native-resistance

so many things about the state of the world can be taken from this single picture.

photo taken by Luiz Vasconcelos of the Journal A Critica/Zuma Press shows ‘Woman tries to stop forced eviction of her people.’ Manaus, Brazil.

photo taken by Luiz Vasconcelos of the Jornal A Crítica/Zuma Press shows ‘Woman tries to stop forced eviction of her people, Manaus, Brazil

Conquest of the Aztecs, 1519-1521

Native resistance to European colonisation began during the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, from 1519 to 1521. Conquistador Hernan Cortés was quick to exploit frictions between peripheral states and the Aztec government, creating a formidable alliance between the Spanish and Tlaxcalan militaries. On arrival in the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan Cortés was welcomed by Moctezuma II, while the Aztec population felt uneasy about his prolonged residence. During their stay in the city, an Aztec noble named Qualpopoca defeated a provocative Spanish army in the city of Nauhtla. Cortés responded by taking Moctezuma hostage and keeping him as a puppet ruler.

Several months later a conquistador massacred a group of nobles during the Festival of Toxcatl – Aztecs retaliated and “furiously hurled their javelins” at the Spanish, according to an Aztec account. The next conflict followed Moctezuma’s death: Cortés and his troops attempted to flee the city, but encountered fierce opposition. Resistance against the Spanish/Tlaxcalan alliance continued in battles and skirmishes until the Spanish lay siege to Tenochtitlan in 1521. The final days saw urban warfare on the streets of Tenochtitlan as the Aztecs fought to halt a Spanish advance. The Aztec Empire eventually surrendered on 13 August 1521, following the virtual destruction of the capital city.


This information is a part of the online exhibition “American Indian Histories and Cultures,” a collaborative collection by Adam Matthew and the Newberry. The exhibit can be viewed at: http://www.aihc.amdigital.co.uk/Home/index

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Wirikuta Se Defiende by Aho Colectivo


Wirikuta no se vende 

Wirikuta se defiende. 
Pachamama Warriors 
amor para mi gente. 

Escuchando al desierto, 
me encontré a mi mismo. 
Fuerzas ancentrales 
que guiaron mi camino 

No lo pueden comprar, 
no lo pueden pagar 
por mucho dinero que tengan 
aquí no vale nada. 

No lo pueden comprar, 
no lo pueden matar, 
por mucho dinero que tengan 
aquí no vale nada 

Wirikuta no se vende 
Wirikuta se defiende. 
Pachamama Warriors 
amor para mi gente. 
Mi gente, mi gente, 
amor para mi gente. 
Mi gente, mi gente eee… 

Wirikuta no se vende 
Wirikuta se defiende. 
Pachamama Warriors 
amor para mi gente. 

Con los abuelos 
y con mi madre, 
con mis hermanos 
defendemos lo sagrado. 

En este abrazo, 
vamos alzando. 
Lo que tenemos 
de coraza lo ofrendamos. 

En este abrazo, 
vamos cantando. 
Lo que tenemos 
de coraza lo ofrendamos. 



Hace muchos siglos 
se vienen guardando 
Los conociemientos 
de un pueblo sagrado. 

Origen del universo 
pueblo milenario. 
Escencia eterna 
de los rezos elevados. 

Maquinas más grandes 
nos quieren correr. 
Quieren llevarse el oro 
y dejarnos sin él. 

Pero nuestra alegría 
se va contagiando, 
nos viene diciendo, 
nos viene llamando. 

Pueblos enteros 
se estan levantando. 
El venado mestizo 
nos viene guiando. 

Llamando a los barrios, 
al campo y la ciudad, 
al corazón sagrado 
de mi patria despertear. 

Wirikuta está en peligro 
alerta general, 
los mercaderes de la tierra 
la quieren saquear. 

Contaminan el agua, 
contaminan la tierra, 
gobierno vende patria 
y su trasnacional minera. 

Tatewarí abuelo fuego 
gipuri venado azul 
Wirrarika mi pueblo 
que ilumina con su luz. 

Esta lucha es por la vida, 
nuestro templo natural. 
Unidos lograremos 
esta destrucción parar. 

