I was asked a lot about a quote from a previous post. I joked paraphrasing inaccurate statements regarding Persephone and Hades, that some people usually write in Tumblr –> “tumblr average user 3: persephone was a silly nymph of flowerz and then she became a baddass goddess no one pronounces her name cuz so much feaaar!″ This idea is wrong because:
Persephone became the Queen of the Underworld after marrying Hades, that is true.
But… Some people in Tumblr portray Persephone as some kind of horrible-terrible goddess that everyone feared and Hades as some chill/easy-going dude that no one cared about. This is also wrong because:
BOTH Hades and Persephone were feared in certain amount. Hades was not a villain (as lame Disney/Hollywood/general-modern-fiction portrays) but he wasn’t considered by Ancient Greek as “the chill dude”. Plato tell us in Cratylus that most of people prefered to address Hades as “Plouton” because they were afraid of the name Hades (that was also the name of the underworld). Hades is always portrayed as a regal god, called “mighty” in the Eumenides, “pitiless in heart” in Theogony, implacable since his decisions were irrevocable (orphic hymns), and so on. He was a god invoked in curses and in necromancy rites. So is very wrong saying only Persephone was feared and Hades not.
AGAIN in case you didn’t get it, Hades is a wise, fair, faithful god, YES. But he is also a MIGHTY GOD and also feared. And read again: a god, not any chill-dude.
Persephone wasn’t 100% horror and terror either. Homer gives us a “dreadful portrayal” of Persephone but that doesn’t mean that dread was her only nature. In Homeric narrative the Underworld itself is a dreadful place and the “souls” are mere shadows (there isn’t a very developed concept of soul yet, not even a highly developed concept of the underworld geography, it evolves along the years). Persephone has many aspects, but some of the more important of her features are the i) role of mediator among worlds, ii) the bringer of the hope of a better life after death (Eleusinian Mysteries). Persephone is a lot more than a “scary goddess”, so don’t reduce her to that.
Ancient Greeks generally did not like speaking of death. Persephone-Hades are the rulers of the dead-realm, so obviously they are a reminder of death and people would avoid talking lightly about them. Death was also a cause of miasma (”impurity”*) and purification rites were needed during and after funerals. There was also the belief that souls that didn’t receive their funerary rites would go back to Earth and persecute people to demand their rites… Death was a serious matter and all gods related to it were respected and feared.
Some ancient greeks were very superstitious, but not all of them. I mean, we have Persephone’s and Hades’ name appearing in many texts. And we even have people like Aristophanes who made The Frogs, a play where Dionysus does a croaking-battle with frogs, Persephone bakes cakes and yummy food for “Heracles”, and Hades (Pluto) has a special seat in dinner for the “best tragic poet”…
So in conclusion, Hades and Persephone’s names were not the “Voldemort” of Harry Potter. Nope nope. I know that most of people speak of Persephone as the super-badass-godess in a good way, trying to praise her; but seriously, her identity is more than pure dread. She is full of amazing features, don’t forget! ♥
28 days later: A wakes from a medical coma to a desolated cityscape that is populated by rabid, living zombies. When A encounters B, they join forces to fight their way to safety.
american mary: A is a destitute medical student who, after interviewing with B for a job, performing an emergency surgery for B. A begins performing body modifications on clients referred to them by B, who protects their anonymity and acts as a business partner.
blair witch project: A & B are shooting a historical documentary on-location in an isolated woodland. after hearing strange noises in the night, finding odd stone circles outside their tent, and effigies in the trees, their malevolent mythological subject starts to seem a little too real.
cabin in the woods: A & B are taking a weekend vacation in a lakeside cabin in the woods. after finding a mishmash of odd trinkets in the basement, they are pursued by a horrific entity that seems a little too formulaic to be crazy happenstance.
drag me to hell: A is being tormented by a hellish demon after being target by a curse. they desperately implore B to help rid them of the curse before A can be dragged to hell.
the exorcist: A is called upon by B to exorcise a spirit from one of B’s acquaintances. things quickly take a turn for the primal as the spirit turns out to be more than they bargained for.
fright night: A’s new neighbor is suspiciously vampiric. after B is nearly prey to A’s neighbor, A & B set out to slay the vampire and prevent the neighborhood from being turned.
grave encounters: A & B produce & star in a paranormal investigation show together. during a routine overnight stay at a supposedly haunted location, their skepticism and showmanship is pushed by real, dangerous paranormal activity.
human centipede: A is a psychotic surgeon whose life’s ambition is to create a siamese triplet. B is the unfortunate middle piece in A’s gruesome experiment.
