neurodevelopmental-disorders

Neurodivergent Life Hack #53

A lot of stims, auditory, moving and tactile, are less noticeable when you’re wearing headphones, even if theres no music playing. People will assume you’re moving to /singing to / imitating the music thats playing in your headphones and it’s unlikely anyone will approach you!

lgbt+ people with mood disorders are lovely and great and beautiful and terrific!

lgbt+ people with personality disorders are lovely and great and beautiful and terrific!

lgbt+ people with neurodevelopmental disorders are lovely and great and beautiful and terrific!

neurodivergent lgbt+ people that i’m forgetting to include in this post are lovely and great and beautiful and terrific!

all neurodivergent lgbt+ people are lovely and great and beautiful and terrific!

i think one of the problems is that people who don’t have neurodevelopmental or personality disorders think that these posts really are relatable to their own quirks and symptoms, but exaggerated to be funny.
like, they don’t understand that when i make a post that says ‘tfw someone looks at you weird and you want to die’ i’m not just feeling a little bad and exaggerating to be funny, like. i’m serious.

maybe an adhd thing, maybe an autistic thing: 

i love that i’ll get stuck on a song for a couple days, listening to it (and p much nothing else) over and over and over again until i’ve memorized it. 

the downside of that is that i only have a limited arsenal of songs that i recognize, but the ones i do know, i know really really really really well 

just some quick ADHD facts

- Despite being the most commonly studied and diagnosed psychiatric disorder in children and adolescents, the cause is unknown in the majority of cases

- It is classified as neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorder

- The World Health Organization estimated that it affected about 39 million people as of 2013

- Symptoms of hyperactivity tend to go away with age and turn into “inner restlessness” in teens and adults with ADHD

- ADHD is divided into three subtypes: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined type

- the disorder is often inherited from one’s parents with genetics determining about 75% of cases

- Current models of ADHD suggest that it is associated with functional impairments in some of the brain’s neurotransmitter systems, particularly those involving dopamine and norepinephrine

- The dopamine pathways and norepinephrine pathways which project to the prefrontal cortex and striatum are directly responsible for modulating executive function (cognitive control of behavior), motivation, reward perception, and motor function; these pathways are known to play a central role in the pathophysiology of ADHD

- ADHD psychostimulants possess treatment efficacy because they increase neurotransmitter activity in these systems

- Symptoms of ADHD such as low mood and poor self-image, mood swings, and irritability can be confused with dysthymia, cyclothymia or bipolar disorder as well as with borderline personality disorder

- The management of ADHD typically involves counseling or medications either alone or in combination. While treatment may improve long-term outcomes, it does not get rid of negative outcomes entirely. Medications used include stimulants, atomoxetine, alpha-2 adrenergic receptor agonists, and sometimes antidepressants

- In children ADHD occurs with other disorders about ⅔ of the time. Some commonly associated conditions include: Learning disabilities, Tourette syndrome, Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD), Mood disorders (especially bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder), Anxiety disorders, Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), Substance use disorders (this is most commonly seen with alcohol or cannabis), Restless legs syndrome and sleep disorders (problems with sleep initiation are common among individuals with ADHD but often they will be deep sleepers and have significant difficulty getting up in the morning)

- It is estimated that between 2–5% of adults have ADHD. Most adults remain untreated

-  Adults with ADHD may start relationships impulsively, display sensation-seeking behavior, and be short-tempered. Addictive behavior such as substance abuse and gambling are common

- Those affected are likely to develop coping mechanisms as they mature, thus compensating for their previous symptoms

(x)

Neurobiology of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder, has been associated with various structural and functional CNS abnormalities but findings about neurobiological mechanisms linking genes to brain phenotypes are just beginning to emerge. Despite the high heritability of the disorder and its main symptom dimensions, common individual genetic variants are likely to account for a small proportion of the phenotype’s variance. Recent findings have drawn attention to the involvement of rare genetic variants in the pathophysiology of ADHD, some being shared with other neurodevelopmental disorders. Traditionally, neurobiological research on ADHD has focused on catecholaminergic pathways, the main target of pharmacological treatments. However, more distal and basic neuronal processes in relation with cell architecture and function might also play a role, possibly accounting for the coexistence of both diffuse and specific alterations of brain structure and activation patterns. This article aims to provide an overview of recent findings in the rapidly evolving field of ADHD neurobiology with a focus on novel strategies regarding pathophysiological analyses.

