navy nurse corps

Hidden Herstory: Phyllis Mae Dailey, First African American in the U.S. Navy Nurses Corps

Photo: Phyllis Mae Dailey, second from the right, and others are sworn into the U.S. Navy Nurses Corps on March 8, 1945. 

Phyllis Mae Dailey was inducted on this day in 1945 into the Navy Nurses Corps. Dailey, pictured second from the right, was the first African American sworn in as a Navy nurse, following changes in Navy recruitment and admittance procedures that previously excluded black women from joining the Navy Nurse Corps. These discriminatory procedures were enacted by the U.S. Air Force as well, which had rejected Dailey prior. Dailey’s determination opened the door for many other black women to join the military nursing profession. 

See more photographs that document some of the first black women to serve with the U.S. Navy:

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nanepaushatauntau  asked:

Re: "Ranger Stranger Danger". Since when is combat about lifting dead weight? Combat is all about carrying your own weight. Have the "Ranger' experts ever heard of the YPJ, the YPG or the Pesh? I'd stack up a YPJ team into any scenario experts could game up against any nation/state's mofos. Warriors are not gender specific, never were and never will be except in backward thinking minds. FTR: Rangers aren't a valid substitute the Army's mascot the Mule. And tampons are lighter than bullshit.

Tampons are indeed lighter than bullshit, not to mention a great deal more sanitary…and more effective at plugging bullet holes, too.

Creating visibility to discussions of this nature is important to counteracting the Good Old Boys Club attitude that is in its death throes but still clinging on where it can. I seem to recall this same argument being employed against the impending revocation of DADT.

Disappointingly, I think the comment about lifting dead weight is a derogatory reference to the scene in GI Jane. Here’s a real life scenario that’s evidence to the contrary, however:

16 JUN 2006: Pte Michelle Norris, British Army, saves the life of her sergeant by climbing out of a vehicle and pulling him from the turret of the Warrior Patrol Vehicle that they were in while under heavy gunfire. She is eventually awarded the Military Cross for her actions, and is the first woman to receive one. (Source.)

As for the whole “country being emotionally prepared to confront the death of females in combat action” argument…(the following list sourced here):

The Korean Conflict 

Ensign Constance R. Esposito, Navy Nurse Corps
Lt.jg. Alice S. Giroux, Navy Nurse Corps
Lt.jg. Calla C. Goodwin, Navy Nurse Corps
Lt.jg. Constance A. Heege, Navy Nurse Corps
Lt.jg. Margaret Grace Kennedy, Navy Nurse Corps Ensign Mary E. Lijegreen, Navy Nurse Corps
Lt. Wilma Ledbetter, Navy Nurse Corps
Ensign Eleanor Beste, Navy Nurse Corps
Ensign Marie Boatman, Navy Nurse Corps
Lt.jg. Jeanne E. Clarke, Navy Nurse Corps
Lt.jg. Jane L. Eldridge, Navy Nurse Corps
Ensign Edna J. Rundell, Navy Nurse Corps
Lt. Wilma Ledbetter, Navy Nurse Corps, USS Benevolence Hospital Ship
Captain Vera M. Brown, Air Force Nurse Corps
Major Genevieve Smith, Army Nurse Corps.

US Army

2nd Lt. Carol Ann Elizabeth Drazba ~~~~~~ 2nd Lt. Elizabeth Ann Jones
Lt. Drazba and Lt. Jones were assigned to the 3rd Field Hospital in Saigon. They died in a helicopter crash near Saigon, February 18, 1966. Drazba was from Dunmore, PA., Jones from Allendale, SC. Both were 22 years old. 

Capt. Eleanor Grace Alexander ~~~~~~ 1st Lt. Hedwig Diane Orlowski 
Capt. Alexander of Westwood, NJ and Lt. Orlowski of Detroit, MI died November 30, 1967. Alexander, stationed at the 85th Evac. and Orlowski, stationed at the 67th Evac., in Qui Nhon, had been sent to a hospital in Pleiku to help out during a push. With them when their plane crashed on the return trip to Qui Nhon were two other nurses, Jerome E. Olmstead of Clintonville, WI and Kenneth R. Shoemaker, Jr. of Owensboro, KY. Alexander was 27, Orlowski 23. Both were posthumously awarded Bronze Stars.

2nd Lt. Pamela Dorothy Donovan
Lt. Donovan, from Allston, MA, became seriously ill and died on July 8, 1968. She was assigned to the 85th Evac. in Qui Nhon. She was 26 years old. 

