napalm bomb

3

The Rhodesian Air Force’s COIN demon, the Cessna Skymaster (known as the “Lynx” to the RAF). Armed with dual .303 machine guns mounted over the wings, the Lynx was best known for a nasty weapon known as the “Frantan”. Made from deactivated fragmentation bombs and filled with rejected aviation fuel and soap flakes, these homegrown napalm bombs were the preferred weapon for attacking targets hidden in the bush.

What happened to South America was US-backed coups, dictators, and mass murder. The only communist to gain power in South America was overthrown and possibly murdered by forces aligned with the United States.

What happened to Korea was two imperial powers arbitrarily slicing it in half and backing their own dictators for their own interests, and acting all surprised when that led to war.

What happened to Vietnam was hundreds of thousands of civilians killed by bombs, napalm, and gunfire, in a pointless war that was entirely the United States’ fault.

I wanted to tell the story of what it was like to be on the ground and in the middle of a dragon attack and what it was like when war changes forever and a truly horrific weapon like napalm or an atom bomb is suddenly unleashed and what that does to the men on the ground.
—  Director Matt Shakman, in an interview with Insider on 7 Aug. 2017, discussing Field of Fire 2.0
businessinsider.com
Daenerys ignored Jon Snow's advice, and it could mean a popular fan theory is about to come true
The "Mother of Dragons," Daenerys Targaryen, might be your favorite character, but she may not be a force of good on the HBO series.
By Megan Willet & Kim Renfro, INSIDER

Here is a really well written article about both Daenerys good and bad qualities.  The authors of the article make a lot of great points about Daenerys as well as Jon.

Warning: Spoilers ahead for “Game of Thrones.”

Daenerys Targaryen is, in many ways, one of the most appealing characters in HBO’s “Game of Thrones.” She’s powerful and determined, and she inspires people to follow her again and again.

Now she’s close to forming an alliance with Jon Snow, the other main hero of our tale. Together, they’ll be a dragon-riding, direwolf-wielding duo who will slaughter the White Walkers and save Westeros. They could both perhaps be “The Prince That Was Promised,” Azor Ahai reborn.

But would a writer like George R.R. Martin really let his series end so simply?

Some fans don’t think so and point to a few troubling characteristics of Daenerys both on the show and in the books that could lead to her eventual turn toward a darker path.

Let’s explore just why some people think Daenerys could become a villain.


Daenerys is a vengeance-seeker.

Throughout the series, Daenerys is convinced of her own moral compass. If she ever witnesses something she views as wrong — such as rape or slavery — she immediately attempts to put a stop to it and punish the wrongdoer.

This a noble trait, but seeing the world in black and white and believing she is the sole bringer of justice is one of Daenerys’ downfalls.

We saw this early in the series when she saved a healer and maegi named Mirri Maz Duur, one of the Lhazareen women raped by the Dothraki, who had conquered their village. To Daenerys, saving Duur was an honorable thing to do, and she enlisted Duur to help heal Khal Drogo after he was injured.

Instead, Duur made Drogo’s condition worse and killed Daenerys’ son, Rhaego, when he was still in the womb using blood magic.

Daenerys doesn’t understand why the woman turned on her when Daenerys had saved her. But Duur viewed it quite differently:

“Saved me? Three of those riders had already raped me before you saved me, girl. I saw my god’s house burn, there where I had healed men and women beyond counting. In the streets I saw piles of heads: the head of the baker who makes my bread, the head a young boy that I had cured of fever just three moons past. So tell me again: Exactly what it was that you saved?”

Duur herself was seeking vengeance for the death of her people. In retaliation, Daenerys murdered Duur in Khal Drogo’s funeral pyre and emerged with her three dragons.

Was the scene epic? Of course. But this wouldn’t be the last time Daenerys murdered or harmed people who disagreed with her perception of what is right and wrong.

Another moment of Daenerys’ vengeance gone awry is when the Great Masters crucify 163 slave children as mile markers on her way to Meereen as a way to intimidate her. When she sacks the city, Daenerys crucifies 163 Great Masters as a punishment.