Does ADHD go away when you get older?
  • That depends. Some studies show that yes, some people do “grow out” of ADHD; however, lots of us don’t. Since ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder, it does make sense that some people would grow out of it; your brain is behind a bit to start and then it catches up.
  • One possibility with people who grow out of ADHD is that they’ve learned coping mechanisms that make it seem like they no longer have it, because their symptoms don’t cause them problems anymore. The studies mentioned above, however, are based on brain scans that show changes in the structures of the brains of those who grow out of ADHD.

(Source)

the whole “I was praised for my intelligence as a child so now I feel pressure to perform well academically” movement on here needs to be more considerate of learning disabled students imo.

neurodivergent kids feel that pressure too yo, academic achievement is really highly prized by society and furthermore it feels nice to do something well and it feels shitty to do something badly. learning disabled kids want to excel at school too. please don’t say the internal standard isn’t the same, the pressure isn’t as great, or failure to achieve is taken more lightly if reaching that standard is made less possible or impossible by a disability. if anything it’s worse, because if you know the pressure to achieve something again that you could get in your youth, imagine the yearning to get it when you never have. you cannot fathom how much more time and energy it takes to get average grades with a learning difficulty than without. you cannot fathom the ache of never getting above average. I know that’s not your problem, but it is your privilege.

I don’t want people to stop making posts like that if it makes them feel supported, I don’t want to take away anyone’s source of relief from school stress, cause school does suck. for everybody. but please, please, be considerate that learning disabled students are under the same pressure and they’ve never once been called smart. make posts of support for them too! wanna complain about the arbitrary academic goals set by neurotypicals in parliament? so do we! you can acknowledge that and then we’d be on the same side! just be more inclusive. please.

anonymous asked:

what are the differences between adhd and autism? im self-dx autistic but a friend of mine is adhd and a lot of the things they say are Very Relatable but that might just be my autism mostly manifesting as sensory and executive issues.

ADHD consists more of inattention and/or hyperactivity, impulsivity and distractability. Autism consists more of social communication and interaction difficulties, and repetitive behaviour (stimming, routines).

I think people who have ADHD can stim/fidget. Both ADHD and autism have sensory issues and executive dysfunction.

If you have symptoms from both of them, you could very well have both of them. Autism and ADHD are very highly comorbid, and both of them are neurodevelopmental disorders.

I don’t actually have much knowledge/experience on ADHD, so if any of you followers has more tips on how to differentiate between autism and ADHD, feel free to reply!

- Mod Venu

Hello Tumblr people. This is me. I have Autism Spectrum Disorder.

I am absolutely terrified to make this post, which is why it needs to be done. #NoShameDay is a very cool thing and I want to help end the stigma. 

While my disability isn’t physically visible and I am now able to pass as neurotypical, it still affects my life. I am aware of the ways I think and process things differently and I face unique challenges pretty much every day. Yet, only my absolute closest friends know.

I was diagnosed at 3 years old and have undergone tons of therapies to help me function. I am now 22 years old and about to graduate from one of the top 20 universities in the US and will continue on to get my master’s degree. I have an amazing group of friends and an active social life. Funny how when I was first diagnosed, the doctor told my mom to put me in an institution and I would “never be normal.”

I get so ticked off when neurotypicals say that people with autism can’t function in society or don’t have empathy or can’t be smart and if they are smart they are just savants in one thing. I function fine (some social anxiety, but loads of other people have that too), I am filled to the brim with empathy (all I want to do is help people), and screw you I’m brilliant. I just think differently than you do. Different isn’t bad, it’s just different.

ASD is a very misunderstood disorder. It is also very “trendy” to talk about, which really doesn’t help resolve the misunderstandings tbh. 

Like it’s recently been trendy to use autism as the big bad monster in the closet that can be caused by vaccines or eating wrong or whatever unscientific ableist nonsense they want to preach. As though autism is worse than death. It’s offensive. I have been living with ASD for 22 years and I am doing great. 