1st Lt. Sharon Ann Lane
Lt. Lane died from shrapnel wounds when the 312th Evac. at Chu Lai was hit by rockets on June 8, 1969. From Canton, OH, she was a month short of her 26th birthday. She was posthumously awarded the Vietnamese Gallantry Cross with Palm and the Bronze Star for Heroism. In 1970, the recovery room at Fitzsimmons Army Hospital in Denver, where Lt. Lane had been assigned before going to Viet Nam, was dedicated in her honor. In 1973, Aultman Hospital in Canton, OH, where Lane had attended nursing school, erected a bronze statue of Lane. The names of 110 local servicemen killed in Vietnam are on the base of the statue.

Lt. Col. Annie Ruth Graham, Chief Nurse at 91st Evac. Hospital, 43d Med Group, 44th Medical Brigade, Tuy Hoa.
Lt. Col. Graham, from Efland, NC, suffered a stroke in August 1968 and was evacuated to Japan where she died four days later. A veteran of both World War II and Korea, she was 52.

U.S. Air Force

Capt. Mary Therese Klinker
Capt. Klinker, a flight nurse with the 10th Aeromedical Evacuation Squadron, Travis Air Force Base, temporarily assigned to Clark Air Base in the Philippines, was on the C-5A Galaxy which crashed on April 4 1975 outside Saigon while evacuating Vietnamese orphans. This is known as the Operation Babylift crash. From Lafayette, IN, she was 27. She was posthumously awarded the Airman’s Medal for Heroism and the Meritorious Service Medal.

Desert Storm

Major Marie T. Rossi was killed 1 March 1991 in Saudi Arabia in Operation Desert Storm. She was flying a CH-47D CHINOOK Cargo Helicopter when it crashed into an unlit Microwave Tower in bad weather. Major Rossi was 32 and a native of Oradell, NJ. 

US Army

PFC Pamela V. Gay, 19, Surrey, Virginia
PFC Cindy D.J. Bridges, 20, Trinity, Alabama
Private Dorothy Fails, Taylor, Arizona
Private Candace Daniel
Sergeant Tracey Brogdon, Bartow, Florida
2Lt Kathleen M. Sherry, 23, Tonawanda, NY
Specialist Cindy Beaudoin, 19, Plainfield, Conn. 
Specialist Christine Mayes, 22, Rochester Mills, Pa.
Specialist Beverly Clark, 23, Armagh, Pa. 
Specialist Adrienne L. Mitchell, 20, Moreno Valley, Calif. 
Staff Sergeant Tatiana Khaghani Dees, Valley Cottage NY 
Sergeant Cheryl LaBeau O'Brien, 24, Racine, Wisc.
Lt. Lorraine Lawton

AG1 Shirley Marie Cross

They gave their lives in the Pentagon attack:

Petty Officer Jamie Lynn Fallon, USN, 23
Specialist Chin Sun Pak, USA, 24
Staff Sergeant Maudlyn A. White, USA, 38
Lt Col Karen J. Wagner, USA, 40
Petty Officer Marsha Dianah Ratchford, USN, 34
Petty Officer Melissa Rose Barnes, USN, 27
Sergeant Tamara C. Thurman, USA, 25

In the event that those numbers are insufficient, or not “current” enough, because “combat and warfare tactics change and evolve” or something:

During a decade’s worth of conflict, more than 283,000 women were deployed to [Iraq and Afghanistan]. Hundreds of them served in harm’s way, according to casualty figures.   More than 800 female service members have been wounded in either Afghanistan or Iraq, and at least 139 have died from combat- and non-combat-related incidents. Of these, 110 died as a result of serving in Iraq, however the last thirteen have all died in Afghanistan. (Source.)

To be blunt, I’m uncertain what these men who are vocalizing resistance are afraid of. After all, a woman served as a Navy SEAL for the past twenty years, and deployed eleven times. I have yet to hear any negative comments from Kristin Beck’s comrades about the quality of her performance in the field, or the professionalism of either her behavior or their relationships with her. That she didn’t come out as transgender until after her retirement only shows how greatly in need of an overhaul the current physical requirements and restrictions truly are. Gender neutrality in physical standards, as well as hygiene and uniform standards, will pave the way for acceptance of transgender and genderqueer personnel serving openly in the military without fear of discrimination or adverse repercussions.

If someone wants to bear arms in defense of their Constitution, they should have the opportunity to prove their physical and psychological resilience to the task. Beyond that, nothing else should matter. Listening to the same arguments get reiterated again and again is on par with a toddler’s sob story when told that everyone can play on the monkey bars, not just their handpicked friends. It’s so old it’s beginning to chafe.