narcotic effect

Fun Fact of The Day: This dolphin here is actually using the puffer fish as a drug to induce a trance-like state. The skin of the puffer fish, in small amounts, is known to produce a narcotic effect. The behavior was captured by an award winning wildlife documentary producer, John Downer, and a zoologist, Rob Pilley, who states “Young dolphins are purposely experimenting with something we know to be intoxicating. After chewing it gently and passing it around, they began acting most peculiarly, hanging around with their noses at the surface as if fascinated by their own reflection.”

Source

Some Alternatives to Lavender

Lavender is a plant that’s very commonly recommended for usage in spellcraft and witchcraft, for spells related to everything from sleep to anxiety to depression to protection. However, it’s also a plant many people are allergic to! So, here’s a list of a few plants that people with allergies to lavender might be able to use instead.


Sleep and relaxation: 

  • Wild lettuce - Also known as a hallucinogenic plant that is often used in spiritwalking potions, wild lettuce is a mild hypnotic and will induce sleeping in low dosages. It can be used in any spell where sleep, trance, or visions are the intended goal. Burning this herb is sometimes acceptable, as it is occasionally smoked, but in general this should be avoided. 
  • California poppy - Whilst it’s not as famous as its more highly known cousin the opium poppy, California poppy has sedative and hypnotic effects in its own right. However, unlike the opium poppy, California poppy will not give you narcotic or euphoric side effects, so don’t bother trying to smoke it or anything. It can be used for any spell in which dreamless sleep is desirable. 
  • Lemon balm - This is a herb with very similar relaxing and sleep-inducing properties to lavender, so it’s a great first plant to try if you have an allergy to lavender and want something very similar. It’s a kind of mint though, so it’s relatively closely related to lavender, and so if you’re allergic to lavender you should make sure you’re not allergic to mints as well before you try it. 
  • Motherwort - This herb is well-known in many kinds of old world herbal medicine, and has a history of usage for assisting with labour in birthing mothers. However, scientific evidence is currently disputed about its safety at any point of breastfeeding or pregnancy, especially because it seems to cause abortions in high dosages. When taken by someone who ISN’T pregnant, it has calming and soothing properties, especially for emotional distress. Do not burn this herb. 


Anxiety and calming: 

  • Skullcap - This is one of the most well-known nervine treatments, and is often recommended for people suffering with anxiety disorders that may be milder than should be medicated by a psychiatrist. It’s longterm usage can assist in helping those with anxiety remain clear-headed and balanced. However, it’s a plant that’s quite easy to be allergic to it seems, so do please get a skin-prick test if you’re allergic to lavender just in case. Do not burn this herb.
  • Vervain - As a gentle anxiolytic, this plant is suitable for those who don’t have an anxiety disorder but do have issues with mild, recurrent anxiety. It’s also safer than skullcap and can be burnt safely, so it’s suitable for incenses and spells that involve fire. It is also associated magickally with purging of illnesses and sicknesses, and is a good element of any spell that seeks to purge a body clean of sickness and malignancy.
  • Roman chamomile - Also known as English chamomile, this herb has been used for centuries by those who seek to rest and sleep, especially if they are plagued by painful dreams or distressing thoughts. This herb is safe for burning and fire-based spells, and is commonly used in many supermarket herbal teas. It is strongly magickally associated with calm, and is a potent calming herb as an element of spells as a result. 
  • Clover - A common calming remedy in herbal magick, the flowering tops of simple clovers taken from a field can be an excellent element of any spell that seeks to bring calm and clearheadedness to any problem. Worn around the neck or head in a flower-chain, clover flowers will ensure your mind is unclouded by anxious or worried thoughts, and will help smooth over thoughts that are unwanted. This plant is safe to burn, but please try to avoid consuming or burning clover that you collected from beside a road. Plants growing in the verges and banks of major roadways have lots of exhaust chemicals in them, which isn’t great for your health. Try to get them from gardens, parks, fields, little-used back-roads, or meadows if possible. 


Protection and psychic power:

  • Sage - Lavender is one of the less-well-known protective plants, and both its leaves and its flowers are usually burnt in order to bring protection to a house or sacred space. Sage is an excellent alternative, as it is highly purifying. White sage is good, but as it’s endangered it would cause more harm than good to use it for purification - always remember that we should balance our magick with how much harm it may cause others to perform it in a certain way. White sage being endangered means it’s unsuitable, so common sage or purples sage is a good alternative. Safe for burning. 
  • Agrimony - One of the herbs commonly used as a ward against malicious energies, people, and in Abrahamic traditions as a ward against demons. Agrimony is a great protective herb if you’re searching for a flower to protect against harm, and as a common meadow flower it’s not too hard to find. Safe for burning. 
  • Rosemary - This common culinary herb that grows almost everywhere is a staple in any witch’s garden, for it’s usage in healing magick and protective spells as well as its delicious taste. Burning rosemary in a crucible will help keep foul influences and sicknesses at bay, and is a better protector against psychic penetrations and psychic vampires than lavender or sage. Safe to burn.


Purple plants

  • Violet - The classic purple plant, since a type of purple is named for it!
  • Fuschia - More of a pinky hue, but still good.
  • Purple sage - A light purple, similar to lavender
  • Purple basil - A deep purple, like purple ink.
  • Purple carrots - The original colour for carrots, their pigment is very staining.
  • Beetroot - A reddish-purple that stains deeply
  • Tricolore Pansy - Also known as love-in-idleness, heartsease and love-lies-bleeding. Strongly associate with love magick, arguably more so than roses.

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I hope this helps some poor witch with allergies! 