I welcome anyone who has any questions. Sometimes people with ASD have difficulty speaking for themselves; I am fortunate to have a voice, so I intend to use it.

Happy No Shame Day! I love all of you brave people out there who shared your stories. I also love y’all who are still working up to sharing what makes you unique. You are all beautiful souls. <3 

anonymous asked:

Can adhd be cured?

No.

There are cases where ADHD symptoms are caused by something other than brain development, like sleep deprivation or food allergies, and when you correct for that thing then the symptoms disappear. But that’s not ADHD, it’s whatever the thing is that’s causing the symptoms. ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder. The ADHD brain is structurally different from a neurotypical brain (there are studies that show this).

-J

“Why do people talk about ADHD as if it’s a debilitating disorder on tumblr... It’s not”

People with untreated ADHD when compared to the “normal” population:

- more likely to suffer from another mental disorder  

- more likely to suffer from financial difficulties and job losses

- more likely to suffer ongoing relationship difficulties due to being perceived as insensitive or unreliable

- more likely to ‘underachieve’ in education despite intelligence or capabilities

- more likely to be arrested/go to Jail (impulsivity plays an important role here)

- more likely to develop a substance abuse disorder

- more likely to suffer from low self-esteem and feelings of worthlessness

- more likely to suicide

In addition to all of this ADHD is mistakenly categorised by the general public to either be a simple tendency to get distracted or a lack of moral fiber.

“You just need to try harder”, “you just need to calm down”, “you just need focus more”, “if you really cared you would have remembered…”  are things we hear all the time.  

ADHD is not the only disorder that needs to be taken more seriously and some people with ADHD don’t suffer too badly but there are a number of people for whom ADHD IS a debilitating disorder.

Even with treatment our day to day lives can be an ongoing struggle with motivation/organisation/prioritising/memory/self-hatred/hyperactivity/impulsiveness & regret.

Tumblr is a place where we are anonymous and can feel safe to talk about these things. It is a place where we can talk about how hard it can be to have this incurable disorder without people we love replying with uninformed platitudes or jokes.

It’s a safe space and we need that.

[[The person who made this comment has taken the post down so I have removed their information from this post. Nonetheless I felt the response was still necessary.]]

i’m here for the black boys with eating disorders, who struggle day in and day out with disdain for their body. who have to deal with “it’s a girl thing” because of toxic masculinity.

i’m here for the black boys with depression that have difficulties getting out of bed and are then painted as lazy, as if they didn’t have to deal with that stereotype before.

i’m here for the black boys with anxiety disorders who can’t find it in themselves to be as outgoing as the rest of the guys, there’s nothing wrong with that.

i’m here for the black boys with personality disorders, who, if they weren’t already seen in a violent light by media, are then doubly demonized.

i’m here for the black boys with neurodevelopmental disorders who are seen as immature, irresponsible, and childish. you are not bad. there is nothing bad about you.

i’m here for you, i’ll never not be here for you.

Just some facts about autism and autistic people

-Autism is very diverse- whilst there are similarities, no two autistic people are the same. It’s almost as if we’re people.

-Just because males are more likely to be diagnosed, it does not mean that females are not affected as much- it’s just under-diagnosed.

- The majority of autistic people have sensory processing disorders. Senses can be hypersensitive, hyposensitive or a mixture of both. 

- Non-verbal autistic people can still understand what you say, so don’t be an emotionally abusive arsehole. Just because they can’t communicate in the way you want, it doesn’t mean that they can’t communicate.

-Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Or just having a different brain type. It’s not a disease-you don’t develop autism, you’re born autistic.

- Many people with autism feel emotions intensely & can be overwhelmed by the emotions of those around them. 

- Stimming can be a healthy method of personal expression & sometimes communication for people with autism.

-Not all people with autism have a learning disability.

feel free to add

powerhouseofthe-cell  asked:

Quick question: so I'm 17 and my mom is finally getting me a formal diagnosis. Would it be better to be evaluated by a pediatric psychologist who specializes in autism or an adult psychiatrist? I'm afraid a pediatrician will think I'm too old for them to evaluate and I'm afraid an adult psychiatrist will misdiagnose me because autism is a "kids disease".

