myths exposed

mark ruffalo, riding in on a skateboard with a global warming awareness t-shirt on, phone out: Tom, you’re not gonna believe this,,,,,,,

The Army of Immigrants

Records of men who camped at Valley Forge, expose the myth of farmers throwing down their plows to fight for land they’d owned for generations.

Enlisted ranks were largely landless men in their teens or early twenties, unmarried and poor.  The army offered steady wage, food, whiskey, and clothes, so patriotism was not often the driving factor of their enlistment.  A study of 710 New Jersey Continentals showed almost all came from lower economic classes and only a small number had a profession at all.

In addition to being landless, most were not American-born. Before the revolution, over 300,000 Irish had immigrated to North America, and their bitterness of British oppression helped lead the drive for independence. In most New England Continental regiments, 10-20% of the men had Irish surnames, and in middle states that percentage was consistently higher. Units from Maryland, New Jersey, and Delaware were usually around 45% Irish. In The First Pennsylvania, 315 of 660 men were Irish-born and another 215 listed “America” as their place of birth, likely second-generation immigrants.  

After the Irish, German-born men held the second-largest percentage, making up somewhere from 10-20% of the rank-and-file soldiers at Valley Forge.  They were the largest ethnic group in the United States at the time, mostly settled in New York and Pennsylvania.  

Additionally, almost 10% of Washington’s army, camped at Valley Forge, was made up of African or African American soldiers.  Many enlisted voluntarily, but it’s true that some were given as bounty for their masters to avoid enlistment.  And, many served through to the end of the war, finding better treatment among enlisted ranks as ‘brother soldiers’.

info from: “No Meat, No Soldier: Race, Class and Ethnicity in the Continental Army” Charles P. Neimeyer

Team Galactic, Or, How I Learned To Stop Feeling And Love Nothing

Like many people, Pokémon represents a big chunk of my childhood. I was hooked from the moment I placed Pokémon Blue into my Gameboy, and to this day I still hold the franchise very close to my heart.

I’ve played at least one mainline game in every generation, and there are very few of them I’d ever call “bad” (some better than others, sure, but none ever dipping below the “good enough” line!).

The 7th Generation of Pokémon games was an interesting experiment, with Sun and Moon taking a much more character-driven focus to its story, as opposed to simply having a wafer-thin plot to fill in the gaps between Gym Leaders.

I can only speak for myself, of course, but I actually rather enjoyed SM for this. Lillie’s story was very interesting to me, and many were the times were I found myself very curious to see where it was headed. That’s not to say there weren’t flaws, obviously (a cutscene skip option would have been nice), and the story wasn’t exactly to the level of the majority of RPGs out there, but for what it was, I found it rather enjoyable.

This was, in no small part, due to its main villain Lusamine, who I’ve seen quite some fans call her the most complex Pokémon villain to date. And while I wouldn’t take away the fact Lusamine is a very interesting villain in her own right, I feel she has strong competition in terms of villainy in the Pokémon world.

Whoever your favorite villain in the entire series is, obviously, down to personal preference. This is just me gushing about a team and villain that I find to be remarkably fascinating for a Pokémon game, and who I believe to be one that gets somewhat misunderstood among the community.

So, with that (way too long) introduction out of the way, let’s talk about Team Galactic!

Keep reading

lightsvl  asked:

Who would be most likely to do some paranormal like go into haunted woods or something ? And how would they react?

~Most Likely~


♠ He totally gets a kick out of things like that
♠ It’s not that they really scare him, he just thinks they’re fun and hilarious
♠ Will definitely drag you with him only to tease the hell out of you when you’re scared
♠ 100% leaves you alone and fakes his own gruesome death for the sole purpose of scaring you as badly as he can
♠ But he doesn’t really believe in any of that stuff, he’s just in it for the lolz
♠ Likes to comfort you after he, or anything else, has scared you, even though he’s still laughing a little
♠ Also likes to expose the myths and reasons behind ghost sightings and stuff, just because he has a lot of knowledge about it
♠ So in the end he’d make sure to give you every reason not to be scared after he’s had his fun of course


♥ He’s mildly interested in that kind of thing
♥ Like he’ll go, but it would be something he’d want to do with someone otherwise it’d just be boring
♥ Someone like you, for instance
♥ He would treat it as an interesting sort of date tbh
♥ Even though it gets kinda creepy sometimes and he admits there’s things he can’t explain, he doesn’t really believe too much in ghosts or things of that nature
♥ He really loves it when you get scared and cling to him
♥ Actually it turns into his #1 reason for doing things like this
♥ Definitely morphs it into something romantic because he just loves the feeling of protecting you
Afterwards he takes you home and makes you feel all better