In “A Storm of Swords,” however, Daenerys begins to regret her actions, despite her initial sense of righteousness:

“She had them nailed to wooden posts around the plaza, each man pointing at the next. The anger was fierce and hot inside her when she gave the command; it made her feel like an avenging dragon. But later, when she passed the men dying on the posts, when she heard their moans and smelled their bowels and blood …

"It was just. It was. I did it for the children.”

Daenerys, though she suppresses the thought, realizes some of the masters may not have been guilty of the death of these children. She tries to convince herself that she was right to take their lives.

And in season six, episode five, show watchers saw Daenerys murder the powerful khals in their straw hut. These weren’t nice men — they spent a significant chunk of time insulting Daenerys and talking about how they intended to rape and kill her — but watching her burn them alive was still an unnerving moment for some viewers, especially because it looked like she took pleasure in watching them die.

Daenerys’ rationalizations for all these events should give her fans pause. Murdering evil people may seem like the right thing to do, but what would happen if Daenerys’ moral compass were ever skewed?

It wouldn’t be the first time she burned people who disagreed with her, after all.


Dragons as nuclear weapons.

In “A Dance With Dragons,” Daenerys compares her dragons to monsters:

“Mother of dragons, Daenerys thought. Mother of monsters. What have I unleashed upon the world? A queen I am, but my throne is made of burned bones, and it rests on quicksand. Without dragons, how could she hope to hold Meereen, much less win back Westeros? I am the blood of the dragon, she thought. If they are monsters, so am I.”

This wild and changeable nature of dragons is directly tied to Daenerys. When she equates herself to a dragon, she means it: She can be just as destructive and changeable as her dragon children.

What’s more, Martin has talked about ties between the dragons and nuclear weapons. Both are powerful to have but can easily lead to utter destruction.

“Dragons are the nuclear deterrent, and only Dany has them, which in some ways makes her the most powerful person in the world,” Martin told Vulture in a 2014 interview. “But is that sufficient? These are the kind of issues I’m trying to explore. The United States right now has the ability to destroy the world with our nuclear arsenal, but that doesn’t mean we can achieve specific geopolitical goals. Power is more subtle than that. You can have the power to destroy, but it doesn’t give you the power to reform, or improve, or build.”

We saw the full force of this when Daenerys attacked the Lannister army with Drogon. Director Matt Shakman chose to show the battle from Jaime and Bronn’s perspective to bring the horrors of dragonfire into sharp relief.

“I wanted to tell the story of what it was like … when war changes forever and a truly horrific weapon like napalm or an atom bomb is suddenly unleashed and what that does to the men on the ground,” Shakman told Insider.

Daenerys is sitting with her finger on a red button that could take out all of Westeros. She may not want to destroy the kingdom, especially before she ever has the chance to rule there. But by virtue of wanting to conquer Westeros, she could be bringing more death and destruction into a country still ravaged by war.

There’s a chance Daenerys could be viewed as a villain instead of the returning hero of House Targaryen.


Daenerys and the Mad King.

While Daenerys has remained fairly sane so far, the Targaryen dynasty has a history of mental illness, mainly because of intermarriage. Daenerys’ father, King Aerys II, was called the Mad King because he became paranoid and started killing people and hiding wildfire around King’s Landing.

Daenerys starts to worry about this possible “taint” in her blood, as do many other characters throughout the series. But it’s not so much that Daenerys could go crazy — though that’s certainly a possibility — as that she could follow in her father’s footsteps by punishing those who disagree with her or whom she views as her enemies.

Tyrion warned her against this tactic at the end of season six, and the two reached a compromise where Daenerys instead burned just one of the slaver’s ships and had Grey Worm execute two of the three slave masters.

Once she arrived in Westeros, Tyrion once again counseled Daenerys against immediately using the dragons to burn King’s Landing or other cities, telling her she didn’t want to be the “queen of the ashes.”

But their alternate plans failed because of Tyrion’s miscalculations of what Jaime and Cersei would do, and Daenerys got tired of sitting around and doing nothing. She rode Drogon into battle against the Lannister army and laid waste to their soldiers and loot. She didn’t choose a select few leaders to punish — she went for everything in sight.