Autism is not a kids’ disease. Autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder, ie. autistic brain is different from allistic brain. Brain differences do not go away when you grow up. Many autistic people are misdiagnosed or don’t get diagnosed because they are seen as “quirky” and other things. Just because you haven’t been diagnosed as a child doesn’t mean you couldn’t be diagnosed as an adult.

I suggest getting into an evaluation with whoever you feel comfortable with. You could bring the diagnostic criteria alongside a list of symptoms from all those categories to the doctor. I don’t think it matters who you go to. Anyone, a pediatrician or an adult psychiatrist can be unqualified so I suggest asking how much experience they have with autistic people and diagnosing autistic people. You could try to ask a group evaluation where many doctors interview you at once.

I am sorry if this doesn’t answer your question. Followers, reply if you have something to say about this! - Mod Venu

anonymous asked:

Are there any autistic people out there who passed for neurotypical as children? I can barely remember anything about my childhood due to trauma and this makes even self-diagnosis very challenging. I was (and remain) a noted toe-walker and definitely had sensory issues and special interests from a young age. But also... I made friends? I was very empathetic? I played pretend with dolls? I'm doubting myself a lot because I know the importance of early presentation in neurodevelopmental disorders

First of all, having friends, being empathetic, and playing with dolls aren’t evidence against the idea of being Autistic (the empathy part may even be evidence in favor).

Second, it’s common knowledge, even among NT professionals like nurses and teachers, that Autistic development looks extremely similar to neurotypical development until at least the age two (2).

Notice the “at least” in there. It’s not at all uncommon for Autistic children to only be identified as such later on, solely because there were still other plausible labels besides autism.

In addition to the actual facts of child development, you also have a second-hand information problem: You don’t remember your childhood with enough clarity, so you’re relying on an unreliable narrator to fill in the details. For many reasons I’m sure we can delve deeper into after getting more questions about it, most parents are resistant to the autism label and to admitting there was anything “different” about their child(ren), and will consciously distort the truth to support a “normal child” narrative.

If you’re Autistic now, then you were Autistic before. Alternatively, if you *don’t* feel like descriptions of autism from #ActuallyAutistic people relate to you, then your history of toe walking probably isn’t that relevant to your current values and concerns.

-Mod Valencia

Attention Keroro Gunso fans

Starting now, We are blocking anyone who messages us to reblog a post and follow up the message with “I have autism so you have to reblog it.” Mental Illnesses are rather serious and saying them in order to have a reblog is highly offensive to many individuals. If you do have it, we do not recommend saying that. That is the only reason We have 3 blogs currently on our block list and would Sincerely like to apologize to a Specific user @bluelily3 who’s Post about Kululu with Autism was used in a horrific manner. Please do not use mental illnesses (Actually, Its a Neurodevelopmental disorder) as an Excuse for a reblog and say we have to reblog. If you would like some reblogged, Please feel free to ask me (Mod Mekeke) , Mod Kululu or Mod Keroro. Thank you and We apologize for this post. - Mod Mekeke

Trying Again. My graduation story.

Two years ago I graduated my course and just missed out on getting into honours. I couldn’t work out why, despite loving my subjects and trying really hard to study, I couldn’t sit through lectures or retain the information I was learning.

I always used to say that for me it wasn’t about “trying” but rather about “trying to try” and it was exhausting.

I got tested for long-suspected ADHD and spent the next year working out my medication, learning behavioural techniques to improve my information retention, and writing letters to universities explaining my situation and asking for a second chance.

Today I graduated with a first class honours. (For those of you not on this system that is an average of a high distinction across 4 subjects and a thesis).

I didn’t get the highest mark in the year and I even failed an exam along the way but through university and family/friend support, changing my study techniques to suit my ADHD, as well as more study than I thought was actually possible, I have finally made it and achieved the mark I had always dreamt of.

This won’t always happen - sometimes I will fail miserably and sometimes I will question why I even tried but right now I am just so happy that I had the love, encouragement and determination to try again.

Originally posted by kidpres