How to Sound Like the Bee’s Knees: A Dictionary of  1920s Slang
  • BuzzFeed - The A-Z’s Of 1920s Slang
  • Thought Catalog - 59 Quick Slang Phrases From 1920s

Health, Hygiene & Medicine

  • University of California, Berkeley - Life Expectancy in the USA, 1900-98
  • Australian Bureau of Statistics - Life Expectancy Trends, 1881-2009
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - Life Expectancy in Canada: An Overview
  • Statistics Canada - Life Expectancy at Birth, by Sex, by Province
  • University of Alcalá - The Pharmaceutical Century: 1920 to 1930
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - Prematurity as a public health problem: US policy from the 1920s to the 1960s
  • United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Achievements in Public Health, 1900-1999: Tobacco Use in the United States
  • Social Security Association - 1900s to 1920s
  • Vintage Medicine Ads of the 1920s
  • HISTORY.com - Drink Some Whiskey, Call in the Morning: Doctors & Prohibition
  • Ohio State University - Medicinal Alcohol: Temperance & Prohibition
  • 1920’s Medicine: Nobel Prize Winning Medical Discoveries
  • Cambridge University Press - Health and Health Services in British Malaya in the 1920s
  • Canadian Public Health Association - Milestones in Public Health: 1920 to 1929
  • Chicago State Hospital History
  • History Museum - History of Canadian Medicare: 1914-1929
  • Reddit: AskHistorians - I’m a patient at a psychiatric institution in the 1920s. What types of treatment would potentially be used?
  • Prezi - Mental Asylums in the 1920’s
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - Psychiatry and the General Hospital in an Age of Uncertainty
  • State Records Authority of New South Wales - Asylum Records
  • University of Michigan Health System - A Century of Improving Mental Health Care at Michigan
  • Prezi - Medical Breakthrough in the 1920s
  • Science Museum - Mental Institutions
  • Mail Online - Sent to the Asylum: The Victorian Women locked up Because they were Suffering from Stress, Post Natal Depression and Anxiety
  • South Shore Hospital, South Weymouth; Boston, Massachusetts - The 1920s
  • The Stockton State Mental Asylum from the 1890’s to 1920’s
  • Mississippi State Department of Health - Public Health Nursing 1920-1949
  • University of Rhode Island - Syphilis from 1880 to 1920: A Public Health Nightmare and the First Challenge to Medical Ethics
  • Duke University Libraries - Timeline: Medicine and Madison Avenue 1920s
  • PBS - A Social History Of America’s Most Popular Drugs
  • North Carolina Encyclopedia - Headache Powders
  • Michigan State University College of Veterinary Medicine - The 1920s
  • Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC - 1920s
  • BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia - Anaesthesia in the 1920s (PDF)
  • London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine - 1920 History Timeline
  • Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand - The Polio Era, 1920s to 1960s
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - Immigration, Ethnicity, and the Pandemic
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - British Maternal Mortality in the 19th and Early 20th Century
  • The History of Midwifery and Childbirth - A Timeline
  • National Institutes of Health - The History of the Pregnancy Test Kit: Timeline
  • Family Planning Association - Contraception: Past, Present and Future Factsheet
  • National Center for Biotechnology Information - The Politics of Birth Control , 1920-1940
  • Museum of Menstruation and Women’s Health - Ad for Hickory Sanitary Napkin Belts, 1920s
  • Duke University Libraries - Feminine Hygiene: 1920s Ads
  • Vintage Beauty and Hygiene Ads of the 1920s
  • Vintage Shaving Ads of the 1920s