♔ It’s not that he wants to go or doesn’t want to go, he’s just pretty much indifferent
♔ He’s mildly interested in ghosts and why people believe in them, though he doesn’t believe in them himself
♔ But that’s about the extent of it
♔ He’ll go to something like that if you convince him, but it’s not something he’d choose as an ideal date
♔ Deadpans through the entire thing
♔ Like if anything creepy does happen, he doesn’t even react, it’s impossible to faze him
♔ It’s adorable when you get scared though, and he teases you just a little about it
♔ He finds it very endearing that you feel the need to cling to him for safety, making sure to give you some light, comforting touches
♔ If you seem too scared though, he’ll very logically explain to you why none of it is real, giving you every fact you could possibly need to feel better


❅ He honestly doesn’t care about anything like that
❅ If you wanna go, he’ll go, if you don’t, he doesn’t care to
❅ For the most part he doesn’t actually react to anything
❅ You can tell every once in a while that the poor thing is genuinely a little shaken
❅ Don’t expect any comfort from him if you’re scared though
❅ He’ll just tell you not to be stupid and that ghosts aren’t real anyway
❅ Though if you seem really terrified he’ll subtly slip his hand into yours
❅ Only to get annoyed when you squeeze too hard
❅ It’s safe to say it’s not his favorite thing to do


♪ It’s really
♪ Not his cup of tea…
♪ But he will do anything at all that you want to do, so if you were to suggest it as something fun, he’d jump on it
♪ Because if you’re happy, he’s happy
♪ Honestly a little spooked by the whole thing, but he’d never tell you
♪ He’s absolutely happy to comfort you if you need it though, even if it’s as much for his own benefit as yours
♪ Not sure if it’s something he’d want to do more than once, but if you wanted to, he wouldn’t put up a fight


❀ It’s just…not very practical
❀ She just doesn’t understand the appeal, there are so many other things she could do with her time
❀ Even if you wanted to go, she’d try to convince you to do some other activities
❀ If you can persuade her, she’ll be counting down the minutes until she gets to go home
❀ She gets spooked easier than she’d like to admit, and it’s all around uncomfortable for her
❀ It’s nice if you’re having fun though, and that makes it a little bit worth it
❀ After you get home, she swears she’ll never do it again
❀ But if you really want to, she can be convinced
Rather begrudgingly though


★ This poor boi
★ Is freaking terrified of things like this
★ He would never go on his own, and never even wants to go with you
★ But if you want to, he’ll do his best to pretend not to be scared because he wants to be manly for you
★ He doesn’t do too badly at first, just a little overly jumpy and obviously nervous
★ After creepy shit starts happening though, he’s literally clinging to you, all pride gone
★ It’s almost adorable how spooked he is by every little thing that happens, though you’ll probably feel a little bad for putting him through it
★ He’ll need lots of cuddles and reassuring later which isn’t necessarily a bad thing


♢ Just…no
♢ He thinks it’s so ridiculous
♢ He can think of a million things that would be a better use of his time
♢ Even if you wanted to go, it would take forever to convince him
♢ The whole time he’s just so cynical
♢ At every given moment, just
♢ If you’re scared, he’ll go through the list of reasons why you shouldn’t even be fazed by that sort of thing
♢ But if you really look like you need it, you may get a short hug out of him even though you wanted to go in the first place dummy

~Least Likely~


My Pinterest Board Aesthetics: Southern Gothic

The Southern Gothic style employs macabre, ironic events to examine the values of the American South. Some of these characteristics are exploring madness, decay and despair, continuing pressures of the past upon the present, particularly with the lost ideals of a dispossessed Southern aristocracy and continued racial hostilities. Southern Gothic literature set out to expose the myth of old antebellum South, and its narrative of an idyllic past hidden by social, familial, and racial denials and suppressions. (x)

the list of proposed books to ban from “gays against gentrification (GAG)” before they deleted their facebook: 

