naval-battles

The call to the water….

The Lone Sailor Memorial along the Burlington, VT waterfront….looking out over Lake Champlain at sunset.

                                 A picture is worth a thousand words….

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Sometimes the Lone Sailor above actually gets his feet wet when Lake Champlain overflows….

Lake Champlain was the site of pivotal naval battles between the British and the Americans during the American Revolutionary War (the Battle of Valcour Island in 1776)….and the War of 1812 (the Battle of Plattsburg in 1814).

                The Battle of Valcour Island on Lake Champlain

                       The Battle of Plattsburg on Lake Champlain

Even though that Lone Sailor looks out over a lake, and not an ocean, he is looking out over rich naval history. Naval battles that shaped a nation. Service that won freedom from tyranny.

                          Lake Champlain….far from the open sea

#211: “The Colosseum of ancient Rome was occasionally filled with water and an entire naval battle was staged there, complete with armed vessels and fights to the death.”

True.

The term for those naval battles is naumachia. Those naumachia involved prisoners who had been condemned to death, just like with gladiator fights. The fights involved had group combat, so it was far bloodier than one-on-one combat. There were presumably armed vessels. But not enough arenas were big enough for the vessels to move around and ram each other, so hand to hand combat was also involved.

2

The Spanish Anglo war (1585-1604) and the spanish armada

Like all great wars the Spanish anglo war started because of Religion.

And being a spanish pimp.

Philip the II of Spain was a staunch Catholic, like most Europeans. However in England they were protestant a new and feared religious branch that renounced the worship of Saints. Phlip II decided to Marry Mary I of England, who despite the countries offical religion, was a staunch Catholic. 

However onyl 3 months later, Mary I would die of throat cancer. However Philip still wanted to be king so he went to her sister. Elizabeth I. However she was protestant. He left England to marry someone else. However Phlip could hopefully place, Mary queen of scots on the english throne as she was a cousin of mary and the pope had already declared the protestant Elizabeth as illegitimate. Philip hoped to marry Mary anf overthrow Elizabeth and become then king. However Elizabeth had Mary’s head chopped off. Furthermore Liz allied herself with the Dutch rebels and supplied them with weapons to help attack Spain. The English sacked Spanish supply ships. Philip considered this an act of war. 

Philip called the dukes of spain to assembly a mighty war fleet. Called the Spanish Armada consisted of 130 ships. However due to lack of communication they weren’t able to properly assemble. The English captain and world navigator Sir Francis Drake launched a hit and run on the port of Graneville, Badly damaging spansih galleons, destroying five and burning the spanish wine ships. Preventing the only liquid that the Spanish had. 

The Armada still sailed to England however it was mostly destroyed by the english weather and a tight fought naval battle. The armada was destroyed however the battle left Sir Francis Drake dead. 

The British then assembled their own Armada commanded by Lord John Norrey and the Earl of Essex. They had the aim of liberating the dutch and portuguese while plundering the Spanish ports. It was 80 dutch ships and 36 english. The Armada did make it to the ports, it laid siege to seville for several months. However the spanish galleys slipped past and resupplied. The English had to abandon and attack the port of Cadiz. They landed at the walls but were repelled and had hundreds of ships destroyed. 

Philip II would later die of Poor health as would Elizabeth I. Elizabeth would leave no heirs and be succecced by the wimpy James I who would have no stomach for war and make peace with the new king Philip III who would grant independence to the dutch and cede land to the English in Africa. 

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Assassin’s Creed 3 Naval Battle Gameplay E3 2012 (by ClevverGames)

This was Trafalgar; It was Tsushima, La Hogue, Aegospotami, Salamis, and all the other utterly crushing victories, after which an entire war is changed. Seldom enough in history before had an entire navy been brought to a single battle. Never before had an entire navy lost so great a proportion of its strength as the Japanese had done.
—  Fletcher Pratt on the Battle of Leyte Gulf, 1946