native hawaiian sovereignty

White male participation in surfing had begun in the 1930s, but it did not begin to dominate the surfing scene until the 1960s. Booth argues that after the World War II mass consumer capitalism created the conditions by which leisure as a social practice became tied to individual lifestyles. Surfing was and continues to be a native Hawaiian cultural practice introduced to the West by Duke Kahanamoku. Native Hawaiians’ form of surfing was to flow with the waves, adhering to an ideal of soul surfing, which was part of their culture for more than fifteen hundred years. Surfing was not considered to be a competitive practice, and when white Australian and South African surfers decided to invade the Native Hawaiian surfing beach of the North Shore of Oahu in the late 1970s, they were confronted by members of Hui ‘O He'e Nalu, who asserted their sovereignty over the beach. For the Native Hawaiian surfers, the invasion of their beach by white surfers was a performative reiteration of the invasion by white American Marines supporting the white patriarchy that overthrew the Hawaiian monarchy in 1980. Native Hawaiian surfer resistance eventually earned the respect of the International Professional Surfing Organization, which conceded to a reduction in annual competitions at North Shore. Despite the assertion of Native Hawaiian sovereignty over the waves and the beaches, white Australian and South African surfers staked a possessive claim colonizing surfing by riding the waves “conquering,” “attacking”, and reducing them to stages on which to perform aggressive acts. This became the dominant form of professional surfing, whereby surfers represented their respective nations, embodying the violent attributes of patriarchal white sovereignty.
—  Aileen Moreton-Robinson: The White Possessive: Property, Power, and Indigenous Sovereignty 
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Kaleikoa Kaeo at the OHA Board of Trustees meeting on Maui. May 15th, 2014.

So if youʻre not aware, Native Hawaiians are being pressured to join Kanaʻiolowalu, a roll commission that would allow only them and their descendants membership to the sovereign nation of Hawaiʻi which was illegally taken from us in 1898 by the American government. If you do not sign up, you have no rights under the new nation to identify as Native Hawaiian or be a part of the nation. Also the people in OHA want to go through our white governor and other haole in Washington for “approval” to construct a Hawaiian lāhui (nation). 


Tumblr has opened my eyes to so many struggles related to social justice, and I think Hawaiʻiʻs struggle for sovereignty is one that isnʻt talked about enough here. Spread this shit like wildfire. Let the world know that us kānaka have not given up the fight for a nation that has been stolen from us. 


Hawaiian Sovereignty 101: The Growing Fight for Native Independence

In 1993, President Bill Clinton signed Public Law 103-150 – an apology to the Hawaiian people for overthrowing their government and stealing their land 100 years earlier. The apology acknowledges the illegality of the U.S. government’s military-backed regime change of “the sovereign Hawaii nation” in 1893 and its support for the illegally created “provisional government” in violation of treaties and international law. There’s been a Native Hawaiian sovereignty movement ever since.