-Admission Accomplished - Jill Johnston
-Against Sadomasochism - Robin R. Linden, Darlene R. Pagano, Diana E. Russell, Susan Leigh Star
-Amazon Odyssey: Collection of Writings - Ti-Grace Atkinson
-Buddhism after Patriarchy - Rita M. Gross
-The Female Man - Joana Russ
-Female Sexual Sl*v*ry - Kathleen Barry
-Feminism Unmodified - Catharine A. Mackinnon
-First Buddhist Women: Poems and Stories of Awakening Susan Murcott
-Gyn/Ecology - Mary Daly
-The Idea of Prostitution - Sheila Jeffreys
-The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade - Sheila Jeffreys
-Intercourse - Andrea Dworkin
-The Lesbian Heresy - Sheila Jeffreys
-Nine Parts of Desire: The Hidden World of Islamic Women - Geraldine Brooks
-Not a Choice, Not a Job: Exposing the Myths about Prostitution and the Global Sex Trade - Janice Raymond
-Not for Sale: Feminists Resisting Prostitution and Pornography-Of Women Born - Adrienne Rich
-Pornography: Men Possessing Women - Andrea Dworkin
-Radical Acceptance - Tara Brach
-The Sexual Liberals and the Attack on Feminism - Janice Raymond
-Women As Wombs: Reproductive Technologies and the Battle over Women’s Freedom - Janice Raymond

anonymous asked:

Hi. I'm writing a story about a character who is a tattoo artist and was wondering if you could direct me to any resources about tattoos: their history, the art of tattooing. Anything along those lines. Thank you.

What’s the time period? What’s the setting? These are very important questions as the history and art of tattoos heavily rely on both of them. Thus, most of the links I can give are going to be very generalized, though I might focus a bit more on the history of tattoos in the Philippines… mainly because I’m in the middle of researching about that country. Please note that the “Iceman” mentioned in several articles below is not the oldest example of human tattooing. Also note that Captain James Cook did not bring tattoos to the West. The articles remain linked mainly for the other facts.



Ink and Methods



I’m really sorry for taking so long. I hope that helps!

If women really choose prostitution, why is it mostly marginalized and disadvantaged women who do? If we want to discuss the issue of choice, let’s look at who is doing the actual choosing in the context of prostitution. Surely the issue is not why women allegedly choose to be in prostitution, but why men choose to buy the bodies of millions of women and children worldwide and call it sex.

Philosophically, the response to the choice debate is ‘not’ to deny that women are capable of choosing within contexts of powerlessness, but to question how much real value, worth, and power these so-called choices confer.

Politically, the question becomes, should the state sanction the sex industry based on the claim that some women choose prostitution when most women’s choice is actually ‘compliance’ to the only options available?

When governments idealize women’s alleged choice to be in prostitution by legalizing, decriminalizing, or regulating the sex industry, they endorse a new range of 'conformity’ for women.

Increasingly, what is defended as a choice is not a triumph over oppression but another name for it.

—  Janice G. Raymond, Not a Choice, Not a Job: Exposing the Myths about Prostitution and the Global Sex Trade

The conservative view of prostitution is to blame women and girls for their alleged choice to be in prostitution; the liberal view is to romanticize the women’s “choice” as self-determination and to use it to normalize prostitution as “sex-work”. Both succumb to the belief that whatever happens to a woman in prostitution is normal because it’s her choice. Both of these views have facilitated the expansion of sexual slavery in many parts of the globe and the extensive ways in which women themselves become “goods and services”. –as prostituted women, as trafficked instruments of exchange, as objects of sex tourism, and as indentured domestic workers who are often sexually exploited as well.

Denying or minimalizing women’s victimization in prostitution reverses decades of feminist activism that finanally broke the wall of societal denial that women are victims of male violence. Now that head-way has been made in the campaign that domestic violence against women, whether women choose to stay in abusive relationships or not, it comes back to haunt us in the prostitution debate, not only from those who want to suppress women’s rights, but also those who claim to seek to enhance women’s rights.

When violence happens to women in prostitution, it is called sex, but when violence happens in a context that is not sexual, it is called a crime. Men’s prostitution abuse is tolerated as inevitable and unassailable.

—  Janice G. Raymond, from Not a Choice, Not a Job: Exposing the Myths about Prostitution and the Global Sex Trade
a fistful of mostly gen recs

I have been meaning to write a gen rec list for ages, a few of these blur the lines but mostly it is about friendship. The family you make and not the one you are born into. Most of them have Darcy in them but a few are just lovely fics that I adored reading. There are more but I’m tired and have more than earned my coffee. If you have any gen recs, please let me know so I can read and add them. There are not nearly enough gen recs that I have read and I would really love to find some more. 