Law Enforcement & Crime

  • 1920’s Law and Order: Criminal gangs the Legacy of Prohibition
  • Crime Library - Harlem Gangs from the 1920s and 1930s
  • New Jersey State Police - History in 1920s
  • Trenton Police Museum - 1920-1939
  • Gothamist - 16 Grisliest Crime Scene Photos From 1920s New York
  • Huffingtonpost - Crime Scene Photographs From The 1920s-1960s Give A Glimpse Into America’s Dark Past
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) - New York History
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) - The FBI and the American Gangster, 1924-1938
  • Anaheim Police Department History: 1920
  • New York State Police - History: 1917 - 1929
  • Los Angeles Police Department - The LAPD in 1900-1925
  • Gothamist - Photo: In 1920s NYC, Police Stopped Traffic For Crossing Cats
  • NPR - Eerily Beautiful Mug Shots From 1920s Australia
  • HiConsumption - Dapper Criminals in 1920s Police Mugshots
  • Palm Beach Daily News - Police Ledgers from 1920s Capture Unvarnished Details of Palm Beach Life
  • University at Albany, The State University of New York - Laws ad Major Events of the 1920s
  • University at Albany, The State University of New York - Organized Crime and Prohibition
  • About.com - The United States Prohibition of Alcohol: 1920-1933
  • Office of the Historian - The Immigration Act of 1924 (The Johnson-Reed Act)
  • About.com - Prohibition
  • University of Michigan - Organized Crime: How it Was Changed by Prohibition
  • The Finer Times - Organized Crime in the 1920’s and Prohibition
  • BBC - Was the 1920s a Decade of Organized Crime and Corruption?
  • Encyclopedia of Chicago - Organized Crime in 1920s Chicago
  • HISTORY.com - Mafia in the United States
  • Australian National University - Melbourne Crime: From War to Depression, 1919-1929
  • Cato Institute - Alcohol Prohibition Was A Failure
  • Prezi - Crime and Punishment in the 1920s
  • Death Penalty Information Center - Part 1: History of the Death Penalty
  • Wikipedia - 1920s Crimes
  • History Today - Hitler and the Law, 1920-1945
  • Crime & Investigation Network - London Gangs
  • The Guardian - Girl Gang’s Grip on London Underworld Revealed
  • Prezi - We So Gangsta’: Canadian Organized Crime in the 1920’s and 1930’s
  • Prezi - Mafia Weapons of the 1920’s
  • The Guardian - Did American Gangsters in the 1920s and 1930s really carry guns in violin cases, or was that characteristic invented by movie script writers?
  • NY Daily Times - As many as 20 boys in Wineville, Calif., die at the hands of sadistic sex manic Gordon Stewart Northcott in the late 1920s
  • Baltimore City Police History - 1920 to 1940
  • Australian Police - Uniforms of the NSW Police 
  • Metropolitan Women Police Association - History of Women Police Officers
  • Ohio State University - Women’s National Committee for Law Enforcement: Temperance & Prohibition
  • National Center for Women & Policy - A History of Women in Policing
  • Reddit: AskHistorians - Was cocaine legal during the 1920s in Germany?
  • Texas State Historical Association - Prostitution
  • Prezi - Prostitution in the 1920’s
  • University of Michigan - Organized Crime: The Status before Prohibition
  • University of Michigan - The Corrupt City
  • Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) - FBI Versus the Klan, Part 2
  • PBS - The Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s
  • Oklahoma State University - Ku Klux Klan
  • San Diego History Center - Ku Klux Klan 1920-1980
  • University of Washington - Ku Klux Klan in Washington State, 1920s
  • Encyclopedia Virginia: Racial Integrity Laws of the 1920s

New York City to provide free tampons and pads in public schools, jails, and shelters

After a unanimous vote by the city council (49-0) Tuesday, the city will soon provide free tampons and pads in all public schools, jails, and homeless shelters, making it the first in the United States to do so.

Though it will not become law until enacted by Mayor Bill de Blasio, he has voiced his support, saying “tampons and pads aren’t luxuries — they’re necessities.”

my essay on taylor swift

What’s your secret of life? For me, it’s that people change people. Whether it be a family member, a best friend, or, if you’re someone like me, someone you’ve never met like an author or singer. Taylor Swift is such an important human being, as she’s an incredibly talented song writer, a charitable celebrity, and a caring friend. Oh, and she’s physically flawless too!

A lot of people like to think of Taylor Swift as a shallow, serial dater who only writes songs about her ex-boyfriends. Using Swift’s words, the media portrayed her as a girl who “jet sets around the world, collecting men. And she can get any of them! But she’s so clingy that they leave and… then she’s crying in her marble bathtub surrounded by pearls.” But there’s so much more to her lyrics. Yes, she does write about her ex-boyfriends. She tells the story of their time together, and the tragic end of it all. In her song “All Too Well” she flashes back to the story of one day out of their relationship, and how it all falls apart. She sings, “You call me up again just to break me like a promise!” Wow, so shallow. Let’s not forget that many of her songs are NOT about exes. Her song “The Best Day” is a song thanking her family, especially her mom for supporting dreams of becoming a country artist. The song “Blank Space”, featuring lyrics such as “Darling I’m a nightmare dressed like a daydream,” is about the media’s portrayal of Taylor. With lyrics like these, it’s no wonder that the 25 year old star easily sold out (almost) every venue she played on her most recent world tour. When people get over their prejudices, they realize that Taylor Swift is truly one of the most talented celebrities there is.

Now, Swift is no cold-hearted celebrity. She truly cares about helping other people and making the world a better place. In fact, she has been named DoSomething.org’s most charitable celebrity for four years in a row! Examples of some of her acts of kindness are the following: all the proceeds made off of her hit song “Welcome to New York” (from her newest album) have been donated to New York City public schools (already over $50,000 has been donated); the Taylor Swift Education Center opened up in 2013 and gave a way for many young learners to practice art/music; and lastly, she wrote a song called “Ronan” in 2012 based on a little boy who had died from cancer- all proceeds from the song go to the research for a cure for cancer. Can you imagine that people call her selfish?

