naturparke

Bayerischer Wald - Bavarian Forest. Der Bayerische Wald is a mountain region in Lower Bavaria, Southern Germany, situated between the Donau (Danube river) and the Czech and Austrian borders. It’s part of an unspoiled, heavily forested mountain region which also includes the Šumava (Bohemian Forest) in the Czech Republic. Within the region, there are more than 60 peaks over 1,000 m. Established in 1970, it is the oldest and largest national park in Germany. Together with the Czech Šumava National Park and the surrounding protected area, these form the largest protected forest area in Europe. The area is a nature lovers paradise, with glacial lakes, stunning mountain views, hundreds of kilometres of hiking and cycling trails and numerous opportunities for both downhill and cross-country skiing in winter. The region is also a renowned European glass-producing area. The Crystal Road (Glasstraße) is one of the most famous holiday routes in Bavaria.

Norderney is 1 of the 7 populated Ostfriesische Inseln (East Frisian Islands) off the North Sea coast of Niedersachsen, Northern Germany. Its eastern half belongs to the Wadden Sea National Park. Sea temperatures here reach 20+°C in summer. As for air temps, in July 2014 a new record high was recorded with 34.1°C (93.4°F).

The three peaks of Lavaredo by Tom via Flickr
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Germany Facts: Biodiversity

The territory of Germany can be subdivided into 2 eco regions: European-Mediterranean montane mixed forests and Northeast-Atlantic shelf marine. The majority of Germany is still covered by either arable land (34%) or forest and woodland (30%); 13% consists of permanent pastures, and only 12% is covered by settlements and streets. Plants and animals include those generally common to Central Europe: Beeches, oaks, and other deciduous trees constitute 1/3 of the forests; conifers are increasing as a result of reforestation. Spruce and fir predominate in mountain areas; pine and larch are found in sandy soil. There are many species of ferns, flowers, fungi, and mosses. Wild animals include deer, wild boar, mouflon/wild sheep, badger, fox, hare, and beaver. The blue cornflower was once a German national symbol. 

The 14 national parks in Germany include the Jasmund National Park, the Vorpommern Lagoon Area National Park, the Müritz National Park, the Wadden Sea National Parks, the Harz National Park, the Hainich National Park, the Black Forest National Park, the Saxon Switzerland National Park, the Bavarian Forest National Park, and the Berchtesgaden National Park. In addition, there are 14 Biosphere Reserves, as well as 98 nature parks. More than 400 registered zoos and animal parks operate in Germany, which is the largest number in any country. The Berlin Zoo, opened in 1844 - it’s the oldest zoo in Germany, and has the most comprehensive collection of species in the world.