myths exposed

The Army of Immigrants

Records of men who camped at Valley Forge, expose the myth of farmers throwing down their plows to fight for land they’d owned for generations.

Enlisted ranks were largely landless men in their teens or early twenties, unmarried and poor.  The army offered steady wage, food, whiskey, and clothes, so patriotism was not often the driving factor of their enlistment.  A study of 710 New Jersey Continentals showed almost all came from lower economic classes and only a small number had a profession at all.

In addition to being landless, most were not American-born. Before the revolution, over 300,000 Irish had immigrated to North America, and their bitterness of British oppression helped lead the drive for independence. In most New England Continental regiments, 10-20% of the men had Irish surnames, and in middle states that percentage was consistently higher. Units from Maryland, New Jersey, and Delaware were usually around 45% Irish. In The First Pennsylvania, 315 of 660 men were Irish-born and another 215 listed “America” as their place of birth, likely second-generation immigrants.  

After the Irish, German-born men held the second-largest percentage, making up somewhere from 10-20% of the rank-and-file soldiers at Valley Forge.  They were the largest ethnic group in the United States at the time, mostly settled in New York and Pennsylvania.  

Additionally, almost 10% of Washington’s army, camped at Valley Forge, was made up of African or African American soldiers.  Many enlisted voluntarily, but it’s true that some were given as bounty for their masters to avoid enlistment.  And, many served through to the end of the war, finding better treatment among enlisted ranks as ‘brother soldiers’.

info from: “No Meat, No Soldier: Race, Class and Ethnicity in the Continental Army” Charles P. Neimeyer

the list of proposed books to ban from “gays against gentrification (GAG)” before they deleted their facebook: 

-Admission Accomplished - Jill Johnston
-Against Sadomasochism - Robin R. Linden, Darlene R. Pagano, Diana E. Russell, Susan Leigh Star
-Amazon Odyssey: Collection of Writings - Ti-Grace Atkinson
-Buddhism after Patriarchy - Rita M. Gross
-The Female Man - Joana Russ
-Female Sexual Sl*v*ry - Kathleen Barry
-Feminism Unmodified - Catharine A. Mackinnon
-First Buddhist Women: Poems and Stories of Awakening Susan Murcott
-Gyn/Ecology - Mary Daly
-The Idea of Prostitution - Sheila Jeffreys
-The Industrial Vagina: The Political Economy of the Global Sex Trade - Sheila Jeffreys
-Intercourse - Andrea Dworkin
-The Lesbian Heresy - Sheila Jeffreys
-Nine Parts of Desire: The Hidden World of Islamic Women - Geraldine Brooks
-Not a Choice, Not a Job: Exposing the Myths about Prostitution and the Global Sex Trade - Janice Raymond
-Not for Sale: Feminists Resisting Prostitution and Pornography-Of Women Born - Adrienne Rich
-Pornography: Men Possessing Women - Andrea Dworkin
-Radical Acceptance - Tara Brach
-The Sexual Liberals and the Attack on Feminism - Janice Raymond
-Women As Wombs: Reproductive Technologies and the Battle over Women’s Freedom - Janice Raymond

The conservative view of prostitution is to blame women and girls for their alleged choice to be in prostitution; the liberal view is to romanticize the women’s “choice” as self-determination and to use it to normalize prostitution as “sex-work”. Both succumb to the belief that whatever happens to a woman in prostitution is normal because it’s her choice. Both of these views have facilitated the expansion of sexual slavery in many parts of the globe and the extensive ways in which women themselves become “goods and services”. –as prostituted women, as trafficked instruments of exchange, as objects of sex tourism, and as indentured domestic workers who are often sexually exploited as well.

Denying or minimalizing women’s victimization in prostitution reverses decades of feminist activism that finanally broke the wall of societal denial that women are victims of male violence. Now that head-way has been made in the campaign that domestic violence against women, whether women choose to stay in abusive relationships or not, it comes back to haunt us in the prostitution debate, not only from those who want to suppress women’s rights, but also those who claim to seek to enhance women’s rights.

When violence happens to women in prostitution, it is called sex, but when violence happens in a context that is not sexual, it is called a crime. Men’s prostitution abuse is tolerated as inevitable and unassailable.

—  Janice G. Raymond, from Not a Choice, Not a Job: Exposing the Myths about Prostitution and the Global Sex Trade

If women really choose prostitution, why is it mostly marginalized and disadvantaged women who do? If we want to discuss the issue of choice, let’s look at who is doing the actual choosing in the context of prostitution. Surely the issue is not why women allegedly choose to be in prostitution, but why men choose to buy the bodies of millions of women and children worldwide and call it sex.