While Swift is charitable to actual charities, nothing competes with the way she treats her fans- or friends, as she likes to think of them. Frequently, she chats with them on social media, leaving positive comments on their selfies, helping them get over a devastating heartbreak, or simply just cracking jokes [with them]. She’s notorious for always being on tumblr lurking, or “taylurking” as her fans like to say. She lurks her fans to the point where she knows everything that they want… So she’ll buy them some presents. Many fans from tumblr received Christmas or Valentine’s Day presents in 2014 and 2015, an act most call

Swiftmas. One fan even received $1,989 to help pay for her college tuition! Most were shipped to the fans’ houses, but one lucky fan had Swift surprising her on her front doorstep, simply because Swift wanted to meet her son. But the most incredible of all- the secret sessions. She invited fans to each of her six houses (89 to each house) to show them her album 1989 MONTHS before the release date! The fans were welcomed as if they had been friends with Swift for years, getting to hold her cats and Grammys, and eat cookies she had baked.  

Now she’s not just a smart, kind, compassionate human but also a gorgeous one. From her natural, shiny golden locks to her high-heel clad feet. Her eyes are the color of the ocean upon daybreak, her teeth Colgate white. Corkscrew curls have been chopped off, in favor of a bouncy bob, that rests just above her toned shoulders. Red lips and rosy cheeks are the singer’s signature makeup ‘go-to’s, as well as a strong cat-eye. Her designer wardrobe has attracted a lot of attention, as it changes with every album. Swift’s most recent look are crop tops, which show off the top of her rock-solid abs. Not surprisingly, crop tops are now trending among the fashion world.

In conclusion, Taylor Swift is amazing inside and out. She is brainy, sweet, friendly, and drop-dead gorgeous. Her lyrics and kind behavior have inspired fans from all around the world. But, I mean, she’s just an evil serial dater who only writes about men right?

New York City Public Schools To Offer Free Tampons And Pads To Students

Feminine hygiene products will be dispensed for free in bathrooms at 25 public schools in New York as part of a program to increase access to essential care.

The initiative was inspired by a successful free-tampon program launched at the High School for Arts and Business in Corona by New York City Council Member Julissa Ferreras-Copeland. As a result of the program, attendance increased by 2% and fewer young women asked to be excused from classes.

“Feminine hygiene products are as essential as toilet paper, helping women prevent health risks and fulfill their daily activities uninterrupted by nature,” Ferreras-Copeland said in a statement. “No young woman should face losing class time, because she is too embarrassed to ask for, can’t afford or simply cannot access feminine hygiene products.”

Estimates on how much women spend on menstruation products vary, but it is believed to be more than $1,000 per year, on average.

anonymous asked:

A question if you don't mind. Somewhat dark. If the villains beer did get to take revenge on the Aks. What would happen? Some like Aladdin and Tarzan and Simba have multiple villains. Sure Scar and Zira would agree that Simba must die, but I guess Aladdin's would tie between Jafar wanting to kill, Saleen wanting to marry him. You know those kind, how do they get to have their revenge?

On Maleficent, Jafar, Aladdin Villains, Tarzan, Tarzan Villains, and Simba:

Maleficent would quickly annex Auradon, and change up the school system entirely to be a gigantic prison-esque system, with horrifically underfunded facilities, incompetent and outright abusive staff, and a social environment that encourages “every man for himself,” gang activity, and just general hopelessness, aided by a lack of support for college, means to improve yourself like after school activities and athletics, and unhealthy school lunches.

So, you know, the worst of the public school system of a place like New York City, and the entire setting of Something Wrong In Auradon.

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Follow You pt. 1

Summary:  Bucky Barnes thought that ‘going under’ would be best for him. He thought that entering himself into a comatose would diffuse the war that waged within his mind every time he closed his eyes. When it doesn’t work, he’s back at square one, and Tony Stark enlists the help of New York’s brightest and most ambitious psychologist in order to help the newest member of the team.

Pairing: Bucky Barnes x Reader

Word Count: 2,469

A/N: I originally posted this on ff.net, so if it looks familiar to you, that’s why.
But I absolutely love writing this fic, and recently I’ve hit kind of a wall with it, so I figured I’d post it here and maybe you guys would give me the inspiration I need to finish it. So, I really hope you like it. 

Originally posted by stuckwithbuck

There was something spectacular about the human body. The way that it moved. The way the chest contracted and expanded with each breath. The battle scars of weight loss. The different shades of hair, different shapes of noses, different curves. The way that a woman’s breasts were never the same size, unless of course, they were artificial; modified in a way to make everyone think they were handed down to her by the grace of genetics. None of them could hide the truth once their clothes came off, and they stood in the center of the room, contorted into the pose of the day.

Not that there was anything wrong with surgically modifying one’s body for the sole purpose making it look better than it had before. The term didn’t only categorize implants, and botox, and gastric bypass surgeries. It categorized something as simple as getting your hair dyed a different color than that of which you had been born with, or wearing makeup, or stuffing your bra. The point is that it doesn’t matter how many things you do to yourself, once all of the clothes come off, and you’re completely and utterly exposed, it’s still your body. It’s still you.

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