64 Colors by victoria_p (musesfool)

Darcy’s life is weird, but she kind of likes it.

Culture and Other Balls of Twine by LithiumDoll

“Okay, I realize this could appear to be poorly conceived - to those of limited vision - but what you have to understand is, I’ve actually just had the greatest, most outstanding idea ever.” Tony’s eyes searched heavenward and then he nodded soberly. “Yes, I believe history will consider this my triumph.”

the Darcy Stark Series by sarcastic_fina

A series of oneshots (so-far) that involve Tony Stark as a father to Darcy Lewis, who has no idea of their biological connection.

Matchmaker, Matchmaker by snack_size

Darcy Lewis had a political science degree - summa cum laude, thank you very much - and one internship with an astrophysicist on her resume and apparently this was qualification enough to work as personal assistant for a rag tag group of super heroes who just wanted to save the world.

She was not going to argue.

Darcy and Jane band together to get Tony and Bruce to realize their attraction to one another because Jane wants more time with Thor and Darcy likes to ship her employers.

Comfort/Food by spockside

Whenever they all got together for a meal or “movie night”, there was something different on the table. Now, Steve wasn’t completely averse to new experiences, and he surprised the others occasionally by refuting their idea that everyone in the 1940’s had lived on either war rations or bland food.

Hell, he was from Brooklyn, after all, a melting pot if ever there was one.

Another Stark One series by DarcyLewisStark

They never knew. No one knew. Except for Happy Hogan and Pepper Potts. No one knew that beneath that genius, playboy, billionaire, philanthropist was a deep secret. Tony is not the last Stark. Somewhere in the world, someone shares the same blood as him. Tony Stark has a daughter… and it’s Darcy Lewis…

We’ll Run Like We’re Awesome by themonkeycabal

Darcy’s not quite sure what she’ll do with another dad.

(this is on my ‘to read list’ but lady-cheeky recs it and that is more than good enough for me)

drawing me in by nessismore

Darcy doodles, Steve doodles back, and a friendship is struck up in the form of stick figures.

Exclusive by copperbadge

Heroes In Manhattan: From Captain America’s Hidden Talents To The Truth About The Hulk, We Debunk The Myths And Expose The Daily Lives Of The Avengers.

Remember Pearl Harbor; Purl Harder by greenjudy

Bruce sighed, and looked up at Tony. “Do you have a crochet hook?”

“A crochet hook?”

“Do you have,” Bruce asked with exaggerated patience, “a long, slender, hooked implement—“

Tony colored a little and looked away.

“You have a crochet hook, don’t you,” Natasha said.

I Always Need to be Sure of You by zarabithia

Five times that Bucky Bear knew he was Steve’s favorite toy.


Vampires: The Occult Truth by Konstantinos

Discover the strange world of the undead and the proof that creatures of the night exist when you read Vampires by Konstantinos.

The facts about vampires are stranger than anything you may have read, heard, or imagined before. In Vampires you’ll learn the truth about the undead. It rips away the myth and exposes the habits and lifestyles of these beings.

Vampires reveals the occult truths about these creatures including actual first-person encounters with vampires of all types—the ancient undead of folklore, contemporary mortal blood drinkers, and the most dangerous creatures of all: psychic vampires who intentionally drain the life force from their victims.

- Learn about the four types of vampires
- Read about vampire legends from around the world
- Discover vampires from history, including:
- Arnold Paole of Serbia
- Peter Plogojowitz and the Count de Cabreras of Hungary
- The vampire of Croglin Grange, Cumberland, England
- Countess Elizabeth Bathory, responsible for up to 650 deaths
- Gilles de Rais
- Fritz Haarman, of Germany, from ninety years ago
- John Haigh of Yorkshire, England, from just before WWII
- And of course, the real Vlad Dracula
- Present-day blood drinkers
- How to protect yourself from vampires

Included are letters from contemporary vampires. You will be shocked and surprised as you discover what these people are really like. Besides learning about the psychic vampire that unintentionally drains you of your energy as well as the intentional psychic vampire, you’ll learn rituals for protection and methods to avoid falling into their clutches.

Vampires finally reveals the truth about the undead. You will be fascinated when you discover who they were and what they are now, and you’ll be grateful when you learn how to protect yourself from them. This is not a book of fantasy and imagination, but of science, history, and spirituality.

