native-resistance

[Bryan Kamaoli Kuwada] argues that ‘any time Hawaiians—or any other native people, for that matter—come out in force to push for more respect for our culture and language or to protect our places from this kind of destruction, we are dismissed as relics of the past, unable to hack it in the modern world with our antiquated traditions and practices.
—  David Malie, Science, Time, and Mauna a Wākea: The Thirty-Meter Telescope’s Capitalist-Colonialist Violence, Part II

As if I wasn’t riled up about Canada’s “birthday” before today???? We all love to throw around the term “reconciliation” when it comes to Canada’s indigenous population but at the end of the damn day, the Canadian government cannot even stand a teepee going up and sharing space with “official” Canada day celebrations on Parliament Hill. Why? Because we aren’t supposed to exist, and any display of agency that indigenous peoples show is a threat.

To non native would be allies:

Let me tell you that we don’t need apologies. Making a grand, emotional apology on behalf of non-natives all but forces native people to do the emotional labor of comforting you and telling you you’re “one of the good ones” because you apologized. You are an individual and you act on behalf of only yourself; if you have done something harmful toward a native person, apologize to them and attempt to make it right. Be better. But don’t act as if you’re a representative of your race, apologizing to an entire other race. It’s a disingenuous and lazy attempt at allyship. What is needed is for you to learn about the history of oppression of indigenous people and to educate other non natives on it so that we natives don’t have to do the intellectual and emotional labor of explaining for the 100th time why your fave team is racist trash, or why Columbus wasn’t a hero, or why the white women gawking at the regalia and ceremonies of native women participating in the march on D.C. was wrong. Also, get out of here with your “natives are magic” crap. The majority of natives don’t live in the “traditional” way and most don’t even participate in our traditional religious beliefs. Most native peoples were forced to convert to Christianity and many of our traditions and ceremonies were illegal to practice until very recently. Not only is it dehumanizing and insulting to think of indigenous people as ~mystical~~ it’s also deeply hurtful because the aspects of our religions that you love to fetishize were stolen from us. Referring to us as “magic natives” objectifies us and reduces us to a stereotype. The “mystical Indian” archetype exists solely for the consumption of non natives. It also treats natives as a monolith; as if were all one culture of sage-smudging medicine men who pray to the oh so vague “great spirit”. Indigenous North Americans are hundreds of separate vastly different tribal nations and peoples with different beliefs and traditions. We are not a monolith. We are not your magic indians. We are not yours to objectify. Our existence continues despite the colonizers ongoing attempts to destroy us. We keep our cultures alive even as the boho dreamcatcher making, mass produced moccasin wearing set attempts to commodify our heritage. We continue to exist because we continue to resist, not because non-natives saw the error of their ways and decided to give us a free pass.

On February 14, 1779 Captain James Cook of the British Royal Navy was killed by natives in Kealakekua Bay, on the Big Island of Hawaii. Cook was a true savage, who sailed across the world bringing murder, rape, disease, and colonialism to native peoples all over the Pacific. When he was killed, Cook was trying to kidnap the Hawaiian Aliʻi (tribal chief) Kalaniʻōpuʻu in response to an unknown person stealing a small boat. In the process, he had threatened to open fire on the islanders. 

At this point, the Hawaiians decided they had enough of Cook’s bullshit. Realizing that he had been manipulating them throughout the course of his stay in Hawaii, witnessing the sexual depredations of Cook’s men, seeing how brutish and toxic European culture really was … and now being threatened with mass murder and the kidnapping of one of their tribal leaders, the Hawaiian islanders finally gave this piece of shit what he deserved: a beatdown on the beach, and a knife to the chest. This put an end to a lifetime of predatory behavior and conquest of lands in the service to the British empire.

So how about instead of celebrating a boring consumerist holiday like Valentine’s Day, we celebrate something awesome, like the death of Captain Cook … Happy Killed Captain Cook Day!