Granted, it was better than her flying to the Red Keep and attacking civilians, but it was still hard to 100% root for her in this moment.

Daenerys also had a tense conversation with Varys earlier in the seventh season. She made him promise to be straightforward with her about her potential failings as a leader, but she then vowed to burn him alive if he ever betrayed her.

If Daenerys goes too far in the “fire and blood” direction, she could end up repeating her father’s mistakes — something that would end up costing her the throne, just like it ended up costing King Aerys both his kingdom and his life.


Jon Snow is the true hero.

A penchant for vengeance, a crazy father, and dragons do not together make Daenerys a villain. But let’s compare Daenerys with another heroic character in the “Song of Ice and Fire” series: Jon Snow.

In the books and show, Jon is similar to Ned Stark. He’s honorable, justice-minded, and takes no pleasure in killing. When he’s forced to take a life, Jon makes sure he’s the one to swing the sword, and he views it as a burden, not a pleasure.

For example, when he punished the brothers of the Night’s Watch who stabbed him in season six, Jon took no joy in it. He listened to every man’s last words before cutting the rope and watching them die. He did not look pleased by their deaths — unlike Daenerys, who smiled right before she watched the khals burn.

Jon also never asks for the responsibility heaped on his shoulders time and time again. Jon is forced to become the lord commander after Samwell Tarly submitted his name. He doesn’t want to be the one to take care of the Wildlings, but he feels morally obligated to help them and therefore becomes their savior. He doesn’t want to be the one to punish his brothers, even though they betrayed and murdered him, and yet he knows the responsibility falls to him.

And now, he’s king in the north after rallying the Northern houses around him. But he didn’t even want to do that — not until Sansa Stark convinced him it was the right thing to do.

Jon follows the traditional “reluctant hero” journey in many ways. He questions himself, he sometimes falls, and he picks himself back up.

It’s not unlike what Dumbledore tells Harry in the “Harry Potter” film series: “It is a curious thing, Harry, but perhaps those who are best suited to power are those who have never sought it. Those who, like you, have leadership thrust upon them, and take up the mantle because they must, and find to their own surprise that they wear it well.”

Jon never asks to be a leader; he’s just the best man for the job. It’s something Daenerys — with her Targaryen dynasty and ambitions — would never understand. When Jon and Daenerys meet for the first time, Daenerys tells him that all people enjoy what they’re good at.

“I don’t,” Jon said.

He was likely referring to leading and killing, the two things he’s been forced into since leaving Winterfell as a young man. Jon never sought out a royal title, but he’s good at owning it. That factor might make him the one person best suited for the job.


What does this mean for the series?

There’s also substantial evidence throughout the series that Daenerys will be a good ruler. She’s intelligent, she tries to listen to her advisers, and she genuinely wants the people she rules to be happy. People like Missandei and Grey Worm follow Daenerys because they believe in her ability to change lives for the better.

And even with her possible flaws, Daenerys would ultimately be a much better ruler than Cersei or Joffrey Lannister, or even King Robert.

Still, there could be a complicated friction as Daenerys tries to claim the Iron Throne. Instead of being the hero she assumes she will be, Daenerys is likely to face opposition and bring destruction and death to the kingdom.

On the other hand, she possesses weapons that, while volatile, could be the key to defeating the White Walkers (at least on the show). We know that Valyrian steel and dragonglass — two things believed to be made with dragon fire — can kill the White Walkers, so it stands to reason that actua fire from actual dragons would do the trick, too.

So while she may not be greeted in Westeros as a hero, she and her dragons could fast become their only hope. Plus, a Jon and Daenerys romance might be brewing — even though their shared bloodline grosses some fans out. Perhaps his “ice” will temper her “fire,” if you catch our drift.

In the end, only Martin knows what will happen, but Daenerys fans should buckle up. It could be a bumpy ride on her way to the Iron Throne.