Philosophically, the response to the choice debate is ‘not’ to deny that women are capable of choosing within contexts of powerlessness, but to question how much real value, worth, and power these so-called choices confer.

Politically, the question becomes, should the state sanction the sex industry based on the claim that some women choose prostitution when most women’s choice is actually ‘compliance’ to the only options available?

When governments idealize women’s alleged choice to be in prostitution by legalizing, decriminalizing, or regulating the sex industry, they endorse a new range of 'conformity’ for women.

Increasingly, what is defended as a choice is not a triumph over oppression but another name for it.

—  Janice G. Raymond, Not a Choice, Not a Job: Exposing the Myths about Prostitution and the Global Sex Trade

anonymous asked:

Hi. I'm writing a story about a character who is a tattoo artist and was wondering if you could direct me to any resources about tattoos: their history, the art of tattooing. Anything along those lines. Thank you.

What’s the time period? What’s the setting? These are very important questions as the history and art of tattoos heavily rely on both of them. Thus, most of the links I can give are going to be very generalized, though I might focus a bit more on the history of tattoos in the Philippines… mainly because I’m in the middle of researching about that country. Please note that the “Iceman” mentioned in several articles below is not the oldest example of human tattooing. Also note that Captain James Cook did not bring tattoos to the West. The articles remain linked mainly for the other facts.



Ink and Methods



I’m really sorry for taking so long. I hope that helps!

Vampires: The Occult Truth by Konstantinos

Discover the strange world of the undead and the proof that creatures of the night exist when you read Vampires by Konstantinos.

The facts about vampires are stranger than anything you may have read, heard, or imagined before. In Vampires you’ll learn the truth about the undead. It rips away the myth and exposes the habits and lifestyles of these beings.

Vampires reveals the occult truths about these creatures including actual first-person encounters with vampires of all types—the ancient undead of folklore, contemporary mortal blood drinkers, and the most dangerous creatures of all: psychic vampires who intentionally drain the life force from their victims.

- Learn about the four types of vampires
- Read about vampire legends from around the world
- Discover vampires from history, including:
- Arnold Paole of Serbia
- Peter Plogojowitz and the Count de Cabreras of Hungary
- The vampire of Croglin Grange, Cumberland, England
- Countess Elizabeth Bathory, responsible for up to 650 deaths
- Gilles de Rais
- Fritz Haarman, of Germany, from ninety years ago
- John Haigh of Yorkshire, England, from just before WWII
- And of course, the real Vlad Dracula
- Present-day blood drinkers
- How to protect yourself from vampires

Included are letters from contemporary vampires. You will be shocked and surprised as you discover what these people are really like. Besides learning about the psychic vampire that unintentionally drains you of your energy as well as the intentional psychic vampire, you’ll learn rituals for protection and methods to avoid falling into their clutches.

Vampires finally reveals the truth about the undead. You will be fascinated when you discover who they were and what they are now, and you’ll be grateful when you learn how to protect yourself from them. This is not a book of fantasy and imagination, but of science, history, and spirituality.

The Myths Persist

“But you don’t look/act/seem autistic!” I still get this a lot. I have learned to laugh at it, but there seems to be a misconception that I have overcome autism, or that I am less in control of my specific decisions than I really am. These are myths, and the myths persist. Like cockroaches, these false conceptions about autism and autistics continue to give me a headache. They also continue to make a neurotypical person (if you have to ask, you are one) think I am not autistic. I got my diagnosis from the University of California, Los Angeles, where they are serious about autism diagnosis and treatment. I would like to expose the myths that persist about autistic people and my experience with them. How many of these have you fallen for? 


Myth 1.  Autistic People Are All Alike / Autistic People Are All Like “Rain Man” or (Insert person here) 

Saying that autistic people are all like this one person or that one person (NO) is just as false and damaging as saying Hispanic people are all illegal immigrants (NO), or that all men are dogs (NO). People often expect “Rain Man” or Temple Grandin when I mention autism. We are all as different as we can be. 

Myth 2.  Autistic People Don’t Have Feelings 

Personally, I have often run out of the room to cry out of anger, sadness or frustration. I have even experienced happiness too intensely at times. Remember, we are processing things different from the neurotypical mind. For example, I do not watch “Real Housewives of…” because it makes me want to hit somebody out of stress or anger. Also, on empathy: I have often cried or felt sad when someone frowns or cries on the TV or movie screen. How much more empathic can I be? 

