native-american-history

This is probably one of the most depressingly heart-wrenching photos I’ve ever seen. Native American children taken from their families and put into school to assimilate them into white society. the slogan for this governmental campaign ’“kill the Indian to save the man”. no official apology has ever been issued. never forgotten.

Bertha Parker Pallan (1907-1978) was a Native American archaeologist, of Abenaki and Seneca descent. Her parents were Behula Tahamont, a Native American actress, and Arthur C. Parker, the first president for the Society of American Archaeology. 

Parker discovered and participated in many archaeological sites during her career, but she is best known for her work at the site of Gypsum Cave. Although she was originally hired her as the expedition cook and secretary, she was allowed to explore the cave and was able to reach more inaccessible areas. It is here that she uncovered the first giant ground sloth remains in association with humans, a discovery that received national attention among anthropologists. After her time at Gypsum Cave, she discovered two additional sites: Corn Creek Campsite, and a pueblo site at Scorpion Hill. She worked for over 10 years as an Assistant in Archaeology and Ethnology at the Southwest Museum, where she published a number of archaeological and ethnological papers in the museum journal. In her later years, she acted as a technical advisory and consultant on TV shows and movies depicting American Indians, and hosted her own TV show on Native American history and folklore.

Bertha Parker Pallan was a ground-breaker in many aspects. She is considered the first female Native American archaeologist, and she is one of the first women  recognized for conducting her work at a high level of skill in the field without a university education. Additionally, her role as a consultant for TV and movies influenced how American Indian cultures and their histories were depicted in the media.

You know in the movies where the white guys are paddling down a river and come across the skulls of animals hanging from tree’s as the music turns to eerie and somber. 

A hunter once told me that signs like that aren’t dire or meant to be scary. The idea is to tell other hunters which animals have been hunted recently. The skulls are hung up by their soft tissue and eventually they’ll fall to the ground. 

In this way they are able to practice conservation by not hunting the most recent kills in the area. 

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Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte;

Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte was the first Native American woman to earn a medical degree. She attended the Women’s Medical College in Philadelphia, graduating in 1889. La Flesche Picotte grew up on the Omaha Reservation and returned there after completing her studies, opening a hospital for its residents in 1913 which was the first privately funded hospital in Omaha.

The hospital building still remains today and has been converted into a museum in her honour, featuring her work as a doctor and preserving the legacy of Omaha and the Ho-Chunk tribes that resided their. It also has a centre for the care of children named in Susan’s honour and has been designated as a National Historical Landmark.

Chief Joseph, Nez Perce, when young

Series: Photographic Negatives of Native American Delegations and Archaeology of the Southwestern United States, 1879 - 1907Record Group 106: Records of the Smithsonian Institution, 1871 - 1952

Following the Battle of Bear Paw, “non-treaty” groups of the Nez Perce surrendered to the United States Army on October 5, 1877, ending the Nez Perce War.  While not the sole leader of the Nez Perce, Chief Joseph emerged as one of the more outspoken and compelling figures in the conflict and during the Nez Perce’s later struggles following their removal from their ancestral lands in the Pacific Northwest.

More photos of Chief Joseph in the National Archives Catalog

Amado Garcia of the Acoma Pueblo, pictured here on May 17 1919, enlisted in the US Army on June 3, 1918 in Lamar, Colorado. In the First World War, Garcia was cited for bravery with the following:

“Advanced with two men three hundred yards in front of the lines through wire entanglements in order to attack an enemy machine gun.

In spite of strong resistance he succeeded in capturing the guns and returning to our lines.”

Garcia was rewarded with the Croix de Guerre with Gilt Star for his bravery.

(Mathers Museum of World Cultures)

major One Piece arcs, or as i like to describe them

  • Hachiko and the evil clown pirates
  • Pinnochio’s origin story
  • pirates vs. chefs vs. Dracula
  • literal loan sharks
  • Pinnochio 2.0 except it’s just the whale’s sad backstory
  • norse giants on jarassic park
  • Rudolph except sadder and worse
  • Mafia Boss Captain Hook Tries To Take Over Egypt And Nearly Succeeds
  • god tries to kill everyone for shits an grins and then flies to the moon
    • alternatively: native american history, the anime arc
  • play silly games while evil count chocula steals your friends
  • furry spies, sad boats, and government conspiracies
  • halloweentown: the island
  • cyborgs, bubbles, and racism
  • medusa + amazons
  • Dante’s Inferno 
  • mini world war 1
  • The Little Mermaid except with more racism
  • this is why kids shouldn’t take candy from strangers
  • Toy Story in spain with gladiators
  • furries: the elephant
  • Alice in Wonderland meets super sentai assassins meets The Godfather

You know that age old saying of leave only footsteps implying a lot of native americans didn’t leave a trace. 

That isn’t always correct. 

Around here the Anishinabe bands would sometimes leave birch bark staked into the ground near the riverbank campgrounds like a modern sign. It had basic pictographic messages for other Anishinabe bands to know what is going on. It provided valuable info like which clans crossed, If they were a visiting, hunting, peace or war delegation, What direction they went, If there was death or illness and approx time they camped. 