it follows: person A is being pursued by a sexually-transmitted supernatural entity that only they can see. Its relentless pursuit at a walking pace is exacerbated by allowing it to assume any humanoid form. B is desperate to trace the source of the entity and save A, even if it means taking on the burden of pursuit.
jennifer’s body: after B is possessed by a licentious and soul-consuming succubus, their best friend A, makes it their mission to exorcise B – while not falling victim to the demon’s charms.
kokkuri: A & B elicit a spirit who is capable of answering any question, and revealing their darkest secrets. What A & B find out about each other may pit themselves against one another.
lost boys: A is unwillingly inducted into a pack of vampires. B desperately seeks to prevent them from turning completely before it’s too late.
marble hornets: A is investigating the disappearance of an old friend, a student film director, and a series of eerie videotapes that paranoid friend had made of themselves, convinced they were being stalked after coming down with a phantom sickness. A involves B, who appeared in the student film, and who is suffering from the symptoms of this same sickness.
needle: A inherits an eighteenth-century machine with supernatural powers. when the machine disappears and A’s loved ones start dying, A tracks down an estranged B to help them find the thief and end to killing spree.
oculus: A attempts to exonerate B, who was convicted of murder, by trying to prove that a mirror in A’s possession performed the murders by a supernatural phenomenon. A begins to go mad in pursuit of an uncertain truth.
paranromal activity: A & B live together. A has become fearful of a potential supernatural presence in their house; B decides to settle the matter once and for all by recording them during the night. Chaos ensues.
quarantine: A & B are journalists running a fluff story on a firehouse. They tag along with on-duty firemen responding to an emergency call, and get more than they bargained for when they are locked in an apartment complex with a rabid, infectious inhabitant that is slowly picking off the residents.
ring: A dooms themselves after viwewing a cursed videotape which is responsible for a series of grizzly murders. A & B work against the clock to source the videotape and break the curse before it is too late.
slither: a parasitic entity from another world infects a township by inducting its residents into a hivemind. A & B, as two lone survivors, attempt to evade assimilation while bringing an end to the carnage.
the thing: A & B are trapped in an isolated research encampment, plagued by a thing that can assume the shape of its victims.
urban explorer: A & B encounter a murderous psychopath while prowling the catacombs beneath a city. They attempt to navigate their way through the maze while evading an unsightly dead end.
van helsing: A hunts supernatural entities at the behest of the catholic church. they are dispatched to a town plagued by vampires, where B is on a mission to avenge their murdered loved ones. A and B reluctantly collaborate to free the town from vampiric subservience. also, werewolves.
the wicker man: person A is called to a remote island by B to investigate the disappearance of a child. suspecting cult activities to be behind the disappearance, A pressures B to reveal the truths of the township and exhume the mystery.
xx: A escapes to the country with B after a stressful breakup, only to discover the town in which they are staying has an ungodly fetish for dismemberment. Having been separated from one another with only a phone to stay in contact, A & B try to reunite, while keeping their limbs firmly on their bodies.
you’re next: when a gang of masked, axe-crazy murderers descend on a lavish gathering, hosted by A’s family, B – the guest of A – reveals some unusual, practical talents that may prove imperative to their survival.
zodiac: A is investigating a series of horrific murders. B, the killer, taunts A and their people through a series of cryptic messages and cyphers that they leave for A at each crime scene.
Giorgio de Chirico - Horse and Zebra by the Sea (Cavallo e zebra in riva al mare ) [c.1928] by Gandalf Via Flickr: This is a splendid early example of the subject of animals in an enigmatic locale, which was to become one of the most iconic mythological subjects in de Chirico’s oeuvre. He would return to this theme on a frequent basis during the following decades, surrounding his equine figures with antique ruins and classical human figures. In the 1920s, de Chirico abandoned his unique early Surrealist style, which had had a great influence on the group of artists gathered around André Breton, and in turning to the Classical world as a new source of inspiration, he embraced the avant-garde trend led by Pablo Picasso’s Neo-Classical period.
[Sotheby’s, New York - Oil on canvas, 81.3 x 65.1 cm]
Mosaics adorned public spaces across the Roman Empire, but the majority are
found in private villas. The extremely time-consuming and, therefore,
expensive aspect of installing this art form meant that great attention
was paid to creating attractive designs, appropriate both to the owner
and to the setting. Along with mythological subjects and scenes from
everyday life, the depiction of abstract elements important in Roman
society was popular, for example, fertility, abundance, power, and
The choice of the Four Seasons alludes to good fortune, plentiful
harvests, and prosperity, and to the cyclical nature of time, and was
particularly relevant in this agricultural society that depended on the
cultivation of wheat, barley, wine and olive oil. The personification of
the Four Seasons - Spring, Summer, Autumn and Winter - belongs to a
rich iconographical tradition, stemming from as early as the fourth
century BC. By the Late Roman Period, they were most frequently imagined
as isolated busts of young women, each distinguishable by different
attributes, usually different elements of agricultural produce. The
richly coloured, exuberant flora in this composition point to an
association with Autumn.