3.  Autistic People Don’t Build Relationships  

I struggle with this one all the time. I am currently looking for a man to love. I have, in the past, though, had my share of boyfriends, and been praised as a good girlfriend. 

4.  Autistic People Are a Danger to Society 

Here are the most common reasons somebody with autism may strike somebody: 

      1. Frustration - usually after another sign, such as crying or shrieking 

      2. Sensory Overload - This is “fight or flight” response 

      3. Stress - Like the above “Real Housewives” scenario I mentioned 

There is very little action out of malice. However, autistic people are often victims of hate violence. 

5.  All Autistic People Are Savants  

I lost much of my “savanthood” as I became more social, and my speech became more neurotypical, and I became more well-rounded. I used to be a spelling savant, by the way. Does this make me less autistic? Of course not. 

6.  Autistic People Have No Language Skills 

There are some autistic people who talk so much, you can’t get a word in edgewise. While it is true some of us remain nonverbal, most of us eventually learn language, but often at a later age than neurotypicals. 

7.  Autistic People Can’t Do Much of Anything  

This one just burns my biscuits. What if you could draw upon their special interest? I have seen innovative, creative works come out of autistic people since the diagnosis. This is probably where the savanthood myth comes from. Also, saying “My child would never…” is severely disappointing to the child themselves. Also, I held a job down at In-N-Out Burger for SIX YEARS. Not months, YEARS. I was a respected worker among the people there, too. 

8.  Autistic People Do Not Like To Be Touched 

This is one that is usually portrayed in media. Maybe the one who does not like to be touched have a sensory issue. Sensory issues can go the other way, to liking touch a little too much. I love being touched. It has gotten me into trouble in the past. Contact me privately if you want details. 

9.  There is an Autism Epidemic 

When you cast a wider net for fish, you catch more fish. The “epidemic” began at about the same time the criteria for autism spectrum disorders was widened to include atypical and female autistics, plus higher people on the spectrum.  

Why don’t you tell me more myths that seem to pervade your experience with neurotypicals? Or, if you’re neurotypical, ask me if something about autism is myth or fact? We can come to a greater understanding together. 

Humanitarianism, the elevation of the protection of bare life to the highest possible principle of social action, provided post-Cold War globalization with a foundational myth. The claim today that war, too, is a mode of humanitarian action, or even that humanitarian action requires war, not only reveals the inherent violence of any foundational myth. It exposes a world where life itself becomes its own worst enemy. In such a world, in the name of saving individual lives and species life, an endless array of discriminating discourses and technologies fragments human society into countless and shifting categories of life more or less worthy of being lived. The shift from the category of “deserving poor” or “legitimate asylum seeker” to that of “social parasite” or “illegal immigrant” can be as quick as it is imperceptible. Just think of the speed with which heroic Tunisian revolutionaries as well as the victims of human smugglers and slave traders can be left to drown within sight of the shores of Lampedusa. Worthy lives, wasted lives  come and go in a spiral of increasingly arbitrary social triage within which the enemy “live” frightens, titillates, and entertains us until we too enter the zone of indistinguishability and we wage war against ourselves in the name of humanity
—  Laurence McFalls and Mariella Pandolfi, The enemy live: a genealogy

This photo is being considered for an annual photojournalist award by the Guardian UK. It’s a Palestinian man holding up the body of one-year-old Noha Mesleh at her funeral on July 25th. The child was killed when Israel bombed the UN school used as a refugee center In Beit Hanun. 

There are many reports, including in mainstream media, about the horrific physical & psychological trauma sustained by the children of Gaza who were directly targeted by Israeli bombers. But of course the trauma of adults who watched their children suffer & die or suffer & live with severe shrapnel damage, amputation, & psychic devastation is also massive. You can see that in the faces here. Especially as Zionists malign them as using their children for human shields; especially as they try to keep their children safe now midst mountains of cement rubble & without a place to live. 

This is the kind of image circulated millions of times on social media that began unraveling the Exodus myth & exposed Israeli apartheid & ethnic cleansing. Palestinian solidarity does not exploit human suffering but we do not turn away from it either. This is a time for reaching out to build the economic & cultural boycott of Israel; for holding fundraisers for humanitarian aid to Gaza; for holding forums, debates, teach-ins so those with questions can learn about the conflict & come to side actively with Palestinian justice. The political energy of winter is not hibernation but the expansive one of solidarity. 
By Mary Scully

(Photo by Mahmud Hams/AFP)


Exposing the Myth - What Is Palestine? Who Are The Palestinians?