Hey kids, Narcian event coming tomorrow in Fire Emblem Heroes. Are we all ready to kick this weakling’s ass, yes or fuck yes.

SO, I will say, I was not expecting Narcian, of all people, to be the game’s first event, but I am pleased, because, haha, holy moly, Narcian.

For the uninitiated: Narcian is one of the Three Dragon Generals of Bern, serving King Zephiel in Fire Emblem: The Binding Blade (FE6). He is a Wyvern Lord who specialized in using swords. He carried a Runesword (1-2 range, HP drain effect, attacks as if it was magic, and thus, must be endured with Resistance), a Delphi Shield (makes him immune to the extra damage arrows deal to flying units), and a Blue Gem (which he drops in Normal, and that must be stolen in Hard).

However, that is not why he was memorable. Let me tell you about Narcian the Coward.

Narcian’s name comes from Narcissism, which SHOULD ALREADY TELL YOU ABOUT HIS CHARACTER: Self absorbed, cowardly, arrogant, and without the beef to back it all up, Narcian is a memorable boss for three things among Fire Emblem fans.

The first is his dialogue: He talked big, extremely big, and whined like That preschool kid we all knew when someone didn’t lend him a green crayon: Bitchfest. Oh boy, he whined. In a game where everyone had more or less tame dialogue in what concerned the main plot scenes (thus, not counting supports, which are pretty funny), This Guy was hamming it up like it was an Olympic sport.

The second is how devastatingly easy he was. He is, by far, the easiest boss in a pretty hard game. FE6 is also known as “the fuckhouse” among fans because it gets dire from the get go, it’s not an easy game. You expect one of the Three Dragon Generals to be a threat, especially since he has that Delphi Shield, the Sign Of A Hard Wyvern Boss in the series, yet, he goes down like sheet of wet paper that has been struck by a napalm bomb the moment you attack him. He’s the breather level in the game. Even the mooks before him are stronger than him.

And the third? His freaking faces.

There is an official FE6 manga, called Fire Emblem: Hasha no Tsurugi, released on 2002, and in it, Narcien makes the most absolute faces.

This has become a tradition, a “meme’ of sorts, among Fire Emblem fans. It’s notorious enough that it was acknowledged in official Fire Emblem art for Fire Emblem Cipher:

All in all, I hope you guys are as pumped as I am to whoop this boy’s ass.

Monsta X - Bitten. (Shownu, Wonho, Minhyuk)

Okay, so I’ve watched people play The Last of Us and The Last of Us: Left Behind and I can’t wait for the second game! This idea popped into my head– if you were really close to the members or in a relationship with them and one of you had gotten bit (by a Clicker or a Zombie), what would you do? What would they do?

Warning: Curse words were used. Some mild graphic descriptions were used.

It’d be cool if you listened to the Goblin OSTs “Fate” and “Stay with Me” (piano ver.)


Originally posted by wonhontology

Shownu - No. This can’t be happening. Not here. Not today. He looked at the curved shape that pierced holes into your arm. It was the shape of a mouth that belonged to an infected. Its venom shot through your arm and while there wasn’t a known cure yet, there was no way to slow down the disease other than to sever the appendage. As painful as it was you sat down in an abandoned mall with Shownu and waited for the time when your eyes were completely torn away from reality and replaced by a monster that was no longer you. From all the times he’d said that he never cried, the time came. Shownu shot the last infected monster from behind and quickly wrapped your arm with a cloth he had torn from his jacket. “You can’t do this to me, not today… Not now…! Fuck!” His frustrations had caught up with him as reality. You saved his ass from several attacks and he had returned the favor by crafting weapons from Molotov Cocktails to Napalm “Pineapple” bombs. Now the both of you were left in a mall with limited resources. He sat you next to an old, glass desk near a kiosk. The light fixtures were nearly burnt out and the only thing left for actual light was the skylight from above. He couldn’t let the tears fall, but you lifted your callused, bruised, and bloody hand to his dirt covered one and whispered, “Shownu, it’s no use. I have only two options: Take the easy way out,” You gestured to the pistol that lied between his feet, “Or when I become someone I’m not, you can end it for me. Either way I have to be killed.” “And… the third option?” His eyes showed desperation, brown eyes that were looking for a different solution that weren’t brutal. Anything, just anything to keep you alive. You disagreed with the option of keeping you locked up until he found a cure. It’d be too long and you’d become even more destructive if you weren’t able to eat or anything. “What other option is there? Shownu, as much as I love you, go and fend for yourself. I’ll be fine.” “I can’t.” And shortly after that, you sunk your head, asking for some rest that you knew that you wouldn’t wake up from.