The Myths Persist

“But you don’t look/act/seem autistic!” I still get this a lot. I have learned to laugh at it, but there seems to be a misconception that I have overcome autism, or that I am less in control of my specific decisions than I really am. These are myths, and the myths persist. Like cockroaches, these false conceptions about autism and autistics continue to give me a headache. They also continue to make a neurotypical person (if you have to ask, you are one) think I am not autistic. I got my diagnosis from the University of California, Los Angeles, where they are serious about autism diagnosis and treatment. I would like to expose the myths that persist about autistic people and my experience with them. How many of these have you fallen for? 


Myth 1.  Autistic People Are All Alike / Autistic People Are All Like “Rain Man” or (Insert person here) 

Saying that autistic people are all like this one person or that one person (NO) is just as false and damaging as saying Hispanic people are all illegal immigrants (NO), or that all men are dogs (NO). People often expect “Rain Man” or Temple Grandin when I mention autism. We are all as different as we can be. 

Myth 2.  Autistic People Don’t Have Feelings 

Personally, I have often run out of the room to cry out of anger, sadness or frustration. I have even experienced happiness too intensely at times. Remember, we are processing things different from the neurotypical mind. For example, I do not watch “Real Housewives of…” because it makes me want to hit somebody out of stress or anger. Also, on empathy: I have often cried or felt sad when someone frowns or cries on the TV or movie screen. How much more empathic can I be? 

3.  Autistic People Don’t Build Relationships  

I struggle with this one all the time. I am currently looking for a man to love. I have, in the past, though, had my share of boyfriends, and been praised as a good girlfriend. 

4.  Autistic People Are a Danger to Society 

Here are the most common reasons somebody with autism may strike somebody: 

      1. Frustration - usually after another sign, such as crying or shrieking 

      2. Sensory Overload - This is “fight or flight” response 

      3. Stress - Like the above “Real Housewives” scenario I mentioned 

There is very little action out of malice. However, autistic people are often victims of hate violence. 

5.  All Autistic People Are Savants  

I lost much of my “savanthood” as I became more social, and my speech became more neurotypical, and I became more well-rounded. I used to be a spelling savant, by the way. Does this make me less autistic? Of course not. 

6.  Autistic People Have No Language Skills 

There are some autistic people who talk so much, you can’t get a word in edgewise. While it is true some of us remain nonverbal, most of us eventually learn language, but often at a later age than neurotypicals. 

7.  Autistic People Can’t Do Much of Anything  

This one just burns my biscuits. What if you could draw upon their special interest? I have seen innovative, creative works come out of autistic people since the diagnosis. This is probably where the savanthood myth comes from. Also, saying “My child would never…” is severely disappointing to the child themselves. Also, I held a job down at In-N-Out Burger for SIX YEARS. Not months, YEARS. I was a respected worker among the people there, too. 

8.  Autistic People Do Not Like To Be Touched 

This is one that is usually portrayed in media. Maybe the one who does not like to be touched have a sensory issue. Sensory issues can go the other way, to liking touch a little too much. I love being touched. It has gotten me into trouble in the past. Contact me privately if you want details. 

9.  There is an Autism Epidemic 

When you cast a wider net for fish, you catch more fish. The “epidemic” began at about the same time the criteria for autism spectrum disorders was widened to include atypical and female autistics, plus higher people on the spectrum.  

Why don’t you tell me more myths that seem to pervade your experience with neurotypicals? Or, if you’re neurotypical, ask me if something about autism is myth or fact? We can come to a greater understanding together. 

Humanitarianism, the elevation of the protection of bare life to the highest possible principle of social action, provided post-Cold War globalization with a foundational myth. The claim today that war, too, is a mode of humanitarian action, or even that humanitarian action requires war, not only reveals the inherent violence of any foundational myth. It exposes a world where life itself becomes its own worst enemy. In such a world, in the name of saving individual lives and species life, an endless array of discriminating discourses and technologies fragments human society into countless and shifting categories of life more or less worthy of being lived. The shift from the category of “deserving poor” or “legitimate asylum seeker” to that of “social parasite” or “illegal immigrant” can be as quick as it is imperceptible. Just think of the speed with which heroic Tunisian revolutionaries as well as the victims of human smugglers and slave traders can be left to drown within sight of the shores of Lampedusa. Worthy lives, wasted lives  come and go in a spiral of increasingly arbitrary social triage within which the enemy “live” frightens, titillates, and entertains us until we too enter the zone of indistinguishability and we wage war against ourselves in the name of humanity
—  Laurence McFalls and Mariella Pandolfi, The enemy live: a genealogy