By Composer Christoph Willibald Gluck (1714 - 1787)
Performed By Violinist Hrachya Harutyunian And Pianist Paata Demurihvili.
From The Opera Orfeo ed Euridice (French version: Orphée et Eurydice; English: Orpheus and Eurydice) - Composed by Christoph Willibald Gluck based on the myth of Orpheus, set to a libretto by Ranieri de’ Calzabigi. It belongs to the genre of the Azione Teatrale, meaning an opera on a mythological subject with choruses and dancing. The piece was first performed in Vienna on October 5, 1762. Orfeo ed Euridice is the first of Gluck’s “reform” operas, in which he attempted to replace the abstruse plots and overly complex music of Opera Seria with a “noble simplicity” in both the music and the drama.
It’s no secret that I’ve been drowning in GoT fanwank lately. Luckily, it’s made me appreciate LoK that much more. I mean, Book 3 is where I really fell in love with it, but even now that I’m going back to nitpick early Book 2 for my recaps, it’s still obvious that this was such a smart show. The underlying mythology, the subject matter…name one other “kids show” that would dare strip away the ideal of Aang the way 2x03 did, or introduce a war profiteering plotline? What’s crazy is that even the “adult show” Game of Thrones seems to have a whole lot more hand-holding (and that’s not even getting into the inconsistent characterizations, lack of thematic significance or unity, and totally irrational plots).
We’re really harsh on certain aspects of LoK, what with pacing issues, plot focus, and at times illogical character decisions (looking at you, Unalaq). I’m definitely guilty of pointing out these problems, or outright criticizing moments that don’t land for me (Endgame). And as scarvesandceleryrecently said so eloquently, these criticisms and nitpicks can often dominate discussion surrounding a show, especially after its close. It’s usually coming from a place of love initially, but it can be hard to step back.
I stepped back last night, when a friend who also was disillusioned with GoT asked me for show recommendations. I told him to check out Orphan Black, and then I also mentioned Korra. He had hesitations because of its “kids show” status and the fact that it’s animated. But I told him the themes explored are deep and the protagonist’s character arc is one of the most affecting I’ve ever seen. Add to that the fantastic and detailed world (which yes, ATLA did a lot of the leg-work there, but the depth and consistency of the mythology speaks for itself), gripping action sequences, fleshed out secondary and tertiary characters with their own arcs, and morally ambiguous tensions that are allowed to sit without conclusions necessarily needing to be drawn (should Su have helped in Ba Sing Se?)…yeah. It’s just a great fucking show.
Are names copy written? Like for example Marvel names, are you not allowed to use names Like Hawkweye, Ant Man, Thor, Loki, Black Widow, Spider Man, Shadow Thief, Etc?
Names and titles cannot be copyrighted. However, names can sometimes be protected under trademark laws. For example, you’d do well not to name a character “Harry Potter,” especially if he’s a teenage boy or happens to possess any sort of magical skills. Ant Man and Spiderman are very specific character names, and not names that naturally occur in society. Thor and Loki are characters of Norse mythology, which is not subject to copyright, but you could not use them for superheroes, villains, mutants, or otherwise powered individuals without infringing upon Marvel trademarks. Hawkeye is a common nickname and there are many characters bearing that name, such as Hawkeye Pierce in M*A*S*H, or Hawkeye aka Natty Bumpo in James Fenimore Cooper’s The Last of the Mohicans (which is where Hawkeye Pierce’s nickname comes from incidentally). Black Widow is a common moniker for villains and criminals, but once again, you could not use it on a character featuring any of Natasha Romanov’s traits, just as you could not use Hawkeye for a superhero, an army surgeon, or an eighteenth century frontiersman.
So, if you want to use a name that is well known in another story, ask yourself these questions:
1) Do people in real life bear this name, or does the name derive from mythology, fairy tales, or other non-copyrighted material?
If not, then you probably shouldn’t use it.
2) Is my character similar in any way to another character bearing the same name?
If yes, then you probably shouldn’t use it.
3) If I were to say this name to a random person, would they immediately connect it to an existing character?