The video dispels certain myths concerning the origin of the name ‘Palestine’ and of the 'Arab Palestinians.’

ultraericthered  asked:

Wait, do you actually think Cyrus' (in the games at least) motivations suck? Maybe there's something you're not getting, 'cause they're pretty understandable - well, as understandable as a mentally disturbed guy can be.

Here are some choice quotes by Cyrus:

“According to one theory, Mt. Coronet is where the Sinnoh region began. In a newly created world… A world where only time flowed and space expanded.. There should have been no strife. But what became of that world? Because the human spirit is weak and incomplete, strife has appeared… This world is being ruined by it…I find the state of things to be deplorable…”

Ummm… WHY would there be no strife just because time flowed and space expanded? What is incomplete about “human spirit?” What the hell do you even MEAN by “human spirit?”

“…Plead ignorance, will you? What a pointless attitude. You fail to appreciate that the world is incomplete. I will change the world. As the first step, I will destroy this cave painting that you’ve protected all these years. A new legend of a new world will take its place. Am I wrong? If you feel that way, challenge me.”

What exactly is incomplete about the world? What is it missing, exactly? Why are you going to destroy the cave painting? What possible reason is there other than being an asshole? Oh, “a new legend will take its place.” what the hell do you care about legends? You want to change and/or create a new world, so what does the legend thing matter?

“Fellow members of Team Galactic! Hear me! My name, as I appear to you today, is Cyrus. This world of ours is a crude one. In a word, it is incomplete.”


"It has been, and always will be, a struggle to survive in this world. We humans and Pokémon are likewise incomplete. Because we are all so lacking, we fight, we maim… It is ugly. I hate the incompleteness. That we are all incomplete, I hate it with my entire body and being.”


“The world should be complete. The world must change. Then, who will change it? Me, Cyrus. And Team Galactic. Yes, all of you. Together we pored over myths and exposed their secrets. Together we captured legendary Pokémon.”

Yeah, fine, but why do you all have the stupid Moe Howard haircut!?

“…So you’ve come. You heard my speech, I take it. Snicker… A big lie, of course. It’s true, insofar as my intention is to create a new world. But that world isn’t for the likes of Team Galactic. I seek an entirely new world solely for myself. If not, it could never be the complete and perfect world. You’ve seen my minions of Team Galactic. You yourself must know that they are uniformly useless and incomplete.”

What exactly makes YOU so perfect, Mr. Smarty-pants? I keep kicking your ass in Pokeyman battles.

“…But that doesn’t matter. I doubt you will ever understand my position. That said, I recognize that you are strong and courageous to come alone. This is your reward.”

And he gives you a Master Ball.

“The Master Ball is the ultimate Poké Ball. It will unfailingly catch any Pokémon in the wild. But it is not anything that I require. Unlike you Trainers, I do not make Pokémon my friends or partners. Unlike other Team Galactic members, I don’t use Pokémon as tools. Instead, I make the power of Pokémon my own.”

WHAT?! You don’t have any power from the Pokémon! You’re STILL just using them as tools! AND WHY DID YOU GIVE ME A MASTER BALL?! HOW DID YOU PLAN ON MAKING DIALGA/PALKIA DO YOUR BIDDING!? ASK THEM NICELY?!


“I’ve waited so long for this moment, Dialga and Palkia. Shaping this world is a double spiral of time and space. Yes, the very things that you have the ability to control! You will do my bidding! I will have your abilities as mine! With the power I wield, I will create an entirely new world! The incomplete and ugly world we have now can disappear.”


“I am resetting everything to zero. Nothing can remain. It is all for making the ultimate world. A world of complete perfection. Nothing so vague and incomplete as spirit can remain.”

“Nothing so vague and incomplete as spirit can remain.”

“Nothing so vague and incomplete as spirit can remain.”

“Nothing so vague and incomplete as spirit can remain.”


“After all, there will remain no spirit for all time when I am done. All spirit will disappear.”


“…The shadowy Pokémon isn’t here. It abandoned me here, then disappeared somewhere farther down… Was it content to merely interfere with my plan…? Incidentally, do you understand the concept of genes?”


“Genes can be considered the blueprints of all life-forms. That includes humans and Pokémon alike. Genes are contained in a DNA strand. A DNA strand consists of 2 chains of opposing characteristics in a spiral. If one of the chains were to be broken, the other could replicate it. One or the other cannot exist without its opposite.”



“Do you understand where I am going with this?”