– Juniper

so you wanna write about narcotics

Hello, friends! Disclaimer time! This is a quick reference for folks who want to write accurately about narcotic substances in their fiction. It covers what narcotics are and how they affect the body, the differences between tolerance, physical dependence, and addiction, what happens during an overdose, and how overdoses are usually managed in a hospital setting. It is NOT meant for anything beyond that (and it’s definitely not a commentary on the state of narcotics abuse in this country, because that would take another several thousand words and also involve a lot of yelling about overprescription of opioids and the lack of support for patients with chronic pain).

Um. ANYWAY.

Before we get into it, let’s talk terminology. Although the terms “opiate” and “opioid” are often used interchangeably, they’re technically two different things. Morphine and codeine, two compounds actually found in opium poppies, are considered opiates. Everything else derived from the poppy – heroin, hydromorphone, hydrocodone, oxymorphone, oxycodone – are considered opioids. There are also synthetically created opioids that don’t derive from opium poppies at all, but that’s a slightly different topic and I don’t feel like delving into it. For the purposes of this guide I’m sticking with the catch-all term “narcotics.”

i. what the fuck are they and how do they work

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2

Nymphaea Caerulea (Blue water lily)

Ancient Egyptians would use its flower for narcotic effects while having sex….

And look at their colors! Blue and yellow that remind me of Kaiba and Atem…..


What a wonderful item for prideshipping/scandalshipping fanfictions and fancomics 8-)!!!

People often find it weird when they learn that animals “stim”, or self-soothe, sometimes in counter-productive ways much like we do.  They find it amusing when they learn than animals seek out substances with narcotic effects, much the way we do.  If you try to talk about an animal suffering from anxiety or depression, a significant majority of people will scoff at the very concept.

And I wonder if part of the root of this is in a misunderstanding of what evolution is, how it works, and what it does not do.

For a lot of average folks, evolution has simply replaced “god did it” as The Reason Everything Works As It Does and, further, as The Reason Things Now Are How They Are Supposed To Be.  Which can lead to this idea that we’re perfectly designed things.

But… evolution has no specific direction. Evolution did not produce you, or any other animal, with the aim that your “natural” life is your best life.  Evolution does not care if you’re enjoying the ride.  It isn’t even concerned on the micro level with survival of individual creatures.

And yes I know that talking about evolutions as being “concerned” with anything is anthropomorphising something that isn’t an entity in any form but I can’t think of a better accessible way of describing what I’m trying to describe.

It doesn’t matter from an evolutionary perspective if a horse spends its entire life so anxious from imagined predators that it can feel its heart in its throat.  Just so long as that anxiety reliably moves it away from genuine threats as often as imagined ones, and does not interfere excessively with the horse’s pursuit of food and mating partners, and does not kill said horse dead of a panic-triggered heart attack before it produces offspring.

A chronically irresponsible alcoholic who fathers half a dozen kids during drunken one-night-stands before their liver gives out age 35 is an evolutionary success.

So of course self-soothing behaviours exist in nature.  Of course animals evolved for social living will spill their bonding instincts all over everything.  Of course there are animals prone to anxiety and depression and disordered behaviours.  Of course the more intelligent an animal is, the more complex it’s thoughts, the greater propensity it will have for things going chronically wrong upstairs.  Depressed octopi eat themselves.  Some birds will pluck themselves bald.  Cats may compulsively lick at a wound site long after the initial pain that triggered the response has dulled.  Animals will compulsively wash themselves or gnaw at themselves.

I see myself in them when my anxiety issues lead me to compulsively scratch at my own skin, or tear at my own lips and cuticles. 

Natural doesn’t mean good.  Natural doesn’t mean best.  Something being natural doesn’t make it the right or most fulfilling or most correct choice.  Nature says I should have been pregnant at 16 and dead before I reach 50.  And doesn’t much care how intact I am from one end of that to the next.

Herb of the Week-Bittersweet

COMMON NAMES

Bittersweet
Bitter Nightshade
Felonwort
Nightshade
Violet-bloom
Woody Nightshade
The herb known as the bittersweet is a vine like perennial herb that has long trailing or climbing stems reaching up to ten feet in length each. The plant is characterized by possessing heart shaped to oval leaves that alternate on each side of the stem; each single leaf normally has two earlike segments at the base. The herb bears unique star shaped flowers which bloom in April lasting till September, these flowers are a pinkish purple and have bright yellow stamens. In the fall, the flowers turn into green berries, that all turn a bright red in color.

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anonymous asked:

Do you have any resources on different types of prescription painkillers and how they affect behavior/what injuries they're used for? I need to know what painkiller a character would take for different injuries.

Of course! The big difference you’re going to want to look at is anti-inflammatory painkillers such as ibuprofen or traditional “pain-killers.” For an injury such as a sprained ankle, swollen knee, dislocated joint, etc. it’s very likely that anti-inflammatories will be recommended as they lower the swelling at the same time that they lower the pain. For more severe injuries, more “serious” medication may be used, often reaching into the more addictive types of pain killers where side effects and behavior changes will be more common. Ibuprofen might hurt your stomach, but it won’t change your behavior, for example; Oxycodone, on the other hand, is highly addictive and will be a whole different story. With that in mind, here are quite a few good links I think will help you: 

But, like, how addictive is that plum sauce?

4 Disgusting Ingredients Restaurants Secretly Added to Food

#3. Chinese Restaurants Caught Adding Dangerously Addictive Spices to Food to Make Customers Come Back for More

Poppy pods (rather than the seeds they contain) are a powerful opiate that can get you high if you ingest enough of them, leaving you hopelessly addicted (or, in rare cases, a world-famous millionaire). … Because this is an actual narcotic effect that goes beyond whatever mystery dust they put in Doritos that makes you crave more of them whenever you are within 5 feet of an operating video game console, Chinese officials have been cracking down, doling out sentences of up to five years in prison to anyone caught using the now-illegal spice.

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