Originally posted by sweetramenwonho

Wonho - You were tackled by a half-turned male into a sewer that was located near the hospital. Water reaching to your waist, he had the malicious intention of drowning himself and bringing you down with him. If he couldn’t be saved, neither should you. Sanity and a common sense left his mind ever since he was bitten. A rumor passed around by almost-dead people said that the Lotus Hospital was carrying a vaccine that could potentially cure any infected person before they turn. Luckily, it wasn’t far. You felt air escaping your lungs as it slowed down your ability to reach for your shiv near your hand. Only a couple inches away… You felt the release on your throat and somewhat clean air entering your lungs as Wonho was able to bring a world of darkness to the man that attacked you. “Thanks.” You held onto your knees as you attempted to catch your breath. Suddenly, you noticed Wonho leaving without looking at you, saying, “Let’s go. Hurry up if you want to get to the hospital.” You didn’t object his words and wiped the blood off of your hands and followed him to the abandoned, somewhat intact building that was just a couple hundred feet ahead. As the both of you approached the doors, you stood back to examine his muscles that he worked for in order to survive, the scratches and bruises left by old comrades who refused to work with him, and the blood and dirt that stained his clothing. Wonho stared at himself in the glass, watching his own reflection mimic his words. “Tell me that you love me.” You knew what was going on, and neither of you wanted to admit it. “I love you, Wonho.” “I’m glad that words can’t infect another.” He turned around and moved his head that revealed a bite mark on his neck. “Words… are just words. Until then, take this and shoot me. Hell, by the time you find the cure, I’ll be done for. Now take it or I will.” Immediate sadness filled his eyes as he stared at you, waiting for your response. No matter how hard you tried to change his mind, the disease and time didn’t wait for either of you. Wonho was starting to change. He placed the gun in your hand, waiting for you to shoot. “I love you, too. Don’t forget about me.”

Originally posted by celes-tae

Minhyuk - “Minhyuk, look out!” You pushed him aside and aimed your arrow for a head shot. Luckily, the woman who was once your teacher in secondary school had fallen to her knees and the wince-colored liquid spilled from her temple. You never liked her in the first place but the guilt of having to kill someone tapped into the back of your head. Minhyuk was immediately pushed into another infected person, who was armed with a gun. He used to be a soldier. Minhyuk grunted and cursed out the man, using his forearm to press against the man’s neck and using his other hand to aim the bullet near his head. Gunshots were fired. Blood splattered onto his face which he showed no disgust for. He was used to it. “Are you okay?” You ran up to him and he only spat out saliva onto the concrete ground. The both of you were in a vacant city where he set up a few booby traps along the perimeter. Sure, resources were extremely limited, but you knew how to use them for extended periods of time. You saw him lying on the ground, breathing heavily, breaths uneven and staggering. The sound of raindrops filled the silent air, the water soaking the both of you. Neither of you bothered to care– you two went far worse than harmless raindrops. Minhyuk avoided your eyes and looked past your head, giving a weak smile to the sky in front of him. “I’m shot, and I’m bitten, and yet here I am, still smiling. Damn it.” Minhyuk croaked out, giving a weak laugh at his own situation. Your eyes trailed down his chest and saw the a crimson red hole on his stomach, and every time he coughed, blood was pumped out of his system. As you dug through your bag for medical supplies, he placed a muddied hand over yours. “It’s my time and besides, there’s no cure for this.” He turned his head over to you and lifted his left hand. Tears flowed down your bloodied cheeks, mixing in with the rain. Minhyuk felt the hot tears welling up in his eyes as he brought you closer to him, placing your ear above his heart. “You hear that? That’s my human heart beating for you. I love you… When I start forgetting and when the time comes for you to kill me… I love you. I’m sorry you have to be… alone. Remember our number one rule: Killings don’t come with regret, hesitation, or feelings.” He could only close his eyes and wait. “Minhyuk… I love you too.” “That’s good to…” He took in a sharp breath. “…Hear.”