This is a bizarre world. Time doesn’t flow. Space isn’t stable. Only that shadowy Pokémon lives here. This world is the opposite of our world— our world I wish to change. It is like the two chains composing the strand of DNA.”

That is a stupid analogy and so are you.

“My aim is to rid our world of the vague and incomplete thing we call spirit. By freeing ourselves of that, our world can be made complete.”

Your hair is stupid, too.

“I won’t accept this! This can’t be! Not after all the sacrifices we’ve made to get this far! What of my new world?! Of my new galaxy?!


"You quelled its rage by refusing to battle it?! Your doing so means that this irrational world will remain in existence! Does that make it impossible for me to create a new world? Even if I made new Red Chains, the new world can’t be made! Why?! What compels you to protect the two worlds?Is spirit, a vague and incomplete thing, so important to you?!”


Silence! Enough of your blathering!”


“That’s how you justify spirit as something worthwhile?! That is merely humans hoping, deluding themselves that they are happy and safe! The emotions roiling inside me… Rage, hatred, frustration… These ugly emotions arise because of my own incomplete spirit! …Enough. We will never see eye to eye. This, I promise you. I will break the secrets of the world. With that knowledge, I will create my own complete and perfect world. One day, you will awaken to a world of my creation. A world without spirit.”


TL;DR: Cyrus lacks any actual motivation for why he wants to destroy the world and create a new one. The goal is not the problem - it’s that he can’t back it up with any reason why he wants to do it. And if it’s just that he’s insane, that’s just lazy.

a fistful of mostly gen recs

I have been meaning to write a gen rec list for ages, a few of these blur the lines but mostly it is about friendship. The family you make and not the one you are born into. Most of them have Darcy in them but a few are just lovely fics that I adored reading. There are more but I’m tired and have more than earned my coffee. If you have any gen recs, please let me know so I can read and add them. There are not nearly enough gen recs that I have read and I would really love to find some more. 

64 Colors by victoria_p (musesfool)

Darcy’s life is weird, but she kind of likes it.

Culture and Other Balls of Twine by LithiumDoll

“Okay, I realize this could appear to be poorly conceived - to those of limited vision - but what you have to understand is, I’ve actually just had the greatest, most outstanding idea ever.” Tony’s eyes searched heavenward and then he nodded soberly. “Yes, I believe history will consider this my triumph.”

the Darcy Stark Series by sarcastic_fina

A series of oneshots (so-far) that involve Tony Stark as a father to Darcy Lewis, who has no idea of their biological connection.

Matchmaker, Matchmaker by snack_size

Darcy Lewis had a political science degree - summa cum laude, thank you very much - and one internship with an astrophysicist on her resume and apparently this was qualification enough to work as personal assistant for a rag tag group of super heroes who just wanted to save the world.

She was not going to argue.

Darcy and Jane band together to get Tony and Bruce to realize their attraction to one another because Jane wants more time with Thor and Darcy likes to ship her employers.

Comfort/Food by spockside

Whenever they all got together for a meal or “movie night”, there was something different on the table. Now, Steve wasn’t completely averse to new experiences, and he surprised the others occasionally by refuting their idea that everyone in the 1940’s had lived on either war rations or bland food.

Hell, he was from Brooklyn, after all, a melting pot if ever there was one.

Another Stark One series by DarcyLewisStark

They never knew. No one knew. Except for Happy Hogan and Pepper Potts. No one knew that beneath that genius, playboy, billionaire, philanthropist was a deep secret. Tony is not the last Stark. Somewhere in the world, someone shares the same blood as him. Tony Stark has a daughter… and it’s Darcy Lewis…

We’ll Run Like We’re Awesome by themonkeycabal

Darcy’s not quite sure what she’ll do with another dad.

(this is on my ‘to read list’ but lady-cheeky recs it and that is more than good enough for me)

drawing me in by nessismore

Darcy doodles, Steve doodles back, and a friendship is struck up in the form of stick figures.

Exclusive by copperbadge

Heroes In Manhattan: From Captain America’s Hidden Talents To The Truth About The Hulk, We Debunk The Myths And Expose The Daily Lives Of The Avengers.

Remember Pearl Harbor; Purl Harder by greenjudy

Bruce sighed, and looked up at Tony. “Do you have a crochet hook?”

“A crochet hook?”

“Do you have,” Bruce asked with exaggerated patience, “a long, slender, hooked implement—“

Tony colored a little and looked away.

“You have a crochet hook, don’t you,” Natasha said.

I Always Need to be Sure of You by zarabithia

Five times that Bucky Bear knew he was Steve’s favorite toy.