national maritime museum, greenwich

The Battle of Trafalgar

by J.M.W. Turner.

1822.

210 years ago today the Royal Navy under the command of Viscount Horatio Nelson defeated the combined fleets of Spain and France, thus destroying the hopes of Napoleon Bonaparte to gain control of the seas.

The painting by Turner displays several events of the battle occurring simultaneously. Nelson’s famous signal “England expects everyman to do his duty” can be see flying from HMS Victory (11:50); the top-mizzenmast of Victory falls (13:00); the HMS Achille is on fire in the background (late afternoon) and the French ship Redoutable sinks in the foreground (following day).

The above painting can be seen on display at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich, London.

HMS Implacable (1805) was a 74-gun ship of the line launched 24 March 1800 at Rochfort, France as Duguay-Trouin. She was one of just four French ships that escaped capture during the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805. However, two weeks later at the Battle of Cape Ortegal, Duguay-Trouin was less successful in her second attempted escape, this time chased down by HMS Hero & HMS Caesar, being battered & captured. French Captain Claude Touffet was killed during the fight with 154 men. In December 1805 she was commissioned into the Royal Navy and renamed HMS Implacable. Through 1808 and 1809 the ship spent time in the Baltic, besting the Imperial Russian Navy 74-gun ship of the line Vsevolod. In September 1810 she made a year long voyage from Cadiz, Spain to Havana, Cuba, returning with 6,000,000 dollars on board. From August to November 1840 Implacable participated in the bombardment and capture of Acre, and operations on the coast of Syria. 

In 1844 HMS Implacable began a new career as a training ship, eventually becoming the second oldest ship in the Royal Navy, after HMS Victory. In 1908 King Edward VII intervened to save the ship from scrapping and in 1920 funds were raised and she underwent several restorations. Ten years later there were large-scale protests against her disposal after the government consigned her to the scrapheap. An offer was made in 1947 to the French who also declined to spend the required money to turn her into a museum ship. On 2 December 1949 she was towed out east of the Isle of Wight and scuttled with full honours, flying the ensigns of the French and Royal Navy. She was 149 years old.

Her figurehead and stern galleries are on display in the National Maritime Museum at Greenwich, while her capstan is on display at the maritime museum at Rochefort. Public reaction to the ‘criminal action against the maritime history of Britain’ forced the government to support the preservation of Cutty Sark.

** i will update this list as frequently as events are released, my loves!♡ **

 June 4th, 2014

the Duke of Cambridge will travel to Yorkshire, where he will will visit two charities, SkillForce in Goole and Centrepoint in Bradford.

 June 6th, 2014

the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge will observe the 70th anniversary of the Normandy Landings in Arromanches, France. They will meet veterans at a tea party before joining other members of the royal family to attend a commemoration ceremony at Gold Beach. The events begin at approximately 6:00pm.

♔ June 9th, 2014

the Duke of Cambridge will attend the United for Wildlife Launch at Google’s office in London.

 June 10th, 2014

the Duchess of Cambridge will attend a breakfast reception the for the launch of America’s Cup at the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich.

 June 12th, 2014

the Duchess of Cambridge will attend a Garden Party to celebrate the 150th Anniversary of the British Red Cross at Buckingham Palace in London.

the Duke of Cambridge will attend take the salute at the Beating Retreatmilitary ceremony in front of the Horse Guards Parade at 8:30pm.

 June 14th, 2014

the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expected to attend the annual Trooping the Colour Ceremony in London.

 June 16th, 2014 

The Order of the Garter will take place. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are not confirmed to attend but they have attended in past years.

 June 17th-21st, 2014 

Royal Ascot will take place. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are not confirmed to attend but they have attended in the past. The Queen and other members of the royal family will be in attendance.

 June 18th, 2014 

the Duchess of Cambridge will visit Bletchley Park, where she will view the restored building and tour the WWII code breaking huts.

 June 21st, 2014 

Prince William will turn 32 years old (HAPPY BIRTHDAY WILLS! ♡♡♡)

The Battle of Lepanto was fought between rowed galleys and galleasses. Many of the rowers, both in the Turkish and Christian fleets, were galley-slaves (the many thousands of Christian slaves in the Ottoman fleet was a rallying cry for the Holy League). While simplifying the issue of providing manpower for propulsion, and cost, it also meant tying up a number of soldiers to keep the slaves in line during battle - many Ottoman ships had revolts on their hands during Lepanto - when they would be of better use topside. Only the Venetians relied almost exclusively on freemen, which gave them a decided advantage in efficiency.

(National Maritime Museum, Greenwich)