Wirikuta no se vende 
Wirikuta se defiende. 
Pachamama Warriors 
amor para mi gente. 
Mi gente, mi gente, 
amor para mi gente. 
Mi gente, mi gente eee… 

Fuera! 
No dejaremos que le hagan guerra a la tierra 
su falso progreso a mi gente envenena 
se van para afuera todas sus mineras 
pues este santuario sagrado se queda. 

Cavando su tumba, inconcientes se entirran 
cegados por el odio y la plata, que pena. 
han olvidado todas sus promesas 
por que para el politico la palabra no pesa 

por eso en la lucha los cantores no cesan 
AHO colectivo con esta regresa 
descolonizandose el pueblo en defenza 
si sumas tu voz esto cobra más fuerza. 

Wirikuta no se vende 
Wirikuta se defiende. 
Pachamama Warriors 
amor para mi gente. 
Mi gente, mi gente, 
amor para mi gente. 
Mi gente, mi gente eee… 

Se cuida y se defiende 
Mi tierra no se vende. 
Se cuida y se defiende 
Wirikuta no s e vende 
Amor para mi gente 

Mi tierrra no se vende 
Se cuida y se defiende. (4x)

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INDIGENAS DIGITAIS - ENGLISH SUBTITLES

“Produced in 2010, Indigenas Digitais recounts the experiences of Indios Online, a network of Pataxo Hahahae, Kariri-Xocó, Tupinambá, Pankararé and other Indigenous Peoples in Brazil that strives to provide communities with access to information and promote intercultural dialogue.

Dispelling the myth that Indigenous people somehow forfeit their identity by using communication technologies, Indigenas Digitais demonstrates how Indigenous Peoples are utilizing mobile phones, cameras, camcorders, computers and the internet to empower their struggles for rights and promote better days for their communities.”

It is not a ‘simple’ (I use this term sarcastically) war of racism, which is the struggle of other Peoples of Color living here, although we also fight racism. This continent is morally and legally our land, since no treaty has been observed…Logically, then, we remain at war in a unique way–not for a piece of the 'white pie,’ but because we do not agree that there is a pie at all.
—  Chrystos, Fire Power
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“The Munduruku Indians: Weaving Resistance” [Full Doc]

25min

Whitekkklay, Nebraska

Two hundred feet from the border of the Pine Ridge reservation lies the unincorporated town of Whiteclay, Nebraska, technically on Lakota treaty land. With a population of just twelve people, Whiteclay is tiny by any standards. Yet, its four bars manage to make four million dollars a year, primarily from residents of the neighboring Pine Ridge Reservation, where alcohol is strictly prohibited. The Oglala Sioux Tribe Criminal Offenses Code makes it a crime to manufacture, transport, sell, or possess alcohol anywhere within the borders of the reservation, where public or private intoxication is also penalized.

Pine Ridge has been a dry reservation for generations. When the 70,000 square miles became a reservation in 1881, it also was named Prisoner of War Camp #334. The government agent responsible for it had cautioned of “introduction of intoxicating liquor from the whiskey ranches established just over the Nebraska line.” In a feeble preventative attempt, the U.S. government inserted a 50-mile buffer zone between Pine Ridge and the Nebraska border, with the supposed intent to “prevent renegade whites from selling guns, knives and alcohol to Indians living on the reservation.” In 1904, U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt canceled the buffer zone (and gave the demarcated land to the state of Nebraska) and alcohol dealers moved in several months later.

Alcohol wasn’t a problem for American Indians until colonial settlers brought it to the Americas. This form of colonization has only grown worse. Now, indigenous people experience 5 times the national rate of fatal liver disease and cirrhosis. Alcohol-related ailments are 60% greater in Indian Health Service hospitals than what is seen in average U.S. hospitals. In Pine Ridge, the rate of alcoholism is one of the highest in the U.S. Because folks on the reservation face so much oppression and poverty, many become depressed and turn to alcohol. As a direct result of alcohol, the reservation experiences a high mortality rate; 1 in 4 infants is born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder; the suicide rate is twice the national rate, and that of teen suicide is 4 times the national rate. On reservations across the country, Native women are nearly 3 times more likely to be sexually assaulted than other women in the U.S., with 80% of their perpetrators being white men.

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