native-american-history

Bertha Parker Pallan (1907-1978) was a Native American archaeologist, of Abenaki and Seneca descent. Her parents were Behula Tahamont, a Native American actress, and Arthur C. Parker, the first president for the Society of American Archaeology. 

Parker discovered and participated in many archaeological sites during her career, but she is best known for her work at the site of Gypsum Cave. Although she was originally hired her as the expedition cook and secretary, she was allowed to explore the cave and was able to reach more inaccessible areas. It is here that she uncovered the first giant ground sloth remains in association with humans, a discovery that received national attention among anthropologists. After her time at Gypsum Cave, she discovered two additional sites: Corn Creek Campsite, and a pueblo site at Scorpion Hill. She worked for over 10 years as an Assistant in Archaeology and Ethnology at the Southwest Museum, where she published a number of archaeological and ethnological papers in the museum journal. In her later years, she acted as a technical advisory and consultant on TV shows and movies depicting American Indians, and hosted her own TV show on Native American history and folklore.

Bertha Parker Pallan was a ground-breaker in many aspects. She is considered the first female Native American archaeologist, and she is one of the first women  recognized for conducting her work at a high level of skill in the field without a university education. Additionally, her role as a consultant for TV and movies influenced how American Indian cultures and their histories were depicted in the media.

This is probably one of the most depressingly heart-wrenching photos I’ve ever seen. Native American children taken from their families and put into school to assimilate them into white society. the slogan for this governmental campaign ’“kill the Indian to save the man”. no official apology has ever been issued. never forgotten.

You know in the movies where the white guys are paddling down a river and come across the skulls of animals hanging from tree’s as the music turns to eerie and somber. 

A hunter once told me that signs like that aren’t dire or meant to be scary. The idea is to tell other hunters which animals have been hunted recently. The skulls are hung up by their soft tissue and eventually they’ll fall to the ground. 

In this way they are able to practice conservation by not hunting the most recent kills in the area. 

2

Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte;

Dr. Susan La Flesche Picotte was the first Native American woman to earn a medical degree. She attended the Women’s Medical College in Philadelphia, graduating in 1889. La Flesche Picotte grew up on the Omaha Reservation and returned there after completing her studies, opening a hospital for its residents in 1913 which was the first privately funded hospital in Omaha.

The hospital building still remains today and has been converted into a museum in her honour, featuring her work as a doctor and preserving the legacy of Omaha and the Ho-Chunk tribes that resided their. It also has a centre for the care of children named in Susan’s honour and has been designated as a National Historical Landmark.

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There was a “Bowling Green massacre” — in 1643, white settlers slaughtered 110 Native Americans

  • Last week on MSNBC, Kellyanne Conway invented a massacre that never happened in Bowling Green, Kentucky. 
  • But here’s one that’s real: In 1643, white settlers massacred 30 indigenous people in what is now Bowling Green Park, one of the oldest sections of New York City, Indian Country Media Network reported.
  • Back then, New York City was known as New Amsterdam and was a struggling colonial outpost under Dutch rule. 
  • The then-governor of New Netherlands, Willem Kieft, sent groups of European soldiers to an area at the tip of Manhattan island, which was then home to Lenape tribe. 
  • The soldiers killed 80 members of the tribe in what is now Pavonia, New Jersey, and massacred another 30 in Manhattan. Read more

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You know that age old saying of leave only footsteps implying a lot of native americans didn’t leave a trace. 

That isn’t always correct. 

Around here the Anishinabe bands would sometimes leave birch bark staked into the ground near the riverbank campgrounds like a modern sign. It had basic pictographic messages for other Anishinabe bands to know what is going on. It provided valuable info like which clans crossed, If they were a visiting, hunting, peace or war delegation, What direction they went, If there was death or illness and approx time they camped. 

major One Piece arcs, or as i like to describe them

  • Hachiko and the evil clown pirates
  • Pinnochio’s origin story
  • pirates vs. chefs vs. Dracula
  • literal loan sharks
  • Pinnochio 2.0 except it’s just the whale’s sad backstory
  • norse giants on jarassic park
  • Rudolph except sadder and worse
  • Mafia Boss Captain Hook Tries To Take Over Egypt And Nearly Succeeds
  • god tries to kill everyone for shits an grins and then flies to the moon
    • alternatively: native american history, the anime arc
  • play silly games while evil count chocula steals your friends
  • furry spies, sad boats, and government conspiracies
  • halloweentown: the island
  • cyborgs, bubbles, and racism
  • medusa + amazons
  • Dante’s Inferno 
  • mini world war 1
  • The Little Mermaid except with more racism
  • this is why kids shouldn’t take candy from strangers
  • Toy Story in spain with gladiators
  • furries: the elephant
  • Alice in Wonderland meets super sentai assassins meets The Godfather
Portraits of Native Americans

This three-volume set of McKenney & Hall’s History of the Indian Tribes of North America was printed in 1854 and includes 120 colored portraits based on oil paintings by Charles Bird King.

The only Mississippian featured in the set is the Choctaw chief Pushmataha, shown below.