Portraits of Native Americans

This three-volume set of McKenney & Hall’s History of the Indian Tribes of North America was printed in 1854 and includes 120 colored portraits based on oil paintings by Charles Bird King.

The only Mississippian featured in the set is the Choctaw chief Pushmataha, shown below.

The portraits of women in the set are especially beautiful:

Sadly, the written histories and anecdotes are filled with sexist and racist language, such as this description of Hayne Hudjihini (Eagle of Delight):

Like many handsome women, her face was probably her principal treasure. The countenance does not indicate much character; without the intelligence of the civilized female, it has a softness rarely exhibited by the Indian squaw. There is a Chinese air of childishness and simplicity about it…

Whatever the writers thought of her, Eagle of Delight’s portrait can be found in the White House library today.

Worcester v. Georgia

Series: Appellate Jurisdiction Case Files, 1792 - 2010Record Group 267: Records of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1772 - 2007

Argued on February 20, 1832, Worcester v. Georgia was a landmark Supreme Court decision in which the Court convicted Samuel Worcester for illegally living on Native American lands and found a Georgia state law requiring a permit to live on Native lands unconstitutional. Although it had little beneficial effect in the short term, Chief Justice John Marshall’s majority opinion is largely considered to be the foundation of Native tribal sovereignty because the decision argued for treatment of Native tribes as independent nations.

View more pages from the Worcester v. Georgia Case File in the @usnatarchives online Catalog.

As per usual, Frank Waln is bang on. Don’t ignore Indigenous voices as America attempts to move forward despite the negativity in these coming months. 

Zitkala-Ša, shown here in 1898, was a Yankton Dakota writer, editor, musician, teacher and political activist. She wrote several works chronicling her youthful struggles with identity and pulls between the majority culture and her Native American heritage. Her later books in English were among the first works to bring traditional Native American stories to a widespread white readership. Working with American William F. Hanson, Zitkala-Ša wrote the libretto and songs for The Sun Dance Opera, (1913), the first Native American opera. She was a co-founder of the National Council of American Indians in 1926 to lobby for rights to United States citizenship and civil rights. She served as its president until her death in 1938.

skalman-och-bamse  asked:

I want to write a story set in Arizona, but where the Americans weren't invaded. I realised this after I made the plot and the culture is the same as I've lived it, and I'm also worried I don't know enough about Native American culture to write about it. Is it realistic to have the people live in houses and have jobs as the ones that are in America now, and can they use the same zodiac signs? I'm planning on mentioning their religion and such though so do you have any resources for that?

Accidentally Recreated Modern Culture, Is This Okay?

> I made the plot and the culture is the same as I’ve lived it
> I’m also worried I don’t know enough about Native American culture to write about it

You’ve basically answered your own question with these two lines. Because you didn’t even stop to think their lives would be different when you were building it, you don’t know enough about our cultures. 

You shouldn’t be jumping into this situation without being able to build a culture that is different from what you’ve lived automatically. Instead, you’ve gone and built something that is completely based on your lived experience, and promptly asking if your lived experience is possible for them instead of starting over and building your story based on our reality and imagining how our reality exists in a future where the Americas were never invaded.

You should be using cultures, plural, and you should have a tribe selected based on the Arizona area (I’m unfamiliar with the region, so I won’t list any— but there are many possibilities and google is a good place to start). You should be looking at what technological advancements would’ve spread via trade and what would be adopted.

Is it realistic to have industrialization happen around the globe? Possibly, depending on the global setting (I personally would rather see the level of industrialization we have not actually be at modern levels, because our current production is unsustainable, but advancement happens naturally). Is it possible zodiac signs have spread out and Natives have adopted the Western one? If it interests them, sure.

But those are the wrong questions to ask. The questions shouldn’t be based around “oops I didn’t build in difference, is it okay if they’re the same as modern people?” Basing your questions around that doesn’t actually address your knowledge issue.

Once you realized you made their lives completely identical to your modern life, you should have started over and gone to research how Arizona tribes lived, imagined how industrialization would’ve spread globally, and then begun building again.

Don’t launch right into the elaborate stuff if you haven’t got the basics down. Work your way up and don’t just jump to level expert when you’re still a beginner. It’s perfectly okay to be a beginner and not be able to tackle the elaborate stuff at first! It’s okay to shelve ideas aside because as you build them you realize you don’t know anywhere near enough to do it justice.

As we said in So You Want To Save The World From Bad Representation, you have to start small when you’re starting from the beginning of learning how to write representation. Everyone starts somewhere, and picking a more manageable project will give you a better starting place with fewer mistakes that can be made.

Take a step back and work on the basics. Tribes in the area, what their lives used to be like. Maybe write a modern story with Native side characters so you can learn about what their modern life is like. Once you’ve gotten those building blocks in place, you can start to build them up into something more elaborate.

~ Mod Lesya