Denmark is the only case we know of in which the Nazis met with open native resistance, [and] the result seems to have been that those exposed to it changed their minds. They themselves apparently no longer looked upon the extermination of a whole people as a matter of course. They had met resistance based on principle, and their ‘toughness’ had melted like butter in the sun" 

- Hannah Arendt, “Eichmann in Jerusalem”

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LIVE STREAM: Standing Rock, Police Start Camp Eviction 

Trump has financial ties to the Dakota Access Pipeline. Trumps army of state and private security are brutally beating water protectors and destroying sacred native american lands. There has even been chemical weapons used from planes spraying chemicals nearby. 

so many things about the state of the world can be taken from this single picture.

photo taken by Luiz Vasconcelos of the Journal A Critica/Zuma Press shows ‘Woman tries to stop forced eviction of her people.’ Manaus, Brazil.

photo taken by Luiz Vasconcelos of the Jornal A Crítica/Zuma Press shows ‘Woman tries to stop forced eviction of her people, Manaus, Brazil

The Occupation of Alcatraz - Celebrate People’s History

From November 1969 to June 1971 a collection of American Indian students and urban Indians, calling themselves Indians of All Tribes,occupied Alcatraz Island off the coast of San Francisco as a call to resistance against U.S. domination of Native peoples and land. The coalition publicized the occupation through a widely distributed newsletter and a radio show broadcast in multiple cities. This action sparked years of Native resistance, including the 1972 takeover of the Bureau of Indian Affairs headquarters in Washington D.C. and the re-occupation of Wounded Knee in 1973.

Solidaritäts Plakat für die Freiheit Leonard Peltiers!

Leonard Peltier war führendes Mitglied des American Indian Movement (AIM), einer Initiative, die sich für die Rechte der amerikanischen Ureinwohner einsetzt. Am 26. Juni 1975 kam es im Pine-Ridge-Reservat in South Dakota zu Zusammenstößen zwischen dem FBI und Mitgliedern des AIM. Dabei wurden die beiden FBI-Agenten Ronald Williams and Jack Coler erschossen. Leonard Peltier wurde 1977 für die Morde an ihnen verurteilt, hat jegliche Schuld an der Tat jedoch stets von sich gewiesen. Eine wichtige Augenzeugin, die amerikanische Ureinwohnerin und Angehörige der Lakota Myrtle Poor Bear, hatte zunächst ausgesagt, gesehen zu haben, wie Leonard Peltier die beiden Männer tötete. Sie hat diese Aussage jedoch später zurückgezogen und angegeben, dass Angehörige des FBI sie bedroht und drangsaliert hätten. Auf Grundlage ihrer Zeugenaussage wurde Leonard Peltier von Kanada an die USA ausgeliefert und dort vor Gericht gestellt.

Die Jugend Peltiers wurde durch diese Erlebnisse sehr stark mitgeprägt. Rückblickend beschrieb er diese Zeit so:  „Hunger war das einzige, von dem wir genügend hatten; oh ja, davon hatten wir ausreichend, genug für jeden. Wenn verzweifelte Mütter ihre Kinder mit aufgequollenen Bäuchen ins Krankenhaus brachten, lächelten die Schwestern und sagten ihnen, die Kinder hätten nur >Blähungenaufgelöst March of broken Treaties<  in Washington teil. Als BIA-Beamte ihr Versprechen nicht einhielten, den Stammesältesten Unterkünfte zu besorgen und im Weißen Haus auch nicht die angekündigten Gesprächstermine eingehalten wurden, besetzten die Indianer spontan sieben Tage lang das Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) – Gebäude, nur ein paar Blocks vom Weißen Haus entfernt. Peltier wurde nun vom FBI verstärkt als Unruhestifter registriert.

Im gleichen Jahr wurde Peltier in Milwaukee in einen Streit mit Polizisten in Zivil verwickelt. Die Polizisten behaupteten, er habe sie mit einer Pistole bedroht und so wurde er  wegen versuchten Mordes angeklagt (1978 wurde Peltier vom Mordvorwurf freigesprochen).  Bis zum Verhandlungsbeginn verbrachte er 5 Monate im Gefängnis. Als er nach Zahlung einer Kaution freikam, tauchte Peltier im April 1973 unter, da er befürchtete, Opfer einer durch Polizei- und Geheimdienste angestifteten Feme zu werden. Da er nicht zum Verhandlungstermin in Milwaukee erschien, wurde erneut Haftbefehl gegen Peltier erlassen.