Admin Mochi

River Phoenix Ranks Acting Below Animal Rights and Music, NY Times, 1989.

When River Phoenix learned he had just won the National Board of Review’s award as best supporting actor of 1988 for his performance in “Running on Empty,” his first response was to ask what the society was.

A few months past his 18th birthday, Mr. Phoenix is not yet into glittering prizes. If the awards ceremony conflicts with an anti-fur concert at which he has agreed to play his guitar, the popular young actor says he will keep his commitment to the animal-rights group. He does not wear animal skin on his back, at his waist or, most of the time, on his feet. And he has been a vegetarian since he was 8 years old.

During his most recent trip to Hollywood from his home in Florida, he picked at some vegetables mixed with tofu and talked about the immorality of eating meat.

“When I was old enough to realize all meat was killed, I saw it as an irrational way of using our power, to take a weaker thing and mutilate it,” he said. “It was like the way bullies would take control of younger kids in the schoolyard.’‘ 

As Danny Pope, who has spent 15 years hiding behind false identities in ’'Running on Empty” and who must choose between betraying his parents or his future, Mr. Phoenix earned enviable reviews, as well as a nomination today as best supporting actor for the Golden Globes given out by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association. But the film did poorly at the box office last fall, selling less than $3 million worth of tickets. In a quest for an Academy Award nomination for Mr. Phoenix, Warner Brothers re-released the movie at a theater in Los Angeles a few weeks ago and intends to reopen in New York in the middle of this month.

Mr. Phoenix’s reviews have been glowing since his first appearance as the sturdy 12-year-old leader of four young boys searching for the body of a dead boy in “Stand by Me.” He even got away relatively unscathed when critics mauled “Little Nikita,” in which he played the all-American son of Russian spies, and “The Mosquito Coast,” in which he played Harrison Ford’s son.

The young actor has just finished a cameo role in Steven Spielberg’s new movie, “Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade,” in which he plays Jones as a teen-age daredevil, “with lots of mad escapes.” He said he did not mimic Mr. Ford’s Indiana Jones, but “used him as a reference.”

“When Indiana Jones is in trouble,” Mr. Phoenix said, “he’ll give a real laugh and dart his eyes to the right or left and freeze a smile, a perpetual smirk.”

The new movie will reveal the origins of Jones’s phobia about snakes. “I had to do a scene where I’m at the bottom of a crate in a circus reptile car and I have to deal with thousands of snakes,” Mr. Phoenix said. 'Built-In Barometer’

Sidney Lumet, the director of “Running on Empty,” has said of Mr. Phoenix: “The talent is original and the personality is original. River doesn’t know how to do anything falsely. Give him a false direction and he’ll look up helplessly. Henry Fonda had that built-in barometer of truth.”

Still a little awkward about being interviewed, Mr. Phoenix concentrated on squashing bits of rice into the paper tablecloth. With crayons supplied by the restaurant, he drew a rainbow of lines that eventually turned into “either a spaceship or Flash Gordon’s pistol,” he said.

Mr. Phoenix already has to struggle against the image that strangers are drawing of him, including a paperback biography that he says “is so bogus it’s amazing.”

“They say I’m 155 pounds with the build of a football player,” he said. “I’m 137 pounds. And the image the teen magazines want to manufacture is goody-goody sticky-sweet.”

The actor is the oldest of five children: Rainbow is 16; Leaf, the only other son, who is also an actor, is 14; Liberty is 12, and Summer is 11. He had a childhood almost as strange as that of his character in “Running on Empty.” Street Guitarist at 5

In the film, Danny Pope’s parents had protested against the war in Vietnam by bombing a napalm laboratory when he was 2 years old. When River was 2, his parents joined the Children of God, a religious cult, and preached in Mexico, Puerto Rico and Venezuela. By the time he was 5, he was playing his guitar in the streets of Caracas.

