navies

“Groggy” comes from the watered-down rum that was given to British sailors. Before 1740, the sailors had drunk clean rum. But after the War of Jenkins Ear ended, the Commander for the British Navy in the West Indies issued an order that since rum is “attended by many fatal Effects to their Morals as well as their Health” the sailors would be drinking one part rum to four parts water from now on. The commander’s name? Edward “Old Grog” Vernon.

Grumman F6F Hellcat

Although most associate Navy and Marine Corps Pacific theater air action with the Vought F4U Corasir (probably because of its unique bent wing design), it was the Hellcat that truly dominated the skies over the Pacific. 75% of all Navy/Marine Corps aerial victories were by a Hellcat pilot.  The Corsair was initially slated to be the dominate aircraft on carriers, but due to issues behind the boat it was handed over to Marine Corps land based units until the kinks were worked out. Meanwhile, the mighty Hellcat filled the void with an impressive 19 to 1 kill ratio.  Grumman Ironworks built over 12,000 Hellcats during the course of the war, their production peaked in 1944 when they built 644 in one month.