Zur gleichen Zeit hielten AIM-Aktivisten den Ort WOUNDED KNEE in der Pine Ridge-Reservation  besetzt. In diesem Konflikt eskalierte die militärische Gewalt der Staatsmacht. US-Marshals, FBI-Agenten, paramilitärische Gruppen des korrupten Stammesvorsitzenden Dick Wilson (GOONS) und weiße Bürgerwehr feuerten mehr als 250000 Schüsse auf die BesetzerInnen ab. Unter dem Kommando des späteren Nato-Oberbefehlshabers Alexander Haig wurden 17 Panzer, 12 Raketenwerfer, F4 Phantombomber, Kampfhubschrauber und jede Menge CS-Gas eingesetzt, um den Widerstand der Besetzer zu brechen. Die Militäroperation kostete mehr als 1 Milliarde US-$: mehr Geld als seit 1870 seitens des US- Staates für die Unterstützung der Menschen in Pine Ridge investiert wurde. 2 Native Americans wurden erschossen – eher ein Wunder, dass die Zahl der getöteten Besetzer nicht höher war. Peltier, der in Wounded Knee nicht dabei war,  engagierte sich seit seiner Flucht bei den Sicherheitskräften des AIM, nahm am Kampf um die Fischereirechte der Puyallup und Nisqually in Washington State und an AIM – Aktionen in Arizona und Wisconsin teil. 1975 kam er  erneut nach Pine Ridge.

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The Age of the Queen Regnant

The twelfth century is notable for the number of women who inherited the throne in their own right, exercising this right with varying degrees of success. Most would find male support necessary to establish their rule, but just as often these women were forced to take up arms against such men, whether they be husband, son, or cousin. Frightening, unprecedented, and remarkable, this age of formidable queens would not find its counterpart until the 16th century.

Urraca of Leon (1109-1126): the first queen regnant of a major Western power, Urraca inherited the kingdoms of Leon, Castile, and Galicia from her father, Alfonso VI. According to her father’s wishes, the widowed heiress married Alfonso I “The Battler” of Aragon, a marriage which would prove a bane to Urraca’s subjects and soon Urraca herself as the Aragonese king sought to assert himself in her kingdoms at the expense of Urraca’s power. In addition to her husband, Urraca’s rule was likewise challenged by her half-sister, Teresa of Portugal, and the supporters of her son, Alfonso Raimundez, in Galicia. Against such odds, Urraca prevailed, skillfully playing each side against another, and passed a kingdom peaceful and intact onto her son at her death.

Melisende of Jerusalem (1131-1153): the first queen of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, which she inherited jointly with her husband, Fulk of Anjou, and infant son, Baldwin, on the death of her father, Baldwin II. Melisende would champion the native nobility against Fulk and his personal retainers, asserting her personal power following a rebellion and garnering her husband’s respect and fear. Following Fulk’s sudden death, Melisende ruled on her own, continuing to do so even after her son had reached his majority, welcoming the Western armies on the Second Crusade. Her determination to maintain her personal power against her son’s encroachment would lead to armed conflict between them in her last years, resulting in a temporary partition of the kingdom.

Petronilla of Aragon (1137-1164): the first queen of Aragon, Petronilla was the only child of Ramiro II, known as “The Monk” who despite being a bishop was chosen as king following the death of his childless brother, Alfonso I. Ramiro abdicated in 1137, having concluded Petronilla’s betrothal to Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona, leaving his two-year-old daughter and her twenty-five year-old husband rulers of Aragon. Petronilla ruled alongside her husband until his death in 1162, abdicating two years later in favor of her seven-year-old son, Alfonso II. Her marriage brought about the union of the Crown of Aragon, over which her son would rule. The extent of Petronilla’s own power is unclear, frustratingly hidden beneath that of her husband’s and her son’s.

Empress Matilda (1141-1148): the only legitimate child of Henry I of England following her brother’s death, Matilda was recognized by her father as his heir.  To bolster her claim, she was remarried to Geoffrey of Anjou, a distasteful union to both, but one that served their mutual political interests. After her father’s death, Matilda’s claim was usurped by her cousin, Stephen. What followed was roughly a decade of civil war, known as the “Anarchy” with both side jockeying for the throne. Matilda achieved a brief triumph, having captured Stephen, and was acclaimed “Lady of the English”. Her fortunes soon changed and Stephen regained his throne. The struggle dragging on, Matilda began to champion the claims of her son, Henry FitzEmpress, instead of her own. Her efforts paid off and Henry came to the throne as Henry II following Stephen’s death. Matilda would spend the remainder of her life a valued adviser to her son.

Constance of Sicily (1194-1198): married to the Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI in her early thirties, Constance was recognized as heiress in Sicily by her childless nephew, William III. However upon his death, his bastard cousin, Tancred, seized the throne, supported by many who feared Hohenstaufen influence. Henry and Constance led several campaigns into Sicily, one of which resulted in Constance’s capture. Following Tancred’s death, they ascended the throne. Having given birth to a son, Constance turned against Henry, joining with the native nobility in resisting Hohenstaufen domination. Upon his unexpected death, she had her son, Frederick, crowned king and placed him under the guardianship of the pope shortly prior to her own death in 1198.