“That was my only reality,” Mr. Phoenix recalled. “I would sing at jails with my sister and stand on street corners passing out literature containing uplifting messages about Jesus. I was nearly 7 when my parents started to leave in the middle of the night.”

In 1977, Arlyn and John Phoenix walked away from the Children of God, although their decision stranded them in a foreign country with four children, no money and no place to live. “The group was being distorted by a leader who was getting very full of power and wealthy,” Mrs. Phoenix said. “We were serving God; we weren’t serving our leader. It took several years to get over our pain and loneliness.”

After a few months of living in a rat-infested beach hut, the family slipped out of Venezuela on a freighter taking a shipment of toys to Florida. 'Pure, Naive, Poor’

In Florida, Mr. Phoenix said: “Rich kids gave us their old clothes, which were the best clothes we had ever had. We were these very pure, naive, poor children. The rich kids called us a lot of names, but it never bothered us because we didn’t know what the words meant.”

River and his sister Rainbow won so many local talent contests that they were written about in The St. Petersburg Times. A copy of the article found its way to the casting department at Paramount Pictures, and the family received a letter saying the children could be interviewed if they were ever in Los Angeles.

The family loaded the old station wagon and drove to California, but Paramount wasn’t interested. Mrs. Phoenix found herself a job as a temporary employee at NBC. Then River’s musical skills won him a role in the television series “Seven Brides for Seven Brothers.”

He has not been in a regular school since fifth grade. “Whatever I missed, I exchanged for something else, and it was worth it,” he said. “I love thinking and writing and researching stuff, going to the library and looking at microfilm. Environmental concerns are top on my list. If we don’t heal the earth, we’re gone.” In Support of Chickens

His attitudes and ethics obviously echo the 60’s sensibilities of his parents, but it was the 8-year-old River who persuaded his parents to give up milk and eggs. “The chickens that lay eggs are so frustrated,” he said. “There’s no sunlight in egg farms. It’s like a concentration camp. Just the squealing of thousands of birds.”

Although the movie industry is usually a quick cure for naivete, Mr. Phoenix has not yet lost an artless trust in the kindness of strangers. Despite the superficial similarities between his childhood and that of Danny Pope, the actor said he used nothing from his own life in “Running on Empty.”

“It takes away from my character’s identity if I cross my past with his,” Mr. Phoenix said. “He needs to have his own life. I find it funny that so many actors are so self-centered about everything.”

The family retreated from Southern California to Florida a year ago. “They moved for the kids,” Mr. Phoenix said. “The kind of people you attract in Hollywood don’t have their heads in the right place.”

At the end of last month he and a band made up of Rainbow and teen-age friends rented a local theater for $65 and gave a concert of the progressive folk-rock music he composes. The first 65 people donated $1 each. Everyone else got in free. Music has always been his first love. Now, Mr. Phoenix said, acting is starting to catch up.

—  By ALJEAN HARMETZ, Special to the New York Times | Published: January 5, 1989.

4

I wanted to tell the story of what it was like to be on the ground and in the middle of a dragon attack and what it was like when war changes forever and a truly horrific weapon like napalm or an atom bomb is suddenly unleashed and what that does to the men on the ground. Matt Shakman, Director of Spoils of War

5

SYRIA. Aleppo governorate. Aleppo. September 27, 2016. The ruins of Aleppo, reduced to a ghost city, where more than 250,000 civilians are trapped in basements and rudimentary shelters. Stills of a drone footage.

Aleppo is currently experiencing the heaviest bombardment campaign seen in the five year old war. Barrel bombs, phosphorus, napalm, cluster bombs and now bunker buster bombs have been indiscriminately unleashed on rebel-held areas. The airstrikes have killed hundreds, most of them civilians, especially children, since the end of a week long ceasefire, ten days ago.

Photographs: Handout via Reuters TV