The portraits of women in the set are especially beautiful:

Sadly, the written histories and anecdotes are filled with sexist and racist language, such as this description of Hayne Hudjihini (Eagle of Delight):

Like many handsome women, her face was probably her principal treasure. The countenance does not indicate much character; without the intelligence of the civilized female, it has a softness rarely exhibited by the Indian squaw. There is a Chinese air of childishness and simplicity about it…

Whatever the writers thought of her, Eagle of Delight’s portrait can be found in the White House library today.

Snow clings to the jagged sides of Devils Tower National Monument in Wyoming. This astounding geologic feature is considered sacred to the Northern Plains Indians and other tribes, who called it “Bear’s Tipi” or “Bear’s Lodge.” Hundreds of parallel cracks make it one of the finest crack climbing areas in North America. Devils Tower entices us to explore and define our place in the natural and cultural world. Photo by National Park Service.

As per usual, Frank Waln is bang on. Don’t ignore Indigenous voices as America attempts to move forward despite the negativity in these coming months. 

aliesoleil  asked:

Could you please help me find resources about colonization of America? I'm mostly interested in the point of view of Native Americans at the time (I'm writing a book in which people from less technologically developed place are being attacked by people who already have guns)

When I took a class on the subject we used the books The Native Ground [1] and The Middle Ground. [2] The problem with the tradition of history as a subject in the West is that it rests almost entirely on written sources and we don’t have much written from the indigenous people of today’s North and South America. 

It is difficult to reconstruct the history of people who left no written or oral
records. Still, archaeological findings combined with written accounts from
the Hernando de Soto and Francisco Vázquez de Coronado expeditions of
1541 reveal some of the ways the native peoples of earlier centuries lived and interacted with one another and make it possible to imagine how those practices developed. Historians of the colonial period often assume that Europeans brought unprecedented change. In reality, change and cross-cultural exchange are as old as human residence in the Americas.[3]

At least The Middle Ground and Native Ground are good at trying to break down the myths surrounding the Europeans’ arrival at America. They are trying to break away from the Ethnocentric perspective that has persisted (and still persists today) of Europeans who came and conquered. (I’m not saying Europeans did not invade and murder the people who lived there; they did. It just wasn’t some grand and swift victory due to some kind of superiority of the Europeans, technological or otherwise.) 

I can understand the allure of wanting advanced technology to bring victory, but it’s not always the case. In the case of the Europeans and the Native Americans, the European guns were not very effective. The Europeans were not used to the terrain and the guns were difficult to use if they tried to use them in the dense woods instead of in the fields, for which they were designed. They also broke down a lot. The bows and spears and other weapons of the indigenous people did not fail them in these ways and they were long successful at keeping the impostures under control. “European musketeers could not match Indian archers in rate of fire or accuracy.”[4] What really got them in the end was diseases.[5]

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[1] Kathleen DuVal, The Native Ground: Indians and Colonists in the Heart of the Continent, (University of Pennsylvanian Press, 2006).  

[2]Richard White, The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650-1815, (Stanford University, California, 2011).

[3] DuVal, 13.

[4] Colin G. Calloway, A New World For All: Indians, Europeans, and the Remaking of Early America, (University of Nebraska Press, 1997)98.

[4] DuVal., 78.

Adopted Native, Happier Connected with his Roots

@sire-aie asked:

my MC is half native half white.he is not close to his culture+background because his native parent doesn’t not live with him.where he lives it is also considered by others shameful to be native because of political reasons.he later on meets a group of natives and starts to become more spiritual and happy w/ himself. is it bad to make him happy only when he starts to learn more about his heritage? is it cliche? he also starts to grow his hair at this time to feel more connected to his heritage.

Alright so. I’m going to remind everyone that if you’re going to send in a question, pick a tribe. But this question in particular is hitting a note with Indigenous cultural experience that I feel very, very necessary to address.

Forced seizure and adoption of Native individuals is a very real part of being Native. A Cree elder I spoke to is a lawyer who specializes in stopping these seizures. One particularly memorable reason she had to stop a child being taken from an “unfit parent” was the parent didn’t have laundry on site. That’s just one of many ridiculous examples that happened, and still happens to this day.

If you’re dealing with somebody mixed who doesn’t have his Native parent live with him, you’re potentially dealing with an unfair custody ruling and a whole whacking bunch of racism around the start of it. The assumption that he lives in an area where it’s shameful to be Native points to a massive lack of cultural sensitivity from the white parent, which is sadly extremely common.
As a result: it would be very much not cliche to have him be happier when he reconnects with his heritage. He’s going to stop learning to be ashamed of himself and start undoing the colonial legacy of the 60s Scoop and residential schools. He could always feel conflicted about what to pick, but starting to accept part of your racial identity is a good thing! It means your self hate goes down, it means you stop feeling like you can’t exist the way you are, it means you start to breathe.

I wouldn’t treat it as a completely magic pill— the amount of work that goes into not hating part of your identity is an incredible amount— but no, it is absolutely not cliche to have reconnection= an increase in happiness. 

Just please, please educate yourself on the reason Native kids are taken away from their cultures, and understand the white parent should be treated as not a very good person for putting their child through that. Because they aren’t. Teaching your child to be ashamed of their identity is abusive. While you haven’t mentioned the parent directly, that parent still moved to a place where there weren’t many other Natives and there was a cultural message of white as superior. Unless they advocated for the child’s identity, they’re an abuser, full stop.